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Shakspeare's predecessors; but the tameness of the ge. I produced previous to 1592, but were no! printed until neral style is very different from the peculiar characte. Jibey appeared in the folio of 1623. ristics of that poet's mighty line, which are great energy To Johnson's high panegyric of that impressive scene both of thought and language, degenerating too fre in this play, the death of Cardinal Beaufort, we may quently into tumour and extravagance. The versifica- add thai schlegel says, 'It is sublime beyond all praise. tion appears w me to be of a different colour.—That Can any other poet be named who has drawn aside the Marlowe, Peele, and Greene, may all of them have had curtain of eternity at the close of this life in such an a share in these dramas, is consonant to the frequent overpowering and awful manner? And yet it is not practice of the age; of which ample proofs may be mere horror with which we are filled, but solemn emofound in the extracts from Henslowe's MS. printed by tion; we have an exemplification of a blessing and a Mr. Malone.'

curse in close proximity ; the pious king is an image of From the passage alluding to these plays, in Greene's the heavenly mercy, which, even in his last moinents, Groatsworth of Wit, it seems probable that they were labours to enter into the soul of the sinner.'

PERSONS REPRESENTED

KING HENRY THE SIXTH.

A Herald. Vaux. HUMPHREY, Duke of Gloster, his Uncle.

HUME and SOUTHWELL, two Priests. CARDINAL BEAUFORT, Bishop of Winchester, BOLINGBROKe, a Conjuror. A Spirit raised by him. great Uncle to the King.

THOMAS HORNER, an Armourer. Peter, his Man, RICHARD PLANTAGENET, Duke of York: Clerk of Chatham. Mayor of St. Albans. EDWARD and RICHARD, his Sons.

Simpcox, an Impostor. Two Murderers. Duke of SOMERSET,

Jack Cade, a Rebel : Duke of SUFFOLK,

GEORGE, John, Dick, Smith the Weaver, MiDuke of BUCKINGHAM,

of the King's Party.

CHAEL, &c. his Followers. Lord CLIFFORD,

ALEXANDER IDEN, a Kentish Gentleman.
Young Clifford, his Son,

MARGARET, Queen to King Henry.
EARL of SALISBURY,
EARL of WARWICK,

of the York Faction. ELEANOR, Duchess of Gloster.

MARGERÝ JOURDAIN, a Witch. Wife to Simpcox. LORD Scales, Governor of the Tower. LORD SAY. SIR HUMPHREY STAFFORD, and his Brother.

Lords, Ladies, and Attendants ; Petitioners, AlSir John STANLEY.

dermen, a Beadle, Sheriff, and Officers; CitiA Sea Captain, Master, and Master's Mate, and

zens, Prentices, Falconers, Guards, Soldiers.

Messengers, foc.
WALTER WHITMORE.
Two Gentlemen, Prisoners with Suffolk.

SCENE, dispersedly in various parts of England.

6

ACT I.

Lend me a heart replete with thankfulness !

For thou hast given me, in this beauteous face, SCENE I. London. A Room of State in the Pa- . A world of earthly blessings to my soul,

lace. Flourish of Trumpets; then llautboys. * If sympathy of love unite our thoughts. Enler, on one side, King HENRY, DUKE of • Q. Mar. Great king of England, and my graGlosTER, SALISBURY, WARWICK, and Cardi

cious lord ;
NAL BEAUFORT; on the other, QUEEN MARGA-" The mutual conference that my mind hath had'-
RET, led in by ŚUFFOLK; YORK, SOMERSET, By day, by night; waking, and in my dreams;
BUCKINGHAM, and others, following.

In courily company, or at my beads, -
Suffolk.

· With you mine alder-liefest sovereign,

· Makes me the bolder to salute my king As by your high imperial majesty

· With ruder terms; such as my wit affords, I had in charge at my depart for France,

And over-joy of heart doth minister. As procurator to your excellence,

K. Hen. Her sight did ravish: but her grace in To marry Princess Margaret for your grace;

speech, So, in the famous ancient city, Tours,

* Her words y-clad with wisdom's majesty, In presence of the kings of France and Sicil, The dukes of Orleans, Calaber, Bretaigne, and Such is the fulness of my heart's content.

Makes me, from wondering fall to weeping joys;' Alençon,

" Lords with one cheerful voice welcome my love. Seven earls, iwelve barons, twenty reverend bi- AU. Long live Queen Margaret, England's hapshops,

piness! I have perform'd my task, and was espous'd;

Q. Mar. We thank

you
all.

[Flourish. And humbly now upon my bended knee,

Šuff. My lord protector, so it please your grace, In sight of England and her lordly peers,

Here are the articles of contracted

peace, Deliver up my title in the queen

Between our sovereign and the French king Charles, To your most gracious hands, that are the substance? For eighteen months concluded by consent. Of that great shadow I did represent;

Glo. [Reads.) Imprimis, It is agreed between the The happ est gift that ever marquess gaye, French king, Charles, and William de la Poole, marThe fairest queen that ever king receiv'd. K. Hen. Suffolk, arise.-Welcome, Queen Mar- land, --that the suid Henry shall espouse the lady

quess of Suffolk, ambassador for Henry king of Eng. garet;

Margaret, dmughter unto Reignier king of Naples, I can express no kinder sign of love,

Sicilia, and Jerusalem; and crown her queen of Than this kind kiss.-0 Lord, that lends mc life,

England, ere the thirtieth of May next ensuing.

Item-- That the duchy of Anjou and the county of 1. “The marquesse of Suffolk, as procurator to King Maine, shall be released and delivered to the king her Henry, espoused the said ladie in the church of St. Mar- father--ting. At the which marriage were present, the father and mother of the bride ; the French king himself, that 3 I am the boller to address you, having already ta. was uncle to the husband; and the French queen also, miliarizell you to my imagination. that was aunt to the wife. There were also the Dukes 4 i. e. most belured of all: from alder, of all; for. of Orleance, of Calabre, of Alanson, and of Britaine: merly used in composition with adjectives of the superseven earles, twelve barons, twenty bishops.'-Hall lative degree: and liefesi, dearest, or most lored. and Holinshed.

5 This ineeping joy, of which there is no trace in the 2 i. e. to the gracious hands of you, my sovereign, original play, Shakspeare frequently uses. It is intro. who are, &c. In the old play the line stands :- duced in Much Ado about Nothing, King Richard IL

"Unto your gracious excellence, that are.' Macbeth, and King Lear.

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K. Hen. Uncle, how now?

* York. For Suffolk's duke—may he be suffocate, Glo.

Pardon me, gracious lord; \ * That dima the honour of this warlike isle ! Some sudden qualm hath struck me at the heart, * France should have torn and rent my very heart, And dimm'd mine eyes, that I can read no further. * Before I would have yielded to this league.

K. Hen. Uncle of Winchester, I pray, read on. • I never read but England's kings have had

Win. Item, It is further agreed between them,- Large sums of gold, and dowries, with their wives : that the duches of Anjou and Maine shall be released • And our King Henry gives away his own, and delivered over to the king her father ; and she sent | To match with her that brings no vantages. over of the king of England's own proper cost and * Glo. A proper jest, and never heard before charges, without having dowry.

* That Suffolk should demand a whole fifteenth, K. Hen. They please us well.-Lord marquess, * For costs and charges in transporting her ! kneel down;

* She should have staid in France, and starv'd in We here create thee the first duke of Suffolk,

France, And girt thee with the sword.

* BeforeCousin of York, we here discharge your grace

* Car. My lord of Gloster, now you grow too hot ; From being regent in the parts of France, * It was the pleasure of my lord the king. Till term of eighteen months be full expir d.- * Glo. My lord of Winchester, I know your mind. Thanks, uncle Winchester, Gloster, 'York, and 'Tis not my speeches that you do mislike, Buckingham,

. But 'tis my presence that doth trouble you. Somerset, Salisbury, and Warwick;

• Rancour will out : Proud prelate, in thy face We thank you all for this great favour done, I see thy fury: if I longer stay, In entertainment to my princely queen.

"We shall begin our ancient bickerings. Come, let us in; and with all speed provide Lordings, farewell; and say,

when I am gone, To see her coronation be perform’d.

I prophesied-France will be lost ere long. (Exit. (Exeunt King, Queen, and SUFFOLK. Car. So, there goes our protector in a rage. Glo. Brave peers of England, pillars of the state, 'Tis known to you he is mine enemy: To you Duke Humphrey must unload his grief, * Nay, more, an enemy unto you all; • Your grief, the common grief of all the land. * And no great friend, I fear me, to the king; • What did my brother Henry, spend his youth, * Consider, lords, he is the next of blood, * His valour, coin, and people, in the wars? * And heir apparent to the English crown; • Did he so often lodge in open field,

* Had Henry got an empire by his marriage, • In winter's cold, and summer's parching heat, * And all the wealthy kingdoms of the west, To conquer France, his true inheritance ? * There's reason he should be displeas'd at it. * And did my brother Bedford toil his wits, * Look to it, lords ; let not his smoothing word • To keep by policy what Henry got ?

* Bewitch your hearts; be wise, and circumspect. Have you yourselves, Somerset, Buckingham, • What though the common people favour him, • Brave York, Salisbury, and victorious Warwick, Calling him-Humphrey the good duke of Gloster ; • Receiv'd deep scars in France and Normandy ? Clapping their hands, and erying with loud voice • Or hath my uncle Beaufort, and myself,

Jesu maintain your royal excellence ! • With all the learned council of the realm, • With-God preserve the good duke Humphrey ! * Studied so long, sat in the council-house, . I fear me, lords, for all this flattering gloss, • Early and late, debating to and fro

• He will be found a dangerous protector. • How France and Frenchmen might be kept in awe ? * Buck. Why should he then protect our sove• And hath his highness in his infancy,

reign, • Been crown'd in Paris, in despite of foes ? * He being of age to govern of himself, • And shall these labours, and these honours, die ? · Cousin of Somerset, join you with me, . Shall Henry's conquest, Bedford's vigilance, ' And all together-with the duke of Suffolk,Your deeds of war, and all our counsel, die? • We'll quickly hoise Duke Humphrey from his seal. o

peers of England, shameful is this league ! * Car. This weighty business will not brook delay; • Faial this marringe, cancelling your fame : * I'll to the duke of Suffolk presently..

[Esit. • Blotting your names from books of memory : • Som. Cousin of Buckingham, though HumRazing the characters of your renown:

phrey's pride, • Defaeing monuments of conquer'd France ; • And greatness of his place be grief to us, Undoing all, as all had never been!

" Yet let us watch the haughty cardinal; * Car. Nephew, what means this passionate dis- • His insolence is more intolerable course ?

· Than all the princes in the land beside; * This peroration with such circumstance ? "If Gloster be displac'd, he'll be protector. * For France, 'tis ours; and we will keep it still. Buck, Or thou, or I, Somerset, will be protector,

* Glo. Ay, uncle, we will keep it, if we can; * Despight Duke Humphrey, or the cardinal. * But now it is impossible we should :

(Exeunt BUCKINGHAM and SOMERSET. Suffolk, the new-made duke that rules the roast, Sal. Pride went before, ambition follows him. • Hath given the duchies of Anjou and Maine • While these do labour for their own preferment, * Unto the poor king Reignier, whose large style • Behooves it us to labour for the realm.

Agrees not with the leanness of his purse." ' I never saw but Humphrey duke of Gloster

* Sul. Now, by the death of him that died for all, Did bear him like a noble gentleman. * These counties were the keys of Normandy: • Oft have I seen the haughty cardinalBut wherefore weeps Warwick, my valiant son ? More like a soldier, than a man o' the church,

War. For grief, that they are past recovery: ' As stout, and proud, as he were lord of all, • For, were there hope to conquer them again, ' Swear like a ruffian, and demean himself • My'sword should 'shed hot blood, mine eyes no • Unlike the ruler of a common-weal.tears.

Warwick, my son, the comfort of my ago! • Anjou and Maine! myself did win them both; Thy deeds, thy plainness, and thy house-keeping, • Those provinces these arms of mine did conquer : • Hath won the greatest favour of the commons, • And are the cities, that I got with wounds, · Excepting none but good duke Humphrey. • Deliver'd up again with peaceful words 73 ' And, brother York,' thy acts in Ireland, " Mort Dieu !

intended in wounds and words. In the old play 'he jin i This speech crowded with so many circumstances gle is different. And must that then which we won of aggravation.

with our swords, be given away with words? 2 King Reignier, her father, for all his long style, had 4 Richard Plantagenet, duke of York, marrier Cicely, wo short a purse to sen daughter honourably to the the daughter of Ralf Neville, earl of Westmoreland, by king her spouse.-Holinshed.

Joan, daughter to John of Gaun, duke of Lancaster, by 3 The indignation of Warwick is natnral, but might his third wise, dame Catharine Swinford. Richard Ne. bave been botter expressed : there is a kind of jingle / ville,earl of Salisbury, was son to the eartof Westmore

*

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• In bringing them to civil discipline;'

SCENE II. The same. A Room in the Duke of • Thy late exploits, done in the heart of France, Gloster's House. Enter GLOSTER and the • When thou wert regent for our sovereign,

Duchess. • Have made thee foar'd, and honour'd, of the Duch. Why droops my lord, like over-ripen'd corn, people :

Hanging the head át Céres' plenieous load? • Join we together, for the public good;

* Why doth the great Duke Humphrey knit his • In what we can to bridle and suppress

brows, The pride of Suffolk, and the cardinal,

* As frowning at the favours of the world ? « With Somerset's and Buckingham's ambition; Why are thine eyes fix'd to the sullen earth, • And, as we may, cherish Duke Humphrey's deeds, * Gazing on that which seems to dim thy sight! • While they do tend the profit of the land. • What seest thou there? King Henry's diadem,

* War. Sú God help Warwick, as he loves the land, * Enchas'd with all the honours of the world ? * And common protit of his country! * York. And so says York, for he hath greatest | * Unulthy head' be circled with the same.

* If so, gaze on, and grovel on thy face,

• Put forth thy hand, reach at the glorious gold :Sal. Then let's make haste away, and look unto • What, is't too short? I'll lengthen it with mine: the main.

* And having both together heav'd it up, War. Unto the main! O father, Maine is lost;

* We'll both together lift our heads to heaven; That Maine, which by main force Warwick did win, * And never more abase our sight so low, * And would have kept, so long as breath did last: * As to vouchsafe one glance unto the ground. Main chance, father, you meant; but I meant

· Glo. O Nell, sweet Nell, if thou dost love thy Maine ;

lord, Which I will win from France, or else be slain. • Banish the canker of ambitious thoughts :

(Eseunt Warwick and SALISBURY. * And may that thought, when I imagine il! York. Anjou and Maine are given to the French; * Against my king and nephew, virious Henry * Paris is lost; the state of Normandy

* Be my last breathing in this mortal world! * Stands on a tickle” point, now they are gone : • My troublous dream ihis night doth make me sad. * Suffolk concluded on the articles;

Duch. What dream'd my lord ? tell me, and I'll * The peers agreed; and Henry, was well pleas'd,

requite it * To change two dukedoms for a duke's fair daughter. With sweet rehearsal of my morning's dream. * I cannot blame them all; What is't to them?

Glo Methought, this staff, mine office-badge in * 'Tis thine they give away, and not their own.

court, * Pirates inay make cheap pennyworths of their Was broke in twain, by whom, I have forgot, pillage,

. But, as I think, it was by the cardinal; * And purchase friends, and give to courtesans, And on the pieces of the broken wand * Still revelling, like lords, till all be gone : • Were plac'd the heads of Edmond duke of Som* While-as the silly owner of the goods

erset, * Weeps over them, and wrings his hapless hands, And William de la Poole, first duke of Suffolk. * And shakes his head, and trembling siands aloof, * While all is shar'd, and all is borne away;

• This was my dream; what doth it bole, God

knows. * Ready to starve, and dare not touch his own.

· Duch. Tut, this was nothing but an argument, * So York must sit, and fret, and bite his tongue, That he that breaks a stick of Gloster's grove, * While his own lands are bargain'd for, and sold. * Shall lose his head for his presumption. * Methinks, the realms of England, France, and

• But list to me, my Humphrey, my sweet duko : Ireland,

' Methought I sat in seat of majesty, * Bear that proportion to my flesh and blood, In the cathedral church of Westminster, • As did the fatal brand Althea burn'd,

* And in that chair where kings and queens are * Unto the prince's heart of Calydon.

crown'd; Anjou and Maine, both given unto the French! Cold news for me; for I had hope of France,

• Where Henry, and dame Margaret, kneeld to me,

• And on my head did set the diadem. Even as I have of fertile England's soil.

Glo. Nay, Eleanor, then must I chide outright: A day will come, when York shall claim his own; And iherefore I will take the Nevils' parts,

* Presumptuous dame, ill nurtur'd' Eleanor !

Art thou not second woman in the realm ; And make a show of love to proud Duke Humphrey, And the protector's wife, belov'd of him?" And, when I spy advantage, claim the crown,

* Hast thou nou worldly pleasure at command, For that's the golden mark Í seek to hit :

* Above the reach or compass of thy thought? Nor shall proud Lancaster usurp my right, And wilt thou still be hammering treachery, Nor hold his sceptre in his childish tist,

* To tumble down thy husband, and thyself, Nor wear the diadem upon his head, Whose church-like humours fit not for a crown.

* From top of honour to disgrace's feet?

Away from me, and let me hear no more. Then, York, be still awhile, till time do serve :

Duch. What, what, my lord ! are you so choWatch thou, and wake, when others be asleep,

leric To pry into the secrets of the state ; Till Henry, surfeiting in joys of love,

• With Eleanor, for telling but her dream 3

Next time I'll keep my dreams unto myself, With his new bride, and England's dear-bought

6 And not be check'd. queen,

Glo. Nay, be not angry, I am pleas'd again. And Humphrey with the peers be fallin at jars ; Then will I raise aloft the milk-white rose,

Enter a Messenger. With whose sweet smell the air shall be perfum'd; Mess. My lord protector, 'uis his highness' And in my standard bear the arms of York,

pleasure. To grapple with the house of Lancaster;

" You do prepare to ride into Saint Albans, And, force perforce, I'll make him yield the crown, • Whereas the king and queen do mean to hawk. Whose bookish rule hath pull'd fair England down.

Glo. I go.-Come, Nell, thou wilt ride with us ? Erit.

1445; but Richard, Duke of York, was not viceroy of land by w second wife. He married Alice, only daugh- Ireland till 1449. ler of 'Thomas Montacule, earl of Salisbury, who was ? Tickle is frequently used for ticklish by ancient killed at the siege of Orleans (see Part I. of this play, writers. Act. i. Sc. 3.), and in consequence of that alliance ob- 3 Meieager ; whose life was to continue only so long tained the title of Salisbury i 1429. His eldest son, as a certain firebrand should last. His mother Althea Richard, having married the sister and heir of Henry having thrown it into the fire, he expired in torment Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, was created earl of 4 M nurtur'd is ill educated. Warwick, 1449.

5 Whereas for where; a common substitution in old ( This is an anachronism. The present scene is in language, as where is often used for whereas.

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'Duch. Yes, good my lord, I'll follow presently. 1 protector will come this way by and by, and then

(Exeuni Gloster and Messenger. / we may deliver our supplications in the quill. • Follow I must, I cannot go before,

2 Pet. Marry, the Lord protect him, for he's a * While Gloster bears this base and humble mind. 'good man ! Jesu bless him! * Were I a man, a duke, and next of blood, * I would remove these tedious stumbling-blocks,

Enter SUFFOLK, and QUEEN MARGARET, * And smooth my way upon their headless necks : * 1 Pet. Here'a comes, methinks, and the queen * And, being a woman, I will not be slack

* with him: I'll be the first, sure. * To play my part in fortune's pageant.

2 Pet. Come back, fool; this is the duke of • Where are you there? Sir John!" nay,

Suffolk, and not my lord protector. man,

Suff. How fellow ? would'st any thing with "We are alone ; here's none but thee, and I.

me?

' 1 Pet. I pray, my lord, pardon me! I took ye Enter HUME.

'for my lord protector. Hume. Jesu preserve your royal majesty! "Q. Mar. (Reading the superscription.) To my Duch. What say’st ihou, majesty? I am but lord protector ! are your supplications to his lord

ship? Let me see ihem: What is thine ? Hume. But, by the grace of God, and Hume's 1 Pet. Mine is, an't please your grace, against advice,

• John Goodman, my lord cardinal's man, for keep. Your grace's title shall be multiplied.

ing my house, and lands, and wife and all, from ' Duch. What say'st thou, man? hast thou as yet conferr'd

Suff. Thy wife too? that is some wrong indeed. ' With Margery Jourdain, the cunning witch ;' -What's yours ?-What's here ? [Reads.] Against And Roger Bolingbroke, the conjurer ?

the duke of Suffolk, for enclosing the commons of • And will they undertake to do me good ?. Meford.—How now, sir knave ? Hume. This they have promised,--to show your

2 Pet. Alas, sir, I am but a poor petitioner of highness

our whole township. A spirit rais'd from depth of under ground,

Peter. [Presenting his petition.] Against my " That shall make answer to such questions, master, Thomas Horner, for saying, That the duke As by your grace shall be propounded him. of York was rightful heir to the crown.

· Duch. It is enough ; I'll think upon the questions : Q. Mar. Wbat say'st thou ? did the duke of ( When from Saint Albans we do make return, York say, he was rightful heir to the crown? • We'll see these things effected to the full.

* Peter. That my master was? No, forsooth: my • Here, Hume, take this reward; make merry, man, master said, That he was ; and that the king was • With thy confederates in this weighty cause. an usurper.

(Exit Duchess. Suff: 'Who is there? (Enter Servants.]—Take * Hume. Hume must make merry with the duch- this fellow in, and send for his master with a pure

suivant presently :-we'll hear more of your matter • Marry, and shall. But how now, Sir John Hume? before the king. (Exeunt Servants, with Peter. • Seal up your lips, and give no words but-mum! • Q. Mur. And as for you, that love to be pro· The business asketh silent secrecy.

tected * Dame Eleanor gives gold, to bring the witch:

Under the wings of our protector's grace, * Gold cannot come amiss, were she a devil.

Begin your suits anew, and sue to him. Yet have I gold, flies from another coast :

[Tears the Petition. ' I dare not say, from the rich cardinal,

• Away, base cullions !R_Suffolk, let them go. . And from the great and new-made duke of Suffolk ;

* 10. Come, let's be gone. [Exeunt Petitioners. Yet I do find it so: for, to be plain,

* Q. Mar. My lord of Suffolk, say, is this the They, knowing dame Eleanor's aspiring humour,

guise, 'Have hired me to undermine the duchess,

* Is this the fashion in the court of England ? And buz these conjurations in her brain.

* Is this the government of Britain's isle, * They say, A crafty knave does need no broker ;3 * And this the royalty of Albion's king? * Yet am I Suffolk and the cardinal's broker. * What, shall King Henry be a pupil still, * Hume, if you take not heed, you shall go near

* Under the surly Gloster's governance ? * To call them both-a pair of crafty knaves. * Am I a queen in uitle and in style, * Well, so it stands : And thus, I fear, at last, * And musi be made a subject to a duke? * Hume's knavery will be the duchess' wreck; I tell thee, Poole, when in the city Tours * And her attainture will be lIumphrey's fall :

• Thou rann'st a lilt in honour of my love, * Sort how it will, * I shall have gold for all. (Exit. "And stol'st away the ladies' hearts of France ;

• I thought King Henry had resembled thee, SCENE NI. The same. A Room in the Palace. In courage, courtship, and proportion :

Enter Peter, and others, with Petitions. But all his mind is bent to holiness, ' 1 Pet. My masters, let's stand close ; my lord

* To number Ave-Maries on his beads :
* His champions are--the prophets and apostles,

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1 A title frequently bestowed on the clergy. See the rations. Mr. Tollet thinks it means with great cract. first note on the Merry Wives of Windsor.

ness and obserrance of form, in allusion to the quilled 2 It appears from Rymer's Fadera, vol. x. p. 505, or plaited ruffs. Hawkins suggests that it may be the that in the tenth year of Henry VI. Margery Jourdr. same with the French en quille, said of a man when he main, John Virley Clerk, and Friar John Ashwell, tands upright upon his feet, without moving from the were, on the ninth of May, brought from Winsor by place, in allusion to puille, a ninepin. It appears to be no. the constable of the castle, to which they had been comining more than an intention to mark the vulgar primun. milted for sorcery, before the council at Westminster, ciation of in the coil,' i. e. in the bustle. This word is and afterwards comınitted to the custody of the Lord speli in the old dictionaries quoil, and was no doubt Chancellor, li was ordered that whenever the said Viroften pronounced by ignorant persons quilt, or quill. ley and Ashwell should find securiey for their good be. 6 This wrong seems to have been sometimes prac. haviour they shoull be set at liberty, and in like man. tised in Shakspeare's time. Among the Lansdowne ner that Jouriernayn should be discharged on her hus. MSS. we meet with the following singular petition : -band's finding security. This woman was afterwards - Julius Bogarucius to the Lord Treasurer in Latin, burned in Smithfield, as stated in the play, and also in complaining that the Master of the Rolls keeps his the Chronicles.

wife from him in his own house, and wishes he may not 3 This expression was proverbial.

teuch her to be a papist.' 4 Let the issue be what it will,

7 The quarto readln 'an usurer.' 8 There have been some strange confectures in expla.

· Queen.

usurper thou would'st say, nation of this phrase, in the quill. Steevens says that

Ay-an usurper.' # may mean no more than woritlen or penned suppli. 8 i. e. scoundrels ; from coglioni, lial,

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His weapons, holy saws of sacred writ; 'To give his censure :' these are no woinen's * His study is his últ-yard, and his loves * Are brazen images of canonized saints.

Q. Mar. If he be old enough, what needs your * I would, the college of cardinals

grace *Would choose himn pope, and carry him to Rome, • To be protector of his excellence ? * And set the triple crown upon his head ;

. Glo. Madam, I am prorector of the realm ; * That were a state fit for his holiness.

And, at his pleasure, will resign my place. Suff. Madam, be patient; as I was cause Suff. Resiyn it then, and leave thine insolence. • Your highness came to England, so will I Since thou wert king (as who is king, but thou ?) • In England work your grace's full content. • The commonwealth hath daily run to wreck: *Q. Mar. Beside the haught protector, have we * The Dauphin hath prevail'd beyond the seas Beaufort,

* And all the peers and nobles of the realm * The imperious churchman; Somerset, Bucking. * Have been as bondmen to thy sovereignty. ham,

* Car. The commons hast thou rack'd; the * And grumbling York : and not the loast of these, clergy's bags * But can do more in England than the king. * Are lank and lean with thy extortions.

* Suff. And he of these, that can do most of all, * Som. Thy sumptuous buildings, and thy wife's *Cannot do more in England than the Nevils :

attire, * Salisbury and Warwick are no simple peers. * Have cost a mass of public treasury. Q. Mar. Not all these lords do vex me half so * Buck. Thy cruelty in execution, much,

Upon offenders, hath exceeded law, As that proud dame, the lord protector's wife. * And left thee to the mercy of the law. • She sweeps it through the court with troops of * Q. Mar. Thy sale of offices, and towns in ladies,

France, • More like an empress than Duke Humphrey's * If they were known, as the suspect is great,-. wife;

* Would make thee quickly hop without ihy head. Strangers in court do take her for the queen:

(Erit GLOSTER. The meen drops her Fan. * She bears a duke's revenues on her back, "Give me my fan: Whal, minion! can you not ? * And in her heart she scorns her poverty:

{Gives the Duchess a box on the ear. * Shall I not live to be aveng'd on her ?

I cry you mercy, madam; Was it you? * Contemptuous base-born callat as she is, Duch. Was'i'? yea, t it was, proud French- She vaunted 'mongst her minions t'other day, The very train of her worst wearing-gown · Could I come near your beauty with my nails, Was better worth than all my kather's lands, I'd set my ten commandments in your face. *Till Suffolk gave two dukedoms' for his daughter. K. Hen. Sweet aunt, be quiet ; 'twas against her Suf. Madam, myself have him'd a bush for

will.

* Duch. Against her will ! Good king, look to't * And plac’d'a quire of such enticing birds,

in time; + That she will light to listen to the lays,

• She'll bamper thee, and dandle thee like a baby: * And never mount to trouble you again.

* Though in this place most master * So, let her rest; And, madam, list to me:

breeches, * For I am bold to counset you in this..

She shall not strike dame Eleanor unreveng'd. * Although we fancy not the cardinal,

(Erit Duchess. * Yet must we join with him, and with the lords, * Buck. Lord cardinal, I will follow Eleanor, * Till we have brought Duke Humphrey in disgrace. And listen after Humphrey, how he proceeds: * As for the duke of York, this late complaint- * She's tickled now; her fume needs no spurs, * Will make bat little for his benefit:

* She'll gallop fast enough to her destruction. * So, one by one, we'll weed them all at last,

(Exit BucXINGHAM. * And you yourself shall steer the happy helm.

Re-enter GLOSTER. Enter King HENRY, Yory, and SOMERSET, con- * Glo. Now, lords, my choler being over-blown,

versing with him; Duke and Duchess of Glos- | * With walking once about the quadrangle, TER, CARDINAL BEAUFORT, BOCKNGHAM,* I come to talk of commonwealth affairs. SALISBURY, and WARWICK.

* As for

your spiteful false objections, K. Hen. For my part, noble fords, I care not * Prove them, and I lie open io the law; which;

* But God in mercy so deal with my soul, Or Somerset, or York, all's one to me.

* As I in duty love my king and country! York. If York have ill demean'd him self in * But, to the matter that we have in hand: France,

*I

say, my sovereign, York is meelest man, Then let him be denay'd' the regentship.

* To be your regent in the realm of France. Som. If Somerset be unworthy of the place, * Suff. Before we make election, give me leave Lut York be regent, I will yield io him.,

• To show some reason, of no lilife force, War. Whether your grace be worthy, yea, or no,

• That York is most unmeet of any man. Dispute not that: York is the worthier.

• York. MI tell thee, Suffolk, why I am unmeel. Car. Ambitious Warwick, let thy betters speak. : First, for I cannot flatter thee in pride : War. The cardinal's not my better in the field. * Next, if I be appointed for the place, Buck, All in this presence are thy betters, War- * My lord of Somerset will keep me here, wick.

* Without discharge, money, or furniture, War. Warwick may live to be the best of all. * Till France be won into the Dauphin's hands. * Sal. Peace, son ;-and show some reason, * Last time, I danc'd attendance on his will, Buckingham,

* Till Paris was besieg'd, famish'd, and lost. *Why Somerset should be preferr'd in this. * War. That I can witness; and a fouler fact Q. Mar. Because the king, forsooth, will have * Did never traitor in the land commit.

Suff. Peace, headstrong Warwick! . Glo. Madan, the king is old enough himself War. Image of pride, why should I hold my

her;?

wear

no

it so.

peace ?

1 The duchies of Anjou and Maine, which Henry 4 Denay is frequently used instead ef deny among aurrendered to Reignier on his marriage with Margarei. | the old writers. 2 In the original play :

5 Censure here means simply judgment or opinion ; I have set limetrigs that will entangle them.' the sense in which it was used by all the writers of the 3 1. e, the complaint of Peter the arpourer's man uine. against his master, for saying that York was the right- 6 This appears to have been a popular phrase for full king.

the hands or ten fingers. E

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