Construction of Marine and Offshore Structures

Forside
CRC Press, 1. jan. 2002 - 680 sider
The leading authority in the field offers a unique and comprehensive treatment of the construction aspects of offshore structures, rather than the more commonly addressed design considerations. Extensively updated, this second edition provides a new chapter on extending offshore technologies to inland waterways and emphasizes recent advances-including floating structures, deep-water structures, ice-resistant structures, and bridge foundations. Construction of Marine and Offshore Structures details all the particulars of building in a marine environment, including construction equipment, marine operations, installing piles, pipelines, and cables, steel and concrete offshore platforms, and underwater repairs.

Construction of Marine and Offshore Structures provides an essential reference to engineers in the oil and service industries and to marine construction planners, designers, and contractors.

New in the second edition:
  • How the physical environment and geotechnical conditions affect construction
  • Increased attention to protecting the natural environment and compliance with regulatory provisions
  • Recent developments in positioning, instrumentation, and underwater inspection, plus a new section on concrete and steel floating structures and installing permanent moorings
  • Expanded treatment of deep water bridge piers as well as locks and dams on major rivers.
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    Innhold

    Introduction
    1
    02 Geography
    3
    04 Legal Jurisdiction
    4
    05 Offshore Construction Relationships and Sequences
    4
    06 Typical Marine Structures and Contracts
    4
    07 Interaction of Design and Construction
    4
    Physical Environmental Aspects of Marine and Offshore Construction
    15
    12 Hydrostatic Pressure and Buoyancy
    16
    113 Loadout Tiedown and Transport
    345
    114 Removal of Jacket from Transport Barge Lifting Launching
    353
    115 Upending of Jacket
    360
    116 Installation on the Seafloor
    363
    117 Pile and Conductor Installation
    366
    118 Deck Installation
    369
    119 Examples
    371
    Concrete Offshore Platforms GravityBase Structures
    387

    13 Temperature
    18
    14 Seawater and SeaAir Interface Chemistry Marine Organisms
    19
    15 Currents
    20
    16 Waves and Swells
    24
    17 Winds and Storms
    30
    18 Tides and Storm Surges
    34
    19 Rain Snow Fog Whiteout and Spray Atmospheric Icing Lightning
    35
    110 Sea Ice and Icebergs
    36
    111 Seismicity Seaquakes and Tsunamis
    41
    112 Floods
    42
    Geotechnical Aspects Seafloor and Marine Soils
    43
    22 Dense Sands
    45
    24 Boulders On and Near the Seafloor Surface Glacial Till
    46
    25 Overconsolidated Silts
    47
    28 Ice Scour and Pingos
    48
    2102 Pile Driving
    49
    211 Coral and Similar Biogenic Soils Cemented Soils
    50
    212 Unconsolidated Sands
    51
    213 Underwater Sand Dunes Megadunes
    53
    215 Cobbles
    54
    218 Seafloor Instability and Slumping Turbidity Currents
    55
    219 Concluding Remarks Concerning Seafloor
    56
    Ecological and Societal Impacts of Marine Construction
    57
    33 Toxic Chemicals
    58
    36 Turbidity
    59
    38 Air Pollution
    60
    311 Noise
    61
    313 Protection of Existing Structures
    62
    314 Vibration
    63
    Materials and Fabrication for Offshore Structures
    65
    42 Structural Concrete
    74
    43 Hybrid SteelConcrete Structures
    87
    44 Plastics and Synthetic Materials Composites
    88
    45 Titanium
    91
    Marine and Offshore Construction Equipment
    93
    51 Basic Motions in a Seaway
    94
    52 Buoyancy Draft and Freeboard
    96
    53 Stability
    97
    54 Damage Control
    99
    55 Barges
    102
    56 Crane Barges
    105
    57 Offshore Derrick Barges Fully Revolving
    108
    58 Catamaran Barges
    112
    510 Jackup Construction Barges
    115
    511 Launch Barges
    119
    512 Offshore Dredges
    120
    513 PipeLaying Barges
    124
    514 Supply Boats
    127
    515 AnchorHandling Boats
    128
    517 Drilling Vessel
    130
    Marine Operations
    133
    62 Moorings and Anchors
    140
    63 Handling Heavy Loads at Sea
    150
    64 Personnel Transfer at Sea
    156
    65 Underwater Intervention Diving Underwater Work Systems ROVs and Manipulators
    160
    66 Underwater Concreting and Grouting
    168
    67 Offshore Surveying Navigation and Seafloor Surveys
    179
    68 Temporary Buoyancy Augmentation
    184
    Seafloor Modifications and Improvements
    187
    Determination of Existing Conditions
    188
    73 Seafloor Dredging and Obstruction Removal
    189
    74 Dredging and Removal of Hard Material and Rock
    196
    75 Placement of Underwater Fills
    200
    76 Consolidation and Strengthening of Weak Soils
    204
    77 Prevention of Liquefaction
    206
    79 Concluding Remarks
    210
    Installation of Piles in Marine and Offshore Structures
    213
    82 Fabrication of Tubular Steel Piles
    216
    83 Transportation of Piling
    217
    84 Installing Piles
    219
    85 Methods of Increasing Penetration
    239
    86 Insert Piles
    242
    88 Damaged Piles
    243
    810 Handling and Positioning of Piles
    245
    811 Drilled and Grouted Piles
    247
    812 Belled Footings
    251
    813 Other Installation Methods and Practices
    254
    Harbor River and Estuary Structures
    257
    93 River Structures
    266
    94 Piers for Overwater Bridges
    274
    95 Submerged Prefabricated Tunnels Tubes
    296
    96 Storm Surge Barriers
    302
    97 Flow Control Structures
    307
    Coastal Structures
    315
    103 Breakwaters
    321
    104 Offshore Terminals
    328
    Offshore PlatformsSteel Jackets and Pin Piles
    343
    122 Construction Stages
    389
    123 Enhancing CaissonFoundation Interaction
    427
    124 SubBase Construction
    431
    125 Platform Removal
    432
    Other Applications of Offshore Construction Technology
    433
    133 SinglePoint Moorings
    434
    134 Articulated Columns
    437
    135 Seafloor Templates
    444
    136 Underwater Oil Storage Vessels
    450
    137 Cable Arrays Moored Buoys and Seafloor Deployment
    453
    138 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
    454
    Moored Floating Structures
    457
    142 Fabrication of Concrete Floating Structures
    459
    143 Launching
    462
    FPSOs for LPG and LNG
    463
    Installation of Submarine Pipelines
    467
    152 Conventional SLay Barge
    470
    153 BottomPull Method
    486
    154 Reel Barge
    493
    155 Surface Float
    494
    156 Controlled Underwater Flotation Controlled Subsurface Float
    495
    Single and DoublePull
    496
    159 JLay from Barge
    497
    1511 Bundled Pipes
    498
    1513 Laying under Ice
    499
    1515 Support of Pipelines
    504
    Plastic and Composite Pipelines and Cables
    505
    1612 FiberReinforced Glass Pipes
    506
    Topside Installation
    509
    173 Hookup
    511
    174 Giant Modules and Transfer of Complete Deck by Heavy Lift
    513
    176 Integrated Deck
    515
    Underwater Repairs
    517
    183 Repairs to Steel Piling
    521
    185 Repairs to Foundations
    523
    186 Fire Damage
    524
    187 Pipeline Repairs
    525
    Strengthening Existing Structures
    529
    194 Increasing Lateral Capacity of Piles and Structures in Interaction with Seafloor Soils
    535
    195 Seismic Retrofit
    537
    Removal and Salvage
    539
    Terminals Trestles ShallowWater Platforms
    540
    203 Offshore Drilling and Production Platforms Jackets with Piles
    541
    204 GravityBase Platforms
    542
    205 New Developments in Salvage Techniques
    544
    Constructibility
    545
    212 Construction Stages
    546
    213 Principles of Construction
    550
    215 Assembly and Jointing Afloat
    554
    216 Material Selection and Procedures
    555
    217 Construction Procedures
    556
    218 Access
    561
    219 Tolerances
    562
    2110 Survey Control
    563
    2111 Quality Control and Assurance
    564
    2112 Safety
    565
    Feedback and Modification
    566
    2115 Manuals
    567
    2116 OnSite Instruction Sheets
    569
    Construction in the Deep Sea
    573
    222 Considerations and Phenomena for DeepSea Operations
    574
    224 Properties of Materials for the Deep Sea
    575
    225 Platforms in the Deep Sea Compliant Structures
    579
    226 TensionLeg Platforms
    585
    227 SPARS
    589
    229 Construction Operations on the Deep Seafloor
    592
    2210 DeepWater Pipe Laying
    596
    2211 DeepWater Bridge Piers
    598
    Arctic Marine Structures
    605
    233 Atmospheric Conditions
    610
    234 Arctic Seafloor and Geotechnics
    611
    235 Oceanographic
    613
    237 Logistics and Operations
    614
    238 Earthwork in the Arctic Offshore
    616
    239 Ice Structures
    619
    2310 Steel and Concrete Structures for the Arctic
    621
    2311 Deployment of Structures in the Arctic
    627
    2312 Installation at Site
    629
    2313 Ice Condition Surveys and Ice Management
    638
    2314 Durability
    639
    2315 Constructibility
    641
    2316 Pipeline Installation
    642
    Epilogue
    645
    References
    647
    Index
    649
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