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established rule) forfeit any claim arising from the examination passed at the end of the first year. They must be examined again for the end of the second year on the next occasion.

2. Whilst the preceding regulations have reference to the examination of students preparing for the office of the teacher, the following are for the examination of teachers already in charge of schools. Such teachers may obtain, by application at the Council Office, a printed syllabus of the prescribed course of examination, and, at the beginning of each year, they will be able to ascertain how the variable subjects in it have been fixed.

Teachers who have completed their thirty-fifth year may choose whether they will attend the first or the second year's examination.

'Peachers who have not completed their thirty-fifth year must pass for the first year, and will not be certificated thereupon higher than the third degree of merit. In order to exceed that rating, they must pass for the second year on a subsequent occasion.

I have the honor to be, &c.
Το

(Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN. Principal of the Training School,

Circular Letter to Principals of Training Schools.

Committee of Council on Education, Council Office, SIR,

Downing Street, 25 August 1854. Examina.

I Am directed to request your attention to section 4 in the enclosed tion of Lecturers, for copy of the Minute dated 20 August 1853. augmenta- My Lords propose to give effect to that section by examining the candidates tion grants. for such augmentation as it proposes.

Considering the position of the candidates who (as my Lords hope and believe) will be presented, their Lordships have determined to give an india vidual and private character to these examinations, so far as the due economy of public time and labour may be found to permit. The examinations will always be held in London; and the examiners in each case will be three, viz., one of Her Majesty's Inspectors, one of the senior officers of the Education Department, and a third person, unofficial; in selecting whom, from time to time, my Lords will be guided by his eminence in the particular study which is to be the subject of examination.

With a view further to meet the case of candidates who differ from mere students, my Lords will allow each candidate to submit (for approval) the books in which he proposes to be examined, and, if no exception is taken to the list, every candidate may assume that his examination will turn upon such knowledge as his own list of books is calculated to supply.

My Lords wish it to be distinctly understood that they decline to entertain any application whatever for dispensing with this examination, or to receive any diploma or degree whatever in lieu of it. The object of the examination is to verify officially the fact that each candidate has acquired such knowledge of a given subject as will qualify him to employ it with effect in the instruction of elementary teachers.

My Lords will not be able to receive the name of any principal. That officer is sufficiently occupied with his own peculiar duties.

The word “resident” is not understood to mean that the lecturer must sleep on the premises of the college, but that his whole time is to be devoted to it. He must be an officer of the college. Lecturers who attend at the college, only as part of other engagements, do not fall within the scope of this Minute, the object of which is not satisfied by special knowledge only, but requires also the special and exclusive application of such knowledge to Normal training. From this point of view it is easy to see the distinction between these lecturers and the other agents of Normal instruction who are mentioned in the Minutes of 1851-2, Vol. I., pp. 26-7. The new lecturers represent the division of labour in instruction according to kind, and not only according to quantity and degree. A principal and a master of the practising school will always continue to be needed above and below any such lecturers, but, in the smaller institutions, they may, in time, come to be identified with one or more of the intermediate officers.

My Lords will receive no candidates except on presentation by the authorities of a training school under inspection. Their Lordships leave those authorities wholly responsible for the character of the persons presented. My Lords will confine themselves to verifying the candidate's attainments.

The modes of annually reporting and of annual payment, in the case of lecturers, will follow generally the process stated in the Minutes of 1851-2, Vol. I., p. 26.

Το

I have the honor to be, &c.

(Signed) R. R. W. Lixgen. Training School,

Principal of the

(Annual Grants, Form 43).- Reply to Teachers applying for Subjects of

Examination,

Committee of Council on Education, Council Office, SIR,

Downing Street, London, 1855. In reply to your application to be furnished with a syllabus of the Subjects of examination which must be passed by teachers who desire to obtain certifi- examinatiou

. cates of merit in December next, I am directed to furnish you with the enclosed copy,* and with the following instructions.

1. Pupil-teachers are not admissible to be examined for certificates of merit, or to receive the augmentation grants which depend upon such certificates, until they shall have resided one year in some training school under inspection, or shall have acted for three years as principal or assistant teachers in schools rendered liable to inspection. No candidate (not having been a pupil-teacher, or a student in a training school under inspection) will be admitted to be examined for a certificate until after he shall have completed his twenty-second year, and his school shall have been inspected and favourably reported upon by one of Her Majesty's Inspectors (Minute of 10 December 1851).

2. Teachers who are qualified and desirous to be examined for certificates of merit must attend at one of the training colleges under inspection (see list subjoined), which by the courtesy of the authorities are generally opened to such teachers, being properly introduced, although they may never have been students.

3. Teachers who have completed their thirty-fifth year may choose whether they will attend the first or second year's examination. Teachers who have not completed their thirty-fifth year must pass for the first year, and will not be certificated thereupon higher than the third degree of merit. In order to exceed that rating, they must pass for the second year on a subsequent occasion.

4. All further correspondence, whether with the Committee of Council, or with the authorities of a training college, should be conducted by the managers of your school.

I have the honor to be, &c.

(Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN.

* Vide supra, p. 17.

LIST OF TRAINING SCHOOLS UNDER INSPECTION.

Training schools.

Training Schools for Masters only.
Name of Training School.

Name and Address of Correspondent. 1. BATTERSEA (National Society's)

Rev. S. Clark, Battersea. 2. CAERMARTHEN (National Society's) Rev. W. Reed, Caerinarthen. 3. CAERNARVON (Church of England) H. P. Manley, Esq., Caernarvon. 4. CHELSEA, ST. MARK's (National Society's) Rev. Derwent Coleridge, St. Mark's, Chelsea. 5. CHESTER (Diocesan)

Rev. Arthur Rigg, Chester. 6. CHICHESTER (Diocesan)

Rev. M. Parrington, Chichester. 7. CULHAM (Oxford Diocesan)

Rev. A. R. Ashwell, Culham, Abingdon. 8. DURHAM (Diocesan)

Rev. J. G. Cromwell, Durham. 9. EXETER (Diocesan)

Rev. W. David, Training College, Exeter. 10. HAMMERSMITI, ST. MARY'S (Roman Rev. J. M. Glenie,

Brook Green House, HamCatholic).

meremith. 11. KNELLER HALL (for workhouse schools, Rev F. Temple, Kneller Hall, Isleworth, Mid

and for schools connected with Govern- dlesex.

ment establishments).
12. METROPOLITAN (Church of England) Rev. C. R. Alford, Highbury Park, London.
13. SALTLEY, near Birmingham (Worcester Rev. W. Gover, Saltley, Birmingham.

Diocesan).
14. WINCHESTER (Diocesan)

Rev. P. Jacob, Winchester.

Training Schools for Mistresses only. 15. BISHOP'S STORTFORD (Rochester Dioc.) Rev.J. Menet, Hockerill, Bishop's Stortford. 16. BRIGHTON (Chichester Diocesan)

Rev. H. Foster, 76, West Street, Brighton. 17. BRISTOL, GLOUCESTER, and' OXFORD Rev. W. Smith, Fishponds, Bristol.

(Diocesan.)
18. DERBY (Lichfield Diocesan)

• Rev. J. Latham, Little Eaton, Derby.
19. GRAY'S INN ROAD (Home and Colonial J. S Reynolds, Esq., Gray's Inn Road.

Society's).
20. NORWICH (Diocesan)

Rev. A. B. Power, Norwich.
21. SALISBURY (Diocesan)

Rev. Precentor Hicathcote, Salisbury. 22. WARRINGTON (Chester Diocesan)

Rev. R. Greenall, Stretton, near Warrington. 23. WHITELANDS (National Society's) Rev.Harry Baber, Whitelands House, Chelsea.

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Training Schools for both Masters and Mistresses,
24. BOROUGH ROAD (British and Foreign Henry Dunn, Esq., Borough Road, London.

School Society's).
25. CHELTENHAM (Church of England) Rev. C. H. Bromby, Cheltenham.
26. EDINBURGI, Castle-hill-terrace (Estab. Rev. Dr. Cook, Edinburgh.
Church.)

Moray House (Free Church) James Fulton, Esq., Moray House, Edinburgh.
27. GLASGOW, Dundas Vale (Estab. Church) J. Douglas, Esq., Dundas Vale, Glasgow.
(Free Church)

David Stow, Esq., Normal School, Glasgow.': 28. WESTMINSTER (Wesleyan)

Rev. J. Scott, Wesleyan Training School,

Horseferry Road, Westminster.
29. YORK and RIPON (Diocesan)

Male Rev. H. G. Robinson, York.
Female Rev. E. J. Randolph, Dunnington, York,

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Re-examina- Letter from Vice-Principal of Wesleyan Training School in Westminster, tion of certificated

relating to Examination of Certificated Teachers. teachers. SIR,

Westminster, 8 September 1854. REFERRING to their Lordships' Minute of 28 June last, and your Circular of the 29th of July last, we beg leave to say that we do not clearly understand what will be the course of examination for those teachers who are already on the class list and seek higher certificates. Your explanation on this subject will greatly oblige many inquirers.

I have the honor to be, &c.
To the Secretary of the

(Signed) M. C. TAYLOR. Committee of Council on Education.

Reply to foregoing Letter.

Committee of Council on Education, Council Office, REVEREND SIR,

Downing Street, 22 September 1854. In reply to your letter of the 8th instant, wherein you inquire how the Minute of 28 June last, and the Circular of 29 July, affect teachers who already hold certificates of merit and seek to raise the value of them, I am directed to state that their Lordships, so far back as April 1850 (Minutes of 1850-1, Vol. I., p. lxxxv.) have publicly expressed their opinion on the subject of re-examination, and the 11th section in the Minute of 1853 does little more than give practical effect to the same views. The authorities of training colleges, who desire to encourage a second year's residence, are deeply interested in regulating the facility whereby the student who is content to leave with a first year's certificate may improve it by immediate re-examination as a teacher.

Premising thus much, upon the general question, I have to state that in December 1855, and thenceforth, re-examination will not affect the value of the certificate until the time comes for revising it at the end of five years. If, at the end of any such period, a teacher is found to have afforded evidence, not only of improved school-keeping, but also, of increased attainments, he will not fail to reap the benefit of such two-fold merit; but, in the meantime, the result of the re-examination will be simply recorded.

It will be evident, from these observations, that my Lords do not wish to encourage the practice of seeking re-examination, except with strict attention to the discharge of daily duties in school. Re-examination (since the Minute of 20 August 1853) is no longer the only path by which an improved certificate can be reached.

So far as a certificated teacher has time for study, it is desirable that he shonld devote himself to some speciality rather than to the whole circuit comprised by another general examination.

My Lords have already provided for special examinations in the knowledge required for the use of scientific apparatus, as you will see by Professor Moseley's Report* on that subject. They have also placed drawing, and may be enabled to place music, upon the like footing. The names of the teachers who pass really good examinations, to the satisfaction of competent authorities, in one or more of these subjects, will be specially noted by the letters A., D., or M., in the calendar, in addition to the entry of their general certificate.

Much also may be done by such a teacher for the improvement of his school and consequently of his own certificate, through the Inspectors: reports) by giving his attention to some study which carries with it local importance, e.g., navigation in a seaport town, mechanics and geology in the neighbourhood of foundries and mines, agricultural chemistry in rural districts, and the like. A schoolmaster who steadily pursues his work in school, and who gives his leisure to some one such study, will soon find, in respect both to himself and his pupils, how much more is to be gained in this way than by preparing himself for constant examinations in all the subjects which enter into a complete course of Normal training.

Such an examination cannot be dispensed with, but it should be passed once for all, before the time of application to practice begins.

I have the honor to be, &c.

(Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN. Reo. M. C. Taylor, Wesleyan Training School,

Horseferry Road, Westminster.

Minutes of 1852-3, vol. i., p. 154.

Re-exami. nation of certificated teachers,

From John Martin, Esq., on behalf of the Metropolitan Training Institution.
SIR,

Lincoln's Inn, 6 November 1854.
A SCHOOLMASTER, who as a student at Highbury obtained a third
class certificate last December, desires to be examined on the second year's
papers next month, but, on reading the Circular of July 29, he is appre-
hensive that, if he fails on this occasion, he will lose his present certificate.

The words seem to bear this construction, though they are in answer to the question whether, in such a case, the college will lose its grant, or rather fail to obtain a grant.

It might be quite reasonable that the college should obtain no grant under such circumstances, but, seeing that in the words of the Circular The second year [is] wholly distinguished from the first,” there does not appear to be any reason why the student should lose his old certificate; because no inference can now be drawn that he has gone backward, as was the case when the subjects for examination were identical.

We have troubled you on this point, because in all quarters the regulation laid down, or supposed to be laid down in the Circular of July 29, is considered to be one of great hardship, and not required for any practical purpose.

I have the honor to be, &c.
To the Secretary of the

(Signed) JOHN MARTIN. Committee of Council on Education,

Reply to foregoing Letter.

Committee of Council on Education, Council Office, SIR,

Downing Street, 21 November 1854. ADVERTING to your letter of the 6th instant, in which you inquire whether a schoolmaster already holding a certificate of the third degree, and attending for another examination, but this time upon the second year's papers, will, in the event of failure, forfeit the certificate which he already holds, I am directed to state that such will not necessarily be the case,

My Lords reserve to themselves the right of withdrawing the first certificate, if the result of the examination appears to them to call for such a measure ; but, generally speaking, the holder of a certificate obtained upon the first year's papers may be examined (after an interval of not less than one year) upon the second or third year's papers, without more risk* to his certificate than may result from his then showing that he falls below the standard upon which that certificate was granted.

At the same time, it is necessary to guard this statement with reference to those students who may endeavour to make use of it for the purpose of quitting their colleges at the end of their first

year, The first quinquennial certificate, pursuant to section XI. in the Minute of 20 August 1853, will be fixed (so far as it depends upon examination) by the position of the holder in the Students' Class List. "Whatever examination he may pass, between the time of leaving college and the end of the seven years which must elapse before a new certificate is issued, will have no immediate effect, but will only be recorded in his favour for consideration (among other data) when the proper time comes.

While, therefore, a student who stays in college two full years may pos. sibly obtain the benefit of a high certificate after the end of two years' service as an elementary teacher under inspection, the same student, if he leaves his college at the end of the first year, may indeed get into employment by one year the sooner, but will be a loser by four years in the time that must elapse before his certificate is raised above the third (lowest) degree. For instance :

Supra, p. 28.

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