Theo I'll rake up, the post unsanctified'

Phys. Please you, draw near.-Louder the music Of murderous lechers: and, in the mature time,

there." With this ungracious paper strike the sight Cor. O, my dear father! Restoration, hang Of the death-practis'd duke :' for him 'uis well, Thy medicine on my lips; and let this kiss That of thy death and business I can tell.

Repair those violent harms, that my two sisters [Erit EDGAR, dragging out the Body. Have in thy reverence made! Glo. The king is mad: How stiff' is my vile sense, Kent.

Kind and dear princess! That I stand up, and have ingenious feeling?

Cor. Had you not been their father, these white Of my huge sorrows! Better I were distract:

flakes So should my thoughts be sever'd from my griefs; Had challeng'd pity on them. Was this a face And woes, by wrong imaginations, lose

To be expos'd against the warring winds ? The knowledge of theniselves.

[To stand against the deep dread-bolted thunder ? Re-enter EDGAR.

In the most ierrible and nimble stroke Edg.

Give me your hand : With this thin helm?'' | Mine enemy's dog,

Of quick, cross lightning ? to watch (poor perdu!) Far off, methinks, I hear the beaten drum.

Though he had bit me, should have stood that night Come, father, I'll bestow you with a friend.

Against my fire; And wast thou fain, poor father,

(Ereunt. To hovel thee with swine, and rogues forlorn, SCENE VII. A Tent in the French Camp. LEAR In short and musty straw ? Alack, alack!

on a Bed asleep : Physician, Gentleman, and 'Tis wonder, that thy life and wits at once others attending : Enter CorpElia and Kent. Had not concluded all.12-He wakes ; speak to him. Cor. O, thou good Kent, how shall I live, and

Phys. Madam, do you ; 'us fittest.

Cor. How does my royal lord ? How fares your work, To match thy goodness? My life will be too short,


Lear. You do me wrong, to take me out o' tho And every measure fail me. Kent. To be acknowledgd, madam, is o'erpaid. Thou art a soul in bliss; but I am bound

grave :-All my reports go with the modest truth; Nor more, nor clipp’d, but so.

Upon a wheel of fire, that mine own tears Cor.

Be better suited : Do scald like molten lead.

Cor. These weeds are memories of those worser hours;

Sir, do you know me? I pr’ythee, put them off.

Lear. You are a spirit, I know; When did you die 3 Kent. Pardon me, dear madam;

Cor. Sull, still, far wide! Yet to be known, shortens my made intent:'

Phys. He's scarce awake; let him alone awhile. My boon I make it, that you know me not,

Lear. Where have I been? Where am I?-Fair Till time and I think meet.

day-light ?Cor. Then be it so, my good lord.—How does Lam mightily abus’d.'S_I should even die with pity, the king ?

[To the Physician. To see another thus.--I know not what to say. Phys. Madam, sleeps still,

I will not swear, these are my hands :-let's see ; Cor. O, you kind gods,

I feel this pin prick. 'Would, I were assur'd Cure this great breach in his abused nature !

Of my condition. The untun'd and jarring senses, 0, wind up,


0, look upon me sir, of this child-changed father !

And hold your hands in benediction o'er me
So please your majesty, No, sir, you must not kneel.14

That we may wake the king ? 'he hath slept long.

Pray, do not mock me : Cor. Be govern’d by your knowledge, and proceed Fourscore and upward ;'S and, to deal plainly,

I am a very foolish fond old man, l' the sway of your own will. Is he array'd ? Gent. Ay, madam ; in the heaviness of his sleep, Methínks, I should know you, and know this man •

I fear, I am not in my perfect mind. We

put fresh garments on him. Phys. Be by, good madam, when we do awake Yet I am doubtful: for I am mainly ignorant him ;

What place this is ; and all the skill I have I doubt not of his temperance.

Remembers not these garments; por I know not Cor. Very well.

Where I did lodge last night: Do not laugh at me;

11 The lines in crotchets are not in the folio. The al. 'Thee I'll raké nip, the post unsanctified,' &c. lusion is to the forlorn hope of an army, called in French i. e. I'll cover thee. In Staffordshire, to rake the fire, is enjans perdus; amongst other desperate adventures in to cover it for the night. Unsanctified refers to his want which they were engaged, the night-watches seem to of burial in consecrated ground.

have been a common one. Warburton is wrong in sup? That is, the Duke of Albany, whose death is ma- posing that those ordered on such services were lightly chinated by practice or treason.

or badly armed; the contrary is clearly the fact, and to 3 Ingenious feeling.' Bullokar, in his Expositor, such a fact is the allusion of ihe poet, Poor perdu, you interprets ingenious by quick conceited, i. e. acute. are exposed to the most dangerous situation, not with This makes Warburton's paraphrase unnecessary. the most proper arms, but with a mere helmet of thin

4 In the folio, the Gentleman and the Physician are and hoary hair.' The same allusion occurs in Dave. one and the same person.

nant's Love and Honour, 1619 :5 i.e. be better dressed, put on a better suit of clothes.

I have endured 6 Memories are memorials.

Another night would tire a perdu 7 A made intent is an intent formed. We say in

More than a wet furrow and a great frost.' common language to make a design, and to make a So in Beaumont and Fletcher's Little French Lawyer :resolution.

I am set here like a perdu 8 That is, changed by his children; a father whose To walch a fellow that has wrong'd my mistress.' jarring senses have been untuved by the monstrous in. 12 i. e. had not all ended. So in Timon of Athens :gratitude of his daughters. So care-crazed, crazed by

'And dispossess her all.' care ; 10-inearied, wearied by wo, &c.

13 I am strangely imposed upon by appearances; I 9 This and the foregoing speech are not in the folio. I am in a strange míst of uncertainty. It has been already observed that Shakspeare consider- 14 “This circumstance is found in the old play of King ed soft music as favourable to sleep. Lear, we may Leir, apparently written by another hand, and published suppose, had been thus composed to rest ; and now the before any edition of Shakspeare's play had made its Physician desires louder music to be played, for the pur appearance. As it is always difficult to say whether pose of waking him. So again in Pericles, Cerimon, such accidental resemblancés proceed from imitation, or to recover Thaisa, who had been thrown into the sea, a similarity of thinking on the same occasion, I can says:

only point out this in the reader, to whose determina* The rough and woful music that we have, tion I leave the question.'- Steerens. Cause it to sound, beseech you.'

15 The folio here adds the words 'not an hour more Again in the Winter's Tale ::

or less, Which, as they are absurd and superfluous, Music awake her, strike!'

have been justly degraded as the interpolation of some 10 Restoration is no more than recovery personified. inconsiderate player.


For, as I am a man, I think this lady

(Reg. But have you nover found my brother's way To be my child Cordelia.

To the forefended place?
And so I am, I am, Edm.

That thought abusess you. Lear. Be your tears wet ? Yes, 'faith. I pray, Reg. I am doubtful that you have been conjunct weep not:

And bosom'd with her, as far as we call hers. If you have poison for me, I will drink it.

Edm. No, by mine honour, madam.) I know, you do not love me ; for your sisters Reg. I never shall endure her: Dear my lord, Have, as I do remember, done me wrong:

Be not familiar with her. You have some cause, they have not.


Fear me not: Cor.

No cause, no cause. She, and the duke her husband,Lear. Am I in France ?

Enter ALBANY, GONERIL, and Soldier Kent.

In your own kingdom, sir. Lear. Do not abuse me.

Gon. I had rather lose the battle, than that sister

Should loosen him and me. Phys. Be comforted, good madam: the great rage,

(Aside. You is cur'd in him: and yet it is danger

Alb. Our very loving sister, well be met.see, To make him even' o'er the time he has lost.]

Sir, this I hear,—The king is come to his daughter, Desire him to go in; trouble him no more,

With others, whom the rigour of our state Till further settling.

Forc'd to cry out. (Where I could not be honest Cor. Will’t please your highness walk ?

I never yet was valiant: for this business, Lear.

It toucheth us as France invades our land, You must bear with me : 'Pray now, forget and forgive : I am old, and foolish. Not bolds the king; with others, whom, I fear,

More just and heavy causes make oppose.
[ Exeunt LEAR, CORDELIA, Physician, and

Edm. Sir, you speak nobly. [Gent. Holds it true, sir,


Why is this reason'd? That the Duke of Cornwall was so slain?

Gon. Combine together 'gainst the enemy : Kent.

Most certain, sir.

For these domestic and particular broils” Gent. Who is conductor of his people ?

Are not to question here.

As 'tis said, with the ancient of war on our proceedings.

Let us then determino
The bastard son of Gloster.

They say, Edgar,

Edm. I shall attend you presently at your tent." His banish'd son, is with the Earl of Kent

Reg. Sister, you'll go with us? In Germany.

Gon. No. Kent. Report is changeable.

Reg. 'Tis most convenient ; 'pray you, go with us. 'Tis time to look about; the powers o' the kingdom

Gon. O, ho, I know the riddle: [Aside. ] I will go. Approach apace:

As they are going out, enter EDGAR, disguised. Gent. The arbitremnent is like to be a bloody.

Edg. If e'er your grace had speech with man so Fare you well, sir.


poor, Kent. My point and period will be thoroughly Hear me one word.

Alb. wrought,

I'll overtake you.-Speak. Or well, or ill, as this day's battle's fought.?)

(Exeunt EDMUND, Regan, Goseril, Offi(Exit.

cers, Soldiers, and Attendants.

Edg. Before you fight the battle, ope this letter. ACT V.


you have victory, let the trumpet sound

For him that brought it; wretched though I seem, SCENE I. The Camp of the British Forces, near I can produce a champion, that will prove Dover. Enter, with Drums, and Colours, Ed. What is avouched there : 'If you miscarry, MUND, Regan, Officers, Soldiers, and others.

Your business of the world hath so an end, Edm. Know of the duke, if his last purpose hold; And machination ceases.' Fortune love you! Or, whether since he is advis'd by aught

Alb. Stay till I have read the letter. To change the course : He's full of alteration, Edg.

I was forbid it. And self-reproving :-bring his constant pleasure. When time shall serve, let but the herald cry, [To an Officer, who goes out. And I'll appear again.

(Exit. Reg. Our sister's man is certainly miscarried. Alb. Why, fare theo well; I will o'erlook thy Edm. 'Tis to be doubted, madam.

paper. Reg. Now, sweet lord,

Re-enter EDMUND. You know the goodness I intend upon you:

Edm. The enemy's in view, draw up your powers, Tell me,—but truly, but then speak the truth,

Here is the guess of their true strength and forces Do you not love my sister ? Edm.

In honour'd love.

By diligent discovery;'°-but your haste

Is now urg'd on you. "To make him even o'er the time he has lost,'.


We will greet the time." [Exil. is to make the occurrences of it plain or level to his troubled mind. See Barel's Alvearie, 1573, E. 307. king to assert his former title.' Thus in the ancient

? What is printed in crotchets is not in the folio. It is Interlude of Hycke Scorner :at least proper, if not necessary, and was perhaps only

Alas, that I had not one to bolde me.' omitted the players to abridge a play of very con. Again in Arthur Hull's translation of the fourth Iliad, siderable length.

410. 1581 :3 i. e. his seuled resolution.

* And Pallas bolds the Greeks, ' &c. 4 The first and last of these speeches within crotchets | To make bolde, to encourage, animum aduere. are inseried in Hanmer's, Theobald's, and Warburton's

Baret. editions, the two intermediate ones, which were omitted 7 The quartos have it :in all others, are restored from the 410. 1609. Whether

For these domestic doore particulars.' they were left out through negligence, or because the The folio reads in the subsequent line: imagery contained in them might be thought too luxuri- • Are not the question here.' ant, I cannot determine ; but surely a material injury is 8 This speech is wanting in the folio. done to the character of the Bastard by the omission; 9 i. e. all designs against your life will have an end, for he is made to deny that flatly at first, which the poet These words are not in the quartos. only meant to make him evade, or return slight answers 10 i. e. the conjecture, or what we can gather by dilito, till he is urged so far as to be obliged to shelter him. gent espial, of their strength. So in King Henry IV. self under an immediate falsehood. Query, however, Part I. Act iv. Sc. 1.:whether Shakspeare meant us to believe that Edmund

--send discoverers forth had actually found his way to the forefended (i. e, for- To know the mumber of our enemies' biddeu) place ? - Steevens.

The passage has only been thought obscure for want of 5 Imposes on you; you are deceived.

a right understanding of the word discorery, which nei. 6. This business (says Albany) touches us, as France ther Malone nor Steevens seems to have understood. inyades our land, not as it emboldens or encourages the 11 i. e. be ready to meet the occasion.


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Edm. To both these sisters have I sworn my, At gilded butterflies, and hear poor rogues love;

Talk of court news; and we'll talk with them too, Each jealous of the other, as the stung,

Who loses, and who wins; who's in, who's out ;Are of the adder. Which of them shall I take ? And take upon us the mystery of things, Both! one? or neither? Neither can be enjoy'd, As if we were God's spies:" And we'll wear out, If both remain alive ; To take the widow, In a wall'd prison, packs and sects of great ones, Exasperates, makes mad her sister Goneril; That ebb and flow by the moon. And hardly shall I carry out my side,'


Take them away Her husband being alive. Now, then, we'll uso Lear. Upon such sacrifices, my Cordelia, His countenance for the battle; which being done, The gods themselves throw incense.' Have I caught Let her, who would be rid of him, deviso

thee? His speedy taking off. As for the mercy,

He, that parts us, shall bring a brand from heaven, Which he intends to Lear, and to Cordelia,- And fire us hence, like Wipe thine eyes; The battlo done, and they within our power,

The goujcers shall devour them, flesh and fell, 11 Shall never see his pardon: for my state

Ere they shall make us weep: we'll see them starve Stands on me to defend, not to debate.? [Eril.


Come. (Ereunt LEAR and CORDELIA, guarded. SCENE IL A Field betueen the two Camps.Alarum within. Enter, with Drum, and Colours, Take thou this note ;!? [Giving a Paper) go,

Edm. Come hither, captain; hark.

follow LEAR, CORDELIA, and thuir Forces; and exeunt.

them to prison : Enter EDGAR and GLOSTER.

One step I have advanc'd thee; if thou dost Edg. Here, father, take the shadow of this tree As this instructs thee, thou dosé make thy way For your good host; pray that the right may thrive: To noble fortunes: Know thou this,-that men If ever I return to you again,

Are as the time is : to be tender-minded I'll bring you comfort.

Does not become a sword :-Thy great employment Glo.

Grace go with you, sir! Will not bear question :13 either say, thou'lt do't,

[Erit EDGAR. Or thrive by other means. Alarums; afterwards a Retreat. Re-enter EDGAR. Of

I'll do't, my lord. Edg. Away, old man, give me thy hand, away;

Edm. About it; and write happy, when thou hast

done. King Lear hath lost, he and his daughter ta'en :

Mark,-) say instantly; and carry it so,
Give me thy hand, come on.

As I have set it down.
Glo. No further, sir ; a man may rot even here.
Edg. What, in ill thoughts again? Men must If it be man's work, I will do it.

of. I cannot draw a cart, nor eat dried oats;

(Exit Officer, endure Their going hence, even as their coming hither : Flourish. Enter ALBANY, GONERIL, Regan, OffiRipeness is all :* Come on.

cers, and Attendants. Glo.

And that's true too. Alb. Sir, you have shown to-day your valiant (Ereunt.

strain, SCENE II. The British Camp near Dover. Enter, And fortune led you well: You have the captivos

in Conquest, with Drum and Colours, EDMUND; Who were the opposites of this day's strife : Lear and CORDELIA, as Prisoners; Officers, We do require them of you; so to use them, Soldiers, foc.

As we shall find their merits and our safety
Edm. Some officers take them away; good guard;

May equally determine.

Sir, I thought it fit
Until their greater pleasure first be known

To send the old and miserable king
That are to censures them.

To some retention, and appointed guard;

We are not the first, Who, with the best meaning, have incurr'd the Whose age has charms in it, whose title more, worst,

To pluck the common bosom on his side, For thce, oppressed king, am I cast down ;

And turn our impress'd lances14 in our eyes

Which do command them. With him I sent the Myself could else outfrown false fortune's frown. Shall we not see these daughters, and these sisters?

queen; Lear. No, no, no, no! Come, let's away to prison : My reason all the same; and they are ready We two alone will sing like birds i’ the cage :

To-morrow, or at further space, to appear. When thou dost ask me blessing, I'll kneel down,

Where you shall hold your session. (At this time And ask of thee forgiveness: So we'll live,

10 Alluding to the old practice of smoking foxes out of And pray, and sing, and tell old tales, and laugh their holes. So in Harrington's translation of Ariosto,

b. xxvii. stan. 17:i Hardly shall I be able to make my side (i. e. my * E'en as a foxe whom smoke and fire doth fright, party) goed; to maintain the game. Steevens has So as he dare not in the ground remaine, shown that it was a phrase commonly used at cards. Bolts out, and through the smoke and fire he fieth So in the Pasion Letters, vol. iv. p. 153:- Heydon's Into the tarrier's mouth, and there he dicth, son hath borne out the siile stoutly here,' &c.

The goujeers shall devour them flesh and fell. 2 'Such is my determination concerning Lear; as The goujors, i. e. morbus Gallicus. Gouge, Fr. is a for my sale, it requires now not deliberation, bus de soldier's trull; and as the disease was first dispersed fence and supports

over Europe by the French army, and the women who 3 Those who are curious to know how far Shak followed it, the first name it obtained among us was speare was indehteil to the Arcalia, will find a chapter the goujerirs, i. e. the disease of the gonges.- Hanmer. entitled 'The Prifull State and storic of the Paphla. The expression, however, soon became obscuro, its gonian unkinde King, and his kinde Sonne; first related origin not being generally known, and it was at length by the Sonne, then by the blinde Father,' at p. 141 of corrupted to the good year; A very opposite form of the edition of 1590, 4to.

expression. In the present instance the quartos, follow4 i. e. to be ready, prepared, is all. So in Hamlet :- ing the common corruption, have the good yeares. * If it be not now, yet it will come: the readiness is all. Flesh and fell is flesh and skin. Thus in The Specu.

5 i.e. to pass untence or judgment on them. So in lum Vita, MS. : Othello :- Remains the censire of this hellish villain.' " That alle men sal a domesday rise 6 That is the worst that fortune can inflict.'

Oute of their graves in fleshe and felle.'. 7. As if we were ansel, endowed with the power of so in The Dyar's Playe, Chester Mysteries, Ms. in the prying into the original me tives of action and the mys. Brit. Mureun :teries of conduci.'

'I made thee man of flesh and fell." s Packs and sects are combinainins and parties. 12 This was a warrant signed by the Bastard and Go 9 The thought is extremely noble, and expressed in a neril, for the execution of Lear and Cordelia, referred sublime of imagery that Seneca fell short of on a simi. Ito in a subsequent scene by Edmund, lar occasion :-"Eccc spectaculum ad quod reg. 13 i. c. admit of debate. piciat intenti operi suo deus, ecco par leo lignum vir 14 That is the lancemen we have hired by giving them fortis cum mala fortuna compositus.---Warburton, preze-Inoney,



We sweat and bleed: the friend hath lost his friend : Call by thy trumpet : he that dares approach, And the best quarrels, in the heat, are curs'd On him, on you, (who not?) I will maintain By those that feel their sharpness :

My truth and honour firmly. The question of Cordelia, and her father,

Alb. A herald, ho! Requires a fittter place.')


A herald, ho, a herald! Alb.

Sir, by your patienco, Alb. Trust to thy single virtue ; 11 for thy soldiers, I hold you but a subject of this war,

All levied in my name, have in my name
Not as a brother.

Took their discharge.
That's as we list to grace him. Reg.

This sickness grows upon mo Methinks, our pleasure might have been demanded,

Enter a Herald.
Ere you had spoke so far. He led our powers;
Bore the commissionof my place and person ;

Alb. She is not well; convey her to my tent. The which immediacy) may well stand up,

(Exit Regan, led. And call itself your brother.

Come hither, herald.—Let the trumpel sound,

And read out this. Gon.

Not so hot:

of Sound, trumpet. In his own grace* he doth exalt himself,

(A Trumpet sounds More than in your advancement.

Herald reads. Reg.

In my rights, If any man of quality, or degree, within the lists of By me invested, he compeers the bost.

the army, will maintain upon Edmund, supposed earl Gon. That were the most, if he should husband of Gloster, that he is a manifold traitor, let him apyou."

pear at the third sound of the trumpet : He is bold'in Reg. Jesters do oft prove prophets.

his defence. Gon. Holla, holla! Edm. Sound.

(1 Trumpet. That eye, that told you so, look'd but a-squint. Her. Again.

12 Trumpet. Reg. Lady, I am not well; else I should answer Her. Again.

|3 Trumpet. From a full flowing stomach.-General,

[Trumpet answers within Take thou my soldiers, prisoners, patrimony; Enter EDGAR, armed, preceded by a Trumpet Dispose of them, of me; the walls are thine Witness the world, that Í create thee here

Alb. Ask him his purposes, why he appears

Upon this call o' the trumpet." My lord and master.


What are you? Gon.

Mean you to enjoy him? Alb. The let alone lies not in your good will."

Your name, your quality ? and why you answer

This present summons ?
Edm. Nor in thine, lord.

Half-blooded fellow, yes.

Know, my name is lost; Reg. Let the drum strike, and prove my title By treason's tooth bare-gnawn, and canker-bit : thine.

Yet am I noble as the adversary

(T. EDMUND. Alb. Stay yet; hear reason: Edmund, I arrest

I come to cope withal.

Which is that adversary ? thee On capital treason; and, in thine, attaint10

Edg. What's he, that speaks for Edmund earl of

Gloster? This gilded serpent : [Pointing to Gon.)—for your claim, fair sister,

Edm. Himself;-What say'st thou to him ?

Draw thy sword; I'bar it in the interest of

my 'Tis she is subcontracted to this lord,

That if my speech offend a noble heart,

Thy arm may do thee justice: here is mine. And I, her husband, contradict your


Behold, it is the privilege of mine honours, If

you will marry, make your love to me, My lady is bespoke.

My oath, and my profession:13 I protest, -
An interlude!

Maugre thy strength, youth, place, and eminence, Alb, Thou art arm’d, Gloster :-Let the trumpet Thy valour, and thy heart,—thou art a traitor:

Despite thy victor sword, and fire-new fortune, sound: If none appear to prove upon thy person,

False to thy gods, thy brother, and thy father ; Thy heinous, manifest, and many treasons,

Conspirant gainst this high illustrious prince There is my pledge; [Throwing down á Glove.] to the descent and dust beneath thy feet,

And, from the extremest upward of thy head, I'll provo it on thy heart, Ere I taste bread, thou art in nothing less

A most toad-spotted traitor. Say thou, No, Than I have here proclaim'd thoe.

This sword, this arm, and my best spirits, are bont Reg.

Sick, 0, sick! To prove upon thy heart, whereto I speak,

Thou liest. Gon. If not, I'll ne'er trust poison.


Edm, Edm. There's my exchange: (Throwing down a

In wisdom, I should ask thy name;" Glove) what in the world he is

But, since thy outside looks so fair and warlike, That names me traitor, villain-like he lies :

And that thy tongue some 'say! Sof breeding breathes,

What safe and nicelyie I might well delay 1 i. e. the determination of what shall be done with 11 i. e. valour ; a Roman sense of the word. Thus Cordelia and her father, should be reserved for greater Raleigh :-“The conquest of Palestine with singular privacy.

rirlur they performed.' 2 Commission for authority.

12 This is according to the ceremonials of the trial by 3 Immediacy is, I think, close and immediate con combat in cases criminal. "The appellant and his pro. nexion with me, and direct authority from me. Imme. curator first come to the gate. The constable and diale is the reading of the quartos.

marshall demand by voice of herald, what he is, and 4 Grace here means noble deportment. The folio why he comes so arrayed.'— Selden's Duello. has addition instead of atrancement in the next line. 13 · Here I draw my sword. Behold, it is the privia

5. If he were married to you, you could not say more lege or right of my profession to draw it against a traie than this, nor could he enjoy greater power. In the fulio tor. It is the right af bringing the charge, and main. this line is ziven to Albany.

taining it with his sword, which Edgar calls the privilege 6 Alluding to the provorb, Love being jealous makes of his profession. a good eye look a-spuinl.' So Milton :

14 Bocause, if his adversary was not of equal rank, * And gladly banish squint suspicion.' Comus. Edmund might have declined the combal Gonerii 7 A metaphor taken from the camp, and signifying afterwards says: to surrender at discretion. This line is not in the • By the law of arms, thou wast not bound to answer quartos.

An unknouen opposite.' 86 To obstruct their union lies not in your good plea- 15 Say, or assay, is a sample, a taste. So in the sure, your reto will wail nothing.'

preface to Maurice Kytfin's translation of the Andria of 9 It appears from this speech that Regan did not Terer 1553 :- Some other like places I could recite, know that Albany had discharged her forces. This but theso shall suffice for a say.' line is given to Edmund in the quartos.

16 "What safe and nicely I might well delay.' 10 The folio reads thy arrest.'

This seems to mean What I might safely well delay,



By rule of knighthood, I disdain and spurn: Met I my father with his bleeding rings,
Back do I toss these treasons to thy head; Their precious stones new lost; became his guide,
With the hell hated lie o'erwhelm thy heart; Led him, begg'd for him, sav'd him from despair ;
Which, (for they yet glance by, and scarcely bruise,) Never, (0, fault !) reveal'd myself unto him,
This sword of mine shall give them instant way, Unul, some half hour past, when I was arm'd,
Where they shall rest forever.'-Trumpets, speak. Not sure, though hoping, of this good success,

(Alurums. They fight, EDMUND falls. I ask'd his blessing, and, from first to last, Alb. O, save him, save him!2

Told him my pilgrimage ; But his flaw'd heart, Gon.

This is mere practice, Gloster: (Alack, too weak the conflict to support!) By the law of arms, thou wast not bound to answer 'Twixt two extremes of passion, joy and grief, Au unknown opposite; thou art not vanquish'd, Burst smilingly, But cozen'd and beguíld.

Edm. This speech of yours hath mov'd me, Alb.

Shut your mouth, dame, And shall, perchance, do good: but speak you on; Or with this paper shall I stop it :-Hold, sir :- You look as you had something more to say. Thou worse than any name, read thine own evil : Alb. If there be more, more woful, hold it in; No tearing, lady; I perceive you know it. For I am almost ready to dissolve,

(Gives the Letter to EDMUND. Hearing of this. Gon. Say, if I do; the laws are mine, not thine:

* [Edg.

This would have seem'd a period Who shall arraign me for't?

To such as love not sorrow, but another, Alb.

Most monstrous ! To amplify too much, would make much more, Know'st thou this paper ?

And top extremity.' Gon.

Ask me not what I know. Whilst'I was big in clamour, came there a man,

(Erit GONERIL. Who having seen me in my worst estate, Al. Go after her : she's desperate ; govern her. Shunn'd my abhorr'd society; but then finding

(To an Officer, who goes out. Who 'twas that so endur'd, with his strong arms Edm. What you have charg’d me with, that have He fasten'd on my neck, and bellow'd out I done ;

As he'd burst heaven: threw him on my father ; And much more: the time will bring it out; Told the most piteous tale of Lear and him, 'Tis past, and so am 1: But what art thou, That ever ear receiv'd: which in recounting That hast this fortune on me? If thou art noble, His grief grew puissant, and the strings of life I do forgive thee.

Began to crack: Twice then the trumpet sounded, Edg.

Let's exchange charity." And there I left him tranc'd. I am no less in blood than thou art, Edmund;


But who was this? If more, the more thou hast wrong'd me.

Edg. Kent, sir, the banish'd Kent; who in disMy name is Edgar, and father's son.

The gods are just, and of our pleasant vices Follow'd his enemy king, and did him service
Make instruments to scourge us ::

Improper for a slave.]
The dark and vicious place where thee he got,
Cost him his eyes.

Enter a Gentleman hastily, with a bloody Knife. Edm. Thou hast spoken right, 'tis true ;

Gent. Help! help! O, help! The wheel is come full circle; I am here.


What kind of help? Alb. Methought, thy very gait did prophesy


Speak, man. A royal nobleness :-I must embrace thee;

Edg. What means that bloody knife? Let sorrow split my heart, if ever I


'Tis hoi, it smokes ; Did hate thee, or thy father.

It came even from the heart of
Worthy prince, I know't. Alb.

Who, man? speak. Alb. Where have you hid yourself?

Gent. Your lady, sir, your lady: and her sister How have you known the miseries of your father? By her is poisond ; she hath confess'd it." Edg. By nursing them, my lord. — List a brief Edm. I'was contracted to them both; all three tale:

Now marry in an instant. And, when 'tis told, O, that my heart would burst ! Alb. Produce their bodies, be they alive or dead The bloody proclamation to escape,

This judgment of the heavens, that makes us tremThat follow'd me so near,(0, our lives' sweetness ! ble, That we the pain of death would hourly die,

Touches us not with pity."2 [Exit Gentleman. Rather than die at once!) taught me to shift

Enter Kent. Into a madman's rags; to assume a semblance


Here comes Kent, sir. That very dogs disdain'd: and in this habit

Alb. O! it is he. if I acted punctiliously.' This line is omitted in the have seemed a period to such as love not sorrow, butquartos, but without it the subsequent line is nonsense. another, i. e. but I must add another, i. e. another period,

1 Tb that place where they shall rest for ever : i. e. another kind of conclusion to my story, such as will thy heart.

increase the horrors of what has been already told. It 2 Albany desires that Edmund's life may be spared will be necessary, if we admit this interpretation, to at present, only to obtain his confession, and to convict point the passage thus :him openly by his own lelter.

but another :3 Knowest thou these letters?' says Leir to Regan, (To amplify too much, would make much more, in the old anonymous play, when he shows her both And top extremity,) her own and her sister's letters, which were written to Whilst I was big,' &c. procure his death, upon which she snatches the letters Malone's explanation is :--- This would have seemed and tears them.

the utmost completion of woe, lo such as do not delight 4 Shakspeare gives his heathens the sentiments and in sorrow, but another, of a different disposition, to practices of Christianity. In Hamlet there is the same amplisy misery “would give more strength to that solemn act of final reconciliation, but with exact pro. which hath 100 much.", Referring to the Bastard's priety, for the personages are Christians :

desiring to hear more, and to Albany's thinking that 'Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet.' enough had been said. 5 The folio reads to plagile uy.'

10 The quartos read threw me on my father.'6 To die hourly the pains of death,” is a poriphrasis Steevens thus defends the present reading : There is for to suffer hourly the pains of death. The quartos a tragic propriety in Kent's throwing himself on the read :

body of a deceased friend; but this propriety is lost in . That with the pain of death would hourly die.' the act of clumsily tumbling a son over the lifeless 7 So in Pericles:

remains of his father.' "Her eyelids, cases to those heavenly jewels 11 Thus the quarto. The foljo reads" she confesses it.' Which Pericles hath lost."

12 'If Shakspeare had studied Aristotle all his life, he 8 The lines within crotchets are not in the folio. would not, perhaps, have been able to mark with more 9 of this difficult passage, which is probably corrupt, precision the distinct operations of terror and pity." Sleevens gives the following explanation ;- This would | Tyriohill.

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