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BROWN, CHARLES (d. 1753), commo- a portrait of Brown in the Painted Hall at dore, entered the navy about 1693. Through Greenwich. the patronage of Sir George Byng, afterwards

[Charnock’s Biog. Nav. iv. 1 ; Beatson's Nav. Lord Torrington, he was appointed captain of and Mil. Memoirs, i. 49; E. H. Locker's Naval the Stromboli in 1709. He commanded the Memoirs, 1831 ; H. A. Locker's Naval Gallery of York in 1717, and the Advice in 1726 in the Greenwich Hospital, 1842.]

A. L. cruises up the Baltic. In 1727, during the siege of Gibraltar by the Spaniards, he com- BROWN, CHARLES ARMITAGE manded the Oxford, and in 1731 the Buck- (1787 ?-1842 ?), writer on Shakespeare's soningham in the Mediterranean. In 1738 he nets and friend of Keats, went to St. Peterswas appointed to command the Hampton burg at the age of eighteen to conduct the busiCourt, and was senior officer at this station ness of a Russia merchant started there by until the arrival of Admiral Vernon in the his eldest brother John. Working on very following year. His opportunity arrived in little capital, and hampered by political dis1739, when, during the war with Spain, he turbances, the firm soon collapsed, and about served under Vernon in the attack on Porto- 1810, at the age of twenty-three, Brown rebello, in the isthmus of Darien. He led the turned to this country utterly ruined. For squadron into Boca Chica, placing his vessel, some years afterwards he struggled hard for a the Hampton Court, alongside the strongest livelihood, but the death of another brother part of the fortifications. When the fortress who had settled in Sumatra put him at length surrendered, the Spanish governor presented in the possession of a small competence, and his sword in token of submission. Brown he devoted himself to literary pursuits. In very properly declined to receive it, saying 1814 he wrote a serio-comic opera on a Rushe was but . second in command,' and took sian subject, entitled 'Narensky, or the Road the governor in his boat to Admiral Vernon. to Yaroslaf,' with music by Brahamand Reeve. But the Spaniard was obstinate, declaring It was acted at Drury Lane, under Arnold's that but for the insupportable fire of the com- management, for several nights from 11 Jan. modore he never would have yielded. There- 1814, with Braham in the chief part (GENEST, upon Vernon, very handsomely turning to viii. 405). The libretto was published in 1814, Brown, presented to him the sword, which but its literary quality is poor. Brown made is still in the possession of his descendants. the acquaintance of Keats and his brothers beIn 1741 Brown was appointed to the office fore September 1817. At the time Brown was of commissioner of the navy at Chatham, a living at Wentworth Place, Hampstead, a situation which he held with unblemished double house part of which was in the occureputation until his death, 23 March 1753. pation of Charles Wentworth Dilke, and His daughter, Lucy, became the wife of Keats was living in Well Walk, near at hand. Admiral William Parry, commander-in-chief In July 1818 Brown and Keats made a tour of the Leeward Islands; and her daughter and together in the north of Scotland. Brown namesake married Captain Locker, under sent a number of amusing letters to Dilke whom Lord Nelson served in his early days, describing the trip, some of which have been and who subsequently became lieutenant- printed in Dilke's Papers of a Critic,' and in governor of Greenwich Hospital. There is | Buxton Forman's elaborate edition of Keats's

VOL. VII.

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works. A diary kept by Brown at the same Character drawn chiefly from his Works,"
time is unfortunately lost. On the return London, 1838. Brown dedicated the book to
from Scotland in August, Brown induced Landor, with whom he had first discussed
Keats to keep house' with him at Went- its subject at Florence in 1828. It is Brown's
worth Place, each paying his own expenses; endeavour to show that Shakespeare's sonnets
and there Brown introduced the poet to conceal a fairly complete autobiography of
Fanny Brawne and her mother, who had the poet, and although Boaden had suggested
hired Brown's rooms during his absence in a similar theory in 1812, Brown was the first
the north, and had thus made his acquaint- to treat it with adequate fulness or know-
ance. At Wentworth Place Keats wrote his ledge. Brown often illustrates Shakespeare
play of Otho,' the plot of which he owed to from Italian literature, with which he was
Brown. In April 1819 Keats wrote some hu- widely acquainted. Lord Houghton says.
morous Spenserian stanzas on Brown, which that Keats learned from Brown all that he
are printed in the various editions of the poet's knew of Ariosto, and that Brown scarcely let
works. In 1820 Keats left for Rome, with a day pass in Italy without translating from
his health rapidly breaking. In 1822, shortly the Italian. His complete and admirable
after Keats's death, Brown paid a long visit Version of the first five Cantos of Boiardo's
to Italy. He met Byron at Florence, and “Orlando Innamorato (Houghton) was
tried to induce him to take a just view of unfortunately never published. Of Brown's
Keats's poetry and character. In 1824 Kirk- contributions to periodical literature, his pa-
patrick introduced Brown to Landor, and the pers in the Liberal,' signed Carlone and Car-
introduction led to a long intimacy. For succi, are very good reading; One called “Les
many years Brown was a frequent visitor at Charmettes and Rousseau' has been wrongly
Landor's villa at Fiesole. In April 1835 assigned to Charles Lamb, and another, ‘On
Brown returned to England and lived near Shakespeare's Fools, equally wrongly to
Plymouth. He busied himself in public lec- Charles Cowden Clarke. A story in the Ex-
turing on Keats and Shakespeare, and in aminer' for 1823 entitled “La Bella Tabac-
writing for newspapers and reviews. Landor caia' is also by Brown. Various references
visited him in 1837. In the middle of 1841 to Brown in the letters of his literary friends,
he suddenly left England for New Zealand, among whom Hazlitt and Leigh Hunt are
in the hope partly of improving his fortune to be included, prove that he was at all
and partly of recovering his health, which times excellent company. Leigh Hunt is
had been failing for some time. He obtained believed to refer to him in the . Tatler' for
a government grant of land at Taranaky, New 14 Jan. 1831, as one of the most genuine
Plymouth, but he was so dissatisfied with its wits now living.' Joseph Severn, Keats's
quality and situation that he resolved to re- friend, maintained a fairly regular corre-
turn to England. He wrote from New Zea- spondence with Brown for more than twenty
land to Joseph Severn, under date 22 Jan. years (1820-42), and many of Brown's letters
1842, announcing this resolve, but he appa- to Severn and other literary friends will be
rently died before beginning the journey. In printed in the 'Severn Memoirs,' edited by
this, his last extant letter, he mentions that Mr. William Sharp.
he was engaged on a 'Handbook of New

[Information from the late W. Dilke of ChiZealand.'

chester, from the late Lord Houghton, from Mr. A number of Keats's manuscripts came William Sharp, and from Mr. Sidney Colvin ; into Brown's possession on the poet's death, Buxton Forman’s complete edition of Keats's and Brown determined to publish some of works (1883): Dilke's Papers of a Critic; Lord them with a memoir by himself. He printed Houghton's Life of Keats (1848); Forster's Life a few of Keats's unpublished works in the of Landor; Notes and Queries, 5th ser. vii. 388, • New Monthly Magazine,' but a short bio- 6th ser. viii. 392. Mr. W. Dilke was of opinion graphical sketch which he wrote of his friend that Brown was never known by the second was refused by the booksellers and by the name of Armitage until the publication of Lord Morning Chronicle.'. On leaving England, Houghton's Life of Keats. On the title-page of Brown made over all his manuscripts relating the opera Narensky (1814) Brown is called to Keats to R. Monckton Milnes, afterwards Mr. Charles Brown, but on that of his work on Lord Houghton, whom he first met at Fiesole Shakespeare's sonnets he is called Charles Armi. in April 1833. In his well-known book on Armitage Brown. A son Charles or Carlino,

tage Brown. His eldest brother's name was John Keats, Lord Houghton made a free use of who settled with him in New Zealand, survived Brown's papers.

him.]

S. L. L.
Brown's best-known literary work is his
Shakespeare's Autobiographical Poems, be- BROWN, CHARLES PHILIP (1798–
ing his Sonnets clearly developed, with his 1884), Telugu scholar, son of the Rev. David.

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Brown [q. v.], provost of the college of Cal- and Hindustani. On his return to England cutta, entered the Madras Civil Service in he accepted the post of professor of Telugu 1817, was employed for many years in revenue, at University College. Among his titles to magisterial, and judicial duties in the districts fame must be reckoned the fine collection of of Cuddapah and Masulipatam, where, in ad- manuscripts, including over 2,000 Sanskrit dition to a knowledge of Persian, Sanskrit, and Telugu works, which he presented in and Hindustani, he acquired that mastery over 1845 to the Madras Literary Society, and the hitherto neglected language and literature which now form part of the government of Telugu which entitles him to a foremost college library. place among South Indian scholars. He was appointed in 1838 Persian translator, and in face by D. F. Carmichael; Atheneum, No. 2984;

[Autobiography (privately printed), with pre1816 postmaster-general and Telugu trans- Times, 20 Dec. 1884; Ann. Report Royal Asiatic lator to the Madras government, and became Society, 1885.]

S. L.-P. at the same time a member of the council of education, a government director of the BROWN, DAVID (f. 1795), landscapeMadras bank, and curator of manuscripts in painter, commenced his artistic career by the college library. He resigned in 1855, after painting signboards. At the age of thirtythirty-eight years of service. His principal five he placed himself for some time under works were his valuable dictionaries of Telu- George Morland, and made copies of that argu-English (Madras, 1852), English-Telugu tist's pictures, which are stated to have been (Madras, 1852), and “Mixed Dialects and since frequently sold as originals. Being unForeign Words used in Telugu' (Madras, ! able to endure the excesses of his master, he 1854), published at the expense of the Society left the metropolis and obtained employment for Promoting Christian Knowledge. His in the country as a drawing-master. The other writings included : • Prosody of the dates of his birth and death are unknown, but Telugu and Sanskrit Languages explained,' he exhibited at the Royal Academy ten landMadras, 1827; 'Vemana's Verses, Moral, scapes between 1792 and 1797. Religious, and Satirical,' Madras, 1829; · Fa

[Redgrave's Dictionary of Artists, 1878.] miliar Analysis of Sanskrit Prosody,'London,

L. F. 1837 ; "New Telugu Version of St. Luke, 1838; Grammar of the Telugu Language,' BROWN, DAVID (1763-1812), Bengal Madras, 1840, 2nd ed. 1857 ; Cyclic Tables chaplain and founder of the Calcutta Bible of Hindu and Mahomedan Chronology of the Society, was born in Yorkshire, and was eduTelugu and Kanadi Countries,' Madras, 1850; cated first under private tuition at Scarbo· English and Hindustani Phraseology, Cal- rough, and afterwards at a grammar school cutta, 1850; Ephemeris, showing the cor- at Hull under the Rev. Joseph Milner [9. v.]. responding Dates according to the English, author of the History of the Church,' and Telugu, Malayalam, and Mahomedan Calen- at Magdalene College, Cambridge. Having dars, 1751-1850;' 'Telugu Reader: a Series taken holy orders and been appointed to a of Letters, Private and on Business, and chaplaincy in Bengal, Brown reached CalRevenue Matters, with English Translation,' cutta in 1786, and was immediately placed Madras, 1852; Dialogues in Telugu and in charge of an extensive orphanage in that English,' 2nd ed. Madras, 1853; · Vâkyâvali; city, being at the same time appointed chapor, Exercises in Idioms, English and Telugu,' lain to the brigade at Fort William. In adMadras, 1852;“Zillah Dictionary in the Ro- dition to these duties Brown took charge of man Character,' Madras, 1852; «The Wars the mission church. In 1794 he was appointed of the Rajahs, Madras, 1853; 'Popular presidency chaplain, in which office he is said Telugu Tales,' 1855; “A Titular Memory,' to have commanded in an unusual degree the London, 1861 ; ‘Carnatic Chronology, the respect and esteem of the English at Calcutta. Hindu and Mahomedan Methods of reckon- Among his most intimate friends were Henry ing Time, explained with Symbols and His Martyn, Claudius Buchanan, and Thomas toric Records, London, 1863; «Sanskrit Thomason, all of whom were successively reProsody and Numerical Symbols explained,' ceived in his house on their first arrival in London (printed), 1869. He also edited India, and regarded him as their chief guide * Three Treatises on Mirâsi Rights,' &c.; and counsellor. To the cause of christian translated from Mahratta the lives of Haidar missions he devoted himself with untiring Ali and Tippoo; and printed in 1866 an auto- zeal, labouring in it himself and affording biography for private circulation. He was a generous aid to missionaries, both of the church frequent contributor to the Madras Journal of England and of other denominations. of Literature and Science.' Some of his Brown's health failing in 1812, he embarked, works were translated into Tamil, Canarese, for the benefit of sea air, in a vessel bound

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