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Nan Buoy. The Kind of Buoys used by Ships of War. Mip Tides. The Tides in the first and last Quarter of the Moon, and are not either so high, so low, or so rapid as Spring Tides. A Ship is said to be benciped, when she has not Water enough to take her off the Ground, or over the Bar, &c. Nothing off. A Term used by the Man at the Cun to the Steersman, directing him not to go from the Wind. Narrows. A small Passage between two Lands. Offing. To Seaward from the Land. A Ship is in the Offing, that is, she is to Seaward, at a Distance from the Land. She stands for the Offing, that is, towards the Sea. Over-board. Out of the Ship; as, he fell over-board, meaning, he fell out of, or from the Ship. On Board. Within the Ship; as, he is come on Board. Oakam. Old Rope untwisted and pulled open. Orlop. The Deck on which the Cables are stowed. Overhaul. To clear away and disentangle any Rope ; also to come up with the Chase; as, we overhaul her, that is, we gain ground of her. Pay the Seams. That is, to pour hot Pitch and Tar upon the Seams after Caulking. Purchase. To purchase the Anchor, is to loosen it out of the Ground. Peck. To ride a Stay-Peck, is when the Cable and the Fore-Stay form a Line. To ride a short Peck, is when the Cable is so much in as to destroy the Line formed by the Stay-Peck. To ride with the Yards a Peck, is to have them topped up by contrary Lifts, so as to represent a St. Andrew's Cross. Ports. The Holes in the Ship's Sides from which the Guns are - fired. Pudding and Dolphin. A large and lesser Pad made of Ropes, and put round the Masts under the lower Yards. Pay out the Cable. That is, shove it out at the Hawse Holes. Pendant. The long narrow Flag worn at the Mast-Head by all Ships of the Royal Navy. Brace Pendants are those Ropes which secure the Brace-Blocks to the Yard-Arms, and are always double, in case of one being shot away, the other may secure the Yard in its proper Position. Parcel a Rope. Is to put a Quantity of old Canvas round it before the Service is put on. Parcel a Seam. Is to lay a narrow Piece of Canvas over it after it is caulked, before it is payed. - Pert. Used for Larboard, or the left Side; also a Harbour or Haven. Points. A Number of plated Ropes made fast to the Sails for the Purpose of Reefing. 2uoil, is a Rope or Cable laid up round, one Fake over another.
Agarters. The respective Stations of the Officers and People in Time of A&tion. Quartering, distributing the Men to different Places. Quarter Bill, the List of the Ship's Company, with their Stations for A&tion noticed. 9parter IWind, is when the Wind blows in abaft the main Shrouds. Reeve. To reeve a Rope, is to put it through a Block, and to unreeve it is to take it out of the Block. Rowse in the Cable. Haul it in, and make it taut, or tight. Reach of a River. The Distance between any two Points of Land that lie in a right Line from each other. \ Ride at Anchor, is when a Ship is held by her Anchors, and is not driven by Wind or Tide. To ride athwart, is to ride with the Ship's Side to the Tide. To ride Hawse fallen, is when the Water breaks into the Hawse in a rough Sea. Road. A Place near the Land where Ships may anchor, but which is not sheltered. Rounding. Old Ropes used to put in between the Layers of the Cable before it is sewed. Ratlines. The small Ropes fastened to the Shrouds, by which the Men go aloft. Rother, or Rudder. The Machine by which the Ship is steered. Rullock. The Nitch in a Boat's Side, in which the Oars are used. Strike. A Term for yield or surrender, used to an Enemy. Splice. To make two Ends of Ropes fast together, by untwisting them, and then putting the Strands of one Piece with the Strands of the other. Serve. To wind something about a Rope to prevent it from chafing or fretting. The Service is the Thing so wound about the Rope. Scaze. To bind or make fast. She sands, or sends. When the Ship's Head or Stern falls deep in the Trough of the Sea. Settle. To lower ; as settle the Top-sail Halyards, lower them. Sound. To try the Depth of Water; also a deep Bay. Sheer. The Sheer of the Ship is the Curve that is between her Head and her Stern, upon her Side. The Ship sheers about, that is, she goes in and out. Sheers, are Spars lashed together, and raised up for the Purpose of getting out or in a Mast. A Scudd. To go right before the Wind; and going in this Direétion without any Sail set is called Spooning. Steeve. Turning up. The Bowsprit steeves too much, that is, it is too upright. Spring Tides, are the Tides at new and full Moon, which flow highest, and ebb lowest. Spilling-lines, are Ropes contrived to keep the Sails from being blown away when they are clewed up, in blowing Weather. Starboard. The right Side.
Quest. OW do you find the Golden Number A. I add one to the given Year, and divide the Sum by 19, the Remainder will be the Golden Number. % How do you find the Epačt for any Year . . By dividing the given Year by 19, and multiplying the Remainder by 11, the Produćt will be the Epačt, if it does not exceed 30; but if it does, I subtraćt 30 from it as often as I can, and the Remainder will be the Epačt. 9, How do you find the Moon's Age 2 A. To the Epačt, I add the Day of the Month, and the Number of the Month; their Sum will be the Moon's Age, if it does not exceed 30; but if it does, I subtract 30 from it as often as I can, and the Remainder will be her Age. $2. How do you find the Moon's Southing, or the Time of her coming to the Meridian A. l multiply the Moon's Age by 48, and divide the Produćt by 60; the Quotient will be the Hours, and the Remainder the Minutes when she is on the Meridian past Noon: Or, I may multiply the Moon's Age by 4, and divide the Produćt by 5, the Quotient will be the Hours, and the Remainder multiplied by 12 will be the Minutes when she souths, or is on the Meridian, in the Afternoon: But if this Time should exceed 12, I subtract 12 from it, and the Remainder will be the Time of her Southing in the Morning. 9. How do you find the Time of High Water at any Place A. To the Moon's Southing on the given Day, I add the Time of High Water, Full and Change, at the given Place, and the Sum will be the Time of High Water there in the Afternoon: But if this Time should exceed 12, I subtract 12 from it, and the Remainder will be
the Time of High Water in the Morning; and if it exceeds 24, I
subtraćt 24 from it, and the Remainder will be the Time of High Water in the Afternoon.*
9. Suppose that you go into an Harbour, and find by your Watch that it is High Water at any Hour on that Day; by what Means do you find the Times when it is High Water on Full and Change Days in that Place :
* The Time of High Water is found more correčt by the Tables, fee Page 143.