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instance a clergyman requested the Society their shops on a Sunday, it is evident that to undertake to repress the licentiousness of others must either the same, or risk ihe his pertinet liches pas represerved on best

of the course in the shores eleve become too arduous for the parish officers. therefore from this hardship, it is in justice The prosecutions of this class, resorted to by due to them, that the law be applied equally the Society since the last Report, have to all." amounted to 150, all of which were cases in The Committee next state the efforts they which previous admonition bad failed to have made, and the success they have had, in produce any effect. The attention of the detecting the venders of obscese books and Suciety to this offence has been complained prints; several of whom are under prose. of as harsh and unjustifiable. This coin cution. plaint is ably repelled, and it is shewn that The accounts received from the Societies no blame can attach to the Society which at York, Hull, Chathan, and Rochester, are does not at least equally attach to the laws of highly satisfactory. Much has been done the land. On this subject the learned Judge at each of these places for the suppression of Blackstone has thus expressed himself:- the flagrant evils of prostitution and the

“ The profanation of the Lord's-day is an violation of the Sabbath. At Hull alone, offence against God and religion, punished fourteen brothels had been suppressed, and by the municipal law of England; for, be- four niore remained under prosecution ; besides the notorious indecency and scandal of sides which, some landlords, through fear of permitting any secular business to be pub- disgrace, had cleared their houses of infalicly transacted on that day in a country that 'mous tenants, whose crimes they had before professes Christianity, and the corruption of protnoted. morals, which usually follows its profanation, The Coinniittee have assisted in establish. the keeping one day in seven holy, us a time ing similar societies at Newcastle upon Tyne, of relaxation and refreshment, as well as for Liverpool, and Stowinarket; and also at Oxo public worship, is of admirable service to a ford, under lic patronage of the Vice-Chanstate, considered merely as a civil institution, cellor. It huibanizes, by the help of society and The following extract of a letter from conversation, the manners of the lower classes, Stowmarket will illustrate the benefits dewhich would otherwise degenerate into a rived from the institution of societies of this sordid ferocity and savage selfishness of spi description. rit: it enables the industrious workman to “ I received your much-esteemed favour, pursue bis occupation in the easping weeks sin answer to mine of the 9th February, and with health and cheerfulness: it imprints on immediately after began my prooeedings the minds of the people that sense of their nearly in the following manner. It was my duty to God so necessary to make them good intention to have sent a private notice to each citizens ; but which yet would be worn out person, but having but one of each sort, I and delaced by an unremiting continuance called on them, read the printed one to them, of labour without any stated times of recall and left a written copy, allowing them two ing them to the worship of their Maker." more Sundays. By some I vras much abused, 4 BI. C. p. 68.

and by others welcomed. After the expiraThe Committee add, in conclusion, "That, tion of the two Sundays allowed, many were independently of the obligation which is in- informed that they should be still supplied cumbent on every one to obey, both the with goods on a Sunday; I therefore deemlaws of God, which command that the Lord's- ed it necessary to have it regularly cried, day shall be kept boly, and those of the - (that all those who should benceforih, &c.) land, which prohibit, under certain penalties, which was done on the 21st ult. in every all open profanations of it; it is evident that part of the town, and the next day being much temporal advantage and comfort would Sunday, I had the satisfaction to see every be derived to all who live by trade or labour, shop closed, and the town wear quite a diftrom an entire cessation of their ordinary 'ferent aspect. The printed papers greatly business and occupations on the Sabbath, conduced to effect my purpose; and had it It is felt, and has frequently been expressed not been for the aid of the Society for the to the Society by many tradesmen, as a great 'Suppression of Vice, I should have found bardslip that they cannot enjoy one day's much trouble, even in compulsory measures, respite in the week from the fatigues of bus : This is one more, amongst the many evils siness; and that they are deprived of a suppressed by that excellent institution, opportunity of attending public worsbip. whose aid is here gratefully acknowledged Bat if some persons of that description opeti bys &c."

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ŚPAIN.

and the rout became general. The prisoners Tu career of Lord. Wellington in Spain, taken on the field of battle, and in the pure during tbe last month, has been of the most suit, amounted to about seven thousand men, splendid description; and such as places, among whom were one general, six colonels, him in the very first rank of military com- and one hundred and thirty other officers. manders.

Toe number of killed and wounded is estiMarmont, whom in our last number we mated at ten to twelve thousand men. Eleven left retreating before the allies, having been pieces of cannon, two eagles, and six stand largely reinforced by the accession of General of colours, fell into our hands. Marmont Bonnel's anny, and of the garrisons on the himself was severely wounded, and is said to northern sea-coast of Spain, appears to have ; be since dead of his wounds; and four resolved on cutting off Lord Wellington from , French general officers were killed. Salamanca and Ciudad Rodrigo. With Our own loss on this occasion was, as might this view, he continued, from the 15th to the be expected, severe. Major-General Le 22d of July, to make a rapid succession of Marchant was killed, and Marshal Beres masterly movements; but they were all com- .,ford, Lieutenant-Generals Cotion, Leith, and pletely frustrated by the skill and vigilance , Cole, and Major-General Allen, severely of his lordship. During the whole of this wounded. The total loss of the allies, in critical week, the hostile armies appear to the battle and in the pursuit, including offi. bave been for the most part within sight of cers, amounted to seven hundred and forty each other. On the 18th they came into five killed, four thousand three hundred and contact, and a partial engagement ensoed, in thirty wounded, and two hundred and sixtywhich our troops had the advautage, having two-missing. The loss of tbe British alone, taken prisoners General Carrier, and about was about four hundred and twenty killed, two bundred and forty inen, and killed and and two thousand seren, handred and wounded nany. The allied loss was nimety, fifty wounded; among whom were thirty five killed, about four hundred wounded, and one officers killed, and one hundred and fifty-four missing.

seventy-six wounded. The Spaniards lost On the morning of the 21st, both armies two killed and four wounded. The remainwere near the Tormes, a little to the south. der of the loss wss Portuguese. ward of Salamanca. The whole of that day It appears, that Joseph Bonaparte left was consumed in maneuvring, with a view, Madrid on the 21st, with about feartees on the part of the enemy, to turn one of thousand men, intending 10 join Marmont, other of our fanks, so as to be able to com- whose purpose it probably was, to defer a mence his attack with advantage. Every general-battle until this reinforcement had maneuvre was anticipated with admirable arrived. The attack of Lord Welliogtan foresight by Lord Wellington, and its frustrated that intention. Joseph, on hearobject defcated. A great part of the suc- ing of Marmont's defeat, retraced his steps ceeding day, the 22d, was consumed in si.. towards Madrid; and so near were oor troops milar inuvements. About two in the after- . to him at one time, that on the 25th about noon, Dlarmont, whose army was strongly thirty of his rear.guard were made prisoners, poșied, made a great effort to turn our right : a short time after he himself had quitted the Aank, and by this effort weakened lis centre. spot. When he arrived within a short disLoru Wellington, Lowever, had been prepared tance of Madrid, instead of proceeding ti. for this event; and at the moment when the ther, be changed his route, and marched in enemy thought he had gained his point, he, the direction of Segovia, hoping probably found himself out-ianked and turned on his to effect a junction with the army of Maleft; and at the same moment attacked both in mont, which had passed Valladolid, abandon front and in flank with a vigour which nothing ing in that place much stores and ammuni. could resist. The attack was completely tion, and a number of sick and wounded, and successful, and the enemy's left was over- had taken the direction of Bargos. On the thruwn. Successive attacks were then made 4th instant, Lord Wellington's head-quarters on the heights where the main body of the were at Cuellar, but a part of his army had hostile army was posted; and though our" been pushed forward after the flying columnas divisions were iwicé repulsed, i he heiglts were of the French. Suchet was said to be sdrane al length carried in the most gallant style, ing towards Madrid, with fiftcen thousand

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men, in the hope of retrieving the French in turn the assailants and pursuers. . And it affairs." ***

is obvious, that if such a favourable moment * General Hm continued to keep'the enemy should arripe, and that Bonaparte should be in check in the south. His bead-quarters, forced to se race his steps his retreat througlo by the last accounts, were at Zafra. On the

a hostile country must be disastrous in proivorthern shore of Spain'a squadron under portion to the distance to which he may

have - Sir Home Popham has been employed'in

penetrated, beating up the enemy's quarters, and appears Peace has certainly been made between to have been of some use in distracting his Russia and Turkey. attention. St. Andero has been evacuated Peace has also been declared betweon by the French, and is in our possession:" Great Britain and both Russia and Sweden.

The bombardment of Cadiz has recently A comfident hope is entertained that Sweden proceeded with an increase of vigour, and will take an active part in the war against some slight damage has been done to the Ponaparte, and a large armament is said to town, and some alarm created anong the have been almost in a state of readiness for inbabitants, by the bursting of shells.

effecting a descent on Pomerania. There No account bas yet been received of the can be no doubt that

40 or 30,000 Swedes, landing on the Peninsula of the large arma- under Bernadotte, landing in that quarter, ment of British troops from Sicily, and Spa- might operate most important effects, and nish troops from Minorca, which had been give a perfectly new aspect to the whole collected at the latter place, and was sup- state of continental affairs. posed to be destined for Catalonia.

*, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, NORTH OF EUROPE.

9. War has at length been declared by the No general battle bas yet take place be United States, against Great Britain. The tween the immense armies of Russians and

act of Congress, declaring war, is dated French which are now opposed to each other the 18th of June. It is accompanied by a on the plains of Russia. The Russians per- message from the President, which may be sist in their plan of avoiding a general ene considered as the Manifesto of America. Its gagement, and the utmost efforts of Bona- object is to present; in a cumulative view, parte have proved unavailing to force them all the alleged wronigs iudicted by Great Brito depart from it. They continue also to de- tain on America, and whieli have led to this stroy their magazines, and waste the country appeal to arms, the ultima fatio regum. in the line of their retreat. The French Even those wrongs are produced, as in the bulletins which have reached us down to the

case of the Chesapeak, for which repara7th inst. (viz. the 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, tion had been made and accepted. The Ilth and 12th,) are filled with details of move point chiefy dwelt upon, is the injury arisments and of partial engagements, but cone ing from our Orders in Council. On this tain no account of any, very decisivc advan ground it is, that hopes are eutertained that tages on either side. The Russians appear the repeal of those Orders, when known, will on the whole to have been successful in re- lead to a suspension of hostilities. We are pelling the attacks of the French, and Bona- far from sanguine on this point. We shall, parte's own bulletins contain admissions to however, hail with delight any return on this effect. The last bulletin was dated from the part of America to more peaceful counWitepsk, where Bonaparte had fixed his sels. The only effects which have hitherto head-quarters. The Russian armies were

followed the declaration of war, bave been ranged between that place and Smolensk, the capture of ships at sea belonging to both evidently intending, if forced to it, to fall countries, and the detention of some Ameback on Dioscow. Indeed, the Emperor rican ships in our ports. We defor any has declared himself prepared even to aban- discussion of the reasons given by the Amedon Moscow to the enemy, if the success of rican government for plunging into this war, bis systematic plan of defensive warfare until it shall be decided, wheiher the war is should require it. His object seems to be to to proceed notwithstanding the abrogation of preserve the Russian armies in an unbroken

our Orders in Council. state, unul events shall favour their becoming

GREAT BRITAIN. Parliament was prorogued on the 30th of continuance of his Majesty's indisposition. July, by the Lord Chancellor. The speech and deploring the event which had su long read by him in the name of the Prince Re- interrupted the deliberations of Parliament, sent, after expressing deep concern at the alludes to the affairs of the Peninsula, and to

1 548 Obituary : Account of Mr. Jacob Min.-Errata.

the capture of Ciudad Rodrigo and Bada- ' rica; a bópe is, however, expressed, that joz, as affording a hope of bringing those af the relations of peace and amity may get be

fairs to a prosperous issue. The renewal of restored; but if not, the Prince Regent tethe war iu the North is said to furnish an' lies on the support of all classes, in a contest additional proof of the litile security to be involving the honour of the crown and the derived from submission to the usurpations ,best interests of the kingdom, : The speech of the French government; and the Prince conclades with adverting to the disturbances Regent hopes that Parliament will approve which had taken place in the northern of his affording to the powers engage i in this counties, and declares, that it will be a contest, every degree of co-operation consist- priucipal object of his Royal Highness's átent with the interests of the empire. Great tention, to make an effectual and prudent regret is expressed at the hostile measures ré- use of the powers vested in him for the procently adopted by the government of Ame- . tection of the people.

OBITUARY. Ox Thursday, the 6th of August, died Jacob concerned for their eternal interests, be had, Min, a Jew, and native of Elbing, in Polish - Before their arrival, made a will, appointing Prussia.

the Rev. Tlios. Pry, the Rev. J. S. C. F. Frey, He embraced the Christian faith upwards and Joseph Fox, Esq. guardians of his tive of twelve months ago, and was publicly bap- children, with full power to secure their intized by the Rev. Dr. Nicol, at the Jews' struction in the Christian religion. When Chapel, on the 20th of May last. From the his family arrived, he committed bis wife and time he professed the Christian religion, he children to the London Society, expressing was, diligent in attending the means of grace the greatest resignation, and declaring the at the Jews' Chapel. Having received a "satisfaction it would give him to see them German Bible from the London Society, he baptized. He was sensible to the last, and was observed to be coustantly and seriously his conversations evinced that he built his engaged in perusing it; and from the plain hopes on that Foundation which God hath and unequivocal declarations be made of his laid in Zion. faith in the Messiah, there is good ground He was interred in the German burying. to believe that the Scriptures were accom- ground, Aylift Street, Goodman's Fields, atpanied with the blessing of the Holy Spirit. tended by the committee of the London

Ile had been, in one moment, reduced Society for promoting Christianity amongst from very affluent circumstances to poverty, the Jews, and the children under its patroby the incursion of the French. From the "nage. The Rev. Dr. Schwabe addressed a natural independence of his mind, he ap- numerous and attentive audience in the Gerplied himself diligently, at the age of forty. man language, and spoke to the children in ihree, to learn the business of a tailor; but English; and the Rev. Mr. Frey concluded grief was rapidly undermining his constitu- with an address in English tion. He gradually became weaker, and, soon after bis baptism, was so reduced, as to The above account is printed by desire be confined to his room. During his illness, of the committee of the Society there menhe often expressed the greatest solicitude tioned; who also wish it to be announced, about his family, who arrived in England that two sermons, preached at the anniveronly, five weeks before his death, and to sary meeting of the Society, by the Rev. W. whom he earnestly and repeatedly recom- Marsh, and the Rev. Dr. Collger, will shortly mended the Christian reļigion. Feariug he be published. might not live to see them, and being deeply

ירח read ,ירת for ,4 .1

ERRATA.
Last Number, p. 442, col. 2, 1. 10 from bottom, for lost read loss.
p. 451, col. 2, 1, 2, for 1777, read 1777

, ',
p. 457, col. 1, l. 19 from bottom, fur insinuate read institute.
p. 467, col. 1, 1. 20 from botton, for Bibles read Prayer-books.
p. 474, col. 1, l. 17, for so read to.

col. 2, 1, 16 from bottom, for unseasonably read unreasonably. For Answers to Correspondentssee 2d page Blue Cover:

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AGCOUNT OF THE LIFE OF THE REV. meditation and mental prayer for the HENRY SCOUGA.

foregoing week, that it may there,

by sink deep inio pur spirits, apud Continued from p. 486.)

affect our own hearts, which would Nhis lectures on the public make us more capable of teaching

duties of the clerical office, Pro- ' others. He thought it a fit expefessor Scougal was full and copious dient for composing us to a serious on the subject of preaching it and affectionate preaching, to prohas been alrearly observed, that be pose to ourselves, in the meditation revived zbe practice of lecturing *, as of it, purely the glory of God and it is tegned in Scotland; or, to use the good of men's souls, and to baye his own words, long terts and short this always in our eye; and, in our isernons; a most useful and edifying preaching to make frequent recalexercise, bolh co the minister and his lections of the Divine

presence, and hearers, and which he strongly re- short ejaculatious towards Heaven, commended by precept as well as thereby to preserve us in that humexample.

ble temper, that seriousness and His counsels to the students re- gravity, that becomes us in the prespecting the matter and manner of sence of God, and as the ambassatheir sermons are thus summed up dors of Christ. And howy conforme by Di Gairden: He thought it able was his practice to those rules! should be a minister's care to choose How did the Holy Spirit by him enseasonable and useful subjects, such lighten our minds and affect our as might instruct the minds of the bearts! There are some kinds of people and better their lives, not.io words and expressions, some tones entertain them with debates and and ways of uuterance, which will strifes of words ;--that he should ex- raise the passions and affections of press himself in the most plain and predisposed tempers, without at all affectionate manner, not in airy and enlightening their minds, eren as

nciful words, por in words too big music does; and there are oihers with sepse and having a great many capable of 'laying open the nature thoughts crowded together, which and the reason of things, but in so the people's understandings cannot dry a manner that they float merely reach; nor in philosophical terms upon our understanding as matter of and expressions, which are not fa- speculation and talk, and do not sink miliar to vulgar understandings; nor into our hearts. But, sure, I may in making use of an unusual word, appeal to all that heard him, whether where there could be found one his discourses, and his mannerofuttermore plain and ordinary to express ing them, did not serve at once both the thought as fully. He looked to enlighten their minds and warm upon it as a most useful. help for their hearts. And so tender was composing sermons, to make the hw of the honour and reputation due Sunday's serguon the subject of our to the preaching of the Gospel, that * That-is, commenting upon a while chap- to express himself in the most plain,

was

careful, on the one hand, ter or large portion of Scripture.

intelligible, and affectionate words; Curist. Obsery. No. 129.

as he

4 B

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