Perry's mines, 608.

Plank roads, 381.

Saddle, air seat patent, 635.
Saddle-tree, Grimsley's dragoon, 97.

Salt Lake, California, 618.

Ploughing deep, 226; subsoil ploughing, Salt-see commercial statistics.


Pork, quantity received at St. Louis for Salmon Trout River, 623.

five years, 103; quantity received in Scraps from the editor's table, 276-346.
New Orleans for the year ending 1st Santa Fe, 373.

Sept. 1846-27, 105; quantity received Siera Nevada, 618.

at New Orleans for ten years, 106; ex- Sculpture, its moral influence, the Apol-

ports from N. Orleans for three years,
whither, 110; number of hogs slaught-
ered at the several cities and towns in
the west, pork packing, &c. &c., 277;

lo Belvidere, 571; Jewish, Egyptian
and Grecian sculpture 627; heroic,
philosophic and perfect ages of sculp-
ture, basso relievos, phideas, 672.

quantity exported to Great Britain for Sheep, number in England and Wales,
seven years, 282; quantity received at 77.

delphia from 1787 to 1848, 174; num-
ber of arrivals at N. Orleans in 1847-18,

St. Louis from 1st January to 1st July, Ships, &c., number of arrivals at Phila-
for three years, 448; value of exported
from the U. S. for the year ending 30th|
June, 1847, 450; receipts and value of
at New Orleans, for the year ending Ship building on the Ohio river, 332.
31st August, 1848, 575; exports for Ship building at St. Louis, 683.
same time and whither shipped, 576.
Public economy of the United States,480.
Potatoes, Irish, region of production, its
habits and economy, 16; potato rot, ib;
history of the cultivation of the pota-
to, running out of varieties, cause of
disease, seedlings, experiments of N.]
S. Smith, of Buffalo, 219; history and
habits, 275,

Lines to Miss G. W., by Henry F. Wat-
son, 344; lines to Miss , by T. F.
Risk, Esq., 345.

Profits of Labor, if the condition of the
laborer does not improve, he makes no
profit, and capital absorbs all beyond
that which is required for subsistence
522 to 526.

Randolph John, chapter from life of 416.
Remington's Bridge, 663.

Rivers, see navigation of the Mississippi,

Slaves and Slavery; negro slavery in the
United States, disobedience to natural
laws the cause of slavery, its advan-
tages to this and other countries, re-
flections on the future destiny of the
negro race, 231; existence of slavery
depends on the profits of their labor;
slavery in Russia, 582; application of
slave labor to manufacturing, 154.
Smoke, consumption of, 315.
Specie and bullion in the U. States, 52.
Amount coined in the United States, 53.
Imports of into New Orleans, 107.
Specie, movements at New York, im-
ports and exports, 385.

Specie in the Bank of England, in New
York and New Orleans, 386; produce
of gold in Russia, 387; mines of Mex-
ico, 388; exports from New Orleans
for three years, 633.

Subsoil ploughing & water furrows, 314.

&c., see the Basin of the Salt Lake. Tallow Slate, 611.

Roads, railroads in Massachusetts, their Tea, consumption, &c., in the U. S., from
effects on agriculture and commerce, 1821 to 1847, 171.

73; Cincinnati and St. Louis railroad, Tin in Missouri, 344.

railroad from Memphis to Monterey, Theory of Life and Happiness, 675.

Lieutenant Maury's, scheme, 259; his Tobacco, crops and prices in Missouri,

letter to J. C. Calhoun, 353; plank
roads 381; road from Independence,
Mo., to the Mississippi river by White
river; road to the Pacific by Wm. R.
Singleton, 489; scheme for M'Adam-
izing the roads in St. Louis county,]
Missouri, 678.

Russia, its population, its slaves, price
of land and products, 582

28; imports into St. Louis for 5 years,
102; exports, 103; the comparative
monthly prices for four years, ib; arri-
vals, exports and stocks at New Or-
leans for ten years, 105; receipts at
New Orleans for ten years, 106; ex-
ports from New Orleans from Septem-
ber to December 25th, in 1846-'7, 109;
exports from N. Orleans for ten years

111; quantity inspected in Virginia
for ten years, where shipped, stocks,
&c., receipts, exports and stocks of
Maryland, Ohio, Kentucky, Missouri,
&c., 208; exported to Great Britain for
seven years, 282; imports into St.
Louis from 1st January to 1st July,
for three years, 448; exports from the
U. S. for 1847, 450; receipts and value
at New Orleans in 1846-7, exports
from New Orleans for 1846-'7, 576;
price of freight to Liverpool on the 1st
of each month, for two years, 632.
Treaty with Mexico, 456 and 507; treaty
with Indians 691.

Vernal Season, 276.

Vessels-See ships and shipping.

March 4th, 1848, 284; quantity re-
ceived at St. Louis from 1st of January,
to 1st July, for the years 1846-'7 and 8,
448; value of exported from the U.
S. for the year ending the 30th June,
1847, 450; separating it from the hull,
520; quantity received at New Orleans
for the year ending 31st Aug., 1848,.
576; estimates of the American crop
by the commissioner of patents, sur-
plus, quantity required in the corn pur-
chasing countries, average quantity
exported yearly from 1790 to 1843,
quantity exported in 1845-'6, 7 and 8,
increase of exports in 40 years, quan-
tity required annually by Great Britain,
quantity grown in Russia and other
parts of Europe, 579 to 588; wheat
growers' association in St. Charles
county, Mo., 588.

Weights of produce, as established by
law or custom in St. Louis, 208.
Water power and steam power, relative
Wheat, observations on the production cost of each for manufacturing purpo-
and market, 26; quantity received at
ses, 32.
St. Louis for five years, 102; compar- Washington County, Missouri, mineral
ative monthly prices at St. Louis for
resources of; cobalt, magnesia, mica,
four years, 104; quantity received at silex, china clay, pipe clay, &c., 168.
New Orleans for ten years, 106; du- Wool manufacture at Utica, N. Y., 195.
ties on in Great Britain, 216; wheat Wool trade of Michigan, 451.
and chess 226; quantity exported to

Great Britain for seven years, 281; Zinc, cobalt, mundac, &c., found in Per-
quantity from 1st September, 1847, to ry's lead mines, 612.

[blocks in formation]

The objects proposed by the Editors of the Western Journal.

The combination of knowledge with labor, may be regarded as the only means of securing to the industrial classes. their legitimate position in the ranks of civilization.

It is not sufficient that these classes should be acquainted with the details of the arts in which they are employed.They must advance a step further, and enlighten their minds with a knowledge of the science connected with their several pursuits and they should, also, understand the relation which exists between the producers and the consumers of all the leading articles of human comfort.

Owing to the diversity and variety of human wants, a large portion of mankind must necessarily be employed in producing articles for the use and consumption of others; and hence arises the necessity of an exchange of products: the means of making these exchanges, so as to promote

the interest of all classes, constitutes one of the great problems of political economy; and is alike interesting to both the producer and consumer. The nearer these two classes can be brought together-other things being equal—the greater will be the advantage of each; for, it must be borne in mind, that the labor and capital employed in these exchanges, add nothing to the quantity or quallity of the article, therefore, if we analize the subject, we shall discover that the merchant and the carrier derive all their support and profit from the labor of the producers; and hence it follows as an inevitable result, that the greater the distance and cost of making the exchanges, the greater will be the burthen imposed upon the producing classes. For, although the merchant and the carrier, are necessary agents, yet viewed abstractly, they may be considered as constituting a previledged class.

Impressed with the truth, as well as the importance of these propositions, the Editors of the "Western Journal" have entered upon its publication, with the design of collecting and laying before the people of the Mississippi valley, that class of facts and information which relate to the varied pursuits of the People. And, to enable them to do justice to the work which they have undertaken, they respectfully invite the agriculturist, the merchant, the manufacturer and the miner, to furnish the Journal with such facts and information as may be deemed useful and interesting to the public.

The Western Journal will contain an account of all valuable discoveries and improvements in agriculture, manufactures, and the mechanic arts.

The leading and more important statistics of the agriculture, commerce, manufactures, mining, &c., of not only the Mississippi valley, but of the whole country, will be collected with care and fidelity, and laid before our

readers in as concise and clear a form, as their nature will admit.

It is our wish to collect at as early a period as practicable, a full and complete account of all the manufacturing establishments of whatsoever kind in the Mississippi valley; to the end, that we may be enabled to note the increase from year to year, so long as our Journal shall be continued.

Considering internal improvements as one of the great social agents of the age, we shall collect and publish such facts and information touching this subject as may be deemed useful to our readers.

Believing that our Republican form of government can only be sustained by the virtue and the intelligence of the people; we shall advocate the importance of establishing an efficient system of Education in the State of Missouri; one that shall secure sufficient instruction to every free white child within our limits, to enable it to read the Holy Scriptures and the Constitution of the State, and also, that each elector may be able to write his own ticket at the polls of an election. To enable us the better to promote this important object, we shall be pleased to receive and publish the plans and suggestions of such patriotic individuals as may be willing to connect their names with this subject.

In the absence of more important and interesting matter, we shall endeavor to furnish our patrons with original essays upon the various subjects connected with the objects of our Journal; but we entertain a hope that the intelligence and public spirit of the people of the West will in due season relieve us from much of this labor by furnishing matter more interesting than our own productions.

We shall neither write nor publish any article, which has reference merely to the politics of the State or gen

« ForrigeFortsett »