[SCENE NI. The French Camp near Dover. Else one self mate and mate," could not beget Enter Kent, and a Gentleman,

Such different issues. You spoke not with her

since ? Kent. Why the King of France is so suddenly

Gent, No. gone back know you the reason ?3

kent. Was this before the king return'd ? Gent. Something he left imperfect in the state,


No, since. Which since his coming forth is thought of; which

Kent. Well, sir ; the poor distress'd Lear is i' the Imports to the kingdom so much fear and danger,

towo: That his personal returu was most required,

Who sometime, in his better tune, remembers And necessary.

What we are come about, and by no means Kent. Who hath he left behind him general ?

Will yield to see his daughter. Gent. The Mareschal of France, Monsieur le Fer.


Why, good sir ? Kent. Did your letters pierce the queen to any Kent. A sovereign shame so elbows him : his demonstration of grief? Gent. Ay, sir ; she took them, read them in my That stripp'd her from his benediction, turn'd her

own unkindness, presence;

To foreign casualties, gave her dear rights And now and then an ample tear trill'd down

To his dog-hearted daughters,—these things sting Her delicate cheek: it seem'd, she was a queen His mind so venomously, that burning shame Over her passion; who, most rebel-like,

Detains him from Cordelia. Sought to be king o'er her.


Alack, poor gentleman! Kent. 0, then it mov'd her.

Kent. Of Albany's and Cornwall's powers you Gent. Not to a rage : patience and sorrow strove

heard not? Who should express her goodliest. You have seen

Gent. 'Tis so, they are afoot. Sunshine and rain at once ; her smiles and tears

Kent. Well, sir, I'll bring you to our master Lear, Were like ;-a better way. Those happy smiles, 'And leave you to attend him : some dear cause!" That play'd on her ripe lip, seem'd not to know

Will in concealment wrap me up awhile; What guests were in her eyes; which parted thence, When I am known arighi, you shall not grieve As pearls from diamonds droppid. - In brief, sorrow Lending me this acquaintance. I pray you, go Would be a rarity most belov'd, if all

Along with me.

(Eseunt. Could so become it. Kent.

Made she no verbal question ?' SCENE IV. The same. A Tent. Enter CORGent. 'Faith, once, or twice, she heav'd the name

DELIA, Physician, and Soldiers. of father

Cor. Alack, 'tis he; why, he was met even now Pantingly forth, as if it press'd her heart;

As mad as the vex'd sea : singing aloud ;
Cried, Sisters ! sisters !-Shame of ladies ! sisters! Crown'd with rank fumiter,'' and furrow weeds,
Kent ! father! sisters! What! i' the storm ? i the With harlocks, '* hemlock, nettles, cuckoo-flowers,

Darnel, 1s and all the idle weeds that grow
Let pity nol be believed !5_ There she shook
The holy water from her heavenly eyes,

In our sustaining corn.-A century send forth;

Search every acre in the high grown field, And clamour moisten'd :: then away she started

And bring him to our eye. To deal with grief alone.

(Exit an Officer.] –

What can man's wisdom do, 16

It is the stars,
The stars above us, govern our conditions ;10

simply in the smiles seeming unconscious of the tears,

whereas the sunshine has a watery look through the i 1 his scene is left out in the folio copy, but is ne falling drops of raincessary to continue the story of Cordelia, whose beha

Those happy smiles, viour is most beautifully painted.

That play'd on her ripe lip, seem'd not to know 2 The gentlemen whom he gent in the foregoing act What guests were in her eyes.” with letters to Cordelia.

That the point of comparison was neither a “better 3 The king of France being no longer a necessary day," nor a "wetter May,” is proved by the following personage, it was fil that him should be formed before the play was too hear ad passages, cited by Steevens and Malone :-"Her tears


came dropping down like rain vanced towards a conclusion. Decency required that a

Arcadia, p. 244. monarch should not be silently shuffled into the pack of insignificant characters; and therefore his dismission, the better way of Charity is that the right hand should

"I may just observe, as perhaps an illustration, that (which could be effected only by a sudden recall to his not knoro whai the left hand giveth.'. own cominjons,) was to be accounted for before the au. dience. For this purpose, among, others, the present tive of the poet's coining.

5 The quartos read smileis, which may be a diminų. scene was introduced. It is difficult to say what use could have been made of the king, had he appeared alderstood to signify as if. I do not think that jewelled

6 Steevens would read dropping, but as must be un. the head of his own armament, and survived the mur pendunts were in the poet's mind. A similar beautiful der of his queen. His conjugal concern on the occa, lihought in Middleton's Game of Chess has caught the sion might have weakened the effect of Lear's paternal

eye of Milton: sorrow; and, being an object of respect as well as pity,

the holy dew lies like a pearl he would naturally have divided the spectator's attention,

Dropt from the opening eyelids of the morn and thereby diminished the consequence of Albany, Ed.

Upon the bashful rose. gar, and Kent, whose exemplary virtues deserved to be

7 1. e. discourse, conversation. ultimately placed in the most conspicuous point of

8 i. e. let not pily be supposed to exist. It is not view.-Steevens 4 Both the quartos read, were like a better way picture of Cordelia's agony from holy writ, in the con:

impossible but Shakspeare might have formed this fine Bleevens reads, upon the suggestion of Theobald, auct of Joseph, who, being no longer able to restrain the beller day,' with a long and somewhat ingenious, though veliemence of his affection, commanded all his retinue unsatisfactory argument in defence of il. Warburton reads, ' a weiler May, which is plausible enough. Mal hinself to his brethren.— Theobald.

from his presence; and then trept aloud, and discovered lone adopts a part of his emendation, and reads • a belter May. I have been favoured by Mr. Boaden with

9 That is, 'her outcries were accompanied with tears."

10 Conditions are dispositions. the following solution of this passage, which, as it pre

11 i. e. the selfsame husband and wife. serves the reading of the old copy, inerits attention :

12 Important business. * The difficulty has arisen from a general mistake as to the simile itself; and Shakspeare's own words here ac.

13 i. e. fumitory, written by the old herbalists fumittery

14 The quartos read hardocks, the folio hardokes. Lually convey his perfect meaning, as indeel they com. Drayton mentious hurlochs in one of his Eclogues :monly do. I understand the passage thus ·

* The honey-suckle, the harlocke, You have seen

The lily, and the lady-smocke,' &c. Sunshine and rain at once; her smiles and rears Perhaps the charlock, sinapis arvensis, or wild mus. Were like ; a better way."

tard, may be meant. "That is, Cordelia's smiles and tears were like the con. 15 Darnel, according to Gerard, is the most hurtful of junction of sunshine and rain, in a better way or man. weeds among corn. ner Now in what did this better way consist? Why 16 Steevens says that do should be omitted as needleso 1


Аст п
In the restoring his bereaved sense ?

Transport her purposes by word ? Belike,
He, that helps him, take all my outward worth. Something I know not what:-I'll love thee much
Phy. There is means, madam:

Let me unseal the letter."
Our foster-nurse of nature is repose,


Madam, I had rather-
The which he lacks; that to provoke in him, Reg. I know, your lady does not love her husband;
Are many simples operative, whose power I am sure of that: and, at her late being here,
Will close the eye of anguish.

She gave strange ciliads, and most speaking looks

All bless'd secrets, To noble Edmund: I know, you are of her bosom.
All you unpublish'd virtues of the earth,

Stew. I, madam ?
Spring with my tears! be aidant, and remediate, Reg. I speak in understanding; you are, I know it:
In the good man's distress !-Seek, seek for him, Therefore, I do advise you, take this note :'
Lest bis ungovern'd rage dissolve the life

My lord is dead; Edmund and I have talk'd;
That wants the means to lead it.'

And more convenient is he for my hand,

Than for your lady's :-You may gather more.
Enter a Messenger.

If you do find him, pray you, give him this ;'

Madam, news; And when your mistress hears thus much from you,
The British powers are marching hitherward.


pray, desire her call her wisdom to her.
Cor. 'Tis known before; our preparation stands So, fare you well.
In expectation of them.-0, dear father,


you do chance to hear of that blind traitor,
It is thy business that I go about ;

Preferment falls on him that cuts him off.
Therefore great France

Stew. 'Would, I could meet him, madam! I
My mourning, and importanto tears, hath pitied.

would show
No blown ambition doth our arms incite, What party I do follow.
But love, dear love, and our aged father's right : Reg.

Fare thee well. [Exeunt.
may I hear, and see him.


SCENE VI.* The Country near Dover. Enter
SCENE V. A Room in Gloster's Castle. Enter Gloster, and EDGAR, dressed like a Peasant.
REGAN and Steward.

Glo. When shall we come to the top of that samo
Reg. But are my brother's powers set forth ?


Ay, madam.

Edg. You do climb up it now: look, how we


In person there?

Glo. Methinks the ground is even.
Madam, with much ado:


Horrib sleep :
Your sister is the better soldier.

Hark, do you hear the sea ?
Reg. Lord Edmund spoke not with your lord at Glo

No, truly."

Edge. Why,then your other senses grow imperfect
Stew. No, madam.

By your eyes' anguish.
Reg. What might import my sister's letter to him? Glo.

So may it be, indeed :
Stew. I know not, lady.

Methinks, thy voice is alter'd ;and thou speak'st
Reg. 'Faith, he is posted hence on serious matter. In better phrase, and matter, than thou didsi.
It was great ignorance, Gloster's eyes being out, Edg. You are much deceiv'd; in nothing am I
To let him live ; where he arrives, he moves

All hearts against us : Edmund, I think, is gone,

But in my garments.
In pity of his misery, to despatch


Methinks, you are better spoken.
His nighted life ;* moreover, to descry

Edg. Come on, sir; here's the place :-stand
The strength o' the enemy.

still.-Row fearful
Stew. I must needs after him, madam, with my And dizzy ʼtis, to cast one's eyes so low!

The crows, and choughs, that wing the midway air,
Reg. Our troops set forth to-morrow; stay with us; Show scarce so gross as beetles : Half way down
The ways are dangerous.

Hangs one that gathers samphire ;13 dreadfal trade !
I may not, madam;

Methinks, he seems no bigger than his head :
My lady charg'd my duty in this business. The fishermen, that walk upon the beach,
Reg. Why should she write to Edmund ? Might Appear like mice; and yon tall anchoring bark,

Diminish'd to her cock ;'* her cock, a buoy

Almost 100 small for sight : The murmuring surge,
to the sense of the passage, and injurious to the metre. That on the unnumber'd idle pebbles chafes,
Thus in Hamlet :-

Cannot be heard so high ;-I'll look no more;
Try what repentance can; What can it not?
Do, in either place, is understood, though suppressed.
Do is found in none of the old copies but quarto B.

6 Eillade, Fr. a cast, or significant glance of the
1 i. e. the reason which should guide it.


7 That is, observe what I am saying.
2 Important for importunate, as in other places of
these plays. See Comedy of Errors, Act v. Sc. I. The

8 You may infer more than I have directly told

you. folio reads importuned.

9 Perhaps a ring, or some token, is given to the 3 No inflated, no stelling pride.

steward by Regan to be conveyed to Edmund. Quam bene te ambitio mersit vanissima, ventus,

10 This scene, and the stratagem by which Gloster is Et tumidos tumidæ vos superastis aque.

cured of his desperation, are wholly borrowed from
Beza on the Spanish Armada.

Sidney's Arcadia, book ii.
So in The Liule French Lawyer of Beaumont and in this or the foregoing hemistich. The quartos read as

11 Something to complete the measure geems wanting
Fletcher :-

one line :
"I come with no bloron spirit to abuse you."
4 j. e. his life made dark as night, by the extinction

" Horrible steep: hark, do you hear the sea ?"
of his eyes.

12 Edgar alters his voice in order to pass afterwards
5 'I know not well (says Johnson) why Shakspeare

for a malignant spirit.
gives the Steward, who is a mere factor for wickedness, sea cliffs in this country: it is terrible to see how people

13 Samphire grows in great plenty on most of the
No much fidelity. He now refuses the letter; and after gather it, hanging by å rope several fathom from the
wards, when he is dying, thinks only how it may be top of the impending rocks, as it were in the air; –
safely delivered.'-Johnson.
Surely when Dr. Johnson made this note, he did Dover Cliff

' was particularly resoried to for this plant,

Smith's History of Waterford, p. 315, edit. 1774.-
not recollect the character Edgar gives of this Stew according to Drayton, Polyolbion, b. xviii.:-
ard after he is dead :--
" As duteous to the vices of thy mistress

* Rob Dover's neighbouring cleeves of samphire, to

Ag badness could require.”
* Fidelity in agenus of wickedness is, I fear, not so un. It is still eaten as a pickle in those paris of England

His dull and sickly taste, and stir up appetite.'
common as to be unfit for the general probability of bordering on the southern coast.
dramatic manners.'--Pye

14 i. e. her cock-boat. Henco the term cock sucain.

not you


a foot

Lest my brain turn, and the deficient sight

Glo. Alack, I have no eyes.Topple' down headlong.

Is wretchedness depriv'd that benefit, Glo.

Set me where you stand. To end itself by death 7. 'Twas yet somo comfort, Edg. Give me your hand : You are now within When misery could beguile the tyrant's rage,

And frustrate his proud will. of the extreme verge : for all beneath the moon Edg.

Give me your arm : Would I not leap upright.

Up:-So;-How is't? Feel you your legs? You Glo. Let go my hand.

stand. Here, friend, is another purse ; in it a jewel

Glo. Too well, too well. Well worth a poor man's taking: Fairies, and gods, Edg.

This is above all strangeness. Prosper it with thee! Go thou further off;

Upon the crown o' the cliff, what thing was that Bid me farewell, and let me hear thee going. Which parted from you ? Elg. Now fare you well, good sir. (Seems to go.


A poor unfortunate beggar. Glo.

With all my heart. Edg. As I stood here below, methought, bis eyes Edg. Why I do trifle thus with his despair, Were two full moons ; he had a thousand noses, Is done to cure it.

Horns welk'd,' and wav'd like the enridged sea ; Glo. O, you mighty gods !

It was some fiend : Therefore, thou happy father, This world I do renounce; and, in your sights Think that the clearest gods, who make them honShake patiently my great affliction off :

ours If I could bear it longer, and not fall

of men's impossibilities, have preserv'd thee. To quarrel with your great opposeless wills, Glo. I do remember now; henceforth I'll bear My snuff, and loathed part of nature, should Affliction, till it do cry out itself, Burn itself out. If Edgar live, o, bless him ! Enough, enough, and, die. That thing you speak of, Now, fellow, fare thee well.

I took it for a man; often 'twould say, (He leaps and falls along. The fiend, the fiend: he led me to that place Edg.

Gone, sir ? farewell. Edg. Bear free! and patient thoughts. But who And yet I know not how conceit may rob

comnes here? The treasury of life, when life itself Yields to the theft :: Had he been where he thought,

Enter LEAR, funtastically dressed up with Flowers. By this, had thought been past.-Alive, or dead? The safer sensell will ne'er accommodate Ho, you sir ! friend !-Hear you, sir ?-speak !

His master thus,
Thus might he pass indeed : 1-Yet he revives : Lear. No, they cannot touch me for coining;
What are you, sir?

I ain the king himself.
Away, and let me die.

Edg. O, thou side-piercing sight!
Edg. Had'st thou been ought but gossamer, *

Lear. Nature's above art in that respect. There's feathers, air,

your press-money." That follow handles his bow So many fathom down precipitating,

like a crow-keeper:13 draw me a clothier's yard. Thou had'st shiver'd like an egg: but thou dost Look, look, a mouse ! Peace, peace ;—this piece of breathe;

toasted cheese will do't.-There's my gauntlet; I'll Hast heavy substance; bleed'st not; speak’st ; art prove it on a giant.--Bring up the brown bills.sound.

O, well flown, bird !--' the clout, if the clout ! Ten masts at each make not the altitude,

hewgh --Give the word.15 Which thou hast perpendicularly fell;

Edg. Sweet majoram. Thy life's a miracle : Speak yet again.

Lear. Pass. Glo. But have I fallen, or no ?

Glo. I know that voice. Edg. From the dread summit of this chalky

Lear. Ha! Goneril with a white beard ! bourn:6

They faiter'd me like a dog ; and told me, I had Look up a-height ;-the shrill-gorg'd lark so far white hairs in my beard, ere the black ones were Cannot be seen or heard: do but look up.

there. To say ay, and no, to every thing I said To topple is to tumble : the word is again used in because its shell is marked with convolved protuberant

ridges. Macbeth. So in Nashe's Lenten Stuffe, 1599 :— Fifty people toppled up their heels there.'

9 That is, the purest; the most free from evil. So in 2 'That is, 'when life is willing to be destroyed.

Timon of Athens :- Roots! you clear gods! 3. Thus might he die in reality.' We still use the

9 By men's impossibilities perhaps is meant what word passing.bell. So in King Henry VI. Part II. :

men call impossibilities, what appear as such to mere

mortal beings. * Disturb him not, let him

puss peaceably.' 4 «The substance called gossamer is formed of the

10 • Bear free and patient thoughts." Free here means collected webs of flying spiders, and during calm pure, as in other places of these plays.

11 "The safer sense (says Mr. Blakeway) seems to weather in autumn sometimes falls in amazing quanti. ties.'-Holt White. Some think it the down of plants; me to mean the eyesight, which, says Edgar, will never others the vapour arising from boggy or marshy ground more serve the unfortunate Lear so well as those which in warm weather. The etymon of this word, which returned to a right mind. Horace terms the eyes oculi has puzzled the lexicographers, is said to be summer

, fidelix,' and the eyesight may be called the safer sense goose or summer gauze, hence 'gauze o’the summer, in allusion to the proverb Seeing is believing. Gloster its well known name in the north. See Hore Momente afterwards laments the stiffness of his vile sense.' Cravenæ, or the Craven Dialcci Eremplified, 1924,

12 It is evident from the whole of this speech that Lear 8vo. p. 79.

i. e. drawn out at length, or each added to the fancied himself in a battle. For the meaning of press other. Eche, exp. draro out, ab Anglo Saxon elcan, serve to explain the passage in Act v. Sc. 2:

money, see the first scene of Hamlet, which will also elcian, Diserre, vel a verb. to eak.' Skinner, Etymolog.

"And turn our impresi lances in our eyes.' Skinner is right in his last derivation, it is from the

13 Or if thou'll not ihy archery forbear, Anglo-Saxon eacan, tv add. Thus Chaucer, in The

To some base rustick do thyself prefer ; House of Fame, b. iii, v. 975:

And when corn's sown, or grown into the ear, gan somewhat to eche,

Practice thy quiver and turn crow-keeper.'
To this tiding in his speche.'

Drayton, Idea the Forty-eighth. And in Troilus and Cressejle, b. i. v. 706 :

Ascham, in speaking of awkward shooters, says : "As doen these fooles, that hir sorrowes eche.' • Another cuwrech down, and layeth out his buttockes as Pope changed this to altacht; Johnson would read on thoughe he would shoote at crowes.' end; Steevens proposes at reach. Ignorance of our The subsequent expression of Lear, draw me a earlier language has been the stumbling-block of all clothier's yard,' Steeveng thinks, alludes to the old these eminent critics.

ballad of Chevy Chase :6 i. e. this chalky boundary of England.

"An arrow of a cloth yard long, ? Welk'd is marked with protuberances. This and

Up to the head he drew,' &c. whelk are probably only different forms of the same 14 Battleaxes. word The icelk is a small shellfish, 60 called, perhaps, 16 Lear is here raving of archery, faleonry, and a

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Ay and no too was no good divinity.' When the Lear. Read. rain came to wet me once, and the wind to make Glo. What, with the case of eyes ? me chatter ; when the thunder would not peace at Lear. O, ho, are you there with me? No eyes my bidding; there I found them, there I smelt them in your head, nor no money in your purse ? Your out. Go to, they are not men o' their words: they eyes are in a heavy case, your purse in a light: Yet told me I was every thing : 'tis a lie ; I am not you see how this world goes. ague proof.

Glo. I see it feelingly. Glo. The trick of that voice I do well remember: Lear. What, art mad ? A man may see how this Is't not the king ?

world goes, with no eyes. Look with thine ears Lear. Ay, every inch, a king : see how yon' justice rails upon yon simple thiet

? When I do stare, see how the subject quakes. Hark, in thine ear : Change places ; and handyI pardon'd that man's life : what was thy cause ?— dandy, which is the justice, which is the thief ?Adultery.

Thou hast seen a farmer's dog bark at a beggar? Thou shall not die ; Die for adultery! No :

Glo. Ay, sir. The wren goes to't, and the small gilded fly

Lear. And the creature run from the cur ? There Does lecher in my sight.

thou might'st behold the great image of authority ; Let copulation thrive, for Gloster's bastard son A dog's obey'd in office. Was kinder to his father, than my daughters Thou rascal beadle, hold thy bloody hand : Got 'tween the lawful sheets.

Why dost thou lash' that whore ? Strip thine own To't, luxury, pell-mell, for black soldiers.

back : Behold yon simpering dame,

Thou hotly lust'st to use her in that kind Whose face between her forks presageth snow ;* For which thou whipp'st her. The usurer hangs That mincess virtue, and does shake the head

the cozener. To hear of pleasure's name ;

Through tatter'd clothes small vices do appear The fitchew, nor the soiled horse, goes to't Robes, and furr'd gowns,

hide all.) Plate sin with With a more riotous appetite.

gold, Down from the waist they are centaurs,

And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks : Though women all above;

Arm it in rags, a pigmy's straw doth pierce it. But to the girdle do the gods inherit,

None does offend, none, I say none; I'll able 'em ;' Beneath is all the fiends'; there's hell, there's dark-Take that of me, my friend, who have the power ness,

To seal the accuser's lips. Get thee glass eyes ; There is the sulphurous pit,burning, scalding, stench, And, like a scurvy politician, seem consumption :-Fie, fie, fie ! pah; pah ! Give me To see the things thou dost not.-Now, now, now, me an ounce of civet, good apothecary, to sweeten my imagination : there's money for thee.

Pull off my boots ;-harder, harder; só. Glo. O, let me kiss that hand !

Edg. O, matter and impertinency'l mix'd ! Iew. Let me wipe it first; it smells of mortality. Reason in madness! Glo. O, ruin'd piece of nature! This great world Lear. If thou wilt weep my fortunes, take my eyes. Shall so wear out to nought.-Dost thou know me! I know thee well enough ; ihy name is Gloster:

Lear. I remember thine eyes well enough. Dos! Thou must be patient; we came crying hither. thou squiny at me ? No, do thy worst

, blind Cupid ! Thou know'st the first time that we smell the air, I'll not love.—Read thou this challenge ; mark but we wawl, and cry:1?_I will preach to thee; mark the penning of it.

Glo. Were all the letters suns, I could not see one. Glo. Alack, alack the day !

Edg. I would not take this from report ;-it is, Lear. When we are born, we cry that we are And my heart breaks at it.

this great stage of fools ;-

-This a good battle, jumbled together in quick transition. 6 Well

block ? 13 foron bird' was the falconer's expression when the hawk was successful in her flight; it is so used in A 10 i. e. support or uphold them. So Chapman, in the Woman Kill'd with Kindness. The clout is the white Widow's Tears, 1612 :mark at which archers aim. By 'give the word,' the Admitted! ay, into her heart, and I'llable it." walchwoord in a camp is mean. The quartos read, 'Again, in his version of the twenty-third Iliad :well flown bird in the ayre, hugh, give the word.'

I'll able this I It has been proposed to read, 'To say ay and no lo

For five revolved years.' every thing I said ay and no lo, was no good divinity.' 11 Impertinency here is used in its old legitimate Besides the inaccuracy of construction in the passage as sense of something not belonging to the subject. it stands in the text, it does not appear how it could be 12 The childe feeles that, the man that feeling knowes, flattery to dissent from as well as assent to every thing Which cries first borne, the presage of his life,' &c. Lear said.

Sidney's Arcadia, lib. ii. 2 Trick is a word used for the air, or peculiarity in a The passage is, however, evidently laken from Pliny, face, voice, or gesture, which distinguishes it from as translated by Philemon Holland, Proeme to b. vii. others, We still say he has a trick or winking with his Man alone, poor wretch (nature) hath laid all naked eyes, &c.

upon the bare earth, even on his birthday to cry and 3 i. e. incontinence.

wrawle presently from the very first houre that he is 4 The construction is, 'Whose face presageth snow borne into this world.'-Douce. between her forks.' So in Timon of Athens, Act iv. 13 Upon the king's saying 'I will preach to thee,' the Sc. 3:

poet seems to have meant him to pull off bis hai, and · Whose blush doth thaw the consecrated snow keep turning it and feeling it, in the attidude of one of That lies on Dian's lap.'

the preachers of those times (whom I have seen re. See Cotgrave's Dict. in v. Fourcheure.

presented in ancient prints) till the idea of felt which 5 i. e. puts on an outward affected seeming or virtue. the good hal or block was made of, raises the stratagem See Cotgrave in v. Mineur-se. He also explains it in his brain of shoeing a troop of horse with the (same under · Faire la sadinette, lo mince it, nicefio it, be substance) which he held and moulded between his very squeamish, backward, or coy!

hands. So in Decker's Gull's Hornbook, 1609 That 6 The fitchero is the polecat. A soiled horse is a horse cannot observe the tune of his hatband, nor know what that has been fed with hay and corn during the winter, fashioned block is most kin to his head: for in my opin. and is turned out in the spring to take the first push of ion the brain cannot chuse his felt well. Again, in grass, or has it cut and carried to him. This at once Run and a Creat Cast, no date, Epigram 46, in Sexti. cleanses the animal and fills him with blood. In the num :old copies the preceding as well as the latter part of "A pretty blocke Sextinus names his hat, Lear's speech is printed as prose. It is doubtful whether So much the filter for his head by that.' any part of it was intended for metre.

This delicate stratagem is mentioned by Ariosto : 1 Bul in its exceptive sense.

fece pel cadar strepito quanto 8 Possess.

Avesse avuto sotto i piedil filtro.' 9 From "hide all' to accuser's lips' is wanting in so in Fenton's Tradical Discourses, 41h. blk. I. 1567:the quartos

He atyreth himself for the purpose in a night-gowns



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It were a delicate stratagem, to shoe

Glo. Hearty thanks :
A troop of horse with felt : I'll put it in proof; The bounty and the benizon of heaven
And when I have stolen upon these sons-in-law, To boot, and boot !
Then, kill, kill, kill, kill, kill, kill."

Enter Steward.
Enter a Gentleman, with Attendants.


A proclaim'd prize! Most happy! Gent. O, here he is, lay hand upon him.-Sir, That eyeless head of thine was first fram’d flesh Your most dear daughter

To raise my fortunes.—Thou old unhappy traitor, Lear. No rescue ? What, a prisoner ? I am even Briefly thyself remember :10—The sword is out The natural fool of fortune?- Use me well;

That must destroy thee. You shall have ransom. Let me have a surgeon,


Now let thy friendly hand I am cut to the brains.

Put strength enough to it. [EDGAR opposes. Gent. You shall have any thing.


Wherefore, bold peasant, Lear. No seconds ? All myself?

Dar’st thou support a publish'd traitor ? Hence; Why, this would make a man, a man of salt,»

Lest that the infection of his fortune take To use his eyes for garden water-pots,

Like hold on thee. Let go his arm. Ay, and for laying autumn's dust.

Edg. Ch'ill not let go, zir, without vurther 'casion. Gent.

Good sir,

Slow. Let go, slave, or thou diest. Lear. I will die bravely, like a bridegroom :

Edg. Good gentleman, go your gait," and lot What?


volk pass. And ch'ud ha' been zwagger'd out I will be jovial ; come, come ; I am a king,

of my life,' would not ha' been zo long as 'tis by a My masters, know you that !

vortnight. Nay, come not near the old man; keep Gent. You are a royal one, and we obey you.

out, che vor'ye, 2 or ise try whether your costard 13 Lear. Then there's life in it.* Nay, an you get it, or my bat be the harder : Ch'ill be plain with you. you shall get it by running. Sa, sa, sa, sa."

slow. Out, dunghill ! (Exil, running, Atiendants follow. Edg. Ch'ill pick your teeth, zir ; Come; no mat Gent. A sight most pitiful in the meanest wretch; ter vor your foins,* Past speaking of in a king!—Thou hast one daughter [They fight; and EDGAR knocks him down. Who redeems nature from the general curse

Stew. Slave, thou hast slain me:-Villain, take Which twain have brought her to.

my purse; Edg. Hail, gentle sir.

If ever thou wilt thrive, bury my body; Gent. Sir, speed you: What's your will? And give the letters, which thou find'st'about me, Edg. Do you hear aught, sir, of a battle toward ? To Edmund earl of Gloster; seek him out Gent. Most sure and vulgar : every one hears Upon the British party : -0, untimely death that,

(Dies. Which can distinguish sound.

Elg. I know thee well: A serviceable villain; Edg. But, by your favour,

As duteous to the vices of thy mistress, How near's the other army ?

As badness would desire. Gent. Near, and on speedy foot, the main descry


What, is he dead? Stands on the hourly thought.

Eig. Sit you down, father; rest you.Edg.

I thank you, sir : that's all. Let's see his pockets; these letters, that he speaks of Gent. Though that the queen on special cause is May be my friends. -Ile's dead: I am only sorry here,

He had no other deathsman.-Let us see: Her army is mov'd on.

Leave, gentle wax; and, manners, blame us not: Edg.

sir. [Erit Gent. To know our enemies' minds, we'd rip their hearts Glo. You ever-gentle gods, take my breath from Their papers, is more lawtul.15

[Reads.] Let our reciprocal vous be remembered. me i Let not my worser spirit' tempt me again

You have many opportunities to cut him off"; if your To die before you please!

will want not, time and plave rill be fruitfully offered. Edg.

Well pray you, father. There is nothing done, if he return the conqueror : Glo. Now, good sir, what are you?

Then am I the prisoner, and his bed my gaol; from Edg. A most poor man, made lame by fortune's the loathed warmth whereof deliver me, and supply the blows ::

place for your labour. Who, by the art of known and feeling sorrows,

Your wife, (so I would say,) and you Am pregnant to good pity. Give me your hand,

affectionate servant,

GONERIL. I'll lead you to some biding.

O undistinguish'd space of woman's will!16-girt to hym, with a payre of shoes of falte leaste the A plot upon her virtuous husband's life; noyse of his secte mishi discover bis goinge,' p. 58.- | And the exchange, my brother!-Here, in the sands, It had, however, been actually put in practice about Any years before Shakspeare was born, at a tournament

7 By this expression may be meantómy evil genius.'

8 The folio really maile tante by fortune's blows.' held at Lisle before Henry the VIII. (Oct. 13, 1313,] where the horses, to prevent their sliding on a black The original is probably the true reading. So in Shak. stone pavement, were shod with fell or florks (filtro speare's thirty-seventh Sounct:sive lomento.) See Lord Herbert's Life of King Henry "So I, madr lame by furtunnis dearest spight.' VIII. p. 41.

9 Feeling is probably ured here for felt. Sorrows This was the cry formerly in the English army known not by relation, but by experience. Warburton when an onset was made on the enemy. So in Venus explains it, Sorrows past and present and Adonis :

10 i. e. quickly recollect the post offences of thy lifo, Gives false alarms, suggestcth mutiny,

and recommend thyself to heaven.' And in a peaceful hour doth cry, Kill, kill.'

11 Gang your gail, is a common expression in the 2 So in Romeo and Juliet :--0, I am fortune's fool.' | north. In the last rebellion, the Senich soldiers, when

3 - A man of salt' is a man of tears. In All's Well they had finished their exercise, were dismissed by this that Ends Well, we meet with Your salt tears phrase, 'gang your gaits.'

12 i. e. I warn you.

When our ancient writers have head. And in Troilus and Cressida, 'the salt of broken tears.' Again, in Coriolanus :

occasion to introduce a rastic, they commonly allot

him the Somerset:bire dialect. Golding, in his transla• He has betray'd your business, and given up,

tion of the second book of Ovil's Metamorphoses, For certain drops of sall, your city Romo.'

makes Mercury, assuming the appearauce of a clown, 4 The case is not yet desperate. So in Antony and speak with the provinciality of Elear. Cleopatra :- There's sap in't yet.'

13 i. e. head. A but is a star. It is the proper nainc 5 Mr. Boswell thinks that this passage seems to prove of a walking-stick in Sussex even at this day. that seesti

means the very reverse of cessez. Sec 14 i. e. thrusts. p. 414, and p. 416, note 13, ante.

15 i. e. to rip their papers is more lawful. 6 The main body is expected to be descried every 16 This seems to me to mean, 'O how inordinate, how buur.

wubounded is the liccntious inclination of women.

I thank you,

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