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carry on litters. I kept the troops always ready to meet au attack which I daily and nightly expected, until Î reached this place. I fortified my camp every night by a breast work, which kept us very busily engaged. The scarcity of axes was now most sensibly felt. I have informed you how I advanced into the enemy's country. My return was much in the same manner. I determined to be always ready, to avoid surprises and falling into ambuscades. I assure you the responsibility attached to this command I most seriously felt. Being young in service and inexperienced I felt great diffidence in accepting this command. I however hope my conduct will meet your approbation. I shall hasten to join you, but it will take the troops some time to recruit and heal. Some will lose their toes; others' feet are so swollen as not to be able to put on their shoes. The night march was most severe upon
them. I met major Adams with 95 men on my return, about forty miles from this place, with a supply of provisions. This came most seasonably. Some companies were entirely without. Hopkins's had eat nothing for three days. That night I should have ordered a horse to be killed. The greatest praise is due major Adams for his promptitude in relieving us. My express arrived here on Saturday evening, and he started on Sunday morning. The next day I met colonel Holt, from Dayton, with additional supplies. Through the whole of this expedition we were certainly favoured by Divine Providence. The weather, though severe, was favourable to the enterprize. The snow enabled us to ascertain whether we were discovered. The moon gave light all the nights and on our return the water courses were blocked up by ice; there was not a drop of rain. Such a concatination of favourable circumstances rarely happens. The Indian prisoners I will send off to-morrow to Piqua to the care of Mr. Johnson, escorted by an officer and 20 troops from this place. The few lines I wrote you from the battle ground I find in some particulars to be incorrect, not having at that time full reports of the wounded. My prisoners are also more than I then represented. I think, sir, that you may assure the government that the battle of Mississineway was not badly fought, and that the enemy suffered severely. That the troops deserve well of their country, and their losses ought compensated. The number of horses killed were considerable, and I have no doubt they saved the lives of a great many men. I hope to overtake you before Malden falls.
I have learned since my return that general Hopkins had returned to Vincennes after burning some Indian villages, and driving them, supposed to be 300 in number, up the Wabash. This still made my situation more perilous, and I shall not be surprised to learn that Tecumseh commanded in the action against me. Let him be who he may he was a gallant fellow, and manouvered well. Conner thinks it was Little Thunder (nephew to the Little Turtle) from his loud voice, which he knew. He heard him
ordering his men in the Miami language to rush on, that they would soon retreat. I think, sir, the Kentucky cavalry will scarcely be in a situation to render you much more service. Their losses in horses are considerable, and one hundred and thirty-eight frost bitten severely. They are fine fellows with a few exceptions, and as brave as any men in the world. Captain Prince is here very sick, and was unable to get on with us ; this was to me a great loss.
I am, sir, very respectfully, &c.
Lieut. Col. 19th U. S. regiment.
Commander in chief N. W. army.
In the battle of the wounded 48.
th, and skirmish of the 17th, were killed 10,
DAYTON, January 1st, 1813. MY DEAR SIR,
In my report to you of the 25th ultimo, from fort Greenville, I omitted to notice some circumstances and individuals, inadvertantly, which and who are as highly worthy of notice, as most of those I have already detailed. I must, therefore, in the most special manner, mention Mr. James Bradshaw, captain Lewis Hite, and Mr. Silas M‘Cullough, who tendered their services to me on the battle ground, to carry intelligence to Greenville of our situation, and request a reinforcement of men, and a supply of provisions. This dangerous and fatiguing service they performed in the most prompt and expeditious manner. In twenty-two hours they travelled upwards of eighty miles without resting, except a few minutes, twice to feed their horses, and reached Greenville worn down with fatigue. At Greenville, in assisting to forward supplies, their conduct
merits the highest praise. I must also mention by name, lieutenants Magee and Irvin, of the Pittsburg blues, whose cool deliberate bravery was observed amidst the hottest fire of the enemy, and I regret extremely that those young gentlemen who highly merited distinction, should have been pretermitted in my first report.
I made a mistake in stating that captain was abandoned by half his guard; only one or two went in for part of their arms, whilst the rest remained with their companions, and upon enquiry, were found to have behaved well. Captain Smith was aided in his excellent disposition at the redoubt he commanded, by lieutenants Adams and Fishel, whose names and bravery are synonimous terms. -Adjutant Guy and quarter master Hite, of the Kentucky light
dragoons, are two fine young men, and were actually employed on the morning of the battle.
I am, sir, with great respect, yours, &c.
JOHN B. CAMPBELL,
Lieut. Col. 19th U. S. regiment. His excellency Gen. Harrison.
UNITED STATES' FRIGATE CONSTITUTION,
St. Salvador, January 3d, 1813. SIR,
I have the honour to inform you, that on the 29th ultimo, at 2 P. M. in south latitude 13,06, and west longitude 38, 10 leagues distance from the coast of Brazils, I fell in with and captured his Britannic majesty's frigate Java, of 49 guns, and upwards of 400 men, commanded by captain Lambert, a very distinguished officer. The action lasted one hour and fifty-five minutes, in which time the enemy was completely dismasted, not having a spar of any kind standing. The loss on board the Constitution, was nine killed and 25 wounded, as per enclosed list. The enemy had 60 killed and 101 wounded, certainly, (among the latter-captain Lambert, mortally) but by the enclosed letter, written on board the ship, (by one of the officers of the Java) and accidentally found, it is evident that the enemy's wounded must have been much greater than as above stated, and who must have died of their wounds previously to their being removed. The letter states 60 killed and 170 wounded.
For further details of the action, I beg leave to refer you to the enclosed extracts from my journal. The Java had in addition to her own crew upwards of one hundred supernumerary officers and seamen, to join the British ships of war in the East Indies : also, lieutenant general Hislop, appointed to the command of Bombay, major Walker and captain Wood, of his staff, and captain Marshall, master and commander in the British navy, going to the East Indies to take command of a sloop of war there.
Should I attempt to do justice, by representation, to the brave and good conduct of all my officers and crew, during the action, I should fail in the attempt ; therefore, suffice it to say, that the whole of their conduct was such as to merit my highest encomiums. I beg leave to recommend the officers particularly to the notice of government, as also the unfortunate seamen who were wounded, and the families of those men who fell in the action.
The great distance from our own coast, and the perfect wreck we made the enemy's frigate, forbid every idea of attempting to take her to the United States; and not considering it prudent to trust her into a port of Brazils, particularly St. Salvador, as you will perceive by the enclosed letters, No. 1, 2 and 3, I had no alternative but burning her, which I did on the 31st ultimo, after receiving all the prisoners and their baggage, which was very tedious work, only having one boat left (out of eight) and not one left on board the Java.
On blowing up the frigate Java, I proceeded to this place, where I have landed all the prisoners on their parole, to return to Eng. land, and there remain until regularly exchanged, and not serve in their professional capacities in any place or in any manner whatever, against the United States of America, untiĩ the exchange shall be effected.
I have the honour to be, &c.
W. BAINBRIDGE. The Secretary of the Navy.
ALBANY, January 5th, 1813. ESTEEMED SIR,
I deem it a duty I owe to you and to myself, to state in detail the conduct of my command in the expedition against Queenstown, Upper Canada, on the 13th of October last, which I now readily embrace, having been informed last evening that I was exchanged.
I arrived at the old encampment, Lew stown, on the morning of the 13th of October, between 4 and 5 o'clock from fort Niagara, with Captains Machesny and Nelson, Lieutenants Wendell and Buck,
6th reg. Infantry. Captain Morris, Lieutenants Turner and Phelps, 13th do. Lieutenants Clark, M Carty and Whiting, 23d do. Lieutenant Bayly, of the 3d regiment United States' artillery, acting adjutant, and 250 non-commissioned officers and privates, all in high spirits and anxious for the field. I reported and received orders to repair to the old French ferry, and was there informed that there were no boats, Lieutenant colonels Fenwick and Christie had a short conversation at the ferry, and I was ordered by the former to “countermarch my men.” At this time, firing commenced at Queenstown, and a cry of help! help! reinforcement! reinforcement! was heard from our advanced party. I was at this moment informed that there were a few boats, but neither boatmen nor pilots. I immediately repaired to the river, and in marching towards the shore, one of my best officers, captain Nelson, received a musket ball, at the head of his company, in the abdomen, which caused his death. The enemy directed an incessant and heavy fire of
grape and canister from their batteries, and a steady street firing from their muskets towards the ferry, to prevent our embarkation; notwithstanding, I persisted, followed by my brave men, under the most discouraging auspices. Three boats were immediately filled; colonel Fenwick gallantly embarked in the third boat. On finding the enemy's fire extremely galling, I commenced a brisk fire from my boat in order to divest my men from the fire of the enemy, which had an excellent effect, and our dropping down the river, by the rapidity of the current, was taken for a manouvre to effect a landing below the town, for the purpose of storming the north battery and of attacking the enemy from the rear. At this moment, the enemy then engaged with the storming party, broke in disorder, when general Brock,
endeavouring to rally them, was killed, and his aid mortally wounded. In the retreat of the enemy, lieutenant colonel Fenwick and all in his boat* were made prisoners, also lieutenant Clarke, and about forty men. I must inevitably have shared the same fate, did I not hazard re-crossing under all their fire, and which I effected without losing a man. I seized the boat that drifted from colonel Fenwick's party, put some of my wounded into it with five volunteers, who declared, desperate as the alternative was, they should not surrender-four of whom were my own men, and the fifth a doctor Lawson, of Philadelphia, a truly brave man, met accidentally on the shore. By this time, captain Machesny, gaining experience by my misfortune, effected a landing higher up the river and ascended the heights of Queenstown in time to secure the victory obtained by the valour of the storming party. On my arrival at Lewistown, I ordered a serjeant to collect such of the detachment as did not previously cross. I repaired to fort Gray and informed lieutenant Rees, of the 3d artillery, who commanded there, that his shot was lost for want of elevation. I returned and re-crossed with 25 men. On my arrival at the first battery, I was informed that a number of my men were still at Lewistown. crossed again in search of an of ficer to collect them, found one, gave him necessary orders, and had the honour of accompanying you, sir, being the fifth time I passed over that river that day. I then took a command in the engagement against the Indians and militia, whom we drove into the woods, a service which was repeated preparatory to the arrival of the British reinforcement. Our men were paraded; lieutenant colonel Christie had sixty in his division, and I had sixty-five in mine, with 117 militia, officers included; we had captain Gibson and one piece of ordnance with nine rounds for it. This was our whole force, and commanded by colonel Scott; when the enemy very cautiously approached us with upwards of 2000 men and a train of artillery.
I shall ever look back with pleasure to the firmness and patriotic devotion exhibited at that moment by our little force; near half my men were in coloured clothes-mere recruits, yet their conduct would do honour to veterans, and from that day I date the superior excellence of our military materials. Satisfied that you are already acquainted with the remainder of that day's transactions at Queenstown, I will only state that my detach
The boat in which I embarked had the bow shot away in crossing, and was nearly full of water as we got on shore.