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Toʻsour your happiness, I mus. report
With my request, which, I'N make bold, your high-
Whom worse than a physician cannot deny; he hath done no Briton harm,
I have surely seen him :
His favour4 is familiar to me.-
Fitting my bounty, and thy state, I'll give it';
Yea, though thou do demand a prisoner, Cor. First, she confess'd she never lov'd you; The noblest ta'en. only
I humbly thank your highness.
Luc. I do not bid thee beg my life, good lad;
No, no : alack, Cym.
She alone knew this: There's other work in hand : I see a thing And, but she spoke it dying, I would not
Bitter to me as death: your life, good master, Believe her lips in opening it. Proceed.
Must shuffle for itself. Cor. Your daughter, whom she bore in hand to Luc.
The boy disdains me, love
He leaves me, scorns me : Briefly die their joys,
That place them on the truth of girls and boys.
What would'st thou, boy? Ta'en off by poison.
I love thee more and more; think more and more Cym.
0, most delicate fiend! What's best to ask. Know'st him thou look'st on 3 Who is't can read a woman ?--Is there more?
Imo. He is a Roman; no more kin to me,
Wherefore ey'st him so?
all my heart,
(CYMBELINE and IMOGEN Converse apart. Сут. .
Heard you all this, her women? Bel. Is not this boy reviv'd from death? Lady. We did, so please your highness.
One sand another Сут. .
Mine eyes Not more resembles : That sweet rosy lad,
Who died, and was Fidele :-What think you ?
He would have spoke to us.
But we saw him dead.
It is my mistress : [ Aside. and IMOGEN.
Since she is living, let the time run on, Thou coms't not, Caius, now for tribute ; that
To good, or bad. The Britons have raz'd out, though with the loss
(CYMBELINE and IMOGEN come forward. of many a bold one; whose kinsmen have made
Сут. . Come, stand thou by our side ; suit,
Make thy demand aloud.Sir, [To lacu.) step That their good souls may be appeas?d with slaughter Give answer to this boy, and do it freely;
you forth; of you their captives. which ourself have granted; Or, by our greatness, and the grace of it So, think of your estate.
Luc. Consider, sir, the chance of war : the day which is our honour, bitter torture shall
Winnow the truth from falsehood.--On, speak to
us, We should not, when the blood was cool, have
Imo. My boon is, that this gentleman may render
What's that to him? May be call'd ransom, let it come : sufficeth,
[Aside. A Roman with a Roman's heart can suffer:
Cym. That diamond upon your finger, say, Augustus lives to think on't: And so much
How came it yours? For my peculiar care. This one thing only
Tach. Thou'lı torture me to leave unspoken that I will entreat; My boy, a Briton born,
Which, to be spoke, would torture thee. Let him be ransom'd: never master had
How ! me? A page so kind, so duteous, diligent,
lach. I am glad to be constrain'd to utter that So tender over his occasions, true,
which So feat," so nurselike : let his virtue join
2 "To bear in hand' is to delude by false appear 1 This observation has already occurred in the Fune. ances.' ral Song, p. 332 :
3 Feat is ready, dexterous. 4 Countenance. • The sceptre, learning, physic, must
5 I know not what should induce me to say, live, All follow this, and come to dust,'
boy.' The word nor was inserted by Rowe.
Torments me to conceal. By villany,
of secret on her person, that he could not I got this ring; 'twas Leonatus' jewel ;
But think her bond of chastity quite crack'd, Whom thou didst banish ; and (which more may I having ta'en the forfeit. Whereupon, grieve thee,
Methinks, I see him now,As it doth me,) a nobler sir ne'er liv'd
Ay, so thou dost, 'Twixt sky and ground. Wilt thou hear more, my
[Coming forward. lord ?
Italian fiend !-Ah me, most credulous fool, Cym. All that belongs to this.
Egregious murderer, thief, any thing, lach,
That paragon, thy daughter,- That's due to all the villains past, in being, For whom my heart drops blood, and my false spirits To come!-0, give me cord, or knife, or poison, Quail' to remember,-Give me leave; I faint. Some upright justicer ! Thou, king, send out Cym. My daughter! what of her ? Renew thy For tortures ingenious: it is strength :
That all the abhorred things o' the earth amend I had rather thou should'st live whilo nature will, By being worse than they. I am Posthumus, Than die ere I hear more : strive man and speak. That killid thy daughter:-villain like, I lie ;
lach. Upon a time (unhappy was the clock That caus'd á lesser villain than myself
Be callid Posthumus Leonatus; and
Peace, my lord; hear, hearFor beauty that made barren the swell'd boast Post. Shall's have a play of this? Thou scornful Of him that best could speak : for feature,2 laming
page, The shrine of Venus, or straight-pight Minerva, There lie thy part. (Striking her ; she falls. Postures beyond brief nature; for condition,
O, gentlemen, help, help, A shop of all the qualities that man
Mine, and your mistress :-0, my lord Posthumus! Loves woman for; besides, that hook of wiving, You ne'er kill'd Imogen till now :--Help, help! Fairness which strikes the eye ;
Mine honour'd lady!
Does the world go round? Come to the matter.
Post. How comes these staggers' on me?
Wake, my mistress! Unless thou would'st grieve quickly. This Post- Cym. If this be so, the gods do mean to strike me humus
To death with mortal joy. (Most like a noble lord in love, and one
How fares my mistress ? That had a royal lover,) took his hint;
Imo. O, get thee from my sight; And, not dispraising whom we prais'd (therein Thou gav'st me poison : dangerous fellow, hence ! He was as calm as virtue,) he began
Breathe not where princes are. His mistress' picture; which by his longue being Cym.
The tune of Imogen! made,
A precious thing; I had it from the queen.
Nay, nay, to the purpose. Cym. New matter still ? lach. Your daughter's chastity—there it begins. Imo.
It poison'd me. He spake of her as: Dian had hot dreams,
O, gods ! And she alone were cold: Whereat, I, wretch! I left out one thing which the queen confess'd, Made scruple of his praise ; and wager'd with him which must approve thee honest : If Pisanio Pieces of gold, 'gainst this which then he wore Have, said she, given his mistress that confection Upon his honour'd finger, to attain
Which I gave him for a cordial, she is serv’d
What's this, Cornelius? No lesser of her honour confident
Cor. The queen, sir, very oft importun'd me Than I did truly find her, stakes this ring; To temper poisons for her; still pretending And would so, had it been a carbuncle
The satisfaction of her knowledge, only of Phæbus' wheel; and might so safely, had it In killing creatures vile, as cats and dogs Been all the worth of his car. Away to Britain Of no esteem : I, dreading that her purpose Post I in this design : Well may you, sir, Was of more danger, did compound for her Remember me at court, where I was taught A certain stuff, wbich, being ta'en, would cease Of your chaste daughter the wide difference The present power of life : but, in short time, "Twixt amorous and villanous. Being thus quench'd All offices of nature should again Of hope, not longing, mine Italian brain
Do their due functions.—Have you ta'en of it? 'Gan in your duller Britain operate
Imo. Most like I did, for I was dead. Most vilely; for my vantage, excellent;
My boys, And to be brief, my practice so prevail'd,
There was our error. That I return'd with similar proof enough
This is sure, Fidele. To make the noble Leonatus mad,
Imo. Why did you throw your wedded lady from By wounding his belief in her renown With tokens thus, and thus ; averring notes Think, that you are upon a rock ; and now Of chamber-hanging, pictures, this her bracelet, Throw me again.''
[Embracing him. (0, cunning, how I got it!) nay, some marks
Shakspeare has the word thrice in King Lear. And 1 To quail is to faint, or sink into dejection.
Warner, in his Albion's England, 1602, b. x. ch. 45 2 Feature is here used for proportion.
* Precelling his progenitors, a justicer uprighi.' 3 As for as if. So in The Winter's Tale :
7 Not only the temple of virtue, but virtue herself.' he uiters them as he had eaten ballads.'
Si. e. this wild and delirious perturbation. It is still He had deserved it, were it carbuncled
common to say it stagger'd me,' when we have been Like Phæbug' car.' Antony and Cleopatra. moved by any sudden emotion of surprise. 5 1. e. such marks of the chamber and pictures, as 9 Mix, compound. merred or confirmed my report.
10 Imogen comes up to Posthumus as soon as she 6 Justicer was anciently used instead of justice.knowe that the error is cleared up; and, hanging fondly
Post. Hang there like fruit, my soul,
Arv. In that he spake too far. Till the tree die!
Cym. And thou shalt die for't.
We will die all three :
As I have given out him.--My sons, I must, Imo,
Your blessing, sir, For mine own part, unfold a dangerous speech,
(Kneeling. Though, haply, well for you, Bel. Though you did love this youth, I blame ye Aru.
Your danger is
Have at it, then. Prove holy water on thee! Imogen,
By leave ;-Thou hadst, great king, a subject, who Thy mother's dead.
Was call'd Belarius.
What of him ? he is
He it is, that hath
Assum'd this age :2 indeed, a banish'd man ; Pis.
My lord, I know not how, a traitor. Now fear is from me, I'll speak troih. Lord Cloten, Сут. .
Take him hence; Upon my lady's missing, came to me
The whole world shall not save him. With his sword drawn; foam’d at the mouth, and Bel.
Not too hot , swore,
First pay me for the nursing of thy sons; If I discover'd not which way she was gone,
And let it be confiscate all so soon It was my instant death: By accident,
As I have receiv'd it, I had a feigned letter of my master's
Nursing of my sons ? Then in my pocket; which directed him
Bel. I am too blunt and saucy: Here's my knee; To seek her on the inountains near to Milford ; Ere I arise, I will prefer my sons ; Where, in a frenzy, in my master's garments, Then, spare not the old father. Mighty sir, Which he inforc'd from me, away he posts. These two young gentlemen, that call me father, With unchaste purpose, and with oaih 10 violate And think they are my sons, are none of mine ; My lady's honour : what became of him,
They are the issue of your loins, my liege,
And blood of your begetting.
How! my issue ? Į slew him there.
Bel. So sure as you your father's. I, old Morgan, Cym.
Marry, the gods forefend! Am that Belarius whom you sometime banishd; I would not thy good deeds should from my lips Your pleasure was my mere offence," my punishPluck a hard sentence: pr’ythee, valiant youth, Deny't again.
Itself, and all my treason; that I suffer'd, Gui. I have spoke it, and I did it. Was all the harm I did. "These gentle princes Cym. He was a prince.
(For such, and so they are) these twenty year Gui. A most uncivil one : The wrongs he did me Have I train’d up: those arts they have, as I Were nothing princelike; for he did provoke me Could put into them; my breeding was, sir, as With language that would make me spurn the sea, Your highness knows. Their nurse, Euriphile, If it could roar so to me; I cut off's head ; Whom for the theft I wedded, stole these children And am right glad, he is not standing here Upon my banishment: I mov'd her to't; To tell this tale of minc,
Having receiv'd the punishment before, Cym.
I am sorry for thee : For that which I did then : Beaten for loyalty By thine own tongue thou art condemn'd, and must Excited me to treason: Their dear loss, Endure our law : Thou art dead.
The more of you 'twas felt, the more it shap'd Imo,
That headless man Unto my end of stealing them. But, gracious sir, I thought had been my lord.
Here are your sons again ; and I must lose Cym.
Bind the offender,
Two of the sweet'st companions in the world :And take him from our presence.
The benedictions of these covering heavens Bel.
Stay, sir king: Fall on their heads like dew! for they are worthy This man is better than the man he slew,
To inlay heaven with stars.* As well descended as thyself; and hath
Thou weep'st, and speak’st More of thee merited than a band of Clutens The service, that you three have done, is more Had ever scar for.-Let his arms alone ;
Unlike than this thou tell'st : I lost my children;
[Tb the Guard. If these be they, I know not how to wish They were not born for bondage.
A pair of worthier sons.
Be pleas'd a while.-
This gentleman, my Cadwal, Arviragus,
Your younger princely son; he, sir, was lapp'd on him, says, not as upbrailing him, but with kindness In a most curious mantle, wrought by the hand and good humour, 'How could you treat your wife thus? in that endearing tone which most reailers, who are fathers and husbands, will understand, who will add was, it must have a reference to the different appearance poor to wife. She then adels, Now you know who I which he now makes in comparison with that when am, suppose we were on the edge of a precipice, and Cymbeline last saw him. throw me from you ; meaning, in the same endearing 3 The old copy reads "neere offence;' the emendairony, to say, I ain sure it is as impossible for you to be lion is by Mr. Tyrwhitt. Belarius means to say "My intentionally unkind to me, as it is for you to kill me. crime, my punishment, and all the treason that I com Perhaps some very wise persons may smile at part of mitted, originated in, and were founded on, your caprice this note; but however much black-letter books inay be only! necessary to elucidate some parts of Shakespeare, there 4 Take him and cut him into little stars, are others which require some acquaintance with those And he will make the face of hearen so fine,' &o. familiar pages of the book of Nature:
Romeo and Juliet, Which learning may not understand,
5 Thy tears give testimony to the sincerity of thy And wisdom may disdain to hear.' Pye. relation; and I have the less reason to be incredulous, 1. The consequence is taken for the whole action; by because the actions which you have done within my tasting is by forcing us to make thee to laste, knowledge are more incredible than the story which
2 As there is no reason to imagine that Belarius had you relate ! assumed the appearance of being older than he really son,
The king reasons very justly John
Of his quoen mother, which, for more probation, The purpose I then follow'd ;-That I was he, I can with ease produce.
Speak, Iachimo; I had you down, and might Cym. Guiderius had
Have made you finish. Upon his neck a mole, a sanguine star :
I am down again : [Kneeling It was a mark of wonder.
But now my heavy conscience sinks my knee, Bel.
This is he;
As then your force did. Take that life, 'beseech Who hath upon him still that natural stamp;
you, It was wise nature's end in the donation,
Which I 'so often owe: but, your ring first
And here the bracelet of the truest princess,
That ever swore her faith.
Kneel not to me; Rejoic'd deliverance more :-Bless'd may you bo, The power that I have on you, is to spare you; That after this strange starting from your orbs,
The malice towards you, to forgive you : Live, You may reign in them now!-0, Imogen, And deal with others better. Thou hast lost by this a kingdom.
Nobly doom'd: Imo.
No, my lord; We'll learn our freeness of a son-in-law;
You holp us, sir,
Post. Your servant, princes. Good my lord of
Rome, Arv. Ay, my good lord.
Call forth your soothsayer : As I slept, methought, Gui.
And at first meeting lov'd; Great Jupiter, upon his eagle back, Continued so, until we thought he died.
Appear'd to me, with other spritely shows Cor. By the queen's dram she swallow'd, Of mine own kindred: when I wak’d, I found Cym.
O, rare instinct! This label on my bosom; whose containing When shall I hear all through? This fierce' abridg- Is so from sense in hardness, that I can ment
Make no collection of it ; let him show Hath to it circumstantial branches, which
His skill in the construction. Distinction should be rich in.2_Where? how liv'd Luc.
Sooth. Here, my good lord. And when came you to serve our Roman captive? Luc.
Read, and declare the meaning. How parted with your brothers ? how first met Sooth. (Reads.) When as a lion's whelp shall, lo them?
himself unknown, without seeking find, and be emWhy fled you from the court? and whither? These, braced by a piece of tender air ; and when from a And your three motives to the battle, with stately cedar shall be lopped branches, which, being I know not how much more, should be demanded; dearl many years shall after revive, be jointed to the And all the other by-dependencies,
old stock, and freshly grow; then shaŭ Posthumus From chance to chance; but nor the time, nor end his miseries, Britain be fortunate, and flourish in place,
peace and plenty. Will serve our long intergatories. See,
Thou, Leonatus, art the lion's whelp ; Posthumus anchors upon Imogen ;
The fit and apt construction of thy name, And she, like harmless lightning, throws her eye Being Leo-natus, doth import so much On him, her brothers, me, her master; hitting The piece of tender air, thy virtuous daughter, Each object with a joy; the counterchange
(To CYMBELINE. Is severally in all. Let's quit this ground, Which we call mollie over; and mollis aer And smoke the temple with our sacrifices. We term it mulier : which mulier I divine, Thou art my brother ; So we'll hold thee ever, Is this most constant wife : who, even now,
[To BELARIUS. Answering the letter of the oracle, Imo. You are my father too; and did relieve me, Unknown to you, unsought, were clipp'd about To see this gracious season.
With this most tender air.
This hath some seeming.
Personates thee; and thy lopp'd branches point Imo.
My good master, Thy two sons forih : who, by Belarius stolen, I will yet do you service.
For many years thought dead, are now reviv'd, Luc.
Happy be you! To the majestic cedar join'd; whose issue
My peace we will begin :'-And, Catas Lucius, Post. I am, sir,
Although the victor, we submit to Cæsar, The soldier that did company these three
And to the Roman empire; promising, In poor beseeming : 'twas a fitment for
To pay our wonted tribute, from the which
We were dissuaded by our wicked queen; 1 Fierce is vehement, rapid.
Whom heavens, in justice (both on her and hers, , 2 i. e. which ought to be rendered distinct by an ample Have laid most heavy hand." narrative.
3*Your three motives: means the motives of you So the Queen in Hamlet says :three.' So in Romeo and Juliet, both our remedies'
Her speech is nothing, means the remedy for us both."
Yet the unshaped use of it doth move 4 Intergatories was frequently used for interrogato. The hearers to collection.' Ties, and consequently as a word of only five syllables. Whose containing means the contents of which. In The Merchant of Venice, near the end, it is also thus 7 It should apparently be, 'By peace we will begin. used:
The Soothsayer says, that the label promised to Britain * And charge us there upon intergatories.' peace and plenty. To which Cymbeline replies, .We 5 Spritely shows are groups of sprites, ghostly ap- will begin with peace, to fulfil the prophecy. pearances.
8 1. e. have laid most heavy hand on. Many such 6 A collection is a corollary, a consequence deduced elliptical passages are found in Shakspeare. Thus in from premises. So in Davies's poem on The Immor. The Rape of Lucrece :tality of the Soul :
Only he hath an eye to gaze on beauty, When she from sundry arts one skill doth draw; And dotes on whom he looks (on)gainst law and duty,"
Gath'ring from divers sights one act of war; So in The Winter's Tale : From many cases like one rule of law:
- The queen is spotless These her collections, not the senses are.'
In that which you accuse her (of).'
Sooth. The fingers of the powers above do tune
A SONG, The harmony of this peace. The vision
SUNO BY GUIDERIUS AND ARVIR AGUS OVER TIWhich I made known to Lucius, ere the stroko
DELE, SUPPOSED TO BE DEAD.
BY MR. WILLIAM COLLINS.
Each opening sueet, of earliest bloom,
And rifle all the breathing spring. Which shines here in the west.
No wailing ghost shall dare appear
Laud we the gods ; To ver with shrieks this quiet grove;
But shepherd lads assemble here,
And melting virgins own their love.
No wither'd witch shall here be seen,
No gohlins lead their nightly crew : And in the temple of great Jupiter
The female says shall haunt the green, Our peace we'll ratify: seal it with feasts.
And dress thy grave with pearly dew. Set on there :-Never was a war did cease,
The redbreast oft at evening hours Ere bloody hands were wash'd, with such a peace. Shall kindly lend his little aid,
1 "reunt. With hoary moss, and gather'd flowers,
To deck the ground where thou art laid. THIS play has many just sentiments, some natural
When howling winds, and beating rain, dialogues, and some pleasing scenes, but they are obtained at the expense of much incongruity. To re.
In tempests shake the sylvan cell; mark the folly of the fiction, the absurility of the conduct,
Or midst the chase on every plain, the confusion of the names and manners of different The tender thought on thee shall dwell. times, and the impossibility of the events in any system
Each lonely scene shall thre restore ; of life, were to waste criticism upon unresisting imbe.
For thee the lear be duly shed; cility, upon faults too evident for detection, and 100 gross for aggravation.
JOHNSON Belov'd till life could charm no more;.
And mourn'd till pity's self be dead. * Johoson's remark on the gross incongruity of names and manners In this play is just, but it was the common tice of the unfounded severity of Johnson's animadver error of the age ; in The Wife for a Month, of Beau. sions upon this exquisite drama. The antidote will be mont and Fletcher, we have Frederick and Alphonso found in the reader's appeal to his own feelings after among a host of Greek names, not to mention the firing reiterated perasal. It is with satisfaction I refer to the of a pistol by Demetrius Poliocortes in The Humorous more just and discriminative opinion of a foreign critic, Lieutenant,-Pye.
lo whom every lover of Shakspeare is deeply indebted, It is hardly necessary to point out tho extreme injus. cited in the preliininary remarks,
S. W. S.
PRELIMINARY REMARKS. ON what principle the editors of the first complete amined, more words would be necessary than the sub
edition of Shakspeare's works admitted this play ject is worth ; those who are well acquainted with his Into their volume, cannot now be ascertained. The works cannot entertain a doubt on the question. I will, most probable reason that can be assigned is, that he however, mention one mode by which it may be easily wrote a few lines in it, or gave some assistance to the ascertained. Let the reader only peruse a few lines of author in revising it, or in some way or other aided in Appius and Virginia, Tancred and Gismund, The Bat. bringing it forward on the stage. The tradition men- tle of Alcazar, Jeronimo, Selimus Emperor of the tioned by Ravenscroft, in the time of King James II., Turks, The Wounds of Civil War, The Wars of Cy. warrants us in making one or other of these supposj. rus, Locrine, Arden of Feversham, King Edward I., tions. I have been told (says he, in his preface to an The Spanish Tragedy, Solyman and Perseda, King alteration of this play, published in 1687,) by some Leir, the old King John, or any other of the pieces that anciently conversant with the stage, that it was not were exhibited before the time of Shakspeare, and he originally his, but brought by a private author to be will at once perceive that Titus Andronicus was coined acted, and he only gave some master touches to one or in the same mint. two of the principal parts.!
"The testimony of Meren, (who attributes it to Shak. A booke, entitled A Noble Roman Historie of Titus speare in his Palladis Tamia, or the Second Part of Andronicus,' was entered at Stationers' Hall, by John Wits Common Wealth, 1598,] remains to be considered. Danter, Feb. 6, 1593-4. This was undoubtedly the His enumerating this among Shakspeare's plays may play, as it was printed in that year (according to Lang. be accounted for in the same way in which we may ac. baine, who alone appears to have seen the first edition) count for its being printed by his fellow comedians in and acted by the servants of the Earls of Pembroke, the first folio edition of his works. Meres was, in 1598, Derby, and Sussex. It is observable that in the entry when his book first appeared, intimately connected with no author's name is mentioned, and that the play was Drayton, and probably acquainted with some of the originally performed by the same company of come dramatic poets of the time, from some or other of whom dians who exhibited the old drama, entitled 'The Con. he might have heard that Shakspeare interested him. tention of the Houses of Yorke and Lancaster, The old self about this tragedy, or had written a few lines for Taming of a Shrew, and Marlowe's King Edward II. ; the author. The internal evidence furnished by the by whom not one or Shakspeare's plays is said to have piece itself, and proving it not to have been the produc. been performed.
tion of Shakspeare, greatly outweighs any single testi. From Ben Jonson's Induction to Bartholomew Fair, mony on the other side. Meres might have been mis. 1614, we learn that Andronicus had been exhibited informed, or inconsiderately have given credit to the twenty-five or thirty years before ; that is, according to rumour of the day. In shori, the high antiquity of the the lowest computation, in 1589; or, taking a middle piece, its entry on the Stationers' books, and being period, which is perhaps more just, in 1587.
afterwards printed without the name of Shakspeare, its To enter into a long disquisition to prove this piece being performed by the servants of Lord Pembroke, not to have been written by Shakspeare would be an &c.; the stately march of the versification, the whole idle waste of time, To those who are not conversant colour of the composition, its resemblance to several of with his writings, ir particular passages were ex. our most ancient dramas, the dissimilitude of the style