The army, at 12 o'clock this day, will march out of the east gate, where they will stack their arms, and then be subject to the articles of capitulation.

Brigadier general commanding the N. W. Army.


The force at my disposal authorizes me to require of you the immediate surrender of fort Detroit. It is far from my inclination to join in a war of extermination, but you must be aware, that the numerous body of Indians who have attached themselves to my troops, will be beyond my controul the moment the contest commences. You will find me disposed to enter into such conditions as will satisfy the most scrupulous sense of honour. Lieutenant colonel Macdonald and major Glegg are fully authorized to conclude any arrangement that may lead to prevent the unnecessary effusion of blood.

Į have the honor to be, sir,
Your most obedient servant,


Major Generali His Excellency brigadier general Hull,

commanding at Fort Detroit.


I have received your letter of this date. I have no other reply to make, than to inform

you, that I am prepared to meet any force, which may be at your disposal, and any consequences which may result from any exertion of it you may


proper to make. I avail myself of this opportunity to inform you that the flag of truce under the direction of captain Brown, proceeded contrary to the orders, and without the knowledge of colonel Cass who commanded the troops which attacked your picket, near the river Canardbridge.

I likewise take this occasion to inform you that Cowie's house was set on fire contrary to my orders, and it did not take place until after the evacuation of the fort. From the best information I have been able to obtain on the subject, it was set on fire by some of the inhabitants on the other side of the river.

I am, very respectfully,
Your excellency's most obedient servant,

Brig. Gen. Commanding the N.W. Army US
His excellency major general Brock,

commanding his Britannic majesty's
forces, Sandwich, Upper Canada.

An årticle supplemental to the articles of capitulation, concluded

at Detroit, 16th August, 1812. It is agreed that the officers and soldiers of the Ohio militia and volunteers shall be permitted to proceed to their respective homes on this condition, that they are not to serve during the present war, unless they are exchanged.

Brig. Gen. Commanding N. W. army U.S.


Major General.

An article in addition to the supplemental article of the capitu

lation, concluded at Detroit, 16th August, 1812. It is further agreed that the officers and soldiers of the Michigan militia and volunteers, under the command of major Wetherell, shall be placed on the same principles as the Ohio volunteers and militia are placed by the supplemental article of the 16th instant.

Brig. Gen. Commanding N. W. army U. 8.


Major General.

Return of ordnance taken in the fort and batteries at Detroit,

August 16th, 1812.
Iron pieces of ordnance,
Brass do.



Total, 33

Lieutenant commanding Roy. Art'y. Major general Brock, commanding

the forces of Upper Canada.


HEAD QUARTERS, DETROIT, August 16th, 1812. Major general Brock has every reason to be satisfied with the conduct of the troops he had the honour to lead this morning against the enemy. The state of discipline which they so eminently displayed, and the determination they evinced, to under


take the most hazardous enterprise, decided the enemy, infinitely more numerous in men and artillery, to propose a capitulation, the terms of which are herewith inserted for the information of the troops.

The major general requests colonel Proctor will accept hiş thanks for the assistance he derived from his experience and intelligence.

The steadiness and discipline of the 41st regiment and the readiness of the militia to follow so good an example, were highly conspicuous.

The ability manifested by captain Dixon of the royal engineers in the choice and construction of the batteries, and the high state of the royal artillery under lieutenant Troughton, afforded the major general much gratification, and reflects great credit on those officers.

The willing assistance given by captain Hall and the marine department during the whole course of the service has been very conspicuous, and the manner the batteries were served this morning evinced a degree of steadiness highly commendable.

Lieutenant Dewar, deputy assistant quarter master general, afforded strong proof of the local knowledge he has acquired of the country, of an unremitting attention to his duty; and the care and regularity with which the troops were transported across the river, must in a like degree be ascribed to his zeal for the service.

To lieutenant colonel St. George, majors Tallon and Chambers, who commanded brigades, every degree of praise is due for their unremitting zeal and attention to their respective commands. The detachment of the royal Newfoundland regiment, under the command of major Moekler, is deserving every praise for their steadiness in the field, as well as when embarked in the king's vessels.

The major general cannot forego this opportunity of expressing his admiration at the conduct of the several companies of militia who so handsomely volunteered to undergo the fatigues of a journey of several hundred miles to go to the rescue of an inva. ded district; and he requests major Salmon, captains Hatt, Steward, Boswick and Robinson, will assure the officers and men under their respective commands, that their services have been duly appreciated and will never be forgotten.

The major general is happy to acknowledge the able assistance he has derived from the zeal and local information of lieutenant colonel Nicholl, acting quarter master general of militia.

To his personal staff the major general feels himself under much obligation ; and he requests lieutenant colonel Macdonald, majors Glegg and Givens, will be assured that their zealous exertions have made too deep an impression on his mind ever to be forgotten.

The conduct of the Indians under colonel Elliot, captain Mo Kee, and the others of that department, joined to that of the gallant and brave chiefs of their respective tribes, has since the commencement of the war been marked with acts of true heroism, and in nothing can they testify more strongly their love to the king, their great father, than in following the dictates of honour and humanity, by which they have been hitherto actuated. Two fortifications have already been captured from the enemy without a drop of blood being shed by the hand of the Indian ; the nstant the enemy submitted, his site became sacred. By order of Major GENERAL BROCK.

J. B. GLEGG, capt. A. D. C.



AT SEA, August 17, 1812. SIR,

I have the honour to inform you that upon the 13th, his Britannic majesty's sloop of war Alert, Captain T. L. P. Langhorne, ran down on our weather quarter, gave three cheers and commenced an action (if so trifling a skirmish deserves the name,) and after eight minutes firing struck her colours with seven feet water in her hold, much cut to pieces, and three men wounded.

I need not inform you that the officers and crew of the Essex behaved as I trust all Americans will in such cases, and it is only to be regretted that so much zeal and activity could not have been displayed on an occasion that would have done them more honour. The Essex has not received the slightest injury. The Alert was out for the purpose of taking the Hornet.

I have the honour, &c.

Hon. Paul Hamilton.

FORT GEORGE, August 26, 1812. SIR,

Enclosed are the articles of capitulation, by which the Fort of Detroit has been surrendered to major general Brock, commanding his Britannic majesty's forces in Upper Canada, and by which the troops have become prisoners of war. My situation at present forbids me from detailing the particular causes which have led to this unfortunate event. I will, however, generally observe, that after the surrender of Michilimakinac, almost every tribe and nation of Indians, excepting a part of the Miamies and Delawares, north from beyond Lake Superior, west from beyond the Mississippi, south from the Ohio and Wabash, and east from every part of Upper Canada, and from all the intermediate country, joined in open hostility, under the British standard, against the army I commanded, contrary to the most solemn assurances of a large portion of them to remain neutral: even the Ottawa chiefs from Arbecrotch, who formed the delegation to Washington the last summer, in whose friendship I know you had great confidence, are among the hostile tribes, and several of them distinguished leaders. Among the vast number of chiefs who led the hostile bands, Tecumseh, Marpot, Logan, Walk-in-the-water, Split Log, &c. are considered the principals. This numerous assemblage of savages, under the entire influence and direction of the British commander, enabled him totally to obstruct the only communication which I had with my country. This communication had been opened from the settlements in the state of Ohio, two hundred miles through a wilderness, by the fatigues of the army, which I marched to the frontier on the river Detroit. The body of the lake being commanded by the British armed ships, and the shores and rivers by gun boats, the army was totally deprived of all communication by water. On this extensive road it depended for transportation of provisions, military stores, medicine, clothing, and every other supply, on pack horses—all its operations were successful until its arrival at Detroit, and in a few days it passed into the enemy's country, and all opposition seemed to drop before it. One month it remained in possession of this country, and was fed from its resources. In different directions, detachments penetrated sixty miles in the settled part of the province, and the inhabitants seemed satisfied with the change of situation, which appeared to be taking place; the militia from Amherstburg were daily deserting, and the whole country, then under the controul of the army, was asking for protection. The Indians, generally, in the first instance, appeared to be neutralized, and determined to take no part in the contest. The fort of Amherstburg was eighteen miles below my encampment. Not a single cannon or mortar was on wheels suitable to carry before this

place. I consulted my officers, whether it was expedient to make an attempt on it with the bayonet alone, without cannon, to make a break in the first instance. The council I called was of the opinion it was not. The greatest industry was exerted in making preparation, and it was not until the 7th of August, that two 24 pounders, and three howitzers were prepared. It was then my intention to have proceeded on the enterprize. While the operations of the army were delayed by these preparations, the clouds of adversity had been for some time and seemed still thickly to be gathering around me. The surrender of Michilimackinac opened the northern hive of Indians, and they were swarming down in every direction. Reinforcements from Niagara had arrived at Amherstburg under the command of colonel Proctor. The desertion of the militia ceased. Besides the reinforcements that came by water, I received information of a very considerable force under the command of major Chambers, on the river Le

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