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FIRST PART OF

KING HENRY THE SIXTH.

THE

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PRELIMINARY REMARK S. historical transactions in this play take in the No sooner was I crept out of my cradle, compass of above thirty years. In the three parts But I was made a king at nine months old, of King Henry VI. there is no very precise attention to

King Henry VI. Part II. Act iv. Sc. ) the date and disposition of facts; they are shuffled back. . When I was crow'd I was but nine months old. wards and forwards out of time. For instance, the

King Henry VI. Parı III. Act i. Sc 1 Lord Talbot is killed at the end of the fourth act of this The first of these passages is among the additions play, who in reality did not fall till the 13th of July. made by Shak-peare to the old play, according to Mr. 1453: and the Second Part of King Henry VI, opens Malone's hypothesis. The other passage does occur in with the marriage of the king, which was solemnized the True Tragedie or Richard Duke of York; and eight years before Talbot's death, in the year 1445. therefore it is natural to conclude that neither Shak. Again, in the second part, dame Eleanor Cobham is inspeare por the author of that piece could have written troduced to insult Queen Margaret : though her penance the First Part of King Henry V!. and banishment for sorcery happened three years be- 2. In Actii, Sc. 5. of this play, it is said that the earl fore that princess came over to England. There are of Cambridge raised an army against his sovereign. other transgressions against history, as far as the order Bu Shuk-peare, in his play of King Henry V. has reof time is concerned.

presented the matter truly as it was : the earl being in Mr. Malone has written a dissertation to prove that lihat piece, Aci il., condemned at Southampton for con. the First Part of King Henry VI. was not written by spiring to assassinale Henry. Shakspeare : and that the Second and Third Parts were 3. The author of this play knew the true pronunci. only altered by him from the old play, entitled • The ation of the word Hecate, as it is used by the Roman Contention of the Two famous Houses of Yorke and Lancaster,' printed in two parts, in quarto, in 1594 and I speak not to that railing Hecate.' 1595. The substance of his argument, as far as regards But Shakspeare, in Macbeth, always uses Hecate ani this play, is as follows :

dissyllable. 1. The diction, versification, and allusions in it, are The second speech in this play ascertains the author all different from the diction, versification, and allusions to have been very familiar with Hall's Chronicle :of Shakspeare, and corresponding with those of Greene,

"What should I say his deeds exceed all speech." Peele, Lodge, Marlowe, and others who preceded him This phrase is introduced upon almost every occasion there are more allusions to mythology, to classical an. by Hall when he means to be eloquent. Holinshed, not thors, and to ancient and modern history, than are Hall, was Shakspeare's historian. Here then is an found in any one piece of Shakspeare's written on an additional minute proof that this play was not Shak. English story: they are such as do not naturally rise speare's. out of the subject, but seem to be in:erted merely to This is the sum of Malone's argument, which Stee. show the writer's learning. These allusions, and many vens has but feebly combated in notes appended to it; particular expressions, seem more likely in have been and I am disposed io think more out of a spirit of oppo. used by the authors already named than by Shak. sition than from any other cause. Malone conjectured speare.-He points out many of the allusions, and in that this piece which we now call the First Part of salices the words proditor and immanity, which are King Henry VI. was, when first performed, called The not to be found in any of the poet's undisputed works. Play of king Henry VI.; and he afterwards found his -The versification he thinks clearly of a different co. conjecture confirmed by an entry in the accounts o! lour from that of Shakspeare's genuine dramas; while Henslewe, the proprietor of the Rose Theatre on the at the same time it resembles that of many of the plays Bank Side. I must have been very popular, having produced before his time. The sense concludes or been played no less than thirteen times in one season: pauses almost uniformly at the end of every line; and the first enty of its performance by the Lord Strange's the verse has scarcely ever a redundant syilable. He company, ai the Rose, is dated March 3, 1591. li is produces numerous instances from the works of Lodge, worthy of remark that Shak-peare does not appear at Peele, Greene, and others, of similar versification. any time to have had the emallest connexion with that

A passage in a pamphle written by Thomas Nashe, theatre, or the companies playing there; which afforde an intimate frierid of Greene, Pecle, Marlowe, &c. additional argument in favour of Malone's position, shows that the First Part of King Henry VI. had been that the play could not be his. By whom it was writ. on the stage before 1592 ; and his favourable mention of ten (says Malone,) it is now, I fear, ditlicult to ascer. the piece may induce a belief that it was written by a tain. It was not entered on the Stationers' books, nor friend of his. How would it have joyed brave Talhot, printed till the year 1623 ; when it was reiterated with the terror of the French, to thinke mnat, alter he bad Shakspeare's undisputed plays by the editors of the lyen iwo hundred yeare in his tombe, he should triumph tiri folio, and improperly enuiled ihe Third* Part of again on the stage; and have his bones new embainieu | King Henry VI. 'In one'sense it might be called 80; with the teares of ten thousand spectators at lea-t (at for iwo plays on the subject of thai reign had been several times,) who in the tragedian that represents his printed before. But considering the history of that king, person behold him fresh bleeding. ?-Pierce Penniless, and the period of time which the piece comprehendo it hie Supplication to the Drril, 1592.

ought to have been called, what in fact it is, The First That this passage related to the old play of King Part of King Henry VI. At this distance of time it is Henry VI. or, as it is now called, the Firsi Part of impossible to ascertain on what principle it was that King Henry VI. can hardly be doubted. Talliot appears Heminge and Condell admitted it into their volume ; but in the First Pari, and noi in the Second or Third Pari, I suspect that they gave it a place as a necessary intro. and is expressly spoken of in the play, as well as induction to the iwo other parts; and because Shakspeare Hall's Chronicle, as the terror of the French: Holin. had made some slight alterations, and written i lew ehed, who was shakspeare's guide, omits the passage lines in it.t in Hall, in which Talbot is thus described ; and this is Mr. Malone's arguments have made many converts an additional proof that this play was not the production to his opinion ; and perhaps Mr. Morgann, in his ele. of our great poet.

gant Essay on the Dramatic Character of Falstaff, i led
There are other internal proofs of this :-

the way, when he pronounced it “That-drum-and-
1. The author does not seem to have known precisely trumpei ching,-written doubtless, or rather exbiui.
now old Henry VI. was at the time of his father long before shak-peare was born, though afterwards
death. He supposed him to have passed the state of repaired and furbished up by him with here and there
infancy before he lost his father, and even to have re- a little sentiment and diction.
membered some of his sayings. In the Fourth Act, Sc.
4, speaking of the famous Talbot, he says :-
When I was young (as yeu I am doi old,)

. This applies only to the title in the Register of the
I do remember how my father said,

Stationers Company: in the first folio it was called the
A slouter champion never handled sword.' First Part of King Henry VI.
Dut Shakspeare knew that Henry VI.could not possi. Malone's Life or Shakspeare, p. 310, erl 1821,
bly remember any thing of his father :

First published in 1777

TIRST PART OF

KING HENRY THE SIXTH.

PERSONS REPRESENTED

King HENRY THE SIXTH.

Mayor of London. WooDVILLE, Lieutenant of Duke of GLOSTER, Uncle to the King, and Pro

the Tower. lector.

VERNON, of the White Rose, or York Faction. DUKE of BEDFORD, Uncle to the King, and Regent Basset, of the Red Rose, or Lancaster Faction.

of France. THOMAS Beaufort, Duke of Exeter, grend Uncle Reignier, Duke of Anjou, and titular King of

CHARLES, Dauphin, and afterwards King of France. to the King. HENRY BEAUFORT, great Uncle to the King, Bi- DUKE OF BURGUNDY. Duke of Alencor.

Naples.
shop of Winchester, and afterwards Car- Governor of Paris. Bastard of Orleans.

dinal.
John BEAUFORT, Earl of Somerset ; afterwards General of the French Forces in Bordeaux.

Master-Gunner of Orleans, and his Son.
Duke.
RICHARD PLANTAGENET, eldest Son of Richard, An old Shepherd, Father lo Joan la Pucello.

A French Sergeant. A Porter.
late Earl of Cambridge ; afterwards Duke
of York.

MARGARET, Daughter to Reignier: afterwarde EARL of Warwick. EARL of SALISBURY, EARL

married to King Henry. of SUFFOLK.

COUNTESS of AUVERGNE, LORD TALBOT, afterwards Earl of Shrewsbury. JOAN LA PUCELLE, commonly called Joan of Arc. Jonn Talbot, his Son.

Fiends appearing to La Pucelle, Lords, Warders EDMOND MORTIMER, Earl of March.

of the Tower, Heralds, Officers, Soldiers, Mes. Mortimer's Keeper, and a Lawyer.

sengers, and several Aitendants both on the Eng. Sir John FastOLFE. SIR WILLIAM Lucy.

lish and French. SIR WILLIAM GLANSDALE. SIR THOMAS GAR

SCENE-partly in England, and partly in France.

ORAVE.

ACT I.

! Like captives bound to a triumphant car. SCENZ I. Wostminster Abbey. Dead March. That ploited thus our glory's overthrow ?

What? 'shall we curse the planets of mishap, Corpse of King Henry the Fitih discovered, lying Or shall we think the subile-witted French in state; attended on by the Dukes of BEDFORD, Conjurers and sorcerers, that, afraid of him, GLOSTER, and EXETER; the Earl of WAR- By magick verses have contriv'd his end? wick,' the Bishop of WINCHESTER, Heralds, Win. He was a king bless'd of the King of kings. foc.

Unto the French the dreadful judgment day
Bedford.

So dreadful will not be, as was his sight. llung be the heavens with black, yield day to The battles of the Lord of Ilosts he fought :

The church's night!

prayers made him so prosperous. Comets, importing change of times and states,

Gio. The church! where is it? Had not church Brandish your crystal trosses in the sky,

men pray'd, And with ihem scourge the bad revolting stars,

His thread of life had not so soon decay'l:* That have consented unto Henry's deain! Nono do you like but an effeminate prince, Henry the Fifth, too famous to live long!

Whom, like a schoolboy, you may overawe. England ne'er lost a king of so much worth.

Win. Gloster, whale'er we like, thou art pro Glo. England no'er had a king, until his time.

tector; Virtue he had, deserving to command:

And lookest to command the prince, and realm. Ilis brandish'd sword did blind men with his beams; More than God, or religious churchmen, may;

Thy wife is proud; she holdeth thee in awe,
His aris spread wider than a dragon's wings;
His sparkling eyes, replete with wrathful fire,

Glo. Name not religion, for thou lov'st the flesh; More dazzled and drove back his enemies,

And ne'er throughout the year to church thou go'st, Than midday sun fierce bent against their faces.

Except it be to pray against thy foes. What should I say? bis doeds exceed all speech :

Bed. Ccase, cease these jars, and rest your minda He ne'er lift up his hand, but conquer'd.

in peace! Exe. We mourn in black; Why mourn wo not Let's to the altar :-Heralds, wait on us :in blood ?

Instead of gold, we'll offer up our arms; "Henry is dead, and never shall revive ;

Since arms avail not, now that Henry's dead.Upon a wooden coffin we attend;

Posterity, await for wretched years, And death's dishonourable victory

When at their mothers' moist eyes babes shall suck; Wo with our stately presence glorify,

Our isle be made a nourish“ of salt tears,

And none but women left to wail the dead. I Richard Beauchamp, oarl of Warwick, who is a character in King Henry V. The earl of Warwick, 3 Crystal is an epither repeatedly bestowed on comets who appears in a subsequent part of this drama, is by our ancient writers. Richard Nevill, son to the carl of Salisbury, who came 4 Consented here means conspired ingether to pro to the title in right of his wife, Anne, sister of Henry mote the death of Henry by their malignant influence Beauchamp, duke of Warwick. Richard, the father on human events. Our ancestors had but one word to of this Henry, was appointed governor to the king on express consent, and concent, which meant accord and the demise of Thomas Beaufort, duke of Exeter, and agreement, whether or persons or things. died in 1439. There is no reason to think the author °• There was a notion long prevalent that life might be meant to confound the two characters.

taken away by metrical charms. 2 Alluding to the ancient practice of hanging the stage 6 Nurse, was anciently spelt nouryce and noryshe with black when a urngedy' was to be acted.

and, by Lydgue, even nourishi

Beenz I.

Henry the Fifth! thy ghost I invocate ; dem Retiring from the siege of Orleans,
Prosper this realm, keep it from civil broils ! Having full scarce six thousand in his troop,
Combat with adverse planets in the heavens! By three and twenty thousand of the French
A far more glorious star thy soul will make, Was round encompassed and set upon:
Than Julius Cæsar, or bright

No leisure had he to enrank his men ;

He wanted pikes to set before his archers;
Enter a Messenger.

Instead whereof, sharp stakes, pluck'd out of hedges,
Mess. My honourable lords, health to you all! They pitched in the ground confusedly,
Sad tidings bring I to you out of France,

To keep the horsemen off from breaking in. or loss, of slaughter, and discomfiture :

More than three hours the fight continued ;
Guienne, Champaigne, Rheims, Orleans,

Where valiant Talbot, above human thought,
Paris, Guysors, Poictiers, are all quite lost.2 Enacted wonders with his sword and lance.
Bed. What say'st thou, man, before dead Henry's Hundreds he sent to hell, and none durst stand him;
corse ?

Here, there, and every where, enragʻd he slew :
Speak softly; or the loss of those great towns The French exclaim'd, The devil was in arms;
Will make him burst his lead, and rise from death. All the whole army stond agaz'd on him :

Glo. Is Paris lost? is Rouen yielded up? His soldiers, spying his undaunted spirit,
If Henry were recall'd to life again,

A Talbot! a Talbot ! cried out amain, These news would cause him once more yield the And rush'd into the bowels of the battle. del ghost.

Here had the conquest fully been seald up, Exe. How were they lost? what treachery was If Sir John Fastolfe had not play'd the coward; us'd ?

He being in the vaward (plac'd behind, Mess. No treachery, but want of men and money. With purpose to relieve and follow them,) Among the soldiers this is matter'd,

Cowardly fled, not having struck one stroke.
That here you maintain several factions ;

Hence grew the general wreck and massacre;
And, whilst a field should be despatch'd and fought, Enclosed were they with their enemies :
You are disputing of your generals.

A base Walloon, to win the Dauphin's grace,
One would have ling’ring wars, with little cost; Thrust Talbot with a spear into the back;
Another would fly swift, but wanteth wings; Whom all France, with their chief assembled
A third man thinks, without expense at all,

strength,
By guileful fair words peace may be obtain'd. Durst not presume to look once in the face.
Awake, awake, English nobility!

Bed. Is Talbot slain? then I will slay myself,
Let not sloth dím your honours, new begot: For living idly here, in pomp and ease,
Cropp'd are the flower-de-luces in your arms; Whilst such a worthy leader, wanting aid, 18
of England's coat one half is cut away.

Unto his dastard foeman is betray’d.
Exe. Were our tears wanting to this funeral, Mess. O no, he lives; but is took prisoner,
These tidings would call forth her flowing tides. And Lord Scales with him, and Lord Hungerford

Bed. Me they concern; regent I am of France :- Most of the rest slaughter'd, or took, likewise.
Give me my steeled coat, I'll fight for France - Bed. His ransom there is none but I shall pay:
Away with these disgraceful wailing robes ! I'll hale the Dauphin headlong from his throne,
Wounds I will lend ihe French, instead of eyes, His crown shall be the ransom of my friend; annet
To weep their intermissive miseries.*

Four of their lords I'll change for one of ours.
Eater another Messenger.

Farewell, my masters; to my task will I;

Bonfires in France forthwith I am to make, 2 Mess Lords, view these letters, full of bad To keep our great Saint George's feast withal : mischance,

Ten thousand soldiers with me I will take, France is revolted from the English quite; Whose bloody deeds shall make all Europe quake. Except some petty towns of no import :

3 Mess. So you had need; for Orleans is beThe Dauphin Charles is erowned king in Rheims; w sieg'd;

013
The bastard of Orleans with him is join'd; The English army is grown weak and faint:
Reiguier, duke of Anjou, doth take his part; The earl of Salisbury craveth supply,
The duke of Alencon flieth to his side.

And hardly keeps his men from mutiny, Ete. The Dauphin is crowned king! all fly to Since they, so few, watch such a multitude. him!

Exe. Remember, lords, your oaths to Henry O, whither shall we fly from this reproach?

sworn;
Glo. We will not fly, but to our enemies' throats; Either to quell the Dauphin utterly,
Bedford, if thou be slack, l'll fight it out.

Or bring him in obedience to your yoke.
Bed. Gloster, why doubt'st thou of my forward- Bed. I do remember it; and here take leave,
ness?

To go about my preparation,
An army have I muster'd in my thoughts,

[Exit.

Glo. I'll to the Tower, with all the haste I can, Wherewith already France is overrun.

To view the artillery and munition;
Enter a third Messenger.

And then I will proclaim young Henry king. [Exit. 3 Mess. My gracious lords, to add to your laments, Being ordaind his special governor ;

Exe. To Eltham wills, where the young king is, Wherewith you now bedew King Henry's hearse, And for his safety there I'll best devise. I must inform you of a dismal fight,

Win. Each hath his place and function to attend:
Betwixt the stout Lord Talbot and the French.
Win. What! wherein Talbot overcame? is't so ? But long I will not be Jack-out-of-office;

I am left out: for me nothing remains.
3 Mess. O, no; wherein Lord Talbot was o'er- The king from Eltham I intend to steal,

thrown:
The circumstance I'll tell you more at large.

And sit at chiefest stern of public weal. The tenth of August last, this dreadful lord,

(Exit. Scene closes.

5 For an account of this Sir John Fastolfe, vide Bio. 1 Pope conjectured that this blank had been supplied graphia Britannica, by Kippis, vol. v.; in which is his by the name of Francis Drake, which, though a gla-life, written by Mr. Gough. ring anachronism, might have been a popular, though 6 The old copy reads send, the present reading was Dat judicious, mode of attracting plaudits in the theatre. proposed by Mason, who observes that the king was not Part of the arms of Drake was two blazing stars. at this time in the power of the cardinal, but under the

2 Capel proposeil to complete this defective verse by care of the deke of Exeter. The second article of accuthe insertion of Rouen among the places lost, as Glostersation brought against the bishop by the duke of Glouces. in fers that it had been mentioned with the rest

ter

is 'that he purposed and disposed him to set hand on 3 i. e. England's flowing tides. 4 1. e. their miseries which have only a short inter- tham 1o Windsor, to the intent to put him in governance

the king's person, and to have removed him from El. mission.

as him list. Holinehed vol. I. p. 591.

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SCENE II. Franco. Before Orleans. Enter | Speak, shall I call her in ? Believe my words,

CHARLES, with his Forces ; ALENCON, REIGNIER, For they are certain and infallible. and others.

Char. Go, call her in: (Exit Bastard.) But, first Char. Mars his true moving,' even as in the

to try her skill, heavens,

Rcignier, stand thou as Dauphin in my place: So in the earth, to shis day is not known:

Question her proudly, let thy looks be stern:-Late did he shine upon the English side ;

By this mean shall we sound what skill she hath. Now we are victors, upon us he smiles.

(Retires, What towns of any moment, but we have ? Enter LA PUCELLE, Bastard of Orleans, and others. At pleasure here we lie, near Orleans; Otherwhiles, the famish'd English, like pale ghosts,

Reig. Fair maid, is't thou wilt do these wondrous

feats? Faintly besiege us one hour in a month.

Puc, Reignier, is't thou that thinkest to beguile Alen. They want their porridge, and their fat hull

me ?-beeves:

Where is the Dauphin ?--come, come from behind; Either they must be dieted like mules, And have their provender tied to their mouths,

I know thee well, ihough never seen before.

Be not amaz'd, there's nothing hid from me: Or pireous they will look, like drowned mice. Reig. Let's raise the siege ; Why live we idly Stand back, you lords, and give us leave a while.

In private will I talk with thee apart: here? Talbot is taken, whom we wont to fear:

Reig. She takes upon her bravely at first dash. Remaineth none but mad-brain'd Salisbury;

Puc. Dauphin, I am by birth a shepherd's daughter.

My wit untrain'd in any kind of art.
And he may well in fretting spend his gall,
Nor men, nor money, hath he to make war.

Heaven, and our Lady gracious, hath it pleas'd Char. Sound, sound alarum ; we will rush on them. Lo, whilst I waited on my tender lambs,

To shine on my contemptible estate: Now for the honour of the forlorn French :-

And to sun's parching heat display'd my cheeks, Him I forgive my death, that killeth me,

God's mother deigned to appear to me; When he sees me go back one foot, or fly. [Ereunt. And, in a vision full of majesty,

Alarums : Excursions : afterwards a Retreat. Willd me to leave my base yocation, Re-enter CHARLES, ALENCON, REIGNIER, and And free my country from calamity : others.

Her aid she promis'd, and assurd success : Char. Who ever saw the like? what men have I ?- In complete glory she reveal'd herself; Duys! cowards ! dastards !--I would ne'er have fled, with those clear rays which she infus'd on me,

And, whereas I was black and swart before, But that they left me 'midst my enemies.

That beauty am I bless'd with, which you see. Reig. Salisbury is a desperate homicide ; He fighteth as one weary of his life.

Ask me what question thou canst possible, The other lords, like lions wanting food,

And I will answer unpremeditated : Do rush upon us as their hungry prey.?

My courage try by combal, if thou dar'st, Alen. Froissard, a countryman of ours, records, Resolve on this :* Thou shalt be fortunate,

And thou shalt find that I exceed my sex. England all Olivers and Rowlandså bred,

If thou receive me for thy warlike mate. During the time Edward the Third did reign.

Char. Thou hast asionish'd me with thy high More truly now may this be verified;

terms; For none but Samsons, and Goliasses It sendeth forth to skirmish. One to ten!

Only this proof I'll of thy valour make,-Lean raw-bon'd rascals; who would e'er suppose

In single combat thou shalt buckle with me: They had such courage and audacity ?

And, if thou vanquishest, thy words are true; Char. Let's leave this town; for they are hair

Otherwise, I renounce all confidence. brain'd slaves,

Puc. I am prepar'd : bere is my keen-edged sword,

Deck'd with five flower-de-luces on each side: And hunger will enforce them to be more eager : of old I know them ; rather with their teeth

The which at Touraine, in Saint Katharine's churchThe walls they'll tear down, than forsake the siege.

yard,

Out of a great deal of old iron I chose forth. Reig. I think, by some odd gimmals or device,

Char. Then come o'God's name, I fearno woman. Their arms are set, like clocks, still to strike on; Else ne'er could they hold out so as they do.

Puc. And, while I live, I'll ne'er fly from a man. By my consent, we'll e'en let them alone.

[They fighe Alen. Be it so.

Char. Slay, stay thy hands ; thou art an Amazon,

And fightest with the sword of Deborah.
Enter the Bastard of Orleans.

Puc. Christ's mother helps me, else I were too Bast. Where's the prince Dauphin, I have news

weak, for him.

Char. Whoe'er helps thee, 'tis thou that must Char. Bastards of Orleans, thrice welcome to us. help me: Bast. Methinks, your looks are sad, your cheers Impatiently I burn with thy desire ; appallid :

My heari and hands thou hast at once subdu'd. Hath the late overthrow wrought this offence?

Excellent Pucelle, if thy name be so, Be not dismay'd, for succour is at hand :

Let me thy servant, and not sovereign, be; A holy maid hither with me I bring,

"Tis the French Dauphin sueth thus to thee. Which, by a vision sent to her from heaven,

Pue. I must not yield to any rites of love, Ordained is to raise this tedious siege,

For my profession's sacred from above: And drive the English forth the bounds of France. When I have chased all thy foes from hence, The spirit of deep prophecy she hath,

Then will I think upon a recompense. Exceeding the nine sibyls of old Rome ;' What's past, and what's to come, she can descry. 4 By gimmals, gimbols, gimmers, or gimorces, any

kind of device or machinery producing motion was 1 You are as ignorant in the true movings of my nieant. Baret hus the gimnio or hinge of a door.' muse as the astronomers are in the true morings of 5 Buslard was not in former times a unle of reproach. Mars, which to thisday they could never attain to. Ga- 6 Chter in this instance means heart or courage, as briel Harrey's Hunt is up, by Nash, 1596, Preface. in the expression be of good cheer.' 1 i. e, the prey for which they are hungry.

7 Warburton says that, there were no nine sybils of 3 These were iwo of the most famous in the list of Rome, it is a iniatake for the nine Sibylline Oracles Charlemagne's twelve peers; and their exploits are the brought to one of the Tarquins. But the poet followed theme of the old romances. From the equally doughly the popular books of his day, which say that the ten aud unheard of exploits of these champions, arose the sybils were women that had ihe spirit of prophecy (enu raying of Giving a Rowland for an Oliver, for giving a merating them) and that they prophesied or Christ.' erson as good as he brings.

8 i: e. be convinced of it.

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foot;

Cho. Mean tino, look gracious on thy prostrate Servants rush at the Tower Gates. Enter, to the thrall.

Gates, WOODVILLE, the Lieutenant. Reig. My lord, methinks, is very long in talk.

Wood. [Within.) What noise is this ? what traje Alen. Doubiless he shrives this woman to her

tors have we here ? smock;

Glo. Lieutenant, is it you, whose voice I hear ? Else ne'er could he so long protract his speech. Open the gates; here's Gloster, that would enter, Reg. Shall we disturb him, since he keeps no Wood. (Within.) Have patience, noble duke: I mean!

may not open; Alen. He may mean more than we poor men do The cardinal of Winchester forbids : know:

From him I have express commandment, These women are shrewetompters with their tongues. That thou, nor none of thine, shall be let in, Rag. My lord, where are you? what deviso you Glo. Faint-hearted Woodville, prizest him 'fore on?

me ? Shall we give over Or.eans, or no?

Arrogant Winchester ? that haughty prelate, Puc. Why, no, I sav, disirustful recreants !

Whom Henry, our late sovereign, ne'er could brook? Fight till the last gl sp, I will be your guard. Thou art no friend to God, or to the king : Char. What sne says, I'll confirm; we'll fight it Open the gates, or I'll shut thee out shortly.

I Serv. Open the gates unto the lord protector ; Puc. Assign'd am I to be the English scourgo. Or we'll burst them open, if that you come not This night the siege assuredly I'll raise :

quickly. Expect Saint Martin's summer,' halcyon days, Since I have entered into these wars.

Enter WINCHESTER, attended by a Train of Ser. Glory is like a circle in the water,

vants in tawny Coats." Which never ceaseth to enlarge itself,

Win. How now, ambitious Humphry? what Till, by broad spreading, it disperse to nought.

means this? With Henry's death, the English circle ends; Glo. Pield priest, dost thou command me to be Dispersed are the glories it included.

shut out? Now am I like that proud insulting ship,

Win, I do, thou most usurping proditor, Which Caesar and his fortune bare at once. And not protector of the king or realm.

Char. Was Mahomet inspired with a dove ? Glo. Stand back, thou manifest conspirator; Thou with an eagle art inspired then.

Thou, that contriv’dst to murder our dead lord i Helen, the mother of great Constantine;

Thou, that giv'st whores indulgences to sing :
Nor yet Saint Philip's daughters, were like thee. I'll canvasli thee in thy broad cardinal's hai,
Bright star of Venus, fall’n down on the earth, If thou proceed in this thy insolence.
How may I reverently worship thee enough? Win. Nay, stand thou back, I will not budge

Alen, Leave off delays, and let us raise the siege.
Reig. Woman, do what thou canst to save our This be Damascus, be thou cursed Cain,
honours;

To slay thy brother Abel, if thou wilt.
Drive them from Orleans, and be immortaliz'd. Glo. I will not slay thee, but I'll drive thoe back :
Char. Presently we'll try :--Come let's away Thy scarlet robes, as a child's bearing-cloth
about it:

I'll use, to carry thee out of this place. No prophet will I'trust, if she prove false. (Ereunt. Win. Do what thou dar'st: I beard thee to thy SCENE III. London.

face. Hill before the Tower. Enter, at the Gates, the Duke of Gloster, with

Glo. What? am I dar'd, and bearded to my his Serving-men in blue Coats.

face

Draw, men, for all this privileged placo; Glo. I am come to survey the Tower this day;

Blue-coats to tawny-coats. Priest, beware your Since Henry's death, I fear there is conveyance.

beard; Where be these warders, that they wait not here?

(GLOSTER and his men attack the BishopOpen the gates ; Gloster it is that calls.

[Servants knock.

I mean to tug it, and to cuff you soundly:
Under

my
1 Ward. [Within.) Who is there that knocks 50 In spite of pope or dignities of church,

feet / stamp thy cardinal's hat;. imperiously? I Serv. It is the noble duke of Gloster.

Here by the cheeks I'll drag thee up and down.

Win. Gloster, thou'lt answer this before the pope. 2.Ward. (Within.) Whoe'er he be, you may not Glo. Winchester goose,'2 I cry-a rope ! a rope !

be let in. I Serv. Answer you so the lord protector, Thee I'll chase hence, thou wolf in sheep's array,

Now beat them hence: Why do you let them stay? villains ? 1 Ward. (Within.) The Lord protect him! so

Out, tawny coats !--out scarlet's hypocrite! we answer him:

Here a great Tumult. In the midst of it, Enter the i We do no otherwise than we are will’d.

Mayor of London,14 and Oficers. Gh. Who willed you? or wbose will stands, but May. Fye, lords! that you, being supreme magisa. mine?

tratos, There's none protector of the realm, but I.

Thus contumeliously should break the peace!
Break up the gates, I'll be your warrantize :
Shall I be fouted thus by dunghill grooms ?

Glo. Peace, mayor: thou know'st liule of my

wrongs : 1 i. e. expeet prosperity after misfortune, like fair 9 Traitor. Weather at Martlemas, after winter has begun.

10 The public stcus in Southwark were under the 2 This is a favourite image with poets.

jurisdiction of the bishop of Winchester. Upton had 3 Mahomet had a dove which he used to feed with seen the office book of the court leel, in which was ene wheat out of his oar; which dove when it was hungry, tered the fees paid by, and the customs and regulations Highted un Mahomer's shouldor, and thrust ils bill in to of these brothels. find its breakfast, Mahumet persuading the rude and 11 To cant as was 'to toss in a sleve; a punishment simple Arabians that it was the Holy Ghost' Raleigh8 (says Cotgrave) inflicted on such as commit gross ab Hist, of the World, part i. c. vi.

surdities.' 4 Meaning the fou daughters of Philip mentioned in 12 A Winchester goose was a particular stage of the Acts, xxi. 9.

disease contracted in the stews, hence Gloucester bea, 5 Conveyance ancləntly signified any kind of furtive blows the epithet on the bishop in derision and scorn. knavery, or privy stealing.

13 In King Henry VIII. the earl of Surrey, with a 6. To break up was the same as to break open, similar allusion to Cardinal Wolsey's habit, calls him

7 It appears that the attendants upon ecclesiastical scarlet sin." courts, and a bishop's servants, were then, as now, dis- 14 It appears from Ponnant's London that this mayor inguished by clothing of a sumbre colour.

was John Coventry, an opulent mercer, from whom the 1 o. bald, alluding to his sharon crown.

prosent earl of Coventry is descended..

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