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Agricultural Hall in 1897 5 ^ar Cry, Corsica, Harlequin Nero, Bouchan, Sea King, Leal, Baron of Danes, Norseman, Queen of Saxony, Windle Princess, Earl of Warwick, Windle Queen, Selwood Sambo and Selwood Ninon, Count Fritz, Hannibal of Redgrave, Mammoth Queen, Snow King, and Senta Valeria, the latter a harlequin bitch of great excellence which, when shown by M. Aaron, took leading honours at the Crystal Palace in 1895 » sne is now the property of Mr. R. Leabetter.
As to the heights and weights of prominent winners, the following may, perhaps, not be without interest: —Norseman was 33 inches at the shoulders, weight 155lb.; Sea King, 32-^ inches, weight, 168lb.; eal 33f inches, weight, 182lb.; Young Leal, 33^ inches, weight, 154lb.; Prince Victor, 33 inches and 15olb. weight; Cedric the Saxon, 33^ inches and 170lb. weight; Baron of Danes, 33^ inches and 155lb. weight; Ivanhoe, 33 inches and i63lb. weight; Marco, 34 inches and 190lb. weight; Earl of Warwick, 33 inches and 175lb. weight; Dorothy, 30^ inches, 125lb. weight; Challymead Queen, 30^ inches and 125lb. weight; Corsica, 31 inches and 140lb. weight; and Ranee, 29 inches, 105lb. weight.
The original Club had a hard and fast rule absolutely disqualifying any dog with cankered teeth or with a joint or more removed from the end of the tail. These disabilities have, however, been removed by the new club, who elect to leave disqualification or otherwise for such defects altogether in the hands of the judges. I do not know that Danes are more afflicted with "cankered" teeth than any other dogs; but, with respect to their "tails," cases have occurred where a dog has had a joint or two amputated, in order that the appendage did not curl at the end. The sore or bare place remaining was accounted for by the hound dashing his stern against the kennel walls or benches, a habit which frequently causes trouble to the caudal extremity of some big smooth-coated dogs.
As to cropping, the rule of the Kennel Club is to the effect that no dog born after March 30th, 1895, can, if cropped, win a prize at any show held under Club Rules.
The standard of points and description of the Great Dane as adopted by the new club are as follows:
1. General Appearance.—The Great Dane is not so heavy or massive as the mastiff, nor should he too nearly approach the greyhound in type. Remarkable in size, and very muscular, strongly though elegantly built, movements easy and graceful; head and neck carried high; the tail carried horizontally with the back, or slightly upwards, with a slight curl at the extremity. The minimum height and weight of dogs should be 30 inches and 12olb.; of bitches, 28 inches and 1oolb. Anything below this shall be debarred from competition. Points: General appearance, 3; Condition, 3; Activity, 5; Height, 13.
2. Head.—Long, the frontal bones of the forehead very slightly raised, and very little indentation between the eyes. Skull not too broad. Muzzle, broad and strong, and blunt at the point. Cheek muscles, well developed. Nose large, bridge well arched. Lips in front perpendicularly blunted, not hanging too much over the sides, though with welldefined folds at the angle of the mouth. The lower jaw slightly projecting—about a sixteenth of an inch. Eyes, small, round, with sharp expression and deeply set, but the " wall" or " china " eye is quite correct in harlequins. Ears very small and greyhound-like in carriage, when uncropped. Points, 15.
3. Neck.—Rather long, very strong and muscular, well arched, without dewlap, or loose skin about the throat. The junction of head and neck strongly pronounced. Points, 5.
4. Chest.—Not too broad, and very deep in brisket. Points, 8.
5. Back.—Not too long or short; loins arched, and falling in a beautiful line to the insertion of the tail. Points, 8.
6. Tail.—Reaching to or just below the hock, strong at the root, and ending fine with a slight curve. When excited it becomes more curved, but in no case should it curve over the back. Points, 4.
7. Belly.—Well drawn up. Points, 4.
8. Fore-quarters.—Shoulders, set sloping; elbows well under, neither turned inwards nor outwards. Leg: Fore-arm, muscular, and with great development of bone, the whole leg strong and quite straight. Points, 10.
9. Hind-quarters.—Muscular thighs, and second thigh long and strong, as in the greyhound, and hocks well let down and turning neither in nor out. Points, 10.
10. Feet.—Large and round, neither turned inwards nor outwards. Toes, well arched and closed. Nails, very strong and curved. Points, 8.
11. Hair.—Very short, hard and dense, and not much longer on the underpart of the tail. Points, 4.
Colour and Markings.—The recognised colours are the various shades of grey (commonly termed "blue"), red, black, or pure white, or white with patches of the before-mentioned colours. These colours are sometimes accompanied with markings of a darker tint about the eyes and muzzle, and with a line of the same tint (called a "trace") along the course of the spine. The above ground colours also appear in the brindles, and are also the ground colours of the mottled specimens. In the wholecoloured specimens, the china or wall eye but rarely appears, and the nose more or less approaches black, according to the prevailing tint of the dog, and the eyes vary in colour also. The mottled specimens have irregular patches or " clouds " upon the abovenamed ground colours ; in some instances the clouds or markings being of two or more tints. With the mottled specimens, the wall or china eye is not uncommon, and the nose is often parti-coloured or wholly flesh-coloured. On the continent the most fashionable and correct colour is considered to be pure white with black patches; and leading judges and admirers there consider the slate coloured or blue patches intermixed with black as most undesirable.
Faults.—Too heavy a head, too slightly arched frontal bone, and deep " stop " or indentation between the eyes; large ears and hanging flat to the face; short neck; full dewlap; too narrow or too broad a chest; sunken or hollow or quite straight back; bent fore-legs; overbent fetlocks; twisted feet; spreading toes; too heavy and much bent, or too highly carried