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would Terpander himself (replied Albertus) at Billingsgate, nor Timotheus at Hockley in the Hole, have

any manner of effect, nor both of them together bring & Horneck to common civility.” “That's a gross mistake” (said Cornelius very warmly), “and to prove it so, I have here a small Lyra of my own, framed, strung, and tuned after the ancient manner. I can play some fragments of Lesbian tunes, and I wish I were to try them upon the most passionate creatures alive.”—“You never had a better oppor

. tunity” (says Albertus); “for yonder are two Apple

“ women scolding and just ready to uncoif one another.” With that Cornelius, undressed as he was, jumps out into his Balcony, his Lyra in hand, in his slippers, with his breeches hanging down to his ancles, a stocking upon his head, and waistcoat of murrey-coloured satin upon his body: He touched his Lyra with a very unusual sort of an Harpegiatura, nor were his hopes frustrated. The odd Equipage, the uncouth Instrument, the strangeness of the Man and of the Music, drew the ears and the eyes of the whole Mob that were got about the two female Champions, and at last of the Combatants themselves. They all approached the Balcony, in as close attention as Orpheus's first Audience of Cattle, or that of an Italian Opera, when some favourite air is just awakened. This sudden effect of his Music encouraged him mightily, and it was observed he never touched his Lyre in such a truly chro

8

• Horneck, a scurrilous Scribbler, who wrote a weekly paper, called the High German Doctor.

matic and enharmonic manner as upon that occasion. The mob laughed, sung, jumped, danced, and used many odd gestures, all which he judged to be caused by the various strains and modulations. “ Mark” (quoth he) “ in this, the power of the Ionian, in that, you see the effect of the Æolian.” But in a little time they began to grow riotous, and threw stones : Cornelius then withdrew, but with the greatest Air of Triumph in the world. “Brother” (said he), “ do you observe I have mixed unawares too much of the Phrygian; I might change it to the Lydian, and soften their riotous tempers : But it is enough: learn from this Sample to speak with veneration of ancient Music. If this Lyre in my unskilful hands can perform such wonders, what must it not have done in those of a Timotheus or a Terpander ?" Having said this, he retired with the utmost Exultation in himself, and Contempt of his Brother; and, it is said, behaved that night with such unusual haughtiness to his family, that they all had reason to wish for some ancient Tibicen to calm his Temper.

CHAP. VII.

RHETORIC, LOGIC, METAPHYSICS.

CORNELIUS having (as hath been said) many ways been disappointed in his attempts of improving the bodily Forces of his son, thought it now high time to apply to the Culture of his Internal faculties. He judged it proper in the first place to instruct him in Rhetoric. But herein we shall not need to give the Reader any account of his wonderful progress, since it is already known to the learned world by his Treatise on this subject: I mean the admirable Discourse Ilepi Bálovs, which he wrote at this time, but concealed from his Father, knowing his extreme partiality for the Ancients. It lay by him concealed, and perhaps forgot among the great multiplicity of other Writings, till, about the year 1727, he sent it us to be printed, with many additional examples, drawn from the excellent live Poets of this present age. We proceed therefore to Logic and Meta

. physics.

The wise Cornelius was convinced, that these being Polemical Arts, could no more be learned alone, than Fencing or Cudgel-playing. He thought it therefore necessary to look out for some Youth of pregnant parts, to be a sort of humble Companion to his son in those studies. His good fortune directed him to one of the most singular endowments, whose name was Conradus Crambe, who by the father's side was related to the Crouches of Cambridge, and his mother was cousin to Mr. Swan, Gamester and Punster of the City of London. So that from both parents he drew a natural disposition to sport himself with Words, which as they are said to be the counters of wise Men, and ready money of Fools, Crambe had great store of cash of the latter sort. Happy Martin in such a Parent, and such a Com

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panion! What might not he achieve in Arts and Sciences !

Here I must premise a general observation of great benefit to mankind. That there are many people who have the use only of one Operation of the Intellect, though, like short-sighted men, they can hardly discover it themselves : They can form single apprehensions', but have neither of the other two faculties, the judicium or discursus. Now as it is wisely ordered, that people deprived of one sense, have the others in more perfection, such people will form single Ideas with a great deal of vivacity; and happy were it indeed if they would confine themselves to such, without forming judicia, much less argumentations.

Cornelius quickly discovered, that these two last operations of the Intellect were very weak in Martin, and almost totally extinguished in Crambe; however he used to say, that Rules of Logic are Spectacles to a purblind understanding, and therefore he resolved to proceed with his two pupils.

Martin's understanding was so totally immersed in sensible objects, that he demanded examples from Material things of the abstracted Ideas of Logic: as for Crambe, he contented himself with the Words, and when he could but form some conceit upon them, was fully satisfied. Thus Crambe would tell his Instructor, that All men were not singular ; that Individuality could hardly be predicated of any man, for it was commonly said that a man is not the same he was, that mad men are beside themselves, and drunken men come to themselves, which shews, that few men have that most valuable logical endowment, Individuality”. Cornelius told Martin that a shoulder of Mutton was an individual, which Crambe denied, for he had seen it cut into commons : That's true (quoth the Tutor ;) but you never saw it cut into shoulders of mutton : If it could (quoth Crambe) it would be the most lovely individual of the University. When he was told a substance was that which was subject to accidents; then Soldiers (quoth Crambe) are the most substantial people in the world. Neither would he allow it to be a good definition of accident that it could be present or absent without the destruction of the subject; since there are a great many accidents that destroy the subject, as burning does a house, and death a man. But as to that Cornelius informed him, that there was a natural death, and a logical death; that though a man after his na

'When Dr. Mead once urged to our Author the authority of Patrick the Dictionary-maker, against the latinity of the expression, amor publicus, which he had used in an inscription, he replied, " that he would allow a Dictionary-maker to understand a single word, but not two words put together.” W.

* “ But if it be possible for the same man to have distinct incommunicable consciousness at different times, it is without doubt the same man would at different times make different persons. Which we see is the sense of mankind in not punishing the mad man for the sober man's actions, nor the sober man for what the mad man did, thereby making them two persons; which is somewhat explained by our way of speaking in English, when they say such a one is not himself, or is beside himself." Locke's Essay on Human Understanding, B. ii. c. 27. W.

Pope frequently owned he did not relish Locke, nor the generality of writers on metaphysical subjects.

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