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sources of enjoyment become more copivus a far more cautious system than that end varied, the concomitant pains and in- which he recommends expedient in conveniences disappear.
the institution of youthful minds. " This couclusion coincides with a remark it deserves, however, to be seriously in that chapter of the Philosophy of the considered, whether the ordinary Human Mind which relates to the imagination, that by a frequent and habitual es
practice has not been established
erroneous trcise of this faculty, we at once cherish its upon contracted and vigour, and bring it more and more under
views of human nature; and when our command, As we can withdraw the
ther it does not, in effect, augment atiention at pleasure from objects of sense,
the evil which it proposes to correct. aud transport ourselves into a world of our We beg, however, not to be under. own, so, when we wish to moderate our en- stood as expressing at present an thusiasm, we can dismiss the objects of ima- opinion upon this subject. It is our gination, and return tu vur ordinary percep- intention when a convenient opportions and occupations. But in a miud to tunity shall offer, to examine it which these intellectual visions are not familiar, and which borrows them completely
more at large. In the mean time, from the genus of another, imagination, Stewart's experience and authority,
we think it but just to say, that Mr. when once exciied becomes perfectly ungoveruable, and produces something like a
in concurrence with the reasoning leinporary insani y.' -- Hence I have added contained in our last extract, entitle the wonderiul ettecis of popular eloquence his suggestions to the serious and on the lower orders; etfecis which are much impartial attention of every person nuore remarkable ihan what it produces on who is placed in the relation of a wel of education,
parent or preceptor. "In the history of imagination, nothing We have now brought our gene« appears to me more interesting than the fact ral survey of this work to a close; staled in the foregoing passaye; suggesting and Mr. Stewart cannot himself be plainly this practical lesson, that the early
more sensible than we are of the and systematical culture of this faculty, imperfect justice that has been renwhile it is indispensably necessary to its lu
dered to him fure strength and activity, is the most effectual of all expedients for subjecting it, in the
It is impossible to retrace in Bore serious concerns of lite, to ile supre. thought the subjects discussed in macy of our rational powers. And, in trulli, this valuable volume, and the great I apprehend it will be found, that by ac variety of striking remarks, apt ilcusioning is in childhood to a frequent lustrations, and original authorities, change of its object (one set of illusions which are employed to dignify and being continually suttered 10 etface the im- embellish every dissertation, without pressions of anothe è, the understanding being impressed with a profound may be more successjully invigorated than respect for the talents and acquireby any precepis addressed directly to itself';
ments of the writer. Men seldom and the terrors of the nursery, wliere they perform better than when they have have unfortunately overclouded the intant uniud, gradually and insensibly dispulled in occasion to defend themselves; and the hist dawning of reason. The momentary perhaps the resources of Mr. Stew. belief with which the visions of imagination ari's mind are in no part of this are always accompanied, and upon which work displayed to more advantage, many of its pleasures depend, will continue than in the second Preliminary Disonshaken ; while that permanent or habitual sertation, which contains a Reply to belief, which they are apt to produce, where the Strictures of the Edinburgh Reit gains the ascendant over our nobler prille viewers. Among the Essays, we ciples, will vanish for ever," pp. 534, 53). think that on the Philological Spe
culations of Mr. Tooke, and the two The views here suggested by Mr. last, on Taste and certain intellecStewart, are, we believe, considero 'tual Habits connected with it, are abıy at variance with the practice of the most valuable. many pious and most respectable Of Mr. Stewart's philosophical persons in this country, who think powers and attainments, it is difficult to speak loo highly. Few men which, for want of convenient subhave ever brought to any science a stitutes, have been sanctioned by mind so comprehensive, so accurate, the authority of our best models. Nos and so perfectly free from all pre- thing, certainly, is more discredita judice of system or authority. His able to a man's understanding, than acquaintance with the metaphysical that ill-assorted and confused medwriters of different countries, is pro- ley of ideas with which the fancy is bably more extensive than that of harassed in the more flowery pasany other man in the present age, sages of bad writers. Yet we enor in those which are past. His tirely agree with Mr. Stewart, that literary acquirements are also very there is an opposite pedantry, which considerable, both in our own and has of late become very common, in the French languages. With the in affecting to write more correctly latter be appears to be more familiar than Swift and Dryden; and we than we could have expected in are persuaded, that a man might as one, whose life has been principally well expect to ride gracefully by employed in abstract researches. studying the equilibrium of forces, We recollect, indeed, no modern as to compose finely merely by conwork which shews a more general sulting the lights of etymology, insight into French literature ; and In ihe Essay on Mr. Tooke's spethere are parts which indicate a culations, there is a good deal of critical acquaintance with the lau- delicate criticism on the true import guage. To the Italian writers he of certain English words. We rerarely refers; but it would be rash collect only a single instance in to conclude from thence, that he is which we differ from Mr. Stewart. imperfectly acquainted with the The word interval, he insists, can productions of that country, for only be correctly used with renothing is more characteristic of the ference to time : surely it is not inwritings of this great man, than an accurate to say, that at the battle of entire absence of all ostentation, and Belgrade, Eugene was nearly de. a certain air of simplicity, which is feated from a considerable interval equally philosophical, pleasing, and being left between the right wing instructive.
and the centre. No man is better entitled than Our readers will probably be Mr. Stewart to speak with authority pleased to know something of the on the subject of English composi- opinions which Mr. Stewart ex. tion. He is, like all fine writers, a presses of different writers. We parist. Yet, instead of affecting think he indicates (as it was natural that extreme nicety in the selection to expect) a clear preference of Dr. of words and phrases, for which some Reid before all other metaphysi. of the Scotch writers are remarkable, cians. Berkley's genias he 'adand which gives to their works the mires; but he rejects his principal air of compositions in a foreign lan- theory. Of Locke he speaks more guage, we find him boldly and free- coldly. He does not appear to estily adopting the use of mixed meta- mate highly the metaphysical prephors; which he insists it is childish tensions of Mr. Hume or of Mr. to reject, where custom bas couse- Horne Tooke; and Hartley, Priestcrated them, “ merely on account ley, and Darwin are treated with of the inconsistencies which a phi- very little respect.
Among the losophical analysis may point out French metaphysicians, De Geran lo between their primitive import and seems to be Mr. Stewart's favourite, their popular acceptation."
There and after him D'Alembert. Of the is, perhaps, no part of composition, writings of Kant and his followers, in which a finer tact is requisite, he professes to know little, and does han in the use of expressions wbich not appear to think kimself likely nvolve an obvious incongruity, but to obtain any new lights in the
science of mind by knowing his work, we find him strenuously
combating, and even scornfully reMr. Stewart invariably speaks of jecting, the dangerous theories of Lord Bacon with the most profound the materialists, the artful insinuareference. His praise of both Burke tions of Mr. Tooke, and the plausiand Johnson is high, but by noble and licentious scepticism of means unqualified.
The modern Home. Nor do we recollect to have poets whom he quotes the most fre- met with a single passage in the quently, are Milton, Gray, Aken- whole volume, which can favour a side, and the Abbé de Lisle. dangerous illusion, or leave behind
Those who are acquainted with it an impression unfavourable to the Mr. Stewart's former writings, will best interests of virtue and religion. not need to be informed, that his On the whole, we lay down this style is remarkable for clearness, volume with sentiments of the sinelegance, and comprehension. We cerest respect for the writer. It inthink him, on the whole, the finest dicates, in every page, a mind stun writer that Scotland has produced, dious of truth; unwearied in its and the first philosophical writer in pursuit; alive to simple, innocent, the English language. Indeed, it is and rational gratifications; serene, difficult to imagine a style more ad- cheerful, and candid; free from the mirably adapted to, his subject than vanity of anthorship; and far more Mr. Stewart's. The present volume desirous to acquire and communicate exhibits more instances of haste in knowledge, trian to obtain a brilliant its composition than his former me. reputation. Indeed, Mr. Stewart's taphysical work; and its texture is ackuowledged superiority may well more loose, both in the order of the excuse him from feeling much anxarguments, and the structure of the iety respecting bis fame. Yet it is sentences.
In the latter parts, too, among the first praises that can be it is rather more ornate.
As a spe- bestowed upon a writer, that he is cimen of fine writing, it is perhaps uniformly more occupied with his less perfect; but we do not think'it subject than with himself. Tu tbis less elegant or less agreeable.
Mr. Stewart is unquestionably enIt would be an injustice to Mr. titled. He is entitled also to a still Stewart
, as well as very little satisa higher eulogy; that, amid all the factory to our feelings, were we to varied topics and multiplied opinions dismiss this volume without saying a which he has touched, he evinces few words on its religious and mural an unfailing anxiety to discover and character. The subjects treated in establish whatever is true and vait
, evidently do not allow of a fre- luable, without ever indulging his quent reference to such topics; but fancy in starting ingenious theories, lbey are never avoided where the or wasting his powers upon shewy train of observation approaches to and unprofitable speculations. It is them, and never touched but with this simplicity of purpose which, the reference which is justly their beyond all other qualities, entitles doe, In the Essay on Sublimity, him, in our estimation, to the cha: Mr. Stewart introduces several quo- racter of a great writer ; it is this tations from the sacred writings as (to use his own language), which illastrations of his theory; and he properly belongs to and is alone frequently refers, in the language of consistent with that unclouded woaffected veneration, to that awful reason, that unperverted sensibility, Being, who is the centre of whata and that unconquerable candour, ever is truly sublime and excellent. which mark a cumprehensive, an In the more metaphysical parts of upright, and an elevated mind."
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
--Armageddon, a Poem, in Twelve Books, * In the press : Sir Philip Warwick's Memoirs by Mr. G. Townsend, of Trinity College. of the Reign of Charles I. continued to Cambridge ;--A Translation of Michaelis on the Restoration, in 1 vol. 8vo. with Notes; the Mosaic Law, by the Rev. A. Smith ;
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MISSION SOCIETY TO AFRICA AND TIR
same time little felt); by means of benefac
tious and annual subscriptions from such as We have hitherto been prevented by the are able thus to contribute ; and by weekly press of matter from inserting, as we wished contributions from those who though they canand intended, an abstract of the last Report not give of their abundance, are nevertheless of this Society; and we are induced once willing to testify their zeal for God's glory to more to postpone it, iu order to give place to the utmost of their power. The number of information of more immediate interest, as contributors in this rank of life will abunconnected with the prosperity of this insti. dantly recompense the smalluess of their intution, than the mere detail of its past ope- dividual contributions: the universal estarations. We allude to a paper which has blishment of such a method of contributing been transmitted to us by the Committee of both to Bible and Missionary Societies, will the Society for Missions to Africa and the most essentially aid their funds, while it East, containing “ a Plan of Church Mis- will foster some of the best feelings of the sionary Associations, calculated “lo awaken heart. The method of collecting weekly the zeal of their fellow members of the contributions, which has been recommended church, and to call it most effectually into in the case of Bible Associations, will be action.” Such Associations are recommend- found perfectly applicable to the present ed to be furied uot only in large lowns, subject. comprehending several parishes, but also in When it is considered that forty-eight separa te parishes ; and iu some cases, where weekly contributions, of one penny each, parishes comprise several congregations, in will furnish to the Society the sum of 101. 8s. separate congregations; and eveu, where such per annum; and that for 101, the Society's an arrangement happens to be the most con- Missionaries can redeem a pour African venient, by means of the voluntary union of child from slavery, have him under their friends. In this manner persons willing to own controul, and place lim under Christian assist the Society, from the domestic circle to instruction during all the years of his boythe largest town, may unite for a purpose hood and youth; and when it is further conbeneficial to themselves, and at the same sidered, that twenty-four such weekly contime expressive of a regard to the glory of tributions will supply annually 5l. 45. 1o the God and the salvation of men, and of a fund, which will enable the Missionaries to sense of their own obligations to the Divine maintain and educate one of such redeemed mercy.
or other African children--surely every man The principal objects of such associations will be able w realize to himself how benewould be, 1st. To promote a missionary spirit, ficial his exertions to procure such contribuby circulating missionary intelligence, cal- tions may be in the concerns of the So. culated to excite and maintain a spirit of ciety. prayer for the success of the Gospel; to It will be a great advantage attending the qwaken and diffuse a holy zeal for the sup. general establishment of Church Missionary port of missions, and to call forth a supply Associations, that the Parent Society will be of useful labourers; and, 24/7, To augnient relieved, in proportion to their aumber and the funds of the Society, by means of congre. activity, from the anxious care of maintain grational collections fa mode of raining money ing and angmeating its funds; and will not which, while it is very productive, is at the be checked and testaisied, as it has often Christ. Oasery. No. 139.