Aggregate Annual Income, as stated by Managers, of 99 of the Schools

enumerated in Summary A.

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Aggregate Annual Expenditure, as stated by Managers, of

99 of the Schools enumerated in Summary A.


Books and



£ 8. d. 5,874 49

£ s. d. 726 2 6

8. d. 2,258 15 10

8. d. 8,859 3 11

General Report, for the Year 185t, by Her Majesty's

Inspector of Schools, E. WOODFORD, Esq., LL.D., on the Schools in connexion with the Church of Scotland, and other Schools inspected in Scotland ; including a Report on the Training Schools in Edinburgh and Glasgow.


Female Training School sug. Loss to Teachers through Commenced in Edinburgh. gested.

oversight of Managers. Grant applied for. Needlework.

Height of School-room. Commenced in Glasgow. Honsehold Work.

Wooden Floors. Extended Buildings.

Income and Expenditure. Offices. Grants.

Residence. Further Grante.

Number of Schools in. Parallel Desks. Debt.


Book Grants.
Amount of Grants intimated. Other Occupations.

Arrear Cases.

Effect of Weekly Payments.
New Premises.
Special Reports.


Additional Inspector and Form IX. Extent of Accommodation. separate District.

Time in marking Register. Attendance.

Advantages of distinct Dis. Deficiency of Black-boards. Resident Students.

trict Inspection.

Teaching of Alphabet.
Staff of Teachers.

Progress of Inspection. Anomalous Name-Sounds of
Rector's Course.
Parish Schools.

Practice of Students.

Writing and Arithmetic.
Glasgow Premises,

Extent of Accominodation. Considered indispensable. Singing from Note.
No Resident Students.
Other Obstacles.

Allowance for living out. Voluntary Contribution. Female Industrial Depart.
Dick Bequest.

ment desirable in each
Staff of Teachers.
Office of Heritor's Clerk,

Parish School.
Rector's Duties.
Of Inspector of Poor.

Examination of Pupil
Want of Rector, and Loss of Or Parochial Registrar.

teachers, and their prin. Annual Grant.

Examination on Account of cipal deficiency. Comparison of Training Pupil-teachers.

Study of Latin.

Supposed interference of Euclid.
Certificates of Merit in 1854. Privy Council with exist- Teaching
Results of Examinations ing Rights, and with Pres- Table of Results.
from 1850 inclusive.

byterial Examinations. Report on Madras College 8 square feet per Child not Invitations.

postponed. enough in Norial Schools. Non-interference.


Edinburgh, 9 January 1855. The report which I have this year the honor of submitting resolves itself into two principal branches, the one on training schools, and the other on elementary schools.

I. Report on Training Schools. The training schools in connexion with the Church of Scot- Training land are two, one in Edinburgh and one in Glasgow. I have been instructed to give, in this report, a comprehensive view of these institutions, showing the present accommodation, the numbers attending, the staff of teachers, course of study, timetables, and other arrangements of each, with any facts or circumstances affecting their condition and efficiency, either collected from former reports or now supplied.


Commenced 1. In Edinburgh, training to some extent may be said to have in Edinburgh.

commenced in 1826, when the General Assembly's Education Committee began to send the teachers who were appointed to their Highland schools, to observe in operation the most approved methods of teaching, more especially those used in the Edinburgh Sessional school, which was at that time regarded as the best model school for elementary instruction in the country

In 1838 the committee obtained a transfer of the entire property and management of this Sessional school, for the purpose of more effectually and systematically carrying out their object. They expended upon it, in one year, 3301. over the income from school fees, chiefly in the maintenance of these teachers, during whatever time seemed expedient for each, and in defraying their travelling expenses Other teachers also availed themselves of the opportunity afforded them, on the payment of a guinea of entry money, to profit by the instruction there given, and the practice by which it was illustrated, for as long a time as they might find convenient. The daily atten

dance was thus seldom under 25, and increased during the two Grant ap! following years. In 1841, the Assembly's Committee applied plied for.

to the Committee of Council for a grant to aid in the erection of new and larger premises, and in operating on a proportionately enlarged scale.

2. In Glasgow a model infant school was established in in Glasgow. 1826-7, for the training of teachers, and to this was added,

in 1831, for the same purpose, a juvenile model school, by an association which gave rise to the “Glasgow Educational

Society.” Extended Up to 1838, about 200 teachers had here been trained. The buildings.

society then undertook the erection of extensive buildings for Model and Normal schools, on an enlarged scale, and in 1840, had expended 12,5001., including a Treasury grant of 1,0001., and a Privy Council grant also of 1,0001., leaving a debt of 7,0001., independently of the current yearly expenses, which were estimated at 6001. or 7001. above the fees, and for meeting which there was no adequate provision. This state of matters was explained by shortcomings of expected subscriptions and collections, and the determination of the society to adhere to the original low scale of fees, that the schools might continue to be attended by the children of the labouring classes, thereby excluding others who would readily have paid greatly increased fees, but whose attendance would thus have been equally exclusive, and would have altered the character and

objects of the schools. Further Application was made for a further grant of 5,0001., one half

of which was to be used in completing the buildings, and the other towards the payment of the debt. The reply to this




application (22 February 1840) was that 2,5001. would be allowed to complete the building, but the claim of further aid towards liquidation of the debt was reserved for after consideration. In 18+1 (5 May) the completion of the building was intimated, but at a cost of 3,7001., instead of the 2,5001. which had been granted, and application was now made for the difference, 1,2001.

Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools, Mr. Gibson, was now Debt. directed to visit the school, and to inquire minutely into the state of the finances. By his report, dated 8 February 1842, the entire amount of the debts from

every source, after

payment of grants to the amount of 4,5001., was 10,6771. 78.

The application of the General Assembly's Committee, and that of the Glasgow Educational Society, with various relative papers, were taken into consideration together by the Committee of Council; and intimation was given (31 De- Amount of cember 1841) of a grant of 10,0001. for building purposes in fimated. Edinburgh and Glasgow, and also of 1,000l. annually towards the maintenance of the intended training and model schools, on conditions which, through the authorized intercommuning of Conditions. the Inspector with the parties, had been previously ascertained to be acceptable and satisfactory, and which are summarily as follows:

a. That the Glasgow Educational Society make over their Normal school premises to the General Assembly, in trust for ever, free of bond for the debt, and incapable of being mortgaged on that account.

B. That the General Assembly expend 5,0001, of the building grant in liquidation of the debt on the Glasgow School premises, and undertake the future payment of the rest of it, according to the amount reported by Mr. Gibson, but shall incur no farther liabilities whatever on that account.

c. That the General Assembly expend the remaining 5,0001. of the building grant, and also with it an equal sum from their own resources, in the erection of suitable premises for a Normal school in Edinburgh.

d. That, to meet the annual grant of 1,0001. or 5001. for each of the training schools, the General Assembly add an equal sum, besides the return from the school fees, in maintaining their efficiency.

e. That there be maintained in each a Rector, whose qualifications shall be approved of by the Committee of Council previously to his appointment.

Much of what remains to be said here of the two seminaries will be best stated under a separate head for each.

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