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ERE then we reft; “ the Universal Cause

« Acts to one end, but acts by various laws."
In all the madness of superfluous health,
The train of pride, the impudence of wealth,
Let this great truth be present night and day; 5
But most be present, if we preach or pray.

Look round our World; behold the chain of Love Combining all below, and all above. See plastic Nature working to this end, The single atoms each to other tend, Attract, attracted to, the next in place Form'd and impellid its neighbour to embrace. See matter next, with various life endued, Press to one centre ftill, the General Good. See dying vegetables life fustain,

15 See life diffolving vegetate again: All forms that perih other forms fupply, (By turns we catch the vital breath, and die) Like bubbles on the sea of Matter borne They rise, they break, and to that sea return, Nothing is foreign; Parts relate to whole; One all-extending, all-preserving Soul Connects each being, greatest with the least ; . Made Beast in aid of Man, and Man of Beast;

All VARIATION. Ver. 1. In several Edit. in 4to. Learn, Dulness, learn! “ The Universal Cause,” &c.


All serv'd, all serving : nothing stands alone;
The chain holds on, and where it ends, unknown.

Has God, thou fool! work’d solely for thy good,
Thy joy, thy pastime, thy attire, thy food!
Who' for thy table feeds the wanton fawn,
For him as kindly spread the flowery lawn : 30
Is it for thee the lark ascends and sings?
Joy tunes his voice, joy elevates his wings:
Is it for thee the linnet pours his throat?
Loves of his own and raptures iwell the note.
The bounding steed you pompously bestride, 35
Shares with his lord the pleasure and the pride.
Is thine alone the feed that strews the plain?
The birds of heaven shall vindicate their grain.
Thine the full harvest of the golden year?
Part pays, and justly, the deserving steer :
The hog, that plows not, nor obeys thy call,
Lives on the labours of this lord of all,

Know, Nature's children' all divide her care ; The fur that warms a monarch, warm'd a bear. While Man exclaims, “ See all things for ńy ufe!" 45 " See man for mine!” replies a pamper'd goose : And just as fhort of reason He must fall, Who thinks all made for one, not one for all.



After ver. 46. in the former Editions,

What care to tend, to lodge, to cram, to treat him!
All this he knew; but not that 'twas to eat him.
As far as Goose could judge, he reason'd right;
But as to Man, mistook the matter quite,


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Grant that the powerful ftill the weak controul;
Be Man the Wit and Tyrant of the whole :
Nature that Tyrant checks; he only knows,
And helps, another creature's wants and woes.
Say, will the falcon, stooping from above,
Smit with her varying plumage, spare the dove ?
Admires the jay the infe&t's gilded wings ?

Or hears the hawk when Philomela sings?
Man cares for all: to birds he gives his woods,
To beasts his pastures, and to fith his floods;
For some his intereft prompts him to provide,
For more his pleasure, yet for more his pride : 60
All feed on one vain Patron, and enjoy
Th’extensive blessing of his luxury,
That very

life his learned hunger craves,
He saves from famine, from the favage faves ;
Nay, feasts the animal he dooms his feast,
And, till he ends the being, makes it bleft:
Which sees no more the stroke, or feels the pain,
Than favour'd' Man by touch ethereal flain.
The creature had his feast of life before ;
Thou too must perish, when thy feast is o'er! 70
To each unthinking being, Heaven a friend,
Gives not the useless knowledge of its end :
To Man imparts it; but with such a view
As, while he dreads it, makes hin hope it too:
The hour conceal'd, and so remote the fear, 75
Death ftill draws nearer, never seeming near.
Great standing miracle ! that Heaven assign'd
Its only thinking thing this turn of mind.

II. Whether


II. Whether with Reason, or with Instinct blest, Know, all enjoy that power which suits them beft; se To bliss alike by that direction tend, And find the means proportion’d to their end. Say, where full Instinct is th' unerring guide, What Pope or Council can they need beside ? Reason, however able, cool at best, Cares not for service, or but serves when preft, Stays till we call, and then not often near; But honest Instinct comes a volunteer, Sure never to o’ershoot, but just to hit; While still too wide or short is human Wit; 90 Sure by quick Nature happiness to gain, Which heavier Reafon labours at in vain. This too serves always, Reason never long : One must go right, the other may go wrong. See then the acting and comparing powers One in their nature, which are two in ours ! And Reafon raise o'er Instinct as you can, In this 'tis God directs, in that 'tis Man.

Who taught the nations of the field and wood To shun their poison, and to chuse their food ? Prescient, the tides or tempests to withstand, Build on the wave, or arch beneath the fand?


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After ver. 84. in the MS.

While Man, with opening views of various ways
Confounded, by the aid of knowledge Itrays :
Too weak to chuse, yet chusing still in halte,
One moment gives the pleasure and distalte.


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Who made the spider parallels design,
Sure as De Moivre, without rule or line ?
Who bid the stork, Columbus-like, explore
Heavens not his own, and worlds unknown before;
Who calls the council, states the certain day,
Who forms the phalanx, and who points the way?

III. God, in the nature of each being, founds
Its proper bliss, and sets its


bounds :
But as he fram'da Whole, the Whole to bless,
On mutual Wants, built mutual Happiness :
So from the first, eternal Order ran,
And creature link'd to creature, man to man.
Whate'er of life all-quickening æther keeps, 119
Or breathes through air, or shoots beneath the deeps,
Or pours profuse on earth, one nature feeds
The vital flame, and swells the genial seeds.
Not man alone, but all that 'roam the wood,
Or wing the sky, or roll along the flood,
Each loves itself, but not itself alonę,
Each sex desires alike, till two are one.
Nor ends the pleasure with the fierce embrace ;
They love themselves, a third time, in their race.
Thus beast and bird their common charge attend, 125
The mothers nurse it, and the fues defend ;

dismiss'd to wander earth or air,
There stops the Instinct, and there ends the care;
The link dissolves, each seeks a fresh embrace,
Another love succeeds, another race.

A longer care Man's helpless kind demands;
That longer care contracts more lasting bands :


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