« ForrigeFortsett »
A SUMMARY STATEMENT
Of the quantity and value of goods, wares, and merchandise, imported into the United States, in American and foreign vessels, commencing on the 1st day of October, 1839, and ending on the 30th day of Sept., 1840.
Camlets of goat's hair.
MERCHANDISE FREE OF DUTY.
Articles imported for the use of the
Specimens of botany
Rags of any kind of cloth..
Hides and skins, undressed.
Worsted stuff goods...
Linens, bleached and unbleached.
$17,999 Ticklenburgs, osnaburgs, and bur
Sheeting, brown and white.
5,846 Bolting cloth...
42,760 Wool, not exceeding eight cents
5,121 Crude saltpetre
cents each.... Above seventy-five cents each.....
307,645 Hosiery, gloves, mits and bindings 26,772 Other manufactures of wool..... 145,511 Woollen yarn...........pounds.
168 Worsted yarn
200,215 Manufactures of cotton879,078 Dyed, printed, or colored....
Our forwarders and canal shippers are suffering great inconvenience, in consequence of the low stage of water in the lake, and consequent lack of that element in the canal. In every direction we see canal boats, laden with wheat and flour aground, unable to move forward. This derangement also extends to our harbor, where much embarrassment prevails among the like craft, both on entering the harbor and in attempting to approach the wharves and unload.
Independent of the great and prolonged drought, the water in the lake is far below any mark within the remem
T. L. SMITH, Register.
brance of our oldest Salts. Many ports on tho lake are almost inaccessible to the largest steamboats.-Buffalo Jour.
Coal and Copper.
It is said that Governor Dotty has discovered bituminous coal and copper on the St. Peters, to which steamboats can ascend. Specimens are now at Prarie du Chien.
The Huntsville Ala. Branch of the State Bank has, at last, stopped specie payments. This is the only one of the branches which has continued paying specie until the present time.
Sketch of Gen. Roger Nelson. Perhaps no single county in any State of our Union, furnished better soldiers in the war of Independence than Frederick county, Maryland. From this favored spot issued forth to the bloody field O. H. Williams, Beatty, Ford, Weltner and Everheart; who either ended their career in the storm and fury of battle, or triumphed in the shout of victory. To this patriotic band should be added Roger Nelson, who was born near the Point of Rocks on the Potomac, in 1762, and in 178) entered as a Cadet in the old Maryland line, which for courage and discipline was hardly exceeded by Cæsar's tenth legion, or the imperial guards of Napoleon. In the summer of this year he was united to the Southern army, now commanded by Gen. Gates, the conqueror of the ill-fated Burgoyne. The American General left his country seat in Berkley county, Virginia, in July of this year, and reached head quarters on the 25th, where the command of the troops was surrendered into his hands by the Baron De Kalb.Great distress prevailed; ammunition, arms and provisions were wanted; the militia were undisciplined; the inhabitants disaffected; the country laid waste by a victorious foe; our countrymen slaughtered by the relentless legion of Tarlton; families flying in grief and despondency, and several of the Southern States in the actual occupation of the royal army. Gates took his position at Rugely's mills, Lord Rawdon at Camden. Cornwallis himself arrived on the 15th of Au gust, and assumed the command. Both armies took up the line of march about half past two in the morning of the 16th August, 1780, and met unexpectedly in the woods, where considerable skirmishing continued for some time, eventuating in some loss and much confusion among our troops. From this disastrous commencement they seem not to have recovered during the day. Gates displayed but little skill, either in the plan of battle or its execution. The continenter of the British was severe. It was now that Capt. Smith, tals under Smallwood, Stephens and De Kalb, performed deeds of daring on that day worthy of their former fame.Neither the shameful flight of the militia, nor the destructive fire of the British van, could induce them to yield the battle field, until nearly 400 were slain, and many hundreds wounded and taken prisoners. The brave Baron, with all the composure of a philosopher, and the calm fortitude of an accomplished soldier, yielded up his spirit on the spot where he fell, with the most ardent prayers for the prosperity of the country, to obtain whose independence he had left his native land and encountered all the accidents "of flood and field." In this disastrous conflict, young Nelson fought with all the native intrepidity of his character. In the retreat he was wounded and fell. A merciless band of the enemy surrounded him, and before their vengeance was gratified, he received several flesh wounds. In vain did he cry for quarters; their response was, we will quarter you." Weltering in blood, exposed to the vertical sun, without any assistance or refreshment of any sort, he lay on the sand until life was almost extinct. He was, however, providentially discovered, his wounds dressed, and borne away a prisoner to Charleston, S. C. He is now in the hands of an exulting and triumphant enemy, far from his friends and fellow-soldiers, ignorant of his future fate; depending for the restoration of his health on the care of those who felt no interest in the result; his beloved Maryland line dispersed amid the disastrous reverses of war; many of his companions, to whom he was attached by the tenderest ties, slain or captured; the star of his country obscured by clouds, and the hope of liberty nearly extinguished.
of Nelson to serve under the chivalric Colonel at Guilford Court House, on the 15th March, 1781. Greene was now the successor of the ill-starred Gates, and after a great variety of military manoeuvres, which alike signalized the skill both of himself and Cornwallis, those two accomplished commanders resolved this day to try once more the fortune of war. The royal army was composed of the best troops, led by the bravest officers. At the head of the American army was (ireene, second to none but the Father of his Country, whom none could equal. Greene selected his ground very advantageously, and made the most skilful disposition of his forces. His right flank was commanded by Col. Washington. Leslie, Webster, O'Hara and Cornwallis brought up their troops with admirable coolness and skill, and attacked our line with their usual bravery and perseverance. The battle soon raged with fury; the best troops of both armies met in deadly strife; the roar of artillery and small arms was heard throughout the surrounding country. Victory seemed doubtful; the shout of advancing columns re-echoed through the neighboring woods. For more than two hours the contest was every moment more terrible, and the patriotic bosom of Greene alternately filled with the bright visions of hope, and the suggestions of despair. In the midst of the engagement, Washington charged the British guards with great fury, and broke their ranks. Sergeant Everheart,* who had been prevented from participating in the conflict from severe wounds received at the Cowpens on the preceding 17th January, (the good old man yet resides in Middletown valley,) says that he witnessed the charge from the top of an hill, where Washington had left him for the protection of the baggage wagons. He declares it was one of the most splendid feats performed during the war. At this moment the infantry rushed to the aid of the cavalry, and the slaughof Baltimore, cut down the commander of one of the battalions of the enemy. The circumstances were related to me by the late Col. Anderson, of Montgomery county, who fought on that day as a captain in Gunby's regiment. He happened to be very near when the event occurred. Smith had been captured at Camden, and while a prisoner had been cruelly treated by this very officer; when bidding him adieu on his exchange, Smith sternly remarked: "if the fortune of war should ever bring us in conflict in the same field, be assured that your tyranny shall be surely repaid." On the day prior to the battle of Guilford, Anderson saw Smith busily engaged in sharpening his sword, with the fixed purpose of fulfilling his threat should opportunity offer. That determination was fatally gratified, for he fell a lifeless corpse at the foot of the injured American.
Military men agree that the Battle of Guilford was a well fought action, and that both armies were alike brave and undaunted. Nelson conducted himself with courage and cool. ness throughout the whole conflict. Our loss in killed, wounded and missing, was 14 commissioned officers, and 312 noncommissioned officers and privates; that of the enemy 532, among whom were Lieutenants Colonel Stewart and Webster, two of the finest officers in the army of Cornwallis.Greene, it is true, retreated, but only with the view of soon again seeking battle with his highly gifted adversary. From this time the hostile armies were constantly engaged in the boldest efforts of partizan warfare; in recruiting and disciplining their troops; in carrying on the seige of Ninety Six, and in harassing each other by all the stratagems of warfare. In the Carolinas and Georgia, the civil war in the sumIn this sad and painful condition of body and mind, young mer of 1781 raged with unmitigated fury and violence.Nelson continued for some months, until he was exchanged, Lord Rawdon left America early in the fall for England, and and was soon after appointed Lieutenant in the Regiment of the command devolved on Lieutenant Col. Stewart. On Cavalry commanded by the celebrated Col. William Wash- the morning of the 8th of September, 1781, at the Eutaw ington, than whom Murat himself was neither more brave Springs, the two armies met. Greene arranged his forces nor skilful. His wounds being now healed, he entered on with much skill. Washington, with cavalry, and the infanthe duties of his rank with zeal and enthusiastic ardor. His try of Kirkwood, formed his corps d' reserve. As the conchief, alone, was a tower in the day of peril; he inspired tinental troops came into the engagement, Washington was every bosom and nerved every arm. When the bugle sound- ordered to act on the left. After viewing the situation of ed for battle, each soldier watched the eye of their Colonel, the enemy, he determined to turn their right flank, commandand panted for the contest as they beheld, in his manly vis-ed by Major Banks, and to charge its rear. In this charge, age, the spirit of patriotism animating and lighting up every feature of his noble countenance. It was the good fortune!
* See Vol. III, p. 220.
to the unspeakable mortification of Lieut. Nelson, he saw his gallant commander wounded, his horse killed under him, and ere he could be disengaged, taken prisoner. This obstinate battle lasted nearly four hours; the loss on each side was estimated at about one thousand, and but for the protection afforded the British troops, who sheltered themselves in a brick house, whence they destroyed great numbers of our men at every fire, the royal army must have been cut in pieces, or have surrendered at discretion. Thus ended the brilliant affair at Eutaw, unequalled by any other engage ment during the Revolution. The British power in the South was at once annihilated. Confidence in the justice of our cause and the valor of our troops was restored and increased, and peace began to dawn once more on our distracted and impoverished country. Lieut. Nelson, however, still remained with the army until it was disbanded after the ca pitulation of Yorktown.
Manufacture of Iron in New Jersey.
Remarks of Mr. Miller, of New Jersey, on the amendment offered by Mr. Buchanan, imposing a duty on Railroad Iron of 20 per cent.
In Senate United States, August 30, 1841.
Mr. Miller said the State which he had the honor to represent was deeply interested in the result of any question of New Jersey was equal, if not superior to that of any other connected with the manufacture of iron. The mineral wealth State in the Union. Her iron mines, of superior quality and of inexhaustible quantity, are located within about thirty miles of New York, with a water communication connecting them with that city, and also with the great coal fields of Pennsylvania. We are also supplied by nature with convenient water power, abundantly sufficient to drive any number of works which enterprise and capital may be induced to errect for the manufacture of iron. With these advantages we may even venture into a rivalry with the great State of Pennsylvania; and I would forewarn the Senator from that State not to anticipate a monopoly in this business, for I will assure him that as soon as Pennsylvania "is ready to supply the world with iron," she will find New Jersey an active competitor for at least one-half of that market.
One of the difficulties that our iron manufacturers have
to contend with was the high price of coal which they were
Through these various and appalling scenes he had passed before he attained his twentieth year. In 1783, on his return to Maryland from the army, he studied law in the of fice of William H. Dorsey, in Georgetown. He subsequently removed to Taney town, and in that small village commenced his professional career, whence he soon after came to Freder icktown, where he acquired a very extensive practice. His manners were popular; his life had been full of thrilling incidents; the fortunes of a soldier attracted public attention; and his friends soon clustered around him, feeling strong interest in his welfare. Politics now excited the general attention, and in '95 he was elected to the House of Delegates of his native State. In 1800, and oftentimes after ward, did the voice of Frederick county return him to the same seat with renewed marks of favor and approbation. In one of the warmly contested campaigns, when he was opposed by a very influential man, he discovered that the immense assemblages which had collected at Westminister to hear the candidates on the hustings, was somewhat unfavorable to his pretensions, and that he was likely to lose their support. All his arguments seemed to avail but little.Suddenly he opened his bosom and displayed to their view the scars received at Camden; it operated like an electric shock; he at once wielded the multitude with the same effect as did Anthony when he bid the Romans look on the dead body of Caesar, and by this happy stratagem ensured his election by a triumphant majority. During Mr. Jefferson's administration, Mr. Nelson was chosen Representative to Congress, from the district composed of Frederick, Washington and Allegany counties, and notwithstanding frequent opposition, so great was his popularity that he never lost an election. During all this stormy period of our history, when the unjust decrees of Bonaparte on the one hand, and the British orders in council on the other, were destroying neutral commerce, and depriving us of our natural right to navigate the ocean, Mr. Nelson stood up the bold, uncompromising advocate of all the measures adopted by the Administration * Mr. Miller was probably not apprized that Railroad iron to protect our commerce. And when naught but an appeal has been made for the use of the collieries, in Schuylkill counto the sword would avail, we find him advocating the declaration of war in June, 1812, with all the zeal he had display-y, Pa. weighing 25 pounds to the yard, supporting 2 tons bured in early life. He believed that all negotiation was fruit- then and costing about $2,000 per mile of straight track. less, and he relied on the courage and patriotism of our gal- Also T rails, weighing 34 pounds to the yard, to support lant seamen and soldiers to vindicate our wrongs. The result 3 tons and costing about $2,700 per mile of single track.— equalled his expectations. Soon our banner was respected See Vol. IV. p. 411. in every sea. Hull, Decatur, Bainbridge and Perry taught Britannia that she did not "rule the waves;" while the plains of Bridgewater and Orleans evinced yet to the world that the fire of the Revolution was not extinct. Before the war closed, however, declining health compelled Mr. Nelson to retire from political life.
1793 he organized a troop of cavalry, and in 1794 was, as its cammander, actively engaged in suppressing the insurrection in Pennsylvania during the administration of Washington, and some years afterwards was appointed a BrigadierGeneral of Militia. He died in May, 1815. Such is an imperfect outline of the public life of Gen. Roger Nelson. That he was a brave soldier and tried patriot, must be conceded by all; that throughout his long and arduous career in the political world, love of country was the first and last wish of his heart cannot be denied.-Raleigh Register.
I believe that the time has now arrived when we are prepared to make railroad iron for the supply of the home market; and we ask nothing but the ordinary protection to enable us to compete successfully with the foreign manufacturer. It is asked whether any railroad iron has been made in this country? I answer no; the reason is obvious.As long as you admit the English iron free of duty, it operates as a premium in favor of the importer, and secures a monopoly to the foreign producers. They have now the sole power of regulating the market, of advancing or lowering the price as may suit their convenience, or as may be necessary to check American competition.
Newark Daily Advertiser.
Premiums on Tobacco.
To induce Tobacco planters to exercise greater skill in preparing and packing their produce for market, we perceive by a circular of Messrs. John & D. Fehrman, Tobacco Factors and Commission Merchants of New Orleans, that they offer premiums on the best hogsheads of such crops as may be shipped to their house for sale next season, of three hundred dollars on the best hogsheads of three different kinds of tobacco, to wit: $100 for the best bright leafy wrapping, $100 for the best sweet rich motted, and $100 for the best black fat. Competitors are requested to mark "premium" on both ends, with their names and the county and State in which they live. The prize to be adjudged in the second week of July