« ForrigeFortsett »
Table IV.-Proportion of Males and Females in the whole Colored population in each State.
Table V.-Proportion of Males to Females in the Free Colored population of each State and Territory.
100 to 100.53
Table VI.-Proportion of Males to Females in the Slave population of each State and Territory.
Table VII.-Summary of the preceding tables, showing the relative proportions of Males and Females in the different classes of population in each State.
The preceding tables furnish comparative views of the population, with regard to the proportion of the sexes and their distribution throughout the United States, agreeably to the census of 1840-derived from the aggregate, published in detail on pages 232, &c. of the present Vol. The whole population of the United States, is 17,062,566 In the Navy 6,100 17,068,666
In the following calculations we shall exclude the Navy, as no details are given respecting them.
The remaining population, viz: 17,062,566, is divided
8,682,141 Females. 8,380,425
The proportion of males to females, taking the whole population is therefore 100 to 96.52. These proportions, as is seen in the tables varies in different States, and in the
TABLE I-Shows a sectional view of their distribution, among the New England, Middle, Southern, Western and the slave-holding States, from which it appears there are in the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut and Vermont, 1,110,011 males, 1,124,811 females; total, 2,234,822, being in the proportion of 100 males to 101.33 females. In all these States (with the exception of Maine and Vermont,) the females are in Total excess, 14,800.
In the Middle States viz: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, there are 2,326,117 males, 2,278,228 females; total, 4,604,345—or in proportion of 100
males to 97.90 females. In all these States the males are in excess viz: 47,889.
In the Southern States viz: Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, District of Columbia and Florida, the males are in excess, there being 2,615,654 males and 2,549,591 females; total, 5,165,245-or in the proportion of 100 males to 97.51 females. Excess of males, 66,063.
different States, and the excesses of males and females of the whole population-from which it appears that the District of Columbia, furnishes the largest proportion of females viz: 114.98 to 100 males, and Wisconsin Territory the smallest viz. 64.05 to 100. In the States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina and District of Columbia, there is an excess of 38,804 females. The excess of males in the United States is 301,716. The newer States, have, generally, the smallest proportion of females, and the New England States the largest, caused, probably, by immigration.
TABLE III-Exhibits the proportions among the white population exclusively-it amounts to 7,249,266 males and 6,939,842 females; being an excess of males of 309,424; proportion of males to females 100 to 95.73, being less than the average proportion of the whole population of the United States.
TARLE IV-Exhibits the proportions of the whole colored population, which amounts to 2,873,458; or males 1,432,875, females 1,440,583; or in the proportion of 100 males to 100.53 females; being considerably above the average of the white population, which, as we have shown, was 100 to 96.52. The excess of females is 7,708. The District of Columbia furnishes the largest proportion, viz: 136.89 females to 100 males. Rhode Island gives 129.31, and New Hampshire 116.93. Michigan has the smallest proportion 97.48.
TABLE V-Shows the proportions of the free colored population, which amounts to 386,245; or males 186,467, females 199,778, or in the proportion of 100 males to 107.13 females, being much greater than the average of the whole colored population. The excess of females is 13,311. In the District of Columbia is the large proportion of 142.14 females to 100 males. In New Hampshire and Louisiana the proportion is also large. The smallest proportion is in Michigan.
TABLE VI-Furnishes a view of the slave population, from which it appears the slaves number 1,246,408 males, and 1,240,805 females. Total 2,487,213. The proportion is 100 males to 99.55 females, being very nearly the average of the whole colored population, agreeably to Table IV, though considerably less than that of the free colored, which is 107.13, yet greater than the average of the whole popula
In Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina and District tion of the United States. The excess of males is 5,603.—
of Columbia, however, the females are in excess.
In the Western States viz: Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, Arkansas, Wisconsin Territory, and Iowa, the males are also in excess-there being 2,630,359 males to 2,427,795 females, or 100 males to 92.29 females; total, 5,058,154. Excess of males, 202,564. In the Slave-holding States viz: Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, Arkansas, Florida Territory, and District of Columbia; there is an excess of 126,685 males. The total in these States 7,255,559, viz: 3,691,122 males and 3,564,437 females. In Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and District of Columbia, the females are in excess. The proportion of males to females is 100 to 96.56.
TABLE II-Presents the number and proportions in the
In South Carolina there is the large excess of 9,682 females, or 106.10 to 100 males, while in Virginia there is an excess of males of 8,235, or 100 to 96.39. How is this difference in the slave population, to be accounted for, in these two States? and yet the average of the whole number of male and female slaves so nearly equal! and why the difference between the slave population and the free colored, as in the former 100 males to 99.55 females, and in the latter 100 to 107.13 ? are there really more females born among the free, than among the slaves? or is the mortality greater among the free colored males, than among the male slaves? Upon inquiring of a free colored man, as to the fact of the large proportion of females, he thought there were more females than males among the free colored people of his acquaintance, and gave as an instance his own family, which, out of 11 children furnished only 2 males.
TABLE VII-Is a summary view of the proportions of the
colored free " slave
100 to 96.52
" to 95.73 to 100.53 "to 107.13 "to 99.55
The first Steamboat on Long Island Sound. From an article in the New York Express, entitled "New York Thirty Years Ago," we extract the following interesting notice of Captain Bunker, the commander of the first steamboat on the Sound.
August 14th, 1808.-Captain Elihu S. Bunker advertised to run his beautiful packet sloop between this city and HudThis was the first packet ever run on the river, and as an inducement to travellers, it was announced that beds and
In future numbers, as we find leisure to prepare them, bedding were provided. Previous to this, passengers were our comparative views will be continued.
Death of Bishop Moore.
For a week past, has this community, and particularly that of the Episcopal Church, been kept in a state of anxiety in consequence of the dangerous illness of the Right Rev. Richard Channing Moore, (Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese,) in Lynchburg, where he had gone to discharge a service connected with his ministerial station. This anxiety was merged into deep distress on Saturday evening, by the information of his death, which took place on Friday morning, the 12th inst., in Lynchburg. His remains were brought in the boat that conveyed intelligence of his demise. This event has sorely afflicted his Church-the loss of so good, so venerable a minister, may well bear heavily upon its members; but the dispensation which so afflicts them, imparts sorrow throughout this community; for every body regarded this aged man of God with no ordinary feelings of veneration and attachment. For more than fifty years has he filled the station of a minister in the Episcopal Church, and no prelate ever engrossed a greater share of the love of those whose spiritual welfare he had in charge. In his intercourse with our citizens, his simplicity, his bland and gentle manner, his kind-heartedness and the unaffected dignity of his deportment, commanded the respect and love of all. No one could see the aged Bishop moving along our streets with his old fashioned and becoming dress, his silvery locks streaming o'er his shoulders, and his countenance beaming with the peace and love that dwelt in his heart, without doing him involuntary homage. There was a harmony in his character, a beauty in his life, which gave him great influence and made him beloved. What citizen is not pained at the reflection that he will no more see this good man in our streets, that he will not again see him adorning with meek and unaffected grace the sacred desk, or hear from his lips precepts of virtue and lessons of truth and wisdom?
With peculiar propriety may we say of him, that he died "full of years and full of honors." At a ripe old age, after a long term of service, which was faithfully discharged, has he been taken away from his flock and the community that loved him, to rest in the bosom of his God. When reflect ing upon his death how appropriately may we exclaim, "Oh! that I may die the death of the righteous, and may my last
end be like his."
Though at a distance from the bosom of his fond family circle, news of his illness came in sufficient time to enable some of its members, and among them a devoted daughter, to be present in his dying moments, to soften with their tender ministrations, the pangs of death. In keeping with the gentleness of his life, he sunk into the grave quietly and calm, as a child going to sleep.
The funeral took place yesterday from the Monumental Church, the same in which the deceased had so long officiated. The crowded assemblage present and the long train of citizens which followed the remains to their last earthly tenement, (in the new city cemetery,) showed the deep at tachment and veneration entertained for the deceased. In token of respect for the venerated dead, the capitol bell was tolled yesterday forenoon.
Commerce of Boston.
In one day, the week before last, there were at that port forty-two foreign clearances, and seventy-four arrivals.
required to provide these necessary articles of comfort. A person leaving Albany was required to provide his own beds, and the voyage altogether was one of no small undertaking. Three and even six days was not an uncommon passage.— Captain Bunker's Line, for there were no steamboats in those days, became exceedingly popular. Persons resorted here from the east and the south, to take this conveyance to the Springs. Captain Bunker was eminently successful with his packet. Fulton, however, soon after succeeded with his first boat, and packets could not compete with them. Captain Bunker, then popular, turned his attention to steamboats, and after running on the North River for a length of time, formed the plan of building a steamboat to navigate the Sound,-this was considered a wild and visionary scheme. Bunker, however, persevered, and engaged a number of gentlemen in the scheme. The late distinguished members of the Bar, Caldwell and Emmet, both engaged in the enter prise.
In 1812, if our recollection serves us, the keel of the steam
boat Fulton was laid down, under the direction of Bunker, by Adam & Noah Brown, then the most skilful ship-builders of the day. The frame of this boat, that was destined to run between this city and New Haven, was got out, and as it lay in the yard a number of the most distinguished ship masters were invited to inspect it. After a thorough examination, it was determined that it was of great strength, and that, in calm weather, the boat might navigate the Sound, but in storms it would be impossible. Bunker, however, persevered, and as soon as the boat was finished commenced running and continued with great success. The charm of navigating steamboats at sea in winter storms and gales, was broken by this persevering ship master. For nearly thirty years, Bunker ran his boats on the Sound, running to Connecticut and Rhode Island. During that period he built the steamers Fulton, Connecticut, Benjamin Franklin, President and we believe one or two others, all of which were run under his management through the Sound, winter and summer, without even meeting with an accident, and it is due to Captain Bunker to say, that, owing to his skill, experience and caution, no passenger ever suffered the loss of life or limb. This worthy man is now retired from active life, but is in the enjoyment of excellent health. He is now one of the inspectors under the United States to examine steamboats. A more suitable person could not be selected, nor one in whom the public have a more implicit confidence.
Died in Union township, Licking county, Ohio, August 26, 1841, Jonathan Benjamin, in the 103d year of his age. Father Benjamin was born in Goshen county, State of New York, October 14, 1738, At the age of sixteen he enlisted in the army and served his time as a soldier true to his country. Was married in March 10, 1759, to Margaret Brown. Moved to Pennsylvania in 1774 or '75; in May, 1777, the Indians broke in upon his family and family connexions, and killed and took prisoners three entire families, his only son escaping to the fort. Among the prisoners taken by the Indians, was his brother-in-law, Ezekiel Brown, late of Delaware county, Ohio. After being driven from place to place by these savage tribes, and enduring extremo suffering some six months, he removed to Maryland in the fall of 1779, thence to Pennsylvania in 1782, thence to Marietta in 1797, then to Western Virginia in 1789, thence to Licking, then Fairfield county, Ohio, in 1801, where he resided until his death.
The New Merchant's Exchange. The Merchants' Exchange Company of the city of New York was incorporated by an act of the Legislature, we believe in the year 1823, with a capital of $1,000,000, divided into 10,000 shares of $100 each. The former building known as the Merchants' Exchange was finished in the year 1827. It was one of the most substantial and conveniently arranged public edifices in the United States; was built under the supervision of its eminent architect Martin E. Thompson, Esq. and cost the company, including the ground, about $250,000. Its rents produced an annual revenue of $25,000. It was burnt to the ground in the great fire of December 15, 16, 1835.
The site of the present building comprises that of the old one, and about an equal amount of land subsequently purchased by the company. It is situated in Wall street, and forms the centre around which are located the principal banking houses, insurance companies and other moneyed institutions. It is 198 feet on Wall strect, 196 feet 9 inches on the rear, and 140 feet 8 inches on the right flank on Hanover street, and 19) feet on the left flank on William street. And although the ground is of such irregular shape, the architect has so skilfully arranged the building, that there is but little if any appearance of irregularity in the apartments into which it is divided.
It was built after the plans and under the superintendence of Isaiah Rogers, Esq. architect, a native of Massachusetts. The exterior walls are composed of blue granite, procured and wrought in the highest perfection of the art at the quarries in Quincy, Mass. whence it is conveyed to the sea by railroad (the first constructed in the Union) and thence in vessels to New York.
The façade of the building presents a colonnade of twelve Ionic columns, the shafts of which are in a single piece, thirty-two feet, eight inches high, four feet four inches in diameter at the base, and weigh about 33 tons each. They are fluted, and the caps and bases of the same material are so finely hammered as to present a surface almost as smooth as if it were rubbed or polished. These are the largest columns ever quarried in America. There are six additional columns in the recess in the front entrance of the building, The rear of the edifice has pilasters or antæs, with bases and enriched capitals projecting about one foot six inches from the face of the building. The sides are plain, excepting the cornices and window frames which are richly moulded, The anterior of the building on all sides is divided into offices, already occupied by banks, insurance companies, engravers, stationers, brokers, &c. The ceilings throughout are of brick formed into arches, and the floors are laid with hydraulic cement; a material similar to Roman cement; an inexhaustible supply of which may be obtained from quarries in the vicinity of Kingston, near the Hudson, and about 100 miles from this city. No wood has been used in the construction of this building, and it is therefore deemed entirely fire-proof.
The centre of the edifice is to be occupied as an Exchange. This is peculiarly the department of the merchants. It is in the form of a Rotunda, 80 feet in diameter in the clear, with four recesses of 10 by 30 feet, situate at right angles. The curb of the Dome is 90 feet from the floor, and has a sky light of 110 feet in circumference, which affords the only light admitted into the Rotunda.
The interior of this 100m is finished in the richest, costliest and most beautiful manner. Each of the recesses have 2 Corinthian columns of Italian veined marble, 41 feet in height, and 5 feet in diameter. The antes at the angles, the wainscoting around the entire room 7 feet 6 inches high, and all the other trimmings, as well as the floor, are of the same material. The ceiling and walls are of stucco, richly ornamented. The exterior of the Dome is covered with a copper roof, and the other sections of the building with stone. The erection of the building was commenced in the Spring of 1836, since which time the number of hands employed on it has averaged about 250. At the time it was com menced, the late William W. Woolsey was President of the corporation; he was succeeded by John A. Stevens, who still holds that station,
The ground on which the building stands cost about $750,000. The entire cost of the Exchange will be about $1,100,000. The income from rents, when all the apartments are finished and occupied, will be about $100,000.That portion of the building which was completed on the 1st May last, and is now occupied, yields the current year about $50,000.-N. Y. Tribune.
Duty on Rough Rice,
The Lords of the Treasury in Great Britain, on the representation of the late Minister of this country, that the second article of the Convention of July, 1815, ought to receive a different construction, in relation to the admission of rough rice from the United States, from that which has been heretofore given to it, by the late Board of Treasury, and Board of Trade, have come to the conclusion to alter the customs' law in relation to this point, and to make it conformable to the views of the provision of the Convention taken by the American Minister. They have therefore given public notice that they will propose to Parliament the equali zation of the duties on rice from the United States, and the West Coast of Africa, and in the meantime directions are given, that all rough rice from the United States, on which duty has not yet been charged, shall be admitted to entry at the duty of 1d. per quarter, subject to future confirmation by Parliament, of which, however, the Lords entertain no doubt.-Boston Patriot.
To the Committee respecting the Frigate Raritan. NAVY DEPARTMENT, 16th November, 1841. Sir-I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 13th inst enclosing a copy of the proceedings of a large and respectable meeting of the citizens of Philadelphia, without distinction of party, relative to the immediate finishing and launching of the frigate Raritan, now on the stocks at the Navy Yard in that city. I accord fully in the views and opinions of that meeting. Convinced that we can rely on our Navy alone for the defence of our scaboard during war, and for the protection of our commerce, both in war and peace, I feel the strongest desire for an immediate and great increase, both in the number and the efficiency of our vessels of war.
Acting upon this conviction, I had determined, before I heard of any movement on the subject of Philadelphia, to give the requisite order for finishing the Raritan, which order will be immediately issued.
am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, A. P. UPSHUR. ANDREW M. PREVOST, Esq. Philadelphia.
Consecration of a Bishop. Yesterday morning at St. John's Church, in Thirteenth street, the Rev. Peter Paul Lefevre was consecrated a Bishop of the Catholic diocese of Michigan; he will reside at Detroit. Bishops Hughes and Kendrick, and the Rev. Mr. Engs, officiated in the ceremony, which was of the most im posing character. The church was crowded almost to suffocation.
The Rev. Mr. Kendrick, brother of the Bishop, has been appointed Bishop of St. Louis; his consecration will take place in a few weeks at St. Mary's Church.
This was the first consecration which has ever taken place in this city.-[Public Ledger, 22d November.
The UNITED STATES COMMERCIAL AND
STATISTICAL REGISTER, is published every Wednes day, at No. 76 Dock street. The price to subscribers is Five Dollars per annum, payable on the 1st of January of each year. No subscription received for less than a year.Subscribers out of the principal cities to pay in advance.
PRINTED BY WILLIAM F. GEDDES, No. 112 CHESNUT STREET, Where, and at 76 Dock St., Subscriptions will be received.