H. OF R.)

Address to the President.

[DECEMBER, 1795.

wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, I the United States being first administered to them to inform him that a quorum of the two Houses by Mr. SPEAKER, according to law. is assembled, and ready to receive any communi- Ordered, That a message be sent to the Senate cation he may think proper to make to them. Ito inform them that this House is now ready to

Ordered, That Mr. Madison, Mr. SEDGWICK, Tattend them in receiving the communication from and Mr. SITGREAVES, be appointed a committee the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, agreeaon the part of this House, for the purpose express- bly to his notification to both Houses yesterday; ed in the message of the Senate.

and that the Clerk of this House do go with the Petitions from sundry persons, praying to be said message. appointed to the offices of Sergeant-at-Arms and The Clerk accordingly went with the said mesDoorkeeper, were presented to the House and sage; and, being returned, read: Whereupon,

The Senate attended and took seats in the The House proceeded, by ballot, to the choice House; when, both Houses being assembled, the of a Sergeant-at-Arms, Doorkeeper, and Assist- PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES came into the ant Doorkeeper; and, upon examining the ballots, Representatives' Chamber, and delivered his a majority of the votes of the whole House was Speech to the two Houses. (For a copy of this found in favor of Joseph WHEATON, as Sergeant- Speech, see the Proceedings of the Senate, ante at-Arms, THOMAS CLAXTON, as Doorkeeper, and page 10.] THOMAS Dunn, as Assistant Doorkeeper.

The PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES then OrderedThat the said Joseph WREATON, withdrew, and the two Houses separated. THOMAS CLAXTON, and THOMAS Dunn, do seve-1 Ordered, That the Speech of the PresideNT rally give their attendance accordingly.

OF THE UNITED States to both Houses be comMr. Madison, from the joint committee ap- mitted to a Committee of the Whole House topointed to wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED morrow. States, and notify him that a quorum of the two A petition of Matthew Lyon, of the State of Houses is assembled, and ready to receive any Vermont, was presented to the House and read, communication he may think proper to make to complaining of an undue election and return of them, reported that the committee had, according ISRAEL SMITH, to serve as a member of this to order, performed that service, and that the PRE- House for the said State. SIDENT signified to them that he would make a Ordered, That the said petition be referred to communication to both Houses of Congress to the Committee on Elections; that they do exmorrow, at 12 o'clock, in the Representatives' amine the matter thereof, and report the same, Chamber.

with their opinion thereupon, to the House. Ordered, That a committee be appointed to Ordered, That the Clerk of this House cause prepare and report such Standing Rules and Or- the members to be furnished, during the present ders of proceeding as are proper to be observed in session, with three newspapers, printed in this this House; and that Mr. MUHLENBERG. Mr. city, such as the members, respectively, shall MURRAY, and Mr. Baldwin, be the said com choose, to be delivered at their lodgings: Provimittee.

ded. They do not exceed the price at which subResolved, That the Rules and Orders of pro- scribers, citizens of Philadelphia, are furnished ceeding, established by the late House of Repre- with them. sentatives, shall be deemed and taken to be the Rules and Orders of proceeding to be observed in this House, until a revision or alteration of the

WEDNESDAY, December 9. same shall take place.

James Hillhouse, from Connecticut, appeared, Resolved, That a Standing Committee of Elec- produced his credentials, was qualified, and took tions be appointed, whose duty it shall be to ex- his seat. amine and report upon the certificates of election or other credentials of the members returned to

ADDRESS TO THE PRESIDENT. serve in this House; and to take into their consi

The House, according to the order of the day, deration all such matters as shall or may come in

resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole on question touching returns and elections, and to re

the Speech of the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED port their proceedings, with their opinion there

States to both Houses of Congress, Mr. Muhupon, to the House.

LENBERG in the Chair ; when, the Speech being And a committee was appointed, of Mr. VENA

read, BLE, Mr. Dent, Mr. KITTERA, Mr. Swift, Mr. |

Mr. Vans Murray moved the following resoDEARBORN, Mr. Harper, and Mr. Blount.

« Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee,

that a respectful Address ought to be presented by the Tuesday, December 8.

House of Representatives to the President of the United

States, in answer to his Speech to both Houses of ConSeveral other members, to wit: from Maryland, I gress, at the commencement of this session, containing SAMUEL SMITH; from Virginia, RICHARD Brent; assurances that this House will take into consideration and from Georgia, John MILLEDGE, appeared, pro- the various and important matters recommended to their duced their credentials, and took their seats in the attention:” House; the oath to support the Constitution of Mr. SEDGWICK seconded the motion.

DECEMBER, 1795.]
Committee of Claims.

[H. OF R. Mr. PARKER offered an amendment, which was special leave of the House, until the former is disposed seconded by Mr. Macon.

of.” The substance of this amendment was, to strike A committee of three members was appointed out all that part of the resolution which goes be- to report the unfinished business of last session ; fore the word assurances ; in place of which, Mr. and the House adjourned. PARKER proposed to appoint a committee, who should personally wait on the President, and assure him of the attention of the House, &c., and

Thursday, December 10. concluding as above. Mr. P. had the highest respect for the PresidENT, but he had always dis- was qualified, and took his seat.

Francis PRESTON, from Virginia, appeared approved of this practice of making out Addresses in answer to these Speeches, and of the House

COMMITTEE OF CLAIMS. · leaving their go in a body to present It was proposed and agreed to appoint a Com

them. Last session, the framing of this Address mittee of Claims. Seven members were named. had cost very long debates, and produced very Mr. Tracy, Chairman of the same committee in great irritation. Some of the most disagreeable last Congress, was also first named this day. He things that happened during the session occurred rose, and observed that he had been extremely in these debates. He wished unanimity and the hard employed last year, and had undergone much despatch of business, and so, could not consent trouble about this business of claims. He would that any Address should be drawn up, as he pre- therefore, if agreeable to the House, be very glad ferred ending the affair at once by sending a com- of being left out of the nomination; and for that mittee with a verbal answer.

reason he objected to the motion. Mr. MURRAY replied, that the practice of draw

Mr. SEDGWICK wished the member to continue ing up such an Address was coeval with the Con- his services. These claims were now drawing to stitution. It was consistent with good sense; and a conclusion. The task would not probably be so he did not see that any arguments had been em- arduous as it had been. He thought that the House ployed by the gentleman who spoke last against it. could not excuse Mr. Tracy, from his known abiIt was true that the House might send a verbal lities. answer, and it was likewise true that the Presi Mr. Giles said, that Mr. TRACY was, perhaps, DENT might have sent them his Speech by his better qualified than any other member in the Secretary, without coming near them at all." He House for expediting that business. He had been had come to Congress, and Mr. M. could perceive at much trouble about it, for which the House no impropriety in Congress returning the compli- were obliged to him. It was something of a sysment by waiting on him.

tematic nature, and new members would not be The Committee divided on the amendment able to go on it with the same degree of informaproposed by Mr. PARKER. Eighteen members rose tion and experience. in support of it: so it was lost. The Commit The SPEAKER (Mr. Dayton) remarked, that he tee then agreed to the resolution as offered by Mr. had under the latter idea named the same gentleMURRAY. They rose, and the Chairman reported men at this time as those who were in the last progress. The resolution was agreed to by the committee-only two members were not here, viz: House. The next question was, of how many Mr. MoNTGOMERY and Mr. Mebane, in the room members the select committee should consist that of whom he had named Mr. HEISTER and Mr. were to be employed in framing a draft of the Macon. Address. The different numbers of five and three Mr. Heath, a member both of the old and new were proposed. A division took place on the for- Committees of Claims, observed that he would mer motion, when only thirty-one gentlemen rose very willingly be excused, if the sense of the in its favor.' The motion for a committee of three House were in that way. At the same time, he members to report an Address was of course car- came to Congress to do his duty and the business ried. Mr. Madison, Mr. Sedgwick, and Mr. SIT- of his constituents, and if the House entertained GREAVES, were appointed.

an opinion that he ought to undertake the same It was then moved that two Chaplains should office a second time, he had nothing to urge be named, as usual; which was agreed to.

against it. A motion was next made for referring the Pre

The House divided on the question, whether SIDENT's Speech to a Committee of the Whole Mr. Tracy should be a member of the Committee House on the state of the Union. An explana

of Claims. It passed in the affirmative. tion as to a point of order here took place between

Mr. Christie, another member of the old and Mr. MUALENBERG and Mr. Sedgwick. The result new committees, then rose, and observed that, was, that the Speech was referred to a Committee notwithstanding the negative passed on the proof the Whole House to-morrow.

posal of Mr. Tracy, he should trouble the House On account of some casual conversation, the own account. The state of his health required

with an application of the same nature upon his SPEAKER then read a rule of the House, which is that he should ride every morning, and the time

That the unfinished business in which the House necessary for despatching the business of the Comwas engaged at the time of the last adjournment shall mittee of Claims put it out of his power to take have the preference in the orders of the day, and no the requisite exercise. On that account alone he motion on any other business shall be received, without begged the indulgence of the House.

H. OF R.) Contested Election-President's Speech-Rules of the House. [December, 1795.

Mr. Tracy attested that Mr. CHRISTIE had ex- some of the resolutions required evidence before. erted himself very considerably to accelerate the the House proceeded on them. business of the claims. He knew that the gentle Mr. W. SMITH said, that the resolution for orman had suffered much in his health by that means ganizing the militia did not require evidence. He should be very sorry to lose him as an assist Mr. SWANWICK moved an additional resolution, ant, for he had attended almost constantly last which was for inquiring into the present situation winter to the business. Sometimes want of health of the American Navy. It was a point on which had indeed compelled him to be absent.

he felt himself extremely interested. The House agreed to the request of Mr. CHRIS Mr. Baldwin made some remarks, wherein he TIE.

alluded to the awkward outset of the House last The Committee of Claims, therefore, consists session. They had been for three weeks before of Mr. TRACY, Mr. MalBONÉ, Mr. D. 'Foster, they could get at the papers laid on the table beMr. Heath, Mr. Macon, Mr. Heister, and Mr. fore them. He did not wish to see the House in DUVALL.

the same situation, or to make such a beginning A message was received from the Senate, an- again. nouncing the election of the Right Rev. Bishop Mr. GOODHUE saw no use for hastening the White as Chaplain on its part.

resolutions on the Committee just now. Mr. W. Smith presented a petition for Ed The Committee rose. The CHAIRMAN reported mund Hogan, requesting to be admitted as Ste- that they had made some progress, but had come nographer to the House. Mr. Smith also moved to no resolution. that a committee should be appointed to receive Mr. Swanwick then moved that the resolutions proposals on that subject. Mr. W. Smith, Mr. read in the Committee on the state of the Union Giles, and Mr. Swift, were appointed a commit- should be printed. He said that it was difficult tee to this effect.

for members to form an opinion upon them, withCONTESTED ELECTION.

out they had an opportunity of reading them.

The SPEAKER observed, that as they were only Mr. SITGREAVES presented a petition for John read in the Committee, and not regularly before Richards, of the county of Montgomery, claiming the House itself, to print them would be against a seat in the House. He had, as he alleged, been order. legally elected, but James Morris, who is since Mr. W. Smith did not see the necessity for this dead, had obtained the return as member. Mr. S. rule. moved that the petition be referred to the Com Mr. Macon objected to taking up the resolumittee on Elections. The motion was agreed to. tions at all. He supposed them to be bottomed

Also a petition of Burwell Bassett, of the State on the PRESIDENT'S Speech, on which there is an of Virginia, complaining of an undue election and order for a Committee of the Whole House. It return of John Clopton, to serve as a member of would thence be improper to proceed with them this House, for the said State. Referred to the till the Speech itself had been discussed. Committee of Elections.

Mr. HillHOUSE was of opinion that there was After the reception of several petitions of a pri- no occasion for being in such a hurry with printvate nature, the House went into a Committee of ing the resolutions. the Whole on the state of the Union, Mr. Muh The SPEAKER repeatedly observed that this LENBERG in the Chair.

whole conversation was irregular and improper, PRESIDENT'S SPEECH.

because there was in reality no question before the Mr. W. Smith presented a set of resolutions, in motion to adjourn. This was made by Mr. SMITH.

House. He informed them that there was now a substance as follows: Resolved, as the opinion of this Committee, that refused; and the House, at half after twelve o'clock,

Mr. SEDGWICK wanted him to withdraw it. He more effectual provision ought to be made for organizing, disciplining, and arming, the Militia of the United adjourned. States. “ Resolved, as the opinion of this Committee, that

FRIDAY, December 11. further provision ought to be pade for the security of Several other members, to wit: from Vermont, the frontiers, and for protecting the Indians against cer- Daniel Buck; from New Jersey, Thomas Hentain lawless inhabitants of the frontier. “ Resolved, as the opinion of this Committee, that and from Virginia, John Nicholas-appeared,

DERSON; from Pennsylvania, William FINDLEY; provision should be made for supplying the necessities produced their credentials, were qualified, and took of the Indians in times of peace. “ Resolved, as the opinion of this Committee, that

their seats. inquiry ought to be made whether further means should

RULES OF THE HOUSE. be provided to reinforce the provisions heretofore made After the reception and reference of several for the extinction of the Public Debt.

petitionsResolved, as the opinion of this Committee, that an Mr. MUHLENBERG made a report from the cominquiry ought to be made into the state of the Mint, mittee named to draw up Standing Rules and and whether any further provisions are necessary in that Orders for the House. He observed that they difdepartment.

fered in some respects from those of last Congress. Mr. Giles thought it better to let these resolu- He moved that they should be printed, with the tions lie on the table for this day. He thought I new variations separately marked, for the consi

DECEMBER, 1795.]

Chaplain-The Mint-Address to the President.

[H. OFR.

deration of members, and referred to a Committee to be committed to the Committee of the Whole of the Whole House. This was agreed to, and, House on the state of the Union. on another motion, Monday was appointed for


A letter, enclosing some papers, was received

from Mr. TIMOTHY PICKERING, Secretary of State. It was next moved and resolved to proceed to This communication regarded the Mint. It was the choice of a Chaplain. The SPEAKER directed moved to be referred to the Committee on the state the House to prepare their ballots. Mr. Hill- of the Union. HOUSE said that it would first be proper to make, Mr. HillHOUSE wished to know what it was as on former occasions, a nomination. The House about. The Clerk read the letter to the Presconsented, and Mr. Hillhouse named Dr. Ashbel IDENT, from Mr. William HENRY DE SAUSSURE, Green. The SPEAKER then reminded the House that late Director of the Mint, which stated it will, if any other gentleman was at liberty to make what properly supplied with bullion, be able to make a other nomination he should think fit. Mr. Giles million and an half of dollars, in silver, and an and Mr. W. SMITH were appointed tellers. Sixty- equal value of bullion, in the course of a year, three were in favor of Dr. Green, besides seven with as much copper as shall be necessary for cirscattering votes. He was declared duly elected. culation. The price of copper has risen, and from

After transacting some other ordinary busi- causes that are expected to be permanent. He ness, the House adjourned to Monday next, at 11 therefore hinted that it might perhaps be proper o'clock.

to reduce the weight of the cent, to prevent its

being melted down. The second paper read was MONDAY, December 14.

a memorial from Mr. Elias BOUDINOT, present Two other members, to wit: from Pennsylva- Director of the Mint, dated 3d of December curnia, Thomas HARTLEY, and from Virginia, An- rent. Hestated various circumstances, from which THONY New, appeared, produced their credentials the operation of coinage is, at present, in a state and took their seats.

of suspense. The papers were referred to the Mr. Gilman, from the committee appointed to Committee on the state of the Union, and, on moexamine the Journal of the last session, and to tion by Mr. BOURNE, were ordered to be printed. report therefrom such matters of business as were then depending and undetermined; and also to

ADDRESS TO THE PRESIDENT. examine and report such laws of the United States Mr. Madison, from the select committee apas have expired, or will expire before the next ses- pointed to draftan Address in answer to the Speech sion, made a report; which was read, and ordered of the PRESIDENT, made a report, which was read to lie on the table.

by the Clerk. Mr. VENABLE, from the Standing Committee of Mr. Giles moved that the usual number of coElections, reported, that the committee had, in pies of the Address should be printed for the use of part, examined the certificates and other creden- the members. tials of the members returned to serve in this Mr. SedgwicK objected, but with some degree House, and had agreed to a report; which was of hesitation, because he could not distinctly charge read, and ordered to lie on the table.

his memory as to the accuracy of the circumstance The Speaker laid before the House a Letter which he was going to relate. It ran in his memory, from the Secretary of the Treasury, accompanying that, on some former occasion, similar to the presan account of the receipts and expenditures of the ent, a printer got hold of one of these Addresses, United States, for the year one thousand seven printed for the use of members. He had published hundred and ninety-four; which were read, and it, and some improper consequences ensued, but of ordered to lie on the table.

which Mr. Sedgwick bad not a distinct recollecThe SPEAKER laid before the House a Letter tion. He was rather averse to printing the draft from the Secretary of the Treasury, accompanied of the Address, though he was not disposed to give with estimates of the sums necessary to be appro- the proposal a direct negative. priated for the service of the year one thousand Mr. Giles considered the printing of such drafts seven hundred and ninety-six; also, statements of as having been a common practice. the application of certain sums of money granted Mr. PARKER said, that if the Address was to be by law; which were read, and ordered to lie on considered as the work of the House, it would be the table.

improper to print it, because their only business The SPEAKER laid before the House a Letter then was to wait upon the PRESIDENT with it. from the Secretary of War, accompanying sundry But as it was only the production of a select comstatements and reports relative to the present mili- mittee, it should be printed, that the members tary force of the United States; to the measures might read it, before they adopted it as their own. which have been pursued to obtain proper sites for with every proper feeling of respect for the genarsenals; to the measures which have been taken tlemen of that committee, he could not give up to replenish the magazines and military stores; his own opinion. He hoped that the draft would to the measures which have been taken for open-be referred to a Committee of the Whole House, ing a trade with the Indians; and to the progress and when once corrected, and given in to the made in providing materials for the frigates, and PRESIDENT, then let it be published as coming from in building them; which were read, and ordered the House. No member, from only hearing it

H. OF R.]

Private Claims-Rules of the House.

[DECEMBER, 1795.

read by the Clerk, would be able to tell whether again, which was done, partly by the Chairman, or not he approved entirely of its contents, so that and partly by the Clerk of the House. it was requisite to print it, before the House could The following clause was the first in any ways be sure that they understood it.

objected to: Mr. Giles wished to learn, from the Clerk of the House, what the practice of the House hith-had before been read to the House, and the same is ob

“ When the reading of a paper is called for, which erto had been. It appeared that the usual practice was to print, vote of the House."

jected to by any member, it shall be determined by a but that it was sometimes departed from. Mr. W. Smith said that it was wrong to divulge stand thoroughly the intent of this clause.

The SPEAKER, (Mr. Dayton,) did not underto the public the particular sentiments of the gentlemen who drew up the sketch of the Address.

A member explained that formerly the custom It was unfinished, and as such, if printed for the had been to read

any paper as often as it was de use of the members, it might be printed in the sired by a member. The consequence was found newspapers, a natural or probable effect.

to be, that papers of more length than importance Mr. Swanwick recommended the printing.

had been read over and over again, in the course Mr. Parker, in reply to Mr. W. SMITH, hoped in question was one of those of last session.

of a session, to the great waste of time. The rule that nothing would ever be done in the House tending to infringe the freedom of the press. The been read, which, as it appeared afterwards, had

The SPEAKER replied that papers had sometimes public are entitled to know the sentiments of the much better not have been read at all. He referCommittee individually, as well as of the House red to a particular instance in the last session. collectively.

Mr. Tracy said that the draft of the Address He, therefore, highly approved the idea of the members. But it had been agreed, without one the words in italicks, by which means, if the pahad indeed been last year printed for the

use of Committee, but objected that it did not go far

enough. He, on this account, proposed to strike out dissenting voice, that to print it in the newspapers would not be right. Nay, when he himself per was of an improper description, even a first had in the House expressed apprehensions on that reading would be prevented. The member, if he head, a printer of one of the papers had taken him has any doubts, may communicate its contents to up in a reply, and assured him that the printers of some other gentleman, previous to his laying it Philadelphia had too much value for the time of before the House, and, if it appears improper, the their readers to publish any paper which they veyed, members can easily form their minds, with

nature of its contents being thus indirectly conperfected. As to the liberty of the press, which out the trouble of reading it

. the member last up had spoken about, it might be

Mr. Giles approved the proposition of Mr. in greater danger now than last year, but he was The words in italicks were thus to be struck out.

Dayton, which was agreed to by the Committee. not acquainted with its being so. It was then unanimously agreed to print this

Mr. W. SMITH moved to strike out the follow

ing clause: paper for the use of the members; and, on motion of Mr. PARKER, it was referred to a Committee of “ No committee shall sit, during the sitting of this the Whole House. To-morrow was agreed upon House, without special leave.” for taking it up.

Mr. Smith had no objection to the rule, if the PRIVATE CLAIMS.

House seriously intended to adopt and enforce it; On a motion from Mr. Tracy, the House took but if they did not, it was diminishing the respect up a report from the Committee of Claims, which due to the House. It was entirely improper to was read, and which stated, that at the rising of last make rules, knowing that they would be broken. session, many petitions had never

been examined, He moved to strike out the clause only that he from their having been presented at so late a pe- might obtain the sense of the House whether they riod, that time was wanting to go through with chose to adhere to the rule or not. We might as them. The report closed with recommending well have no rules as not observe them. the adoption of a resolution, the substance of which

Mr. MUHLENBERG remarked that the Commitwas, that these unexamined claims be recom- tee on Enrolled Bills, from the nature of their mended to a new Committee of Claims. This business, can only sit while the House itself is recommendation was agreed to.


Mr. Kitchell said that if the House were to RULES OF THE HOUSE.

have no rules made, but such as were never broken, A motion was made that the House should go they would have no rules at all, for he believed into Committee of the Whole, on the report from that they never made a rule, which was not transthe Select Committee on the Standing Rules and gressed on some occasion or other. He was for Orders of the House. This was accordingly done, keeping in the clause. Mr. MUHLENBERG in the Chair.

Mr. Dayton was for leaving it in the power of The Chairman inquired if it was the pleasure the SPEAKER to send for committees into the House of the Committee that this report should be read when they might be wanted. Excepting as to over again, as a printed copy was already in the the case of Enrolled Bills, already noticed by the hands of every gentleman. It was the sense of Chairman, others very seldom had occasion to sit, the House that the report should be read over / while the House was sitting. But when such a

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