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CONSTITUTION

OF

THE UNITED STATES.

case, &c.

certain powers.

ARTICLE I.

days.— Resolutions, &c., to be passed Section

and approved like bills. 1. Legislative powers, in whom vested.

8. Powers of congress. 2. House of representatives, how and by 9. Provision as to migration or importa

whom chosen. - Qualifications of a tion of certain persons. — Habeas representative.—Representatives and corpus. — No bills of attainder, &c. direct taxes, how apportioned. – Taxes, how apportioned. — No exCensus. — Vacancies to be filled. - port duty. – No commercial preferPower of choosing officers, and of ences. —No money drawn from impeachment.

treasury, unless, &c.— No titular 3. Senators, how and by whom chosen. nobility. - Officers not to receive - How classified. - State executive

presents, unless, &c. to make temporary appointments, in 10. States prohibited from the exercise of

Qualifications of a senator. — President of the senate, his right to vote. — President pro tem.

ARTICLE II. and other officers of senate, how SECTION chosen. – Power to try impeach- 1. President, his term of office. - Electments. — When president is tried, ors of president, number, and how

chief justice to preside. — Sentence. appointed. — Electors to vote 4. Times, &c., of holding elections, how same day. — Qualification of presi

prescribed. - One session in each dent. - On whom his duties devolve year.

in case of his removal, death, &c. 5. Membership. — Quorum. — Adjourn- President's compensation.

- His ments. — Rules. — Power to punish oath. or expel. — Journal. — Time of ad- 2. President to be commander-in-chief. journments limited, unless, &c.

He may require opinion of heads of 6. Compensation. -- Privileges. — Dis- departments. — Pardoning power. qualification in certain cases.

Treaty-making power. Nomina7. House to originate all revenue bills. — tion of certain officers.— When pres

Veto. — Bill may be passed by two ident may fill vacancies. thirds of each house, notwithstand- 3. President shall communicate to coning, &c.— Bill not returned in ten gress. — He may convene and ad

on

ARTICLE VI.

journ congress, in case, &c.; shall
receive ambassadors ; execute laws,

and commission officers.
4. All civil offices forfeited for certain

crimes.

Certain debts, &c., adopted. — Supremacy

of constitution, treaties and laws of the United States. — Oath to support constitution, by whom taken. – No religious test.

ARTICLE VII.

ARTICLE III. SECTION 1. Judicial power. — Tenure. — Compen

sation.
2. Judicial power, to what cases it ex-

tends. — Original jurisdiction of su-
preme

court. - Appellate. — Trial by jury, except, &c. — Trial, where. 3. Treason defined. — Proof of. — Pun

ishment of.

What ratification shall establish consti

tution.

ARTICLE IV. SECTION 1. Each state to give credit to the public

acts, &c., of every other.
2. Privileges of citizens of each state. —

Fugitives from justice to be delivered
up. — Persons held to service, having

escaped, to be delivered up.
3. Admission of new states. — Power of

congress over territory and other pro

perty. 4. Republican form of government guar

antied. - Each state to be protected.

AMENDMENTS. ARTICLE 1. Religious establishment prohibited. —

Freedom of speech, of the press, and

right to petition. 2. Right to keep and bear arms. 3. No soldier to be quartered in any

house, unless, &c. 4. Right of search and seizure regulated. 5. Provisions concerning prosecution,

trial and punishment. — Private property not to be taken for public

use, without, &c. 6. Further provision respecting criminal

prosecutions. 7. Right of trial by jury secured. 8. Excessive bail or fines and cruel pun

ishments prohibited. 9. Rule of construction. 10. Same subject. il. Same subject. 12. Manner of choosing president and

vice-president.

ARTICLE V.

Constitution, how amended. — Proviso.

WE, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this CONSTITUTION FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

ARTICLE I.

SECTION 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a congress of the United States, which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives.

Sec. 2. The house of representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states; and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.

No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.

Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one representative: and until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and Provi. dence Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, six; New Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, one ; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North Carolina, five; South Carolina, five; and Georgia, three.

When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.

The house of representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment.

SEC. 3. The senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have one vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided, as equally as may be, into three classes. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one third may be chosen every second year; and if vacancies happen by resignation or otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.

No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen.

The vice-president of the United States shall be president of the senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.

The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a president pro tempore, in the absence of the vice-president, or when he shall exercise the office of president of the United States.

The senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation

When the president of the United States is tried, the chief justice shall preside; and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present.

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend farther than to removal from office and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States; but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.

SEC. 4. The times, places and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof; but the congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing senators.

The congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Sec. 5. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each house may provide.

Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and with the concurrence of two thirds expel a member.

Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the members of either house on any question shall, at the desire of one fifth of those present, be entered on the journal.

Neither house, during the session of congress, shall without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting.

SEC. 6. The senators and representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, except treason, felony and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

No senator or representative shall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time; and no person holding any office under the United States, shall be a member of either house during his continuance in office.

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