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OSHA INJURY AND ILLNESS

INFORMATION SYSTEM

HEARING

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

JUNE 20, 1984

Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations

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U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

38-659 O

WASHINGTON : 1984

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

JACK BROOKS, Texas, Chairman DON FUQUA, Florida

FRANK HORTON, New York JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois CARDISS COLLINS, Illinois

THOMAS N. KINDNESS, Ohio GLENN ENGLISH, Oklahoma

ROBERT S. WALKER, Pennsylvania ELLIOTT H. LEVITAS, Georgia

LYLE WILLIAMS, Ohio HENRY A. WAXMAN, California

WILLIAM F. CLINGER, JR., Pennsylvania TED WEISS, New York

RAYMOND J. MCGRATH, New York MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma

JUDD GREGG, New Hampshire STEPHEN L. NEAL, North Carolina

DAN BURTON, Indiana DOUG BARNARD, JR., Georgia

JOHN R. McKERNAN, JR., Maine BARNEY FRANK, Massachusetts

TOM LEWIS, Florida TOM LANTOS, California

ALFRED A. (AL) McCANDLESS, California RONALD D. COLEMAN, Texas

LARRY E. CRAIG, Idaho
ROBERT E. WISE, JR., West Virginia

DAN SCHAEFER, Colorado
BARBARA BOXER, California
SANDER M. LEVIN, Michigan
BUDDY MACKAY, Florida
MEL LEVINE, California
MAJOR R. OWENS, New York
EDOLPHUS TOWNS, New York
JOHN M. SPRATT, JR., South Carolina
JOE KOLTER, Pennsylvania
BEN ERDREICH, Alabama
GERALD D. KLECZKA, Wisconsin

WILLIAM M. JONES, General Counsel

JOHN E. MOORE, Staff Administrator
JOHN M. DUNCAN, Minority Staff Director

MANPOWER AND HOUSING SUBCOMMITTEE

BARNEY, FRANK, Massachusetts, Chairman MEL LEVINE, California

JOHN R. McKERNAN, JR., Maine
MAJOR R. OWENS, New York

DAN BURTON, Indiana
JOHN M. SPRATT, JR., South Carolina DAN SCHAEFER, Colorado
JOE KOLTER, Pennsylvania
BEN ERDREICH, Alabama

Ex OFFICIO

JACK BROOKS, Texas

FRANK HORTON, New York
STUART E. WEISBERG, Staff Director and Counsel
THOMAS S. CRANE, Legislative Assistant

JUNE SAXTON, Clerk
NANCY ELWOOD, Minority Professional Staff

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CONTENTS

Page

Hearing held on June 20, 1984.

1

Statement of-

Frank, Hon. Barney, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Massachusetts, and chairman, Manpower and Housing Subcommittee:

Opening statement.

1

Frumin, Eric, Chairman, Labor Research Advisory Committee on Occupa-
tional Safety and Health Statistics, Bureau of Labor Statistics

179

Kronebusch, Karl, Office of Technology Assessment in the health pro-

gram, accompanied by Dr. Michael Gough, project director...

27

Millar, Dr. J. Donald, Director, National Institute for Occupational Safety

and Health, accompanied by Dr. Philip Landrigan, Director of the
Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, and
Todd Frazier, Chief of the Surveillance Branch, Division of Surveil-
lance, Hazard Evaluation, and Field Studies ......

3

Norwood, Janet L., Commissioner, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. De-

partment of Labor .....

49

Seminario, Margaret, associate director, department of occupational

safety and health and social security, American Federation of Labor/
Congress of Industrial Organization ....

162
Tyson, Patrick, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Occupational Safety and
Health Administration, accompanied by Frank Frodyma, Director,
Office of Program Evaluation, and Jackie De Mesme, Legislative Ana-

lyst......

Letters, statement, etc., submitted for the record by-

Frank, Hon. Barney, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Massachusetts, and chairman, Manpower and Housing Subcommittee:

Paper by Harvey J. Hilaski and Chao Ling. Wang entitled “How

Valid Are Estimates of Occupational Illness?",

120-128

Study by Mary Jane Bolle, Congressional Research Service, Library

of Congress, entitled “Effectiveness of the Occupational Safety and

Health Act: Data and Measurement Problems".

130-162

Frumin, Eric, Chairman, Labor Research Advisory Committee on Occupa-

tional Safety and Health Statistics, Bureau of Labor Statistics:

Information concerning occupational injury and illness reporting

systems.....

206-208

Prepared statement ....

185-199
Kronebusch, Karl, Office of Technology Assessment in the health pro-
gram: Prepared statement.

30-45

Millar, Dr. J. Donald, Director, National Institute for Occupational Safety

and Health:

Disease Surveillance Program

22-26

Prepared statement...

6-11

State cooperative agreement program for occupational safety and

health surveillance (SCANS).

15-17

Norwood, Janet L., Commissioner, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. De-

partment of Labor: Prepared statement.

53-76

Seminario, Margaret, associate director, department of occupational

safety and health and social security, American Federation of Labor/

Congress of Industrial Organization: Prepared statement....

165-179

Tyson, Patrick, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Occupational Safety and

Health Administration:

Information concerning research .....

113-118

Prepared statement...

85-102

Appendix-Material submitted for the hearing

213

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OSHA INJURY AND ILLNESS INFORMATION

SYSTEM

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 20, 1984

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
MANPOWER AND HOUSING SUBCOMMITTEE
OF THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS,

Washington, DC. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:30 a.m., in room 2247, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Barney Frank (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Barney Frank, Major R. Owens, and John R. McKernan, Jr.

Also present: Stuart E. Weisberg, staff director; Thomas S. Crane, legislative assistant, June D. Saxton, clerk; and Nan Elwood, minority professional staff, Committee on Government Operations.

OPENING STATEMENT OF CHAIRMAN FRANK Mr. FRANK. Good morning. The hearing of the Manpower and Housing Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations will come to order.

I should point out that the House is going into session a little early this morning. We may be interrupted once for a vote-it shouldn't be more often than that because there is going to be some lengthy debate over the first amendment and I think we should be able to finish this with only one interruption.

The subject of today's hearing really grew out of some earlier hearings we had with respect to our jurisdiction over OSHA and the primary focus today—and I know other things were talked about as well and will come up-but the primary focus that the subcommittee has had and that Mr. McKernan and I have discussed among ourselves, as well as in the hearing, is the adequacy of our reporting of occupational illness.

Obviously, OSHA has responsibility for illness and injury, and it's become clear to us, as it undoubtedly already was to people in the field, that for obvious reasons, injury is an easier concept to deal with. The intellectual problems and methodological problems involved in trying to keep track of occupationally caused or affected illnesses is obviously very difficult. It does seem to me that we are not doing as much as we ought to be doing in that area.

I want to say at the outset, this is not one of the hearings when it is my view that it is the particular fault of this or that administration or this or that agency. I think we have a problem here

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