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ADDENDA TO PART SECOND.

LOCKE ON GOVERNMENT.

Objects of Government-Arbitrary Power Compared with a Government of

Laws-Consent and Force-Conquest-Right of the Conquered-Limits

of the Right which can be obtained by a Rightful Conqueror-Over

His Own People-Over the Vanquished—The Latter Despotical-But

not Universal in its Extent-Not Including the Property of the Van-

quished, which is his Children's—But only the Lives of those Actually

Engaged in War-These Propositions Logically Discussed-Right of

Rebellion Reserved to the Conquered even after Forced Consent to the

Victor's Authority—This Right an Indefeasible Inheritance of their

Posterity-Case of the Greek Christians-Summary-Case of Hezekiah

- Arbitrary Rulers put themselves into a State of War with the People

-Thereby Absolving them from Allegiance—The People not Dis-

posed to Revolution—The Right of Revolution and Rebellion-When

it Exists—Objections Answered,

546

BURKE ON THE AMERICAN WAR.

Exordium-Occasion of the Speech-Magnitude of the Task of Restoring

Order in America--Burke's Proposition is “Peace not Through the

Medium of War"_“It is Simply Peace"_With the View of Restor-

ing Confidence and Procuring Reconciliation—The Questions at Issue-

Ought Concessions to be Made?-If so, What Concessions ?—Position

of the War Party-Objections Advantage Gained by Force Tem-

porary--America must be Destroyed in Preserving it to England

Experience against the Use of Force--American Temper and Char-

acter-The Spirit of Liberty-Working of Colonial Government

Conduct of the Government towards America-Means of Reconcilia-

tion—the Causes of Discontent must be Removed-Impossibility of

Subjugation-Infamy of the Attempt-Unfitness of England for the

Task — The American Character Fixed and Unalterable Spirit of the

Southern Colonies—Slaves—Proposition of Criminal Prosecutions

against Rebels—"Too Big a Thing"-Definition of an Empire-In-

ference-Judicial Position of England-Her Consequent Duty of Jus-

tice-What had been Gained by the Measures of the Government ?

What Concessions ought to be Made-Complaint of the Colonies -

Taxation without Representation-Duty of Government–Necessity of

a Unity of Spirit—The Colonies must be Protected by the Constitution

-Example of Spain—Precedent of Ireland—Wales—Chester-Dur-

ham-Excitement of the American Mind to be considered and Al-

lowed for—Effect of Reconciliation, .

. 558

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