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Ships (on which there is a Light-house now erecting) will lead me
keep the Lead going, and approach no nearer than 5 Fathoms Water;
about N. W. of Penninis Point, a little more than half a Mile, is the Woolpack, the Shoal lies near to the Shore; I must continue to run
o: Long Ships lie N. W. by N. about 3 Miles from the
N. B. The foregoing Questions and Answers have been examined by several experienced Naval Officers, who only disagreed in some Particulars respecting the working of a Ship at Sea. Others, indeed, who pretended to great Nautical Knowledge, could do little more than Quibble and Carp at Parts they seemed unable to amend. As I do not take upon myself to determine which of them was right, it is hoped, every judicious Mariner will excuse any Errors he may find in the above, which is principally intended to fix the Attention, and facilitate the speedy Improve. ment of young Practitioners in Seamanship.
which Soundings are no where to be found in the Channel. If in the Latitude of Ushant you have 86 Fathoms, you are distant from thence 36 Leagues; if 70 Fathoms, 11 Leagues; then you must be careful in the Night, or thick Weather to come no nearer to it than 63 Fathoms, nor to the Leams than 65 Fathoms. You may know when you are to the Northward or to the Southward of Scilly by the Ground. When you are to the Northward, or in the Latitude of it, you have Ouze on the Lead from 85 to 6o Fathoms; then you must haul to the Southward till you meet with coarser Ground, which you will have to the Southward of Scilly; you may depend on having Ouze on the Lead in this Latitude, or to the Northward of it; so that, if #. keep the Lead going, you may prevent falling to the Northward. or your better knowing when you are near Scilly, you will find on the Lead, black Stones, the like of which are no where else in the Channel. In the Night come no nearer than 53 Fathoms; and in that Depth you are not above 3 Leagues from the Scilly Rocks. That you may know if you be within Scilly, and in the Channel, stand to the Southward and you will have deeper Water; to the TNorthward and you will have shoaler. Come no nearer to the Lizard in the Night, than 45 Fathoms. If running up the Channel in the Night, keep without the Stream of 40 Fathoms, for in that Stream the Eddystone lies: Between the Start and Portland, no nearer than 24 Fathoms; nor from Portland to the Ness, than 20 Fathoms, if in the Night or thick Weather. When you are in a fair Way up Channel, you will always have fine Sand, intermixed with black Specks and Hake’s Teeth. . By this Time you will most probably have made the Land; but observe, that between Beachy and the Wight there are from 30 to 38 Fathoms Water, by which you may be led to imagine yourself farther out than you are. That Depth is found at four Leagues Distance from the Cars and Eastboroughhead. I shall now take my Leave of the young Sea Officer, with acquainting him that the following Tables are all numbered for the more readily working his Day's Works at Sea, which he will doubtless rather do himself, than copy it from that of others.