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LIST OF EMBELLISHMENTS.

(Those marked thus * are Vignettes printed with the letter-press.)

View of Exeter Hall, Strand .....
*Carving of Arms, and Niche, in Hornsey Church, Middlesex .
*Lock of the iron chest in Hornsey Church
Roman Remains found in Southwark ...
Waltham Cross restored ......
*Stretham Cross, Cambridgeshire
Old Hungerford Market, Strand.
*Bust of Sir Edward Hungerford
Views of New Hungerford Market, Strand
Norman Crypt discovered in Southwark.
*Gold Coin of Cunobeline .....
*Thornhill Obelisk, Dorsetshire.
*Dryburgh Abbey, the Burial-place of Sir Walter Scott.
Church of St. Dunstan in the West, London. .....
*Ground-plan of the Old and New Churches of St. Dunstan's
*Armorial emblem of the Trinity at St. Dunstan's..
Newbigging Chapel, co. Northumberland .......
Old Tower and Mansion House of Cresswell, Northumberland.....
*Map of Western China.......
View of Oxford Castle.......
*Earthwork, or ancient Fortification at Laceby, Lincolnshire.
Sepulchral Brass of John Daye, the Printer, at Little Bradley, Suffolk.
Ruins of the Nunnery at Iona
Bridge and Chapel of Morpeth, co. Northumberland.
Cockle Park Tower, Northumberland...........
*Plan for raising the Royal George or other sunken Vessels. ....
Representations of several Leathern Jettons from Terouenne
Ancient Vessel found in Picardy
*Autographs of John Daye the Printer
*Coin of Alexander I. of Scotland ...
*Styca of Egberht, Archbishop of York.....

PAGE

9 .13 14

17 .105

108 ..113 ..114 201 .209 ..213

216 .291 ...297 .298 ..301 ..305

ib. .319 .401 .408 .417 ..497 ..505

ib. .558 .585

ib. .598 ..602 ..603

PRE FACE.

In closing our Volume for the year 1832, it is impossible not to take cogni. zance of the great political change which has been effected during that period. In the conducting of our Miscellany we have always endeavoured to stand aloof from violent party feeling, and to judge of public measures solely by their probable effects, and the motives of their promoters. Well knowing that a governing power must be lodged somewhere, we have felt assured of the immutable axiom, that, for the benefit of all, it should be based in justice, and executed with vigour. This is the life principle of every permanent government, and especially essential to a constitutional Monarchy. Where indeed can power be more confidentially entrusted than to a restricted Monarchy, in alliance with a tolerant and apostolically constituted Church, which has so long and successfully withstood the absurd and unscriptural pretensions of Popery, and the fastidious and insinuating scruples of schism, with no other weapons than the sword of the spirit and the word of truth? It will at once be allowed that such a Church must compose a portion of that impregnable foundation against which it is predicted that the gates of hell shall not prevail," and a close connection with her must strengthen the secular government. The monarchy by these means becomes a sort of theocracy, and the experience of manifold mercies manifested to us as a nation, in the stupendous and unparalleled contest with the hydra of revolution and the ambition of Napoleon, must have fully demonstrated to every thinking mind, that we, like the Israelites of old, have had our cloud to guide us by day, and our pillar of fire by night. It follows, therefore, by the plainest reasonable deduction, that to preserve the alliance of the Crown of Great Britain with the Protestant Reformed Church, to uphold the dignity, respectability, and mildly-asserted ascendancy of that Church, is to ensure for our welfare the favour of its Almighty founder ; while the converse of this position would be to make expediency our idol, and to set the immediate protection of Providence at nought. Our future Legislators will, we trust, well consider these fundamental principles of government; if disregarded, anarchy, unstable democracy, and dismemberment of the Empire, must be the infallible result.

On the subject of amendment in our Parliamentary Representation, that great master of our national jurisprudence, Judge Blackstone, has the following pertinent remark :-“ There is hardly (with us) a free agent to be found but what is entitled to vote in some place or other of the kingdom. Nor is comparative wealth or property entirely disregarded in elections; for, though the richest man has only one vote in one place, yet, if his property be at all diffused, he has probably a right to vote at more places than one, and therefore has many Representatives. This is the spirit of our Constitution ; not that I assert it is in fact quite so perfect as I have endeavoured to describe it; for, if any altera

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tion might be wished or suggested in the present frame of Parliaments, it should be in favour of a more complete representation of the people.It will remain therefore to be proved by the working, as it is termed, of the Reform Bill, whether this more complete representation has been effected; whether patriot talent, unendowed with the less noble qualification of wealth, has an equal chance as formerly of admission to the Senate ; and more especially, as in all great changes the brute mob contribute an active and powerful share of agency, whether care has been taken that they shall be excluded from such an influence on the insti. tutions of the country as may tend to affect their dignity and permanence.

In all the restless eagerness for change which the noisy heralds of the march of intellect have endeavoured to arouse, by pandering to the passions and imposing on the credulity of the people, a strong conservative spirit has been demonstrated in favour of our ancient architectural structures devoted to ecclesiastical or other purposes; as if the Public entertained something of a prospective prudence derived from former experience of times of persecution and state convulsion; as if they recollected the havoc of works of art which attended even a salutary reformation of Religion, the desecrating impieties which were enacted during a period of fanaticism and democracy; as if they foresaw a day when the just balance of the three ancient constitutional elements, if now vacillating, would be regained, and the old structure would arise, like some recently renovated Gothic fane, more beautiful and symmetrical for the efforts to repair it, more firmly seated for the wanton endeavours of its enemies to undermine and subvert it.

In the general although somewhat artificial cry for innovation, we have not ourselves escaped, nor indeed expected to escape, without attack. Because we have refused to depart from our steady course, and to pander to that taste which seeks rather for momentary amusement than solid instruction, we have been designated as dull; sleepless ourselves to make our readers sleep!” Pass but a few short years, and we shrewdly suspect that we shall be able to turn the point of the jest on our opponents, and that old Sylvanus Urban will be taken from the shelf, and consulted for just and unbiassed views of “the age and body of the time, its form and pressure,” when the ephemeral gentry who now carry their heads so high will have sunk into one long oblivious undisturbed repose. To conclude-we shall not deviate one jot from the principles and objects we have defined for our line of action, well contented with the approbation of the truly patriotic, the just, and the good, those rocks of eternal adamant, against which the surges of party spirit spend their fury in vain.

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December 31, 1832.

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

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[PUBLISHED AUGUST 1, 1832.] London Gax. Times-Ledger

Norwich, Oxf., Portsm.,Pres. Morn. Chron.-Post--Herald

ton, Sherb., Shrewsb., South Morn. Advertises--Courier

ampton,Truro, Worcester 2Globe Standard---Sup..Star

Aylesbury, Bangor, Barnst. Brit Trav, Record-Lit Gaz.

Berwick, Blackb., Bridgew. St. James's Chron..Packet,

Carmar., Colch., Chesterf Evea. Mail.--English Chron.

Devizes, Dorch., Doncaster 8 Weekly Pa...89 Sat. &Sun.

Falmouth, Glouc., Halifax Dublin 14--Edinburgh 12

Hepley, Hereford, Lancas, Liverpool 9-Manchester 7

ter, Leaming, Lewes, Linc Exeter 6-Bath. Bristol, Shef.

Lichf. Macclesf. Newark field, York, 4 - Brighton,

Newco-op-Tyne, Northamp. Canterbury, Leeds, Hull,

Reading, Rochest., Salish Leicester, Nottingh. Plym.

Shields, Staff., Stockp., Sun Stamf, 3-Birming. Bolion,

derl., Taunt.,Swans., Wakef. Bury, Cambridge, Carlisle,

Warwick, Whiteh., Winches. Chelmsf.,Cheltenh ,Chester,

Windsor, Wolverha., 1 each Coveo., Derby, Durh., Ipsw.,

Ireland 61-Scotland 37 Kendal, Maidsts, Newcastle,

Jersey 4-Guernsey 3 JULY, 1832. Original Communications. Joplin's History of the Currency Question 50 MixOR CORRESPONDENCE

Bernard on the Creed of the Jews............ 32 Historical View of Pestilential Visitations... Boucher’s Supplement to the English Exeter Hall, Strand. 9 Dictionaries .

56 On Roman London.

10 Simoni's Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon...... 59 Hornsey Church, Middlesex

12 Chaunter's Sermons .............................. 60 The Boundaries' Bill.

14 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE-New Publications Boundaries of Winchester

15 The Universities Literary Polish Society Ancient English Vineyards............. 16 --Sale of Trattle's Coins-National GalThe Black Stone at Stonehenge.

ib.

lery-Gresham Commemoration, &c. 61-65 Roman Remains discovered in Southwark... 17 ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.

.................... 66 On the invention of Letters ...

ib. Select POETRY.....

............. 67 The ENDEAVOURER-Mnemon of Constan

Historical Chronicle. tinople.

19 Memoir of Sextus Julius Frontinus ....

Proceedings in Parliament........

21 Historical Researches concerning the Bank

Foreign News 71-Domestic Occurrences... 73 Charter, and the Currency..

Promotions, &c. 75.-Births & Marriages. 76 28

OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of Princess Expenses of the King's Mews, t. Rich. III. 34

Louise Earl of Scarborough ; Lord On Rood Lofts.....

........... 35

Brandon ; Count Woronzow; Lord Eldin; Classical Literature.

Hon. E. Monckton ; Sir J. Mackintosh On the Radicals of the Greek Language. ... 35

Gen. Sir W. Williams; Adm. Sutton ; On the Analogia Linguæ Græcæ ............. 37

Adm. Oughton ; Jeremy Bentham, esq. ;

Rev. H. Hetley ; Rev. G. Burder ; Dr. Professor Scholefield's Æschylus.

............ 33

J. Thackeray ; N. Bruce, esq. ; J. TayReview of New Publications.

lor, esq. &c.........

............... 77 Archæologia, Vol. XXIV......

45 Bill of Mortality.—Markets.—Shares.... 95 Hodgson's History of Northumberland...... 49 Meteorological Diary.—Prices of Stocks... 96

Embellished with a view of EXETER Hall, Strand;
Representations of Roman Remains found in SOUTHWARK ; and of some ancient

CARVINGS in HORNSEY CHURCH.

.............

....... 68

i

By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.

Printed by J. B. Nichols and Son, Cicero's Head, 25, Parliament Street, Westminster ;

where all Letters to the Editor are requested to be sent, Post-Paid.

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

EN

ORI

13

's crew ?

Mr. URBAN-I should feel obliged to that he has hitherto assumed, or proved his any of your Correspondents to inform me, right to it.” through the medium of your Magazine, the Mr. James Logan inquires if any corresparticulars of the wreck of the Huoter Cut- popdeut can inform him whether a law of ter, off the Hasbro' Sands (Norfolk Coast), Edward the Confessor, reported in Sammes' and whether the officers and crew of that “ Brittania Ant. Illust." in favour of the vessel were all lost, or, as has been generally Armoricans be considered as still in force ? reported, were prevented by smugglers on This curious enactment was induced by nathe coast from effecting a landing, and con- tivnal relationship. “ Britones vero Armosequently drowned; also whether Captain rici cum veneriut in isto regno, suscepi deManby's Life Boat had been invented pre- bent, et in regno protegit sicut probi cives. viously to the loss of the Hunter? for in a De corpore hujus exierunt quondam de sanpoem now in my hand on the wreck of the guine Britonum hujus.” Hunter, by the niece of the Lieutenant Of the chambered caupon called pallerers, (Ostler), I find these words :

(noticed in part i. p. 451) there are two " And the Life-boat, alas ! had not yet come to other figures in the 5th voluine of Archæo. light."

gia, pl. xii.; one representing a piece which “ Had that noble invention then fearlessly sailed,

was dragged out of the Goodwin Sands in They might have been sav'd from the perilous sea. A husband father had not been bewailed,

1775, and che other copied from a Spanish And a sister been still from insanity free." work on artillery, by Diego Veano. Mr.

I should also be glad to know the particu- King, who wrote the description, endeavours lars of the late Captain William Ostler wbo tu assign their age to the fourteenth instead was unfortunately missing from his ship at

of the sixteenth century, notwithstanding the Cape of Good Hope a few years since ;

several reasons to the contrary which may for in a poem on thai melancholy event, Í he detected in the course of his arguments, find these ambiguous lines, written by a

besides others which are obvious. The nephew deeply interested in the severe af- form of the crown, which surmounts the fliction of the Captaiu's widow :

arms of Portugal, (impressed on the Good“ But was there triumph o'er his manes;

win Saods cannon), assimilates to that of Or, was there paltry hope of gains

King Henry VII. engraved in the Gentle-
By any of the

man's Magazine vol. ci. pt. ii. p. 120. The
Let such wretches then be told
That Heaven's probation shall unfold

device of the armillary sphere, which is also All to their cursed dark soul's view!" impressed, originated at the same æra. The The circumstances of the Life-boat men- variacions in the arms, of a fleur-de-lis and tioned above, and the horrid insinuation in

rose, are perhaps nothing more than the arbithe poem on the death of Captain William trary insertions of the founders, whose Ostler will, I hope, justify in some measure heraldry as seen on old bells, &c. was fremy claiming your indulgence to the insertion quently very free. It is possible, however, of this letter.

Clio. that they constitute the mark of cadency of

soine junior branch of the royal house of I. A. J. K's notices of Crosby Place, in Portugal. Mr. King was not aware that onr last Number, a passage, p. 505, is rep- these cannon were forined for the purpose dered illegible by an accidental derangement of discharging stones. of the type, which passnge slould run thus : SENECTUS observes, “ Among the good “ of which the Hall, the immediate subject old customs which have fallen into disuse, of this notice, affurds so beautiful an exain- that of inscribing texts from Scripture in or ple, and a most noble entrance-porch or upon our public buildings, seems one that is oriel. Here we may be allowed to remark, worthy of revival. lo old village churches as so much has been ingeniously said by a such inscriptions are still to be met with, late antiquary,” &c. Also at p. 506, para- but I believe few modern religious edifices graphi 4, for Sir John Crosby was po patent have any thing beyond the Ten Commandfeudatory of the Crown, read polent feudatory. ments, Lord's Prayer, and CreedBut it is

H. P. inquires on whom the Baronetcy in other buildings also that an appropriate in the family of Philipps has devolved by sentence might be of great importance—if, the death of its late possessor, Sir Rowland for example, in all our Courts of Justice, the Henry Philipps Laugharne.” H. P. is re- words "Thou shall not lear false witness quested to inform us of the date of Sir Rowo against thy neighlour" were painted so conland's death. In the last edition of De- spicuously as to meet the eye of every witbrett's Baronetage it is stated that “ Row- ness when he stood up to take the oath, land Philipps, who took the name of Laugo would not the force of the command thus harne, was great-grandfather of Rowland appropriately introduced have a beneficial Henry Phillips Langharne, esq. in whom (if effect? It might in some cases check inliving) this title appears to be vested (having tended perjury, and in all would inspire that devolved to him on the death of Lord Mil

reverence for sacred things which none but ford in 1823) ; but the Editor is not aware reprobates can totally lay aside."

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