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2 Var. Serv. No matter what; he's poor, and | SCENE V. The same. The Senate House. The that's revenge enough. Who can speak broader Senate silling. Enter ALCIBIADES, atlended. than he that has no house to put his head in? such

1 Sen. My lord, you have my voice to it; the may rail against great buildings.

fault's
Enter SERVILIUS.

Bloody ; 'tis necessary he should die :
Tic. O, here's Servilius; now we shall know Nothing emboldens sin so much as mercy.

2 Sen. Most true ; the law shall bruise him. Ser. If I might beseech you, gentlemen, to repair Alcib. Honour, health, and compassion to the some other hour, ( should derive much from it :

senate! for, take it on my soul, my lord leans wondrously 1 Sen. Now, captain ? to discontent. His comfortable temper has forsook Alcib. I am an humble suitor to your virtues ; him; he is much out of health, and keeps his For pity is the virtue of the law, chamber.

And none but tyrants use it cruelly. Luc. Serv. Many do keep their chambers, are It pleases tiine, and fortune, to lie heavy not sick:

Upon a friend of mine, who, in hot blood, And, if it be so far beyond his health,

Hath stepp'd into the law, which is past depth Methinks, he should ihe sooner pay his debts, To those ihat, without heed, do plunge into it. And make a clear way to the gods.

He is a man, setting his fate aside, Ser.

Good gods! Of comely virtues : Tit. We cannot take this for an answer, sir. Nor did he soil the fact with cowardice, Flam. (Within.] Servilius, help!-my lord! my (An honour in him which buys out his fault;) lord !

But, with a noble fury, and fair spirit, Enter Timon, in a rage; Flaminius following. Seeing his reputation touch'd to death,

He did oppose his foe : Tim. What, are my doors oppos’d against my And with such sober and unnoted passion passage?

He did behave his anger, ere 'twas spent, Have I been ever free, and must my house As if he had but prov'd an argument. Be my. retentive enemy, my gaol ?

1 Sen. You undergo too strict a paradox, The place which I have feasted, does it now,

Striving to make an ugly deed look fair: Like all mankind, show me an iron heart?

Your words have took such pains, as if they laLuc. Serv. Put in now, Titus.

bour'd Til. My lord, here is my bill.

To bring manslaughter into form, set quarrelling Luc. Serv. Here's mine.

Upon the head of valour; which, indeed, Hor. Scrv. And mine, my lord.

Is valour misbegot, and came into the world Both Var. Serv. And ours, my lord.

When sects and factions were newly born: Phi. All our bills. Tim. Knock me down with 'em :' cleave me to The worst that man can breathe;s and make his

He's truly valiant, that can wisely suffer the girdle.

wrongs Iục. Sert. Alas ! my lord,

His outsides; wear them like his raiment, careTim. Cut my heart in sums.

lessly ; Tit. Mine fifty talents.

And ne'er prefer his injuries to his heart, Tim. Tell out my blood.

To bring it into danger. Luc. Serv. Five thousand crowns, my lord.

If wrongs be evils, and enforce us kill, Tim. Five thousand drops pays that.- What folly 'tis to hazard life for ill! What yours?-and yours?

Alcib. My lord, i Var. Serv. My lord,

1 Sen. You cannot make gross sins look clear; 2 Vr. Serv. My lord, Tim. Tear me, take me, and the gods fall upon

To revenge is no valour, but to bear.

Alcib. My lords, then, under favour, pardon me, you!

(Erit. If I speak like a captain.-. Hor. 'Faith, ! perceive our masters may throw Why do fond men expose themselves to battle, their caps at their money : these debts may well be And not endure all threatnings? sleep upon it, called desperate ones, for a madman owes 'em.

And let the foes quietly cut their throats,

(Ereunt. Without repugnancy ? but if there be Re-enter Timon and FLAVIUS.

Such valour in the bearing, what make we Tim. They have e'en put my breath from me, Abroad ?? why then, women are more valiant, the slaves :

That stay at home, if bearing carry it ; Creditors !-devils.

And th'ass more captain than the lion; the felon,' Flav. My dear lord,

Loaden with irons, wiser than the judge, Tim. What if it should be so ?

If wisdom be in suffering. O my lords, Flav. My lord,

As you are great, be pitifully good : Tim. I'll have it so :-My steward !

Who cannot condemn rashness in cold blood ? Flav. Here, my lord.

To kill, I grant, is sin's extremest gust;'
Tim. So fitly? Go, bid all my friends again, But, in defence, by mercy,'" 'tis most just.
Lucius, Lucullus, and Sempronius; all :? To be in anger is impiety;
I'll once more feast the rascals.

But who is man, that is not angry?
Flav.

0, my lord, Weigh but the crime with this. You only speak from your distracted soul;

2 Sen. You breathe in vain. There is not so much left, to furnish out

Alcib.

In vain! his service done A moderate table. Tim.

Be't not in thy care; go, 3 i. e. putting this action of his, which was predeter I charge thee; invite them all : let in the tide mined by fate, out of the question. Of knaves once more ; my cook and I'll provide. 4 The folio reads:

(Ereunt. . And with such sober and unnoted passion 1 Timon quibbles. They present their written bils;

He did behoore his anger ere 'twas spent.' he catches at the word, and alludes to bills or battle. 5 You undertake a paradox too hard. The word is so played upon in As You Like it.

6 j. e. utter. • 2 The first folio reads

7 What do wc, or what have we to do in the field ?-Lucius, Lucullus, and Sempronius, UUorra all." $ The old copy reads follow. The alteration was What is meant by this strange corruption it is perhaps made at Johnson's suggestion, perhaps without neces. now vain to conjecture. Malone retains this strange sity. Fellow is a common term of contempt. word; and Steevens banters him pleasantly enough 9 Guest here meang rashness. We still say, it was upon his pertinacious adherence to the text of the first done in a gust of passion.' folio.

10 i.e. I call mercy herself to witnost'

axes.

At Lacedæmon, and Byzantium,

SCENE VI.-A magnificent Room in Timon's Were a sufficient briber for his life.

House. Music, Tables set out : Servants at 1 Sen. What's that?

tending. Enter divers Lords, at several doors. Alcib. Why, I say, my lords, h'as done fair ser

1 Lord. The good time of day to you, sir. vice, And slain in fight many of your enemies :

2 Lord. I also wish it to you. I think, this hoHow full of valour did he bear himself

nourable lord did but try us this other day.

1 Lord. Upon that were my thoughts tiring, In the last conflict, and made plenteous wounds? 2 Sen. He has made too much plenty with’em, he him, as he made it seem in the trial of his several

when we encountered: I hope, it is not so low with Is a sworn rioter,' h'as a sin that often

friends. Drowns him, and takes his valour prisoner :

2 Lord. It should not be, by the persuasion of his If there were no foes, that were enough alono To overcome him : in that beastly fury

new feasting.

1 Lord. I should think so: He hath sent me an He has been known to commit outrages, And cherish factions : 'Tis inferr'd to us,

earnest inviting, which many my near occasions did His days are foul, and his drink dangerous.

urge me to put off; but he hath conjured me bo

yond them, and I must needs appear. 1 Sen, He dies.

2 Lord. 'In like manner was I'in debt to my im Alcib. Hard fate! he might have died in war. My lords, if not for any parts in him

portunate business, but he would not hear my ex(Though his right arm might purchase his own time, cuse. I am sorry, when he sent to borrow of me,

my provision was out. And be in debt to none,) yet, more to move you, Take my deserts to his, and join them both :

1 Lord. I am sick of that grief too, as. I under

stand how all things go. And, for I know your reverend ages love

2 Lord. Every man here's so. What would he Security, I'll pawn my victories, all?

have horrowed of you My honour to you, upon his good returns.

1 Lord. A thousand pieces. If by this crime he owes the law his life,

2 Lord. A thousand pieces ! Why, let the war receive't in valiant gore;

1 Lord. What of you? For law is strict, and war is nothing more. 1 Sen. We are for law, he dies ; urgo it no more,

3 Lord. He sent to me, sir,–Here he comes. On height of our displeasure : Friend or brother,

Enter Timon, and Attendants.
He forfeits his own blood, that spills another.
Alcib. Must it be so ? it must not be. My lords, how fare you?

Tim. With all my heart, gentlemen both :-And I do beseech

you,
know me.

Lord. Ever at the best, hearing well of your 2 Sen. How? Alcih. Call me to your remembrances.

lordship.

What? 3 Sen.

2 Lord. The swallow follows not summer moro Alcib. I cannot think, but your age has forgot me;

willing, than we your lordship. It could not else be, I should prove so base,

Tim. (Aside.) Nor more willingly leaves winter ; To sue, and be denied such common grace :

such summer-birds are men.--Gentlemen, our dinMy wounds ache at you.

ner will not recompense this long stay : feast your 1 Sen.

ears with the music awhile ; if they will fare so Do you dare our anger? | harshly on the trumpet's sound : we shall to't pre'Tis in few words, but spacious in effect;

sently.
We banish thee for ever.
Alcib.
Banish me?

i Lord. I hope, it remains not unkindly with Banish your dotage ; banish usury,

your lordship, that I returned you an empty mos

senger That makes the senate ugly.

Tim. O, sir, let it not trouble you. 1 Sen. If after two days' shine, Athens contain thee,

2 Lord. My noble lord, Attend our weighter judgment.

And, not to swell

Tim. Ah, my good friend! what cheer? our spirit,

(The Banquet brought in. He shall be executed presently. (Exeunt Senators.

2 Lord. My most honourable lord, I am e'en sick Alcib. Now the gods keep you old enough; that of shame, that, when your lordship this other day

sent to me, I was so unfortunate a beggar.
you may live

Tim. Think not on't, sir.
Only in bone, that none may look on you!
I am worse than mad: I have kept back their foes,

2 Lord. If you had sent but two hours before,

Tim. Let it not cumber your better remembrance. While they have told their money, and let out Their coin upon large interest; I myself,

-Come, bring in all together. Rich only in large hurts ;-All those, for this?

2 Lord. All covered dishes ! Is this the balsam, that the usuring senate

1 Lord. Royal cheer, I warrant you.

3 Lord. Doubt not that, if money, and the seaPours into captains' wounds ? ha! banishment ? It comes not ill; I hate not to be banish'd;

son can yield it.

2 Lord. How do you? What's the news ? It is a cause worthy my spleen and fury,

3 Lord. Alcibiades is banished : Hear you of it? That I may strike at Athens. I'll cheer up

I f. 2 Lord. Alcibiades banished! My discontented troops, and lay for hearts. 'Tis honour, with most lands to be at odds;

3 Lord. 'Tis so, be sure of it. Soldiers should brook as little wrongs, as gods. [Erit.

1 Lord. How? how ?

2 Lord. I pray you, upon what? I i.e. a man who practises riot as if he had made it an Tim. My worthy friends, will you draw near ? oath or duty.

3 Lord. I'll tell you more anon. Here's a noble 2 He charges them obliquely with being usurers. feast toward.' Thus in a subsequent passage : banish usury:

I think we might read with advantage :
That makes the senate ugly.'

And not to quell our spirit.' 3 Remembrances is here used as a word of five sylla. lie. not to repress or humble it. bles. In the singular Shakspeare uses it as a word of 6 To lay for hearts, is to endeavour to win the affec. four syllables only:

tions of the people. And lasting in her sad remembrance.

7. Upon that were my thoughts feeding or most Twelfth Nighi, Act i. Sc. 1. anriously employed." 4 Base for dishonoured.

8 i. e. your good memory.' Shakspeare and his 5 This, says Steevens, I believe, means 'not to put contemporaries often use the comparative for the positive ourselves into any tumour of rage, take our definitive or superlative. Thus in King John :resolution.' So in King Henry VIII. Act iii. Sc. l:

Nay, but make haste the belter foot before.' * The hearts of priuces kiss obedience,

9 i. e. near at hand, or in prospect. So in Romeo So much they love it; but to stubborn spirits, and Juliet :-They swell and grow as terrible as storms."

We hava a foolish trifling banquet towards.'

2 Lord. This is the old man still.

ACT IV. 3 Lord. Will't hold ? will't hold ? 2 Lord. It does: but time will and so

SCENE I. Without the Walls of Athens. 3 Lord. I do conceive.

Enter Timon. Tim. Each man to his stool, with that spur as Tim. Let me look back upon thee, O thou wall, he would to the lip of his mistress : your diet shall That girdlest in those wolves! Dive in the earth, be in all places alike.' Make not a city feast of it, And fence not Athens ! Matrons, turn incontinent; to let the meat cool ere we can agree upon the first Obedience fail in children! slaves, and fools, place: Sit, sit. The gods require our thanks. Pluck the grave wrinkled senate from the bench,

You great benefactors, sprinkle our society with And minister in their steads! to general filths thankfulness. For your own gifts, make yourselves Convert o' the instant, green virginity! praised : but reserve still lo give, lest your deilies be Do't in your parents' eyes; bankrupts, hold fast; despised. Lend to each man enough, that one need Rather ihan render back, out with your knives, noi lend to another : for, were your godheads to bor- And cut your truslers''throats! bound servants row of men, men would forsake the gods. Make the

steal ! meat be beloved, more than the man that gives it. Let Large-handed robbers your grave masters are, no assembly of twenty be without a score of villains : And pill by law: maid, to thy master's bed; If there sit twelve women at the table, lei a dozen of Thy mistress is o' the brothel! son of sixteen, them be as they are. -The rest of your lees, o Pluck the lin'd crutch from the old limping sire, gods,--the senators of Athens, together with the com- With it beat out his brains! piely, and fear, mon lag of people, what is amiss in them, you gods, Religion to the gods, peace, justice, truth, make suitable for destruction. For these my present Domestic awe, nighi-rest, and neighbourhood, frienuls, -as they are to me nothing, so in nothing Instruction, manners, mysteries, and trades, bless them, and io nothing they are welcome.

Degrees, observances, customs, and laws, Uncover, dogs, and lap.

Decline to your confounding contraries, [The dishes uncovered are full of warm water. And yet confusion live !—Plagues, incident to men. Some speak. What does his lordship mean? Your potent and infectious fevers heap Some other. I know not.

On Athens, ripe for stroke! thou cold sciatica, Tim. May you a better feast never behold, Cripple our senators, that their limbs may halt You knot of mouth-friends! smoke, and lukewarm As lamely as their manners! lust and liberty!" water

Creep in the minds and marrows of our youth; Is your perfection. This is Timon's last ; That''gainst the stream of virtue they may strive, Who stuck and spangled you with flatteries, And drown themselves in riot! itches, bkins, • Washes it off, and sprinkles in your faces Sow all the Athenian bosoms; and their crop

(Throwing water in their faces. Be general leprosy! breath insect breath; Your reeking villany. Live loath'd, and long, That their society, as their friendship, may, Most smiling, smooth, detested parasites,

Be merely poison ! Nothing I'll bear from thee, Courteous destroyers, affable wolves, meek bears, But nakedness, thou detestable town! You fools of fortune, trencher-friends, time's flies, * Take thou that too, with multiplying bans !!! Cap and knee slaves, vapours, and minute-jacks ! Timon will to the woods; where he shall find Or man, and beast, the infinite malady

The unkindest beast more kinder than mankind. Crust you quite o'er-What, dost thou go? The gods confound (hear me, you good gods all,) Soft, take thy physic first-thou too,-and thou ;- The Athenians both within and out that wall!

"[Throws the dishes at them, and drives them oul. And grant, as Timon grows, his hate may grow Stay, I will lend thee money, borrow none. To the whole race of mankind, high and low! Whal, all in motion ? Henceforth be no feast, Amen,

(Erit. Whereat a villain's not a'welcome guest. Burn, house ; sink, Athens ! henceforth hated be SCENE II. Athens. A Room in Timon's House. Of Timon, man, and all humanity! (Exit. Enter Flavius, with two or three Servants. Re-enter the Lords, with other Lords and Senators. 1 Serv. Hear you, master steward, where's our I Lord. How now, my lords ?

master 1 2 Lord. Know you the quality of Lord Timon's Are we undone ? cast off? nothing remaining ? fury?

Flav. Alack, my fellows, what should I say to you? $ Lord. Pish! did you see my cap ?

Let me be recorded by the righteous gods, 4 Lord. I have lost my gown.

I am as poor as you. 3 Lord. He's but a mad lord, and nought but hu- 1 Serv.

Such a house broke! mour sways him. He gave me a jewel the other So noble a master fallen! All gone! and not day, and now he bas beat it out of my hat:-Did One friend, to take his fortune by the arm, you see my jewel?

And go along with him! 4 Lord. Did you see my cap ?

2 Serv.

As we do turn our backs 2 Lord. Here 'tis. 4 Lord. Here lies my gown.

term was used for 'time serving busy bodies, who had I Lord. Let's make no stay.

their oar in every man's boat, or hand in every man's 2 Lord. Lord Timon's mad

dish.'

6 This and the next speech is spoken by the newly. 3 Lord. I feel't upon my bones.

arrived lords. 4 Lord. One day he gives us diamonds, next day 7 In the old MS. play of Timon, painted stones aro stones.'

(Eseunt. introduced as part of this mock banquet.. It seems pro

bable that Shakspeare was acquainted with this ancient I ball plares alike. This alludes to the mode in drama. Timon has thrown nothing at his guests, but which guests were formerly placed at table according to warm water and dishes.

8 Steevens explains this common severe,' which is 2 Warburton and Mason say we should read foes in- quite ludicrous, unless he meani it metaphorically. Ge. stead of fees, which is the reading of the old copy. !neral filths means common strumpe18 i filthiness, and bave ventured to substitute lees, a more probable word obscenity were synonymous with our ancestors. to be misprinted fees, the long f and I being easily mis. 9 i.e. contrarieties, whose nature it is to waste or deg. taken for each other. Timon means to call the senators troy each other. the lees and dregs of the city, Sordes et fes urbis, on

ag doth a galled rock account of their vile propensities.

O'erhang and jully his confounded base. 3 i. e, the highest of your excellence.

King Henry V. 4 i. e. flies of a season. Thus before :

10 Liberty here means licentiousness or libertinisni. one cloud of winter showers,

So in the Comedy of Errors :-
These flies are couch'd.

"And many such like liberties of sin.' 5 Minute.jacks, are the same as jacks of the clock. 11 i. e. accumulated curses. Multiplying for multi. house, automaton figures appended to clocks : but the Iplied, the active participle with a passive signification.

rank

From our companion, thrown into his grave; Infect the air ! Twinn'd brothers of one womb, So his familiars to his buried fortunes!

Whose procreation, residence, and birth, Slink all away; leave their false vows with him, Scarce is dividant,-touch them with several forLike empty purses pick'd : and his poor seif,

tunes ; A dedicated beggar to the air,

The greater scorns the lesser. Not nature, With his disease of all-shunn'd poverty,

To whom all sores lay siege, can bear great fortune, Walks, like contempı, alone.-Nore of our fellows. But by contempt of nature :: Enter other Servants.

Raise me this beggar, and deny't that lord;

The senator shall bear contempt hereditary, Flav. All broken implements of a ruin'd house.

The begyar native honour. 3 Serv. Yet do our hearts wear Timon's livery,

It is the pasture lards the brother's sides, That see I by our faces; we are fellows still,

The want that makes him lean. Who dares, who Serving alike in sorrow: Leak'd is our bark ;

dares, And we, poor mates, stand on the dying deck,

In purity of manhood stand upright, Hearing the surges threat: we must all part

And say, This man's' a fiatterer ? if one be,
Into this sea of air.

So are ihey all; for every grize!of fortune
Flav.
Good fellows all,

Is smooth'ú by that below: the learned pato
The latest of my wealth I'll share amongst you. Ducks to the golden fool: All is oblique ;
Wherever we shall meet, for Timon's sake,

There's nothing level in our cursed natures, Let's yet be fellows; let's shake our heads, and say, But direct villany. Therefore, be abhorr'd As 'twere a knell unto our master's fortunes.

All feasts, societies, and throngs of men ! We have seen better duys. Let each take some ;

His semblable, yea, bimself, Timon disdains :

Giving them, money: Destruction fange mankind! Earth, yield me roots! Nay, put out all your hands. Not one word more:

[Digging. Thus part we rich in sorrow, parting poor.? Who seeks for better of thee, saure his palate

(Ereune Servants. With thy most operant poison! What is here? 0, the fierce: wretchedness that glory brings us ! Gold ? yellow, glittering, precious gold ? No, gods Who would not wish to be from wealth exempl, I am no idle votarist.'? Roots, you clear heavens !"" Since riches point to misery and contempt? Thus much of this, will make black, white; foul, fair ; Who'd be so inock'd with glory? or to live

Wrong, right; base, noble ; old, young; coward, But in a dream of friendship ?

valiant. To have his pomp, and all what state compounds, Ha, you gods! why this? What this, you gods? But only painted, like his varnish'd friends?

Why this Poor honest lord, brought low by his own heart; Will lug your priests and servants from your sides ;' Undone by goodness! Sirange, unusual blood, When man's worst sin is, he does too much good! This yellow slave

Pluck stout men's pillows from below their heads:15 Who then dares to be half so kind again ?

Will kuit and break religions; bless the accursid, For bounty, that makes gods, does still mar men. Make the hoar leprosy ador’d; place thieves, My dearest lord,--bless'd, to be most accurs’d, And give them tille, knee, and approbation, Rich, only to be wretched ;-thy great fortunes

With senators on the bench: this is it, Are made thy chief afflictions. Alas, kini lord ! That makes the wappen'die widow wed again ; He's flung in rage from this ungrateful scat

She, whom the spital-house, and ulcerous sores, Of monstrous friends: nor has he with him to

Would cast the gorge ai, this embalms and spices Supply his life, or that which can command it.

To the April day again." Come, damned earth, I'll follow, and inquire him out:

Thou common whore of mankind, that put'st odds I'll ever serve his mind with my best will ;

Among the rout of nations, I will make theo Whilst I have gold, I'll be his steward still. (Exit. Do thy right nature. 18--[March afar off.]-Ha! a SCENE III. The Woods. Enter Tumon.

drum ? Thou'ri quick, Tim. O blessed breeding sun, draw from the earth But yet I'll bury thee : Thou'll go, strong thief, Rotten humidity ; below thy sister's orbs

When gouty keepers of thee cannot stand :

Nay, stay thou out for earnest. (Keeping some gold. I 'So those who were familiar to hiy buried fortunes, who in the most ample manner participated them, slink meaning of the passage as it now stands is, "Men are all away,' &c.

courted and flattered according to their riches.' It is the 2 This conceit occurs again in King Lear:

possessions of a man that makes sycophants, 'enlarda Fairest Cordelia, thou art must rich, being poor.' his fad already pride;" if he wants wherewith to pasture Johnson observes, thai Nothing contributes more to his faterers, his vanity will be starved. The poet is the exaltation of Timon's character than the zeal an till thinking of the rich and poor brother he had before fidelity of his servants ; nothing but real virtue can be mentionedl. honored by dome-ties; nothing but impartial kindness 9 This man does not refer to any particular person, can gain affection from dependants.'

but to any supposed individual. So in As You Like It: 3 Fierce here mcans rchement.

"Who can come in and say that I mean her, 4 Blood is here used for passion, propensity, affec: When such a one as she such is her neighbours,' tion. Malone aseerts that blood is used for natural 10 Grize, step or degree, propensity or disposition throughout these plays;' but be 11 i.e. scize, gripe. has not given a single instance, while we have many 12 No insincere or inconstant supplicant: gold will not passages where it can mean nothing bul passion or af. serve me instead of roots. Yeclion.

13 You clear heavens, is you pure heavens. So in 5 That is, the moon's- this sublunary world.

Lear: 0 'Brother, when his fortune is enlarged, will scorn

the clearest gods, who make them honours brother : such is the general depravity of mankind. Not of men's impossibilities, have preservd thee.! even beings besieged with misery cau bear good fortune 14 Aristophanes, in his Plutus, makes the priest of without contemning their fellow creatures, above whom Jupiter desert his service to live with Plutus. accident has elevated them.' But is here used in its ex. 15 This alludes to an old custom of drawing away the ceptive sense, and signifies without.

pillow from under the heads of men, in their last agonies, 7 This is the reading of the old copy. Steevens reads to accelerate their departure. denrude. It has been said that there is no antecedent 16 It is not clear what is meant by wappend in this to which deny it can be referred. I think that it passage; perhaps worn oul, debilitated. In Fletcher's clearly refers to great fortune in the preceding sentence, Two Noble Kinsmen, (which tradition says was writen with which I have now connected it, by placing a colon in conjunction with Shakspeare,) we have unicappered instead of a period at nature. The construction will be, in a contrary sense. Raise me this beggar to great fortune, and deny it to 17 • Restores to all the freshness and sweetness of. that lord,' &c.

youth, Youth is called by the old poets the 'April of 8 The folio of 16:23 reads:

man's life.' Young Fenton, in the Merry Wives of It is the pastour lards the brother's sides, Windsor, ósmells April and May.' The want that makes him leare.

18 i. e. lie in the earth, where nature laid thee; thou'rt The second folio changes leare to leane The probable quich, means thou hast life and motion in thee.

Enter ALCIBIADes, with drum and fife, in warlike Tim. I pr’ythee, beat thy drum, and get thee gone. manner; PHRYNIA and TIMANDRA.

Alcib. I am thy friend, and pity thee, dear Timon. Alcib. What art thou there?

Tim. How dost thou pity him, whom thou dost

trouble ? Speak. Tim. A beast, as thou art.

The canker gnaw

I had rather be alone.

Alcib. thy heart,

Why, fare thee well : For showing me again the eyes of man!

Here's some gold for thee. Alcib. What is iny name? Is man so hateful to

Tim.

Keep'ı, I cannot eat it thee,

Alcib. When I have laid proud Athens on 1 That art thyself a man?

heap, Tim. I am misanthropos, and hate mankind. Tim. Warr'st thou against Athens ? For thy part, I do wish thou wert a dog,

Alcib.

Ay, Timon, and have cause That I might love thee something,

Tim. The gods confound them all i' thy conquest Alcib. I know thee well ;

and But in thy fortunes am unlearn'd and strange.

Thee after, when thou hast conquer'd! Tim. I know thee, too; and more, than that I

Alcib.

Why me, Timon ? know thee,

Tim. That, I not desire to know. Follow thy drum;

By killing villains, thou wast born to conquer With man's blood paint the ground, gules, gules :

My country. Religious canons, civil laws are cruel;

Put up thy gold; Go on,-here's gold, go on; Then what should war be? This fell whore of thine Be as a planetary plague, when Jove Hath in her more destruction than thy sword,

Will o'er some high-vic'd city hang his poison For all her cherubin look.

In the sick air :) Let not thy sword skip one: Phr.

Thy lips rot off! Pity not honour'd age for his white beard, Tim. I will not kiss thee; then the rot returns

He's an usurer; Strike me the counterfeit matron, To thine own lips again.'

It is her habit only that is honest,
Alcib. How came the noble Timon to this change? Herself's a bawd: Let not the virgin's cheek

Tim. As the moon does, by wanting light to give : Make soft thy trenchant* sword; for those milkBut then renew I could not, like the moon;

paps, There were no suns to borrow of.

That through the window-bars' bore at men's eyes, Alcit.

Noble Timon,

Are not within the leaf of pity writ, What friendship may I do thee?

But set them down horrible traitors : Spare not the

babe Tim.

None, but to Maintain my opinion.

Whoso dimpled smiles from fools exhaust their Alcib. What is it, Timon ?

merey : T'im. Promise me friendship, but perform none: If Think it a bastard, whom the oracle Thou wilt not promise, the gods plague thee, for

Hath doubtfully pronounc'd thy throat shall cut, Thou art a man! if thou dost perform, confound thee, And mince it sans remorse : Swear against objects ;' For thou'rt a man!

Put armour on thine ears, and on thine eyes; Alcib. I have heard in some sort of thy miseries. Whose proof, nor yells of mothers, maids, nor babes, Tim. Thou saw'st them, when I had prosperity. Nor sight of priests in holy vestments bleeding, Alcib. I see them now; then was a blessed time. Shall pierce a jou. There's gold to pay thy soldiers: Tim. As thine is now, held with a brace of harlots. Make large confusion; and, thy fury spent, T'iman. Is this the Athenian minion, whom the Confounded be thyself! Speak not, be gone. world

Alcib. Hast thou gold yet? I'll take the gold thou Voic'd so regardfully? Tim. Art thou Timandra ?

Not all thy counsel. Timan.

Tim. Dost thou, or dost thou not, heaven's curse Tim. Be a whore still ! they love thee not, that use thee;

Phr. 8. Timan. Give us some gold, good Timon: Give them diseases, leaving with thee their lust.

Hast thou more? Make use of thy salt hours : season the slaves

Tim. Enough to make a whore forswear her trade, For tubs, and baihs ; bring down rose-checked youth and to make whores, a bawd.' Hoid up, you sluts, To the tub-fast, and the diet.?

Your aprons mountant: You are not oathable.Timan.

Hang thee, monster! Although, I know, you'll swear, terribly swear, Alcib. Pardon him, sweet Timandra ; for his wits Into strong shudders, and to heavenly agues, Are drown'd and lost in his calamities.

The immortal gods that hear you,-spare your oaths I have but little gold of late, brave Timon,

I'll trust to your conditions : Be whores still; The want whereof doth daily make revolt

And he whose pious breath seeks to convert yolla In my penurious band : I have heard, and griev'd, Be strong in whore, allure him, burn him up; How cursed Athens, mindless of thy worth, Let your close fire predominate his smoke, Forgetting thy great deeds, when neighbour states, And be no turncoats: Yet may your pains, six But for thy sword and fortune, trod upon them,

months,

Be quite contrary: '° And thatch your poor thin roofs 1 This alludes to the old erroneous prevalent opinion, that infection communicated to another left the infecter briasis, in a passage he has cited from Weaver's Plan. free. I will not,' says Timon, take the rot from thy'agence's Trinical Sury, but it seems to me doubtful. lips by kissing thee.' See the fourth satire of Donne. I can hardly think the passage warranis Johnson's ex.

2 see Act ii. Sc. 2. The diet was a customary term planatio; The virgin shows her bosom through the for the regimen prescribed in these cases. So in The lattice of her camber' Mastive, a Collection of Epigramo :

6 An allusion to the tale or Edipus. She took tot diel nor the sweat in season."

7 i. e, against hjects of charity and compassion. Su 3 Warburton justly observes, that this passage is in Troilus and Cre sula, Ulysses says :* wonderfully sublime and picturesque.' The same For Hector, in his blaze of wrath, subscribes image occurs in King Richard Jl.

To tender oljsr18.?
Devouring pestilence hangs in our air.'

& That is, enough to make whores leave whoring, 4 Cutting.

and a bawd leave makin! whores.' 5 By window-bars the poet probably means the part.

9 Conditions for dispositions, Jet, gorget, or kerchief, which women put about iheir 10 The meaning of this passage appears to be as Stee. neck, and pin down over their paps,' sometimes called rens explain. il-Timon had been exhorting them to a niced, and translated Mamillare or lascia pectoralis : follow contantly their traile of debauchery, but he inand described as made of fine linen : from its semitrans. terrupts hiniselt and imprecates upor: them that for half parency arose the simile of rindou bars. This is the the year their pains may be quite contrary, that they best explanation I have to offer. The late Mr. Boswell may suffer such punishment as is usually intlicted upon thoughi that windows were used to signify a woman's | harlots. He then continues his exhortations."

giv'st me,

Yes.

"pon thee!

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