my edge.

Ham. O, but she'll keep her word.

Ham. Why, let the strucken deer go weep,' King. Have you heard the argument? Is there The hart ungalled play: no offence in't ?

For some must watch, while some must sleep; Ham. No, no, they do but jest, poison in jest ; Thus runs the world away.-no offence if the world.

Would not this, sir, and a forest of feathers (if the King. What do you call the play?

rest of my fortunes turn Turke with me,) with two Ham. The mouse-trap." Marry, how? Tropi- provincial roses on my razed' shoes, get me a felcally. This play is the image of a murder done lowship in a cry of players

, sir ? in Vienna : Gonzago is the duke's name, his wife, Hor. Half a share. ii Baptista : you shall see anon; 'tis a knavish piece Ham. A whole one, I. of work: But what of that? your majesty, and we For thou dost know, O, Damon dear, that have free souls, it touches us not: Let the

This realm dismantled was galled jade winco, our withers are unwrung.

of Jove himself; and now reigns hero Enter LUCIANUS.

A very very-peacock.12

Hor. You might have rhymed. This is ono Lucianus, nephew to the king,

Ham. O, good Horatio, I'll take the ghost's word Oph. You are as good as a chorus,“ my lord.

for a thousand pound. Didst perceive? Ham. I could interpret between you and your

Hor. Very well, my lord. love, if I could see the puppets dallying.

Ham. Upon the talk of the poisoning, Oph. You are keen, my lord, you are keen.

Hor. I did very well note him. Ham. It would cost you a groaning, to take off

Ham. Ah, hal-come, some music; come, tho

recorders.13 – Oph. Still better, and worse.

For if the king like not the comedy, Ham. So you mistakes your husbands.-Begin, Why, then, belike,-he likes it not, perdy."" murderer ;-leave thy damnable faces, and begin. Enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. Come; The croaking raven

Come, some music. Doth bellow for revenge.

Guil. Good, my lord, vouchsafe me a word with Luc. Thoughts black, hands apt, drugs fit, and your time agreeing;

Ham. Sir, a whole history.

Guil. The king, sir,
Confederate season, else no creature seeing;
Thou mixture rank, of midnight weeds collected,

Ham. Ay, sir, what of him ?
With Hecat's ban thrice blasted, thrice infected,

Guil. Is, in his retirement, marvellous distemThy natural magic and dire property,


Ham. With drink, sir ? On wholesome life usurp immediately. [Pours the Poison into the Sleeper's Ears.

Guil. No, my lord, with choler.

Ham. Your wisdom should show itself more Ham. He poisons him i' the garden for his estate. His name's Gonzago : the story is extant, richer, to signify this to the doctor ; for, for me to and written in very choice Italian: you shall see anon, put him to his purgation, would, perhaps, plunge

him into more choler. how the murderer gets the love of Gonzago's wife. Oph. The king rises.

Guil. Good, my lord, put your discourse into Ham. What! frighted with false firo!

some frame, and start not so wildly from my affair.

Ham. I am tame, sir :-pronounce.
Queen. How fares my lord ?
Pol. Give o'er the play.

Guil. The queen, your mother, in most great

affliction of spirit, hath sent me to you. King. Give me some light :-awav!

Ham. You are welcome. Pol. Lights, lights, lights ! [Excunt all but Hamlet and HORATIO.

Guil. Nay, good my lord, this courtesy is not of

the right breed. If it shall please you to make me 1 'The mouse-trap,' i. e. the thing

ing that the Provincial roses took their name from Pro. In which he'll catch the conscience of the king.' vins, in Lower Brie, and not from Prorence. Razed

2 First quarto--trupically. It is evident that a pun shoes are most probably embroidered shoes. The quarto was intended.

reads, ruc'd. To race, or rase, was to stripe. 3 Gonzago is the duke's name, his wise, Baptista ;' 10 'A cry of players. It was usual to call a pack of all the old copies read thus. Yet in the dumb show we hounds a cry; from the French meule de chiens : it is have, “Enter a King and Queen ;' and at the end of here humorously applied to a troop or company of this speech, Lucianus, nephew to the King.' This players. It is used again in Coriolanus : Menenius seeming inconsistency, however, may be reconciled says to the ciuzens, you have made good work, you Though the interlude is the image of the marder of the and your cry. In the very curious catalogue of The duke of Vienna, or in other words, founded upon that companyes of Bestys, giveri in The Boke of St. Albans, story, the poet might make the principal person in his many equally singular terms may be found, which seem fable a king. Baptista is never used singly by the Ita: to have exercised the wil and ingenuity of our ancestors; lians, being uniformly compounded with Giam and as a thrave of throshers, a scul or shoal of monks, &c. Giovanni. It is needless to remark that it is always 11 The players were paid not by salaries, but by shares the name of a man.

or portions of the profil, according to merit. See Ma. 4 The use to which Shakspeare put the chorus may lone's Account of the Ancient Theatres, passim. be seen in King Henry V. Every motion or puppet. 12 'A very, very--proi.ock.' The old copies read show was accompanied by an interpreter or showman. paiock, and paioche. Tue peacock was as proverbially Thus in The Two Gentlemen of Verona :

used for a proud fool as the lapucing for a silly one. "O excellent motion : 0) exceeding puppet! Pavoneggiare, to court it, to brave il, to peacockise il, Now will he interpret for her.'

to wantonise it, to get up and down fondly, gazing upon & The first quarto— so you must take your husband.' himself as a peacock does.'– Florio, Ital. Dict. 1599. Hamlet puns upon the word mistake: So you mis-take Theobald proposed to read paddock; and in the last or take your husbands amiss for better and worse.' The scene, Hamlet bestows this opprobrious name upon the word was often thus misused for any thing done wrong. king. Mr. Blakeway has suggested that we might read fully, and even for privy stealing. In one of Bastard's putlock, which means a base degenerale hawk, a kile ; Epigrams, 1598, cited by Steevens

which Shakspeare does indeed contrast with the eaglo - none that seeth her face and making, in Cymbeline, Ac i. Sc. 2: Will judge her stol'n but by mistaking.'

I chose an eagle, and did avoid a pultock.' B' Midnight weeds. Thus in Macheth :

13 "The recorders.' See note on a Midsummer *Root of hemlock, digg'di' the dark.:

Night's Dream, Act i. Sc. 1. It is difficult to settle ex. 7 See note on As You Like It, Act ii. Sc. I.

actly the form of this instrument: old writers in general 8 To turn Turk, was a familiar phrase for any vio. make no distinction between a flute, a pipe, and a re. ilent change in condition or character.

corder ; but Hawkins has shown clearly, from pas9. Provincial roses, on my razed shoes. Provincial sage in Lord Bacon's Natural History, that the flute ani was erroneously changed to Provençal, at the sugges. the recorder were distinct instruments. tion of Warton. Mr. Douce rectified che error by show.) 14 Perdy is a corruption of the French par Dieu

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Will you

a wholesome answer, I will do your mother's com

Enter POLONIUS. mandment: if not, your pardon, and my return shall God bless


sir ! be the end of my business.

Pol. My lord, the queen would speak with you, Ham. Sir, I cannot

and presently Guil. What, my lord ? Ham. Make you a wholesome answer; my wit's shape of a camel ?

Ham. Do you see yonder cloud, that's almost in diseased : But, sir, such answer as I can make,

Pol. By the mass, and 'tis like a camel, indeed. you shall command; or, rather, as you say, my Ham. Methinks, it is like a weasel. mother; therefore no more, but to the matter ; My Pol. It is backed like a weasel. mother, you say,

Ham. Or, like a whale? · Ros.' Then thus she says: Your behaviour hath

Pol. Very like a whale. struck her into amazement and admiration.

Ham. Then will I come to my mother by and Ham. O, wonderful son, that can so astonish a by.They fool me to the top of my bent. -1 will moiher - But is there no sequel at the heels of|come by and by. this mother's admiration ? impart.

Pol. I will say so.

(Exit POLONIUS. Ros. She desires to speak with you in her closet,

Ham. By and by is easily said.-Leave me, 1 ere you go to bed.


(Exeunt Ros. Guil. Hor, &c. Ham. We shall obey, were she ten times our 'Tis now the very witching time of night; mother. Have you any further trade with us?

When churchyards yawn, and hell itself breathes out Ros. My lord, you once did love me.

Contagion to this world: Now could I drink hot Ham. And do still, by these pickers and stealers.

blood, Ros. Good, my lord, what is your cause of dis- And do such bitter business as the day temper? you do, surely, but bar the door upon Would quake to look on. Soft; pow to my mother, your own liberty, if you deny your griefs to your o, heart, lose not thy nature ; let not ever friend.

The soul of Nero enter this firm bosom ; Ham. Sir, I lack advancement.

Let me be cruel, not unnatural: Ros. How can that be, when you have the voice I will speak daggers to her, but use none; of the king himself for your succession in Den- My tongue and soul in this be hypocrites : mark?

How in my words soever she be shent, Ham. Ay, sir, but While the grass grows,—the To give them seals, never, my soul, consent ! (Erit. proverb is something musty.

SCENE III. A Room in the same. Enter King, Enter the Players, with Recorders,

ROSENCRANTZ, and GuilDENSTERN. O, the Recorders :-let me see one. To withdraw

King. I like him not: nor stands it safe with us,

To let his madness range. Therefore, prepare you ; with you.'—Why do you go about to recover

I wind of me,? as if you would drive me into a toil ?

your commission will forth with despatch, Guil. O,' my lord, if my duty be too bold, my The terms of our estate may not endure

And he to England shall along with you : love is too unmannerly." Ham. I do not well understand that.

Hazard so near us, as doth hourly grow

Out of his lunacies. play upon this pipe ? Guil. My lord, I cannot.


We will ourselves provide : Ham. I pray yoll.

Most holy and religious foar it is, Guil. Believe me, I cannot.

To keep those many many bodies safe, Ham. I do beseech you.

That live, and feed, upon your majesty. Guil. I know so touch of it, my lord.

Ros. The single and peculiar life is bound, Ham. 'Tis as easy as lying: govern these ven- With all the strength and armour of the mind, tages* with your fingers and thumb, give it breath To keep itself from ’noyance ; but much more with your mouth, and it will discourse most elo- That spirit, upon whose wealó depend and rest quent music. Look you, these are the stops.

The lives of many. The cease of majesty Guil. But these cannot I command to any utter- Dies not alone : but, like a gulf, doth draw ance of harmony; I have not the skill.

What's near it, with it: it is a massy wheel, Ham. Why, look you now, how unworthy a Fix'd on the summit of the highest mount, thing you make of me? You would play upon me; To whose huge spokes ten thousand lesser things you would seem to know my stops ; you would Are mortis'd and adjoin'd; which, when it falls, pluck out the heart of my mystery'; you would Each small annexment, petiy consequence, sound me from my lowest note to the top of my Attends the boist'rous ruin. 'Never alone compass : and there is much music, excellent Did the king sigh, but with a general groan. voice, in this little organ; yet cannot you make it

King. Arm you, I pray you, to this speedy speak. 'Sblood, do you think, I am easier to be

voyage ; played on than a pipe ? Call me what instrument For we will fetters put upor: 10 this fear, you will, though you can fret me, you cannot play Which now goes too free-footed.

Ros. Guil. We will haste us. upon me.

[Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and Guil. 1. To withdraw with you.' Malone added bere a stage direction (Taking Guild. aside.] Steevens thinks nates. Malone has made it the sounds produced.' it an apswer to å motion Guildenstern had used, for Ham. Thus in King Henry V. Prologue :let co wkhdraw with him. I think that it means no

• Rumour is a pipemore than to draw back with you,' to leave that scent

And of so easy and so plain a slop.' or trail. It is a hunting term, like that which follows.

5 See note on Act ii. Sc. 2. 2 To recover the wind of me.' This is a term which 6 The quarto reads :has been left unexplained. It is borrowed from hunting, And do such business as the bitter day,' &c. as the context shows; and means, to take advantage of 7. They are pestilent fellows, they speak nothing the animal pursued, by getting to the windward of it, but bodkins.'- Return from Parnassus.' In the Aulu. - that it may not scent ils pursuers. Observe how the laria of Plautus' a phrase not less singular occurs :wind is, that you may set the net so as the hare and • Me' Quia mitri miseri cerebrum excutiunt, wind may come together; if the wind be sideways it Tua dicia soror : lapides loqueris.' Act ii. Sc. I. may do well enough, but never if it blow over the net 8 To shend is to injure, whether by reproos, blows, into the hare's face, for he will scent both it and you at or otherwise. Shakspeare generally uses shent for rea distance. - Gentleman's Recreation.

proved, threatened with angry words. 'To give his 3 Hamlet may say with propriety, 'I do not well un. words seals' is therefore to carry his punishmeni beyond derstand that. Perhaps Guildenstern means, "If my reproof: The allusion is to the sealing a deed to render duty to the king makes me too bold, my love to you it effective. The quario of 1603 :makes me importunate even to rudeness."

I will speak daggers ; those sharp words being spent, 4 The ventages are the holes of the pipe. The slops To do her wrong my soul shall ne'er consent. means the mode of stopping those vencages to produce 9 Folio reads: spirits.' 10 Quarto-about, home;



Enter Polonius.

But, in cur circumstance and course of though Pol. My lord, he's going to his mother's closet.

'Tis heavy with himn : And am I then reveng'd, Behind the arras! I'll convey myself,

To take him in the purging of his soul, To hear the process ; I'll warrant, she'll tax him

When he is fit and season'd for his passage ?

No. And, as you said, and wisely was it said,

Up, sword; and know thou a mure horrid hent: "Tis' meet, that some more audience, than a mother, Or, in the incestuous pleasures of his bed;

When he is drunk, asleep, or in his rage; Since nature makes them partial,” should

o’erhear | Al gaming, swearing; or about some act The speech, of vantage. Fare you well, my liege ; l That has no relish of salvation in't: l'!I call upon you ere you go to bed, And tell you what I know,

Then trip him, that his heels may kick at heaven: King.

Thanks, dear

And that his soul may be as damn'd, and black, my lord. (Exit Polonius.

As hell, whereto it goes. My mother stays: 0, my offence is rank, it smells to heaven;

This physic but prolongs thy sickly days. (Erit. It'hath the primal eldest curse upon'l,

The King rises and advances, A brother's murder !-Pray can I not,

King. My words fly up, my thoughts remain Though inclination be as sharp as will ;*

below: My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent; Words, without thoughts, never to heaven'go, 10 And, like a man to double business bound, I stand in pause where I shall first begin,

(Exit. And both neglect. What if this cursed hand SCENE IV. Another Room in the same. Enter Were thicker than itself with brother's blood ?

Queen and POLONIUS. Is there not rain enough in the sweet heavens,

Pol. He will come straight. Look, you lay home To wash it white as snow? Whereto serves mercy,

to him: But to confront the visage of offence?

Tell him, his pranks have been too broad to bear And what's in prayer, but this two-fold force, -To be forestalled, ere we come to fall,

And that your grace hath screen's and stood ben Or pardon'd, being down? Then I'll look up; My fault is past. But, 0, what form of prayer Much heat and him. I'll silence me c'en here. Can serve my turn? Forgive me my foul murder !- "Pray you, be round with him.' 1 That cannot be ; since I am still possess'd


I'll warrant you ; of those effects for which I did the murder, Fear me not :-withdraw, I hear him coming. My crown, mine own ambition, and my queen.

(Polonius hides himself. May one be pardon'd and retain the offence ? in the corrupieu currents of this world,

Offence's gilded hand may shove by justice ;
And oft 'ris seen, the wicked prize itself

Ham. Now, mother; what's the matter?
Buys out the law: But 'tis not so above :

Queen. Hamlet, thou hast thy father much of."

fended. There is no shuffling, there the action lies In his true nature: and we ourselves compellid,

Ham. Mother, you have my father much offended. Even to tho teeth and forehead of our faults,

Queen. Come, come, you answer with an idle To give in evidence. What then? what rests ?

tongue. Try what repentance can: What can it not ?

Ham. Go, go, you question with a wicked tonguo. Yet what can it, when one cannot repent ?

Queen. Why, how now, Hamlet?

Ham. O, wretched state ! O, bosom, black as death!

'What's the matter now? 0, limed' soul; that, struggling to be free,

Queen. Have you forgot me?

Ham. Art more engag'd! Help, angels, make assay!

No, by the rood, not so: Bow, stubborn knees ! 'and," heart, with strings of You are the queen, your husband's brother's wife ; steel,

And, -'would it were not so !-you are my mother. Be soft as sinews of the new-born babe ;

Queen. Nay, then I'll set those to you that car. All may be well!

Ham. Come, come, and sit you down ; you shall Enter HAMLET.

not budge; Ham. Now might I do it, pat, now

he is praying ; Where you may see the inmost part of you.

You go not, till I see you up a glass . And now I'll do't; and so he goes to heaven : And so am I reveng'd? That would be scann'd:5

Queen. What wilt thou do? thou wilt not mur

der me? A villain kills my father ; and, for that, 1, his sole son, du this same villain send

Help, help, ho!
To heaven.

Pol. (Behind.) What, ho! help!

How now! a rat? Why, this is hire and salary,' not revengo.

(Draws. Ke took my father grossly full of bread; With all his crimes broad blown, as flush as May

Dead, for a ducat, dead. And, how his audit stands, who knows, save heaven?

(HAMLET makes a pass through the Arras.

Pol. (Behind.) 0, I am slain. 1 See King Henry IV. Part I. Act ii. Sc. 4.

(Falls, and dirs. 2

Matres omnes filiis In peccato auljutrices, auxilii in paterna injuria horrifying to the ears of our ancestors. In times of less Solent esse!

Mer. Heaut. Act v. Sc. 2. civilization, revenge was held almost a sacred duty; 3 Warburton explains of vantage, by some op. and the purpose of the appearance of the ghost in this portunity of secret observation. I incline to think that play is chiefly to excite Hamlet to it. The more fell of vanlage, in Shakspeare's language, is for udvan. and terrible the retributive act, the more meritorious it commodi cauea.

seems to have been held. The King himself in a future 4.1. e. though I was not only willing, but strongly scene, when stimulating Laertes to kill Hamlet, says, inclined to pray, my guilt prevented me.'

• Revenge should have no bounds.' Mason has obo 5 i. e. caught as with birdlime.

served that, horrid as this resolution of Hamlet's is, 6 “That would be scann'd--that requires considera. yet sume moral may be extracted from it, as all his tion, or ought to be estimated.

subsequent misfortunes were owing to this savage 7 The quarto reads, base and silly.

refinement of revenge.' 8 Shakspeare has used the verb to hent, to take, to 10 First quarto :1ay hold on, elsewhere ; but the word is here used as a • No king on earth is safe, if God's his foe.' substantive, for hold or opportunity.

11 The folio here interposes the following speech : 9 Johnson has justly exclaimed against the horrible * Ham. (Within) Mother, mother, mother.' nature of this desperate revenge ; but the quotations of the circumstance of Polonius hiding himself behind the the commentators from other plays coniemporary with arras and the manner of his death are found in the old and gucceeding this, show that it could not have been so black letter prose Hystory of Hamblett.






Queen. O, me, what hast thou done?

A combination, and a form, indeed, Ham.

Nay, I know not : Where every yod did seem to set his seal," Is it the king ?

To give the world assurance of a man: (Lists up the Arras, and draws forth Polo- This was your husband.-Look you now, what fol

lows : Qucen. O, what a rash and bloody deed is this! Here is your husband ; like a mildew'd ear, Ham. A bloody deed ; almost as bad, good mo- Blasting his wholesome brother. Have you eyes? ther,

Could you on this fair mountain leave to feed, As kill a king, and marry with his brother.' And ballen' on this moor? Ha! have you eyes ? Queen. As kill a king!

You cannot call it, love: for, at your age, Ham.

Ay, lady, 'twas my word.— The hey-day in the blood is iame, it's humble, Thou wretched, rash, intruding fool, farewell! And waits upon the judgment; And what judgment

( 70 Polonius. Would step from this to this? (Sense, * sure you I look thee for thy better ; take thy fortune :

have, Thou find'st to be too busy, is some danger.- Else could you not have motion: But, sure, that Leave wringing of your hands ; Peace ; sit you down. And let me wring your heart: for so I shall, Is apoplex'ı: for madness would not err; If it be made of penetrable stuff:

Nor sense to ecstasy was ne'er so thrallid, If damned custom have not braz'd it so,

But it reserv'd some quantity of choice, That it be proof and Lulwark against sense. To serve in such a difference.) What' devil was'ı Queen. What have I done, that thou dar'st wag That thus hath cozen'd you al hoodman blind? thy tongue

(Eyes without feeling, feeling without sight, In noise so rude against me ?

Ears without hands or eyes, smelling sans all, Ham.

Such an act, Or but a sickly part of one true sense
That blurs the grace and blush of modesty ; Could not so mope.'']
Calls virtue, hypocrite ; takes off the rose

o, shame! where is thy blush ? Rebellious hell, From the fair forehead of an innocent love,

If thou canst mutinell in a matron's bones, And sets a blister there ;? makes marriage vows To flaming youth let virtue be as wax, As false as dicers' oaths: 0, such a deed Ard melt in her own fire : proclaim no shame, As from the body of contraction plucks

When the compulsive ardour gives the charge; The very soul; and sweet religion makes Since frost itself as actively doth burn, A rhapsody of words : Heaven's face doth glow; And reason panders will. Yea, this solidity and compound mass,


O, Hamlet, speak no more : With tristful visage, as against the doom,

Thou turn'st mine eyes into my very soul ; Is thought-sick at the aci.)

And there I see such black and grained's spots Queen.

Ah me, what act, As will not leave their tinct. That roars so loud, and thunders in the index 14 Нат. .

Nay, but to live Ham. Look here upon this picture, and on this; In the rank sweat of an enseamedia bed; The counterfeit presentment of two brothers. Stew'd in corruption; honeying, and making love See, what a grace was seated on this brow :

Over the nasty sty ;Hyperion's curls; the front of Jove himself; Queen,

0, speak to me no more ; An eye like Mars, to threaten and command; These words, like daggers, enter in mine ears : A station like the herald Mercury,

No more, sweet Hamlet, New-lighted on a heaven-kissing hill ;

Without this explanation it might be conceived that the I There is an idle and verbose controversy between compliment designed for the attitude of the King was Steevens and Malone, whether the poet meant to repre. bestowed on the place where Mercury is represented as sent the Queen as guilty ur innoceni of being accessory standing. to the murder of her husband. Surely there can be no 6 Here the allusion is to Pharaoh's dream. Gene. doubt upon the matter. The Queen shows no etnotion sis, xli. at the mock play when it is said

1 i. e. to feed rankly or grossly: it is usually applied In second husband let me be accurat,

to the fattening of animals. Marlowe has it for to None wed the second but who kill'd the first.' grow fat.. Bal is the old word for increase ; whence and now manifests the surprise of conscious innocence we have baltle, batten, batful. upon the subject. It should also be observed that Ham- S Sense here is not used for reason ; but for sensa. let never directly accuses her of any guilty participation tion, feeling, or perception : as before in this scene :in that crime. I am happy to find my opinion, so ex- That it be proof and bulwark against sense.' pressed in December, 1923, confirmed by the newly dis- Warburton, misunderstanding the passage, proposed to covered quarto copy of 1603; in which the Queen in a read notion inrtead of motion. The whole passage in future speech is made to say

brackets is omitted in the folio. But, as I have a soul, I swear by heaven, 9. The hoodwinke play, or hoodman blind, in some I never knew of this most horrid murder. place, called blindmanbuf.'-Barel. It appears also to takes off the rose

have been called blind hob. It is hob-mun blind in the From the fair forehead of an innocent love,' &c.

quarto of 1603. One would think by the ludicrous gravity with which 10 i. e. could not be so dull and stupid. Steevens and Malone take this figurative expression in u Mutine for mutiny. This is the old form of the a literal sense, that they were unused to the language verb. Shakspeare calls mutineers mutines in a subse. of poetry, especially to the adventurous metaphors or quent scene ; but this is, I believe, peculiar to him : Shakspeare. Mr. Bosrell's note is short and to the they were called mutiners anciently. purpose. 'Rose is put generally for the ornament, the 12 Thus in the quarto of 1603 grace of an innocent love. Ophelia describes Ham- "Why, appetite with you is in the wane,

Your blood runs backward now from whence it came ; "The expectancy and rose of the fair state.' Who'll chide hot blood within a virgin's heart, 8 The quarto of 1604 gives this passage thus :

When lust shall dwell within a matron's breast." Heaven's face does glow

13 "Grained spots ;' that is, dyed in grain, deeply O'er this solidity and compound mass

imbued. With heated visage, as against the doom, 14 i. e. greasy, rank, gross. It is a term borrowed from Is thought-sick at the act.

falconry. It is well known that the seam of any animal 4. The inder, or table of contents, was formerly placed was the fat or tallow; and a hawk was said to be enat the beginning of books. In Othello, Aci ji. Sc. 7, we seamed when she was too fat or gross for fight. By have an inder and obscure prologue to the history of some confusion of terms, however, * to enscam a hawk' foul and lustful thoughts.'

was used for to purge her of glat and greuse ;' by ana. 5 It is evident from this passage that whole length logy it should have been unseam. Beaumont and pictures of the two kings were formerly introduced. Fletcher, in The False One, use inseamed in the same Station does not mean the spot where any one is placed, manner :but the act of standing, the attitude.' So iu Antony * His lechery inseamed upon him.' and Cleopatra, Actii. Sc. 3:

It should be remarked, that the quarto of 1603 reads in • Her motion and her station are as onc.' ceshous; as does that of 1611.

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let as

A king

O, say!

Ham. A murderer, and a villain ;

Queen. No, nothing, but ourselves. A slavc, that is not twentieth part the tithe Ham. Why, look you there luok, how it steals Or your precedent lord :--a vice' of kings :

away! A cutpurse of the empire and the rule;

My father, in his habit as he liv'd! That from a shelf the precious diadem stole, Look, where he goes, even now, out at the portal ! And put it in his pocket!

(Exit Ghost. Queen. No more.

Queen. This is the very coinage of your brain:

This bodiless creation ecstasy
Enter Ghost.

Is very cunning in. of shreds and patches :

Ham. Ectasy! Save me, and hover o'er me with your wings,

My pulse, as yours, doth temperately keep time, You heavenly guards!–What would your gracious That I have utter’d: bring me to the test,

And makes as healthful music : It is not madness, figure?

And I the matter will reward; which madness Queen. Alas, he's mad. Ham. Do you not come your tardy son to chide, Lay not that flattering unction to your soul,

Would garnbol from. Mother, for love of grace That, laps'd in time and passion, lets go by

That not your trespass, but my madness speaks ; The important acting of your dread command ?

It will but skin and film the ulcerous place; Ghost. Do not forget. This visitation

Whiles rank corruption, mining all within, Is but to whet thy almost blunted purpose.

Infects unsoen. Confess yourself to heaven;

Repent what's past; avoid what is to come ; Bui, look! amazement on thy mother sits :

And do not spread the compost on the weeds, O, step between her and her fighting soul; Conceit' in weakest bodies strongest works ;

To make them ranker. Forgive me this my virtue :

For in the fatness of these pursy times, Speak to her, Hamlet.

Virtue itself of vice must pardon beg : Ham.

How is it with you, lady? Yea, curblu and woo, for leave to do him gond. Queen. Alas, how is't with you? That you do bend your eyes on vacancy,

Queen. O, Hamlet! thou hast cleft my heart in

twain. And with the incorporal air do hold discourse ?

Ham. O, throw away the worser part of it, Forth at your eyes your spirits wildly peep;

And live the purer with the other half. And, as the sleeping soldiers in the

alarm; Your bedded hair, like life in excrements,

Good night: but go not to my uncle's bed; Starts up, and stands on end. O, gentle son,

Assume a virtue, if you have it not. Upon the heat and flame of thy distemper

(That monster, custom, who all sense doth eat

Of habit's devil, is angel yet in this ;11
Sprinkle cool patience. Whereon do you look ?
Ham. On him! on him !--Look you how pale He likewise gives a frork, or livery,

That to the use of actions fair and good
he glares!
His form and cause conjoin'd, preaching to stones,

That aptly is put on :) Refrain to-night ;'* Would make them capable. --Do not look upon me; To the next abstinence : ['the next more easy:

And that shall lend a kind of easiness Lest, with this piteous action, you convert

For use almost can change the stamp of nature, My stern affects :* then what I have to do Will want true colour ; tears, perchance, for blood. And either quell the devil or throw him out Queen. To whom do you speak,this ?

With wondrous potency:) Once more, good night' Ham. Do you see nothing there ? I'll blessing beg of you.

And when you are desirous to be bless'd,

.-For this same ford, Queen. Nothing at all; yet all, that is, I see. Ham. Nor did you nothing hear?

[Pointing to Polonios.

alter things already effected, but might move Hamlet to 1 i.e. the low mimic, the counterfeit, a dizard, or

a less stern mood of mind. common vice and jester, counterfeiting the gestures of any man.'– Fleming. Shakspeare afterwards calls him able variation in the quarto of 1602:

8 This speech of the queen has the following remarka king of shreds and patches, alluding to the party. coloured habit of the rice or fool in a play.

'Alas, it is the weakness of thy brain 2 The first quarto adds, ' in his night-gown.'

Which makes thy tongue to blazon thy heart's grief: 3. Laps'd in time and passion.' Johnson explains

But as I have a soul, I swear to heaven, this That having suffered time to slip and passion to

I never knew of this most horrid murder : cool, let's go by,' &c. This explanation is confirmed by

But, Hamlet, this is only fantasy,

And for my love forget these idle fies." the quarto of 1603 :

• Do you not come your tardy son to chide, 9 ‘Do not by any new indulgence heighten your forThai I thus long have let revenge slip by!

mer offences.' 4 Conceit, for conception, imaginution. This was 10 i. e. bow. "Courber, Fr. to bow, crook, or curb.' the force of the word among our ancestors. Thus in The Thus in Pierce Plowman :Rape of Lucrece :

Then I courbid on my knees. "And the conceiled painter was so nice.!

11 “That monster, custom, who all sense doch eat 5 'The hair is excrementitious; that is, without life or habit's devil, is angel yet in this,' &c. or sensation ; yet those very hairs, as if they had life, This passage, which is not in the folio, has been though start up,' &c. So Macbeth :

corrupt. Dr. Thirlby proposed to read, 'Of habits evil: my fell of hair

Steevens would read. Or habits' devil.' It is evident Would at a dismal treatise rouse and stir

that there is an intended opposition between angel and As life were in't.'

depil; but the passage will perhaps bear explaining as 6 Capable for susceptible, intelligent, i. e. would ex. it stands That monster custom, who devours all cite in them capacity to understand.' Thus in King sense (leeting, or perception) of devilish habits, is angel

yet in this,' &c. . This passage might perhaps have Richard III.

heen as well omitted, after the example of the editors of - O'tis a parlous boy,

the folio; but, I presume, it has been retained upon the Bold, quick, ingenious, forward, capable.'

principle which every where guide the editors, “To lose 7. My stern affects. All former editious read--My no drop of that immortal man.' stern effects.!. Effects, for actions, deeds, effecied, 12 Here the quarto of 1603 has two remarkable lines : says Malone!

We should certainly read affects, i. e. * And, mother, but assist me iu revenge, dispositions, affections of the mind : as in that disputed And in his death your infamy shall die.' passage of Othello the young affects in me defunct.' It is remarkable that we have the same error in Mea.

13 The next more easy,' &c. This passage, as far as potency, is also omitted in the folio.

In the linesure for Measure, Act iii. Sc. I. :Thou art not certain,

* And either quel the devil, or throw him out.' For thy complexion shifts to strange effects, The word quell is wanting in the old copy. Malone in AR the moon.'

serted the word curd, because he found, in The Mer Dr. Johnson saw the error in that play, and proposed to chant of Venice, 'And curb this cruel devil or his will.: road affects. But the present passage has escaped ob. But the occurrence of curb in so opposite a sense jure gervation The piteous action of the ghost could not before, is against his emendation

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