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H. OF R.]

Address to the President.

[DECEMBER, 1795.

dience to that voice he had made a sacrifice no he declared it would distress him beyond any cirother man would have made; though the only cumstance that had occurred to him during his reward he has received for his services has been public life, especially at this period, and under the approbation of his country, yet, nevertheless, the present circumstances of affairs. He should licentious presses had lately teemed with infa' consider the prevalence of this motion as tantamous and scandalous abuse of him. Is this, he mount to a declaration, that the House and their asked, consonant to the feelings of the House, and constituents did not feel their confidence in the shall 'they not attempt to counteract its effects in PRESIDENT unimpaired. the only Constitutional manner? Shall they not Mr. LIVINGSTON lamented the situation which declare their own and their constituents' confi- the drafted Address reduced the House to; but he dence undiminished in that officer of the Govern- could not give his assent to it as it stood; he ment?

should vote for striking out the word “undiminHe has told the Legislature that he wishes to ished," if a question on it should be urged. He co-operate, to preserve unimpaired the blessings did not conceive himself called to a seat in the we enjoy. Does the House believe this ? then is House to express opinions, much less the opinions it wrong to express their confidence ?

of others, but to make laws. He felt so much the He, believed, he said, that the efforts made to delicacy of the situation which the wording of destroy the character of this first of men, instead the Address had placed the House in, that he of producing the mischief intended, would effect wished the dilemma of a vote might be avoided. the contrary; and he also expressed his belief that The çentleman last up also lamented the situation, the tide of his popularity at the present moment and justly observed, that striking the word out flowed with unusual strength.

was tantamount to a declaration that the confiIt has been intimated, he observed, that sanc-dence reposed in the PRESIDENT was diminished. tioning the vote of confidence contemplated in But he begged to remind him that it was the the clause of the Address under consideration, framers of the Address, and he was one of them, would implicate an approbation of a late measure that involved the House in this disagreeable situaof the Executive, and would preclude the possi- tion. bility of a free opinion when that measure might He declared himself so young in the parliamentcome under the consideration of the House. He ary proceedings, as not exactly to know how to declared, upon his honor, that he had no intention avoid a question on the present motion. He dethat the vote now contemplated should have that clared he was not prepared to say what the opineffect. He did not conceive, that the vote of un-ion of his constituents concerning the PRESIDENT diminished confidence, which be now pressed, in- was. The confidence of many of them he knew volved an approbation of all the measures of the was shaken ; that of others was increased. Executive; it did not exclude the idea of fallibili He moved, if in order, that the Committee ty; for what man is infallible? It only implied, should rise, and the Address be recommitted. according to his conception, an approbation of the This was carried, and Messrs. FREEMAN and general tenor of the conduct of the Executive. Baldwin added to the committee. When the House express their confidence in a Adjourned. public officer, they cannot mean that they believe him infallible, but only that his character, ground

WEDNESDAY, December 16. ed on his general conduct, receives their approba Thomas CLAIBORNE, from Virginia, appeared, tion. If, when the Chief Magistrate is attacked in his seat.

produced his credentials, was qualified, and took the manner the PRESIDENT has been attacked, he is left to be overwhelmed with unmerited abuse;

ADDRESS TO THE PRESIDENT. what man with talents to be useful, a reputation Mr. Madison, from the committee to whom to be injured, or feelings to be wounded-what had been recommitted the draft of the Address in man will hazard all to serve an ungrateful coun- answer to the President's Speech, brought in a try ? It will render the station of Chief Magis- report. The clause now added consisted of a trate sought only by mercenaries. If confidence modification of the clause objected to yesterday. is denied to the Executive, it will only create On motion, the House went into a Committee of vacancies in the high offices of Government to be the Whole, Mr. MUHLENBERG in the Chair. The filled by those harpies who prey upon the vitals amendment was unanimously agreed to. Mr. of the State.

Giles then moved an amendment in the third Another consideration, he said, should have an line of the last paragraph. It was thus: for “the influence on this occasion. The fame of the Chief several interesting subjects which you recomMagistrate's character has filled the whole world; mended to our consideration will receive every the Americans are particularly distinguished as a degree of it,” read of attention. The Committee people for their uniform attachment towards him. then rose, and the House agreed to the report. İf

, at this time of day, they indirectly declare their It was then moved and agreed to, that the want of confidence in that man, they will justify SPEAKER, attended by the House, do present the the malignant predictions which have been ut- Address, as amended, to the President, and that tered against our system of Government. a committee should be appointed to wait on the

These considerations, he said, had weighed on President, to know where and when he will be his mind. If the motion for striking out prevailed, ready to receive the Address of the House.

DECEMBER, 1795.) Survey of Southern Coast-Snuff Manufacture-Magnus King.

[H. OF R.

The same gentlemen, viz: Mr. Madison, Mr. Mr. HARTLEY called the attention of the House - SEDGWICK, and Mr. SirGREAVES, who had been to several petitions, presented last session, from

first appointed to draft the Address, were named sundry persons settled on lands in the Western for waiting on the PresidENT.

territory, and gave notice that he should bring SURVEY OF THE SOUTHERN COAST.

the subject before the House to-morrow.

The committee that had been appointed to Mr. HARPER moved that a committee should

wait on the PRESIDENT, returned with notice that be appointed to report on the memorial presented

he would be ready to receive their Address, at his to the House, last session, by Messrs. PARKER, I own house to-morrow at 12 o'clock. Hopkins, and MEERS. These gentlemen had The House then adjourned. been employed in making drafts of some part of the coast of the Southern States. The funds

THURSDAY, December 17. were not adequate to defraying the necessary expenses; and, as the undertaking was in reality of

| Wade Hampton, from South Carolina, and serious national concern, the memorialists enter

JOHN HATHORN, from New York, appeared, tained a hope that Congress would interfere, and

produced their credentials, were qualified, and grant them some aid towards completing the

took their seats. charts. This is a summary of the business, as

The Clerk read a letter from Mr. Samuel laid before the House of Representatives a short

Meredith, Treasurer of the United States, to the time before the end of last session. The memo

SPEAKER of the House. It was accompanied rial was now read over by the Clerk, and referred

with statements of public expenditure of money, to a committee of five members.

of which the usual number were ordered to be Mr. TRACY submitted a resolution relative to printed. the law for receiving subscriptions to the last

SNUFF MANUFACTURE. loan of the Government of the United States,

There was then presented and read by Mr. which law is now nearly expired. The resolu

SEDGWICK, the petition of Francis Wright, snufftion was laid on the table.

maker in Boston. He complained, in very Mr. Giles moved that a committee should be

strong terms of the present excise law as to snuff appointed to bring in a bill for establishing an

manufactured in the United States, as in the uniform system of bankruptcy in the United

highest degree unequal and oppressive to the States. This was agreed to. It was then asked

manufacturer. He represented, that there was of what number the committee should consist ?

the utmost facility in smuggling, while the duty Mr. HARPER hoped that three, the smallest num

on foreign snuff imported was too small to preber proposed, would be preferred, as it was con

vent an alarming competition. He considered stantly found that the more numerous a commit

the law altogether as a prohibition of working. tee was, the less probability there would be of Th

The reader will observe, that by the first act their going speedily through the business. Mr.

passed in 1794, the duty was imposed in proporGiles, Mr. Hillhouse, and Mr. Duvall were

tion to the quantity of snuff manufactured; many named as the committee.

objections and complaints having been made Mr. Hillhouse moved a resolution that a com

against this mode of collecting the revenue, the mittee be appointed to examine whether any

duty was transferred to the mills, mortars, and and what alterations ought to be made in an act

hand-mills employed, which now, by the act of entitled, an act for laying a duty on carriages for

| 1795, pay a certain stipulated sum, whether they conveying of persons. The resolution passed,

work much or little, and this is the basis of the and a committee of three members was named.

complaint made by Mr. Wright, who states that Leave was asked to bring in a bill for allowing

by exacting an arbitrary sum, the great manucompensation to members and officers of both

facturer and the lesser one are placed upon a level Houses of Congress, from the 3rd of March next.

in regard to the quantum of excise, and of this Mr. GOODHUE, Mr. Nicholas, and Mr. EARLE,

1 eircumstance, Mr. Wright warmly complains. were appointed.

He concludes by earnestly soliciting that the new It was next moved for leave to bring in a bill

law may be repealed, and the old one restored in for the relief of John R. Livingston. Mr. TRA

lits place. The petition was, on motion, referred CY stated, that the business was now before the

be to the Committee of Commerce and ManufacCommittee of Claims, and he thence conceived, livres. that in this state of the business, it was improper to name a committee for bringing in of such a

MAGNUS KING. bill. On motion, a former report of the Commit- Mr. Tracy moved that the report of the Comtee of Claims was referred to a Committee of the mittee of Claims of last House of RepresentaWhole House, and made the order of the day for tives, on the petition of Magnus King and others, . to-morrow.

should be taken up for the purpose of permitting Mr. W. SMITH stated, that by order of the the petitioners to withdraw their petition. This House, he had brought in a bill, last session, for was agreed to. opening a Land Office, but it was too late in the The House then resumed the consideration of session to get the business gone through. He the report on the petition of Magnus King and now gave notice that he would move for leave to others. Mr. GALLATIN wanted to hear the papers bring in a bill for opening a Land Office. on this subject read before the petition should be

H. OFR.]
Speech of the President.

[DECEMBER, 1795. rejected, that the House might know with cer- dians. He did not wish to irritate. There may tainty what they were doing.

be many very good people upon the frontier; he In reply, it was observed by Mr. TRACY, that was satisfied that there were many very bad ones. the motion for granting leave to withdraw the The resolution was agreed to as amended. petition was made at the desire of the parties The next resolution was for making provision themselves, who had been with Mr. Tracy this to supply the Indians in time of peace, and on morning, and requested leave to withdraw their such principles as might tend to promote mutual petition. He hoped that, after this explanation, tranquility. no objection could be made. Leave was accord Mr. VENABLE thought, that instead of taking ingly granted.

up this resolution, it would be better to take up On motion of Mr. W. SMITH, the resolution the law of last year, and see if it wants amendfor opening a Land Office, was taken up and ment. passed ; and Mr. Smith, Mr. HARTLEY, Mr. Ni Mr. DEARBORN moved that a special committee CHOLAS, Mr. KITCHELL, and Mr. Glen, were ap- should be appointed to inquire if any alteration pointed a committee to prepare and bring in a was necessary in the act, passed last year, for esbill.

tablishing trading houses with the Indians. A memorial was presented and read against Mr. SWIFT said that no law had been passed, the election of Mr.John SWANWICK, present Repre- so that there could be no alteration of it. There sentative of the city of Philadelphia in Con- was only an appropriation of fifty thousand dolgress.

lars for the establishing of Indian trading houses. Mr. SwanWICK observed that he had some time Mr. PARKER stated that this was the fact. He ago, heard of the intention to bring forward this had given a great deal of attention, last year, to memorial. He felt himself extremely interested this business. No law had passed. to have the facts stated in it examined with the Mr. Smith said, in the last session there was utmost celerity, and should move that the memo- only provision made of a fund for trading with rial may be immediately referred, for this purpose, the Indians. The matter was finally referred to to the Committee of Elections. The memorial a special committee, to bring in a bill. was referred accordingly.

The next resolution taken up was, that inquiry

ought to be made whether farther means should PRESIDENT'S SPEECH.

be provided to reinforce the existing operations The House then went into a Committee upon for the discharge of the Public Debt. the resolutions proposed by Mr. W. Smith, some Mr. Gallatin gave in a long amendment. Its days ago

object was to appoint a committee to superintend On the article which mentions the farther pro- the general operations of finance. No subject, vision which ought to be made for the security of Mr. G. said, more required a system, and great the frontiers, and for protecting the Indians from advantages would be derived from it. The mothe disorderly inhabitants of the frontiers, Mr. tion was seconded by Mr. FINDLEY. BLOUNT observed that the expressions used on Mr. W. Smith did not object to the amendthis subject by Mr. HARPER, and by a member ment in itself, but as embracing a quite distinct from Connecticut, had given very great offence object from the original resolution, he appreto the frontier people. He said this from having hended that, in the shape of an amendment, it lately been in that country, where he learned the would be out of place. The resolution was withcircumstance. He was glad to hear that the gen- drawn. tlemen in question did not wish to use the same The resolution suggested by Mr. SWANWICK, as words again. He was for striking out the offen- to an inquiry into the state of the American sive implication in the clause. Mr. Findley and Navy, &c., was likewise agreed to. The CommitMr. Nicholas concurred in this opinion, which tee then rose, and the Chairman reported that was agreed to.

they had gone into consideration of the state of Mr. Tracy said that he was ready to vote for the Union, and come to sundry resolutions, which the resolution thus curtailed, if gentlemen would were again read over by the Clerk. declare it as being understood, that the Indians The first resolution, for inquiring into the state were to be protected against the frontier people. of the Military Establishment, passed, and a comHe did not think that we were to protect them mittee of five members was appointed to report. against the Spaniards, who never, to his know The resolution regarding the Militia of the ledge, had attempted to disturb them. It was not United States was likewise agreed to, and a comcertainly against the other Indians. If, then, it mittee of fourteen members named.

was not against the frontier people, the resolution The resolution for the protection of the Indians . had no meaning.

gave occasion for a few words as to the mode of Mr. Milledge stated the impropriety and im- wording the clause. A committee of three memprudence of offending the frontier people, many of bers was proposed for preparing and reporting a whom, if not the best, were among the best peo- bill. ple in the United States.

Mr. BLOUNT thought this number too small. Mr. Heath stated, as a notorious fact, known He would wish for a much larger one, consisting to every person in the United States, that there of at least seven. He thought that some of the are lawless persons on the frontiers, who have members from the frontier should be in it, as they committed very great enormities against the In- could give considerable information on the sub

DECSMBER, 1795.]
Address to the President.

[H. OF R. ject, and because, if not named in the committee, principles as shall best conduce to the preservation of it could not be so certain that they would give harmony between those nations and the United States. their assistance. The motion for seven members Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee was seconded by Mr. Nicholas. On a division that inquiry ought to be made whether further meaof the House, the numbers on each side were sures are necessary to reinforce the existing provision thirty-eight, and the casting voice of the SPEAKER for the redemption of the Public Debt. was for the larger number. It was proposed by

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee Mr. W. Smith, that Mr. White, delegate from that an inquiry ought to be made, whether any, and the Territory Southwest of the Ohio, should be what, further provisions are necessary for carrying the added to the committee, as his local knowledge, operations of the Mint more completely into effect. and peculiar opportunities of information, pointed that a committee ought to be appointed to inquire into him out as an extremely proper member of it. the state of the Naval Equipment ordered by a former The motion was agreed to. Mr. Blount having observed that he himself and what, further provision is necessary to be made on

law of the United States, and to report whether any, could cast considerable light on the state of the that subject. frontiers, from a recent journey through that part of the Union, he was named by the SPEAKER as

The first, second, third, and fourth resolutions one of the committee of seven. He requested to were severally read the second time, and on the be excused, as he was already

on the committee question put thereupon, agreed to by the House. of Elections, which would engross much of his

Ordered, That Mr. BALDWIN, Mr. BURGES, attention, but assuring the House, at the same

Mr. Maclay, Mr. WADSWORTH, and Mr. GRIStime, that he should, if his name was permitted WOLD, be appointed a committee, pursuant to the to be withdrawn, give the committee every aid in his power. Leave was granted.

Ordered, That a bill or bills be brought in

purOn reading the resolution as to a committee for suant to the second resolution, and that Mr. GILES, inquiring about the existing operations on the Buck, Mr. Tracy, Mr. Van Cortlandt, Mr.

Mr. Gilman, Mr. DEARBORN, Mr. Malbone, Mr. Publie Debt, Mr. Nicholas moved to reject it

, THOMPSON, Mr. Heister, Mr. Patten, Mr. Samthat the resolution by Mr. GALLATIN might be adopted in its room, as it comprehended the object Milledge, do prepare and bring in the same.

UEL Smith, Mr. Locke, Mr. Hampton, and Mr. of Mr. W. Smith in its own. Mr. Venable seconded the motion, on the same suant to the third resolution, and that Mr. Hill

Ordered, That a bill or bills be brought in purground. Mr. HARPER approved the idea, but did not see Mr. Franklin, Mr. HendERSON, Mr. Harper,

HOUSE, Mr. COOPER, Mr. FindLEY, Mr. Jackson, the use of rejecting the resolution of Mr. SMITH. and Mr. White, do prepare and bring in the same. He would rather have that of Mr. GALLATIN added as an amendment. Mr. Swanwick, was of the suant to the fourth resolution, and that Mr. PAR

Ordered, That a bill or bills be brought in pursame opinion.

Mr. Gallatin himself, on further consideration, KER, Mr. Samuel Lyman, and Mr. Tatom, do preacting upon. He desired a postponement until solution be postponed until Monday next. thought his resolution not sufficiently digested for pare, and bring in the same.

Ordered, That the consideration of the fifth reMonday next of the resolution before the House. Mr. SEDGWICK would readily have consented to tions do lie on the table.

Ordered, That the sixth and seventh resoluthis, if it had not been out of order.

Mr. GALLATIN read a rule of the House to show ADDRESS TO THE PRESIDENT. that the motion was in order. The SPEAKER de

At twelve o'clock, the SPEAKER, attended by clared the same thing. The motion for postpone- the House, waited upon the PresideNT OF THE ment was then adopted.

UNITED STATES, and delivered to him the followThe following is a copy of the resolutions, as ing Address, in answer to his Speech to both read at the Clerk's table:

Houses at the opening of the session: Resolved That it is the opinion of this committee Sir: As the Representatives of the people of the that a committee be appointed to inquire whether any, United States, we cannot but participate in the strong. and what, alterations ought to be made in the present est sensibility to every blessing which they enjoy, and Military Establishment of the United States.

cheerfully join with you in profound gratitude to the Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee Author of all Good for the numerous and extraordinary that more effectual provision ought to be made for or- blessings which he has conferred on our favored country. ganizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia of the

A final and formal termination of the distressing war United States.

which has ravaged our Northwestern Frontier, will be an

event which must afford satisfaction proportioned to the Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee anxiety with which it has long been sought; and in the that effectual provision ought to be made for the secu- adjustment of the terms, we perceive the true policy of rity of the frontiers, and for the protection of the In-making them satisfactory to the Indians as well as to dians from any injuries by any of the inhabitants of the United States, as the best basis of a durable tranthe United States.

quility. The disposition of such of the Southern tribes Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee as had also heretofore annoyed our frontier, is another that provision ought to be made for supplying the ne- prospect in our situation so important to the interest and cessities of the Indian nations within our limits, on such | happiness of the United States, that it is much to be la

H. of R.]
Contested Election.

[DECEMBER, 1795. mented that any clouds should be thrown over it, more The report was read by the Clerk, which was especially by excesses on the part of our own citizens. that the seat of JAMES MORRIS is declared vacat

While our population is advancing with a celerity ed; and it is recommended that the Governor of which exceeds the most sanguine calculations-while Pennsylvania should issue writs for a new election. every part of the United States displays indications of

Mr. 'SITGREAVES moved that the report of the rapid and various improvement—while we are in the Committee on Elections should be read a second enjoyment of protection and security, by mild and time. This being done, the member stated that wholesome laws, administered by Governments found. Mr. Richards had gone back to the country uned on the genuine

principles of rational liberty, a secure der an idea of acquiescing in the report. Upon this foundation will be laid for accelerating, maturing, and establishing the prosperity of our country, if by treaty ground he moved that the report should be apand amicable negociation, all those causes of external proved of by the House. discord which heretofore menaced our tranquility shall

Mr. HetsteR stated that he had seen a letter to be extinguished, on terms compatible with our national Mr. RICHARDS, informing him of sickness in his rights and honor, with our Constitution and great com- family, and that was the only cause of his immemercial interests.

diate return to the country, as he had no design of Among the various circumstancas in our internal sit- submitting tacitly to the report. uation, none can be viewed with more satisfaction and Mr. VENABLE 'entered into a detail of the cirexultation than that the late scene of disorder and in- cumstances attending this election. He recomsurrection has been completely restored to the enjoy- mended that the House should avoid precipitation. ment of order and repose. Such a triumph of reason He said that the committee, in their report, had and of law is worthy of the free Government under not completely decided the business. which it happened, and was justly to be hoped from the Mr. KITTERA likewise entered into a minute enlightened and patriotic spirit which pervades and ac- discussion of the circumstances attending the tuates the people of the United States.

election. In contemplating that spectacle of national happiness Mr. SITGREAVES explained, that he had proposwhich our country exhibits, and of which you, sir, have to the House to take up the report of the commitbeen pleased to make an interesting summary, permit us tee, under an impression that Mr. Richards, by your zealous and faithful services have contributed to it, leaving town, was satisfied and willing to submit and to express the affectionate attachment which we to it. He withdrew his motion. feel for your character.

Mr. VENABLE was proceeding to the merits of The several interesting subjects which you recommend the case, when he was reminded by the SPEAKER to our consideration will receive every degree of atten- that there was no question before the House. tion which is due to them. And whilst we feel the obli

Mr. GALLATIN then moved that the report gation of temperance and mutual indulgence in all our should be re-committed to the select committee, discussions, we trust and pray that the result to the for which he gave various reasons. Mr. Sithappiness and welfare of our country may correspond GREAYES seconded the motion. with the pure affection we bear to it.

Mr. HARPER was for the re-commitment. He To the foregoing Address the President was had been adopted and acted upon by the commit

observed that the arguments of Mr. GallATIN pleased to make the following reply:

tee. GENTLEMEN : Coming as you do from all parts of the United States, I receive great satisfaction from the con- The cause of this contested election appears to

The report was, on motion, read a second time. currence of your testimony in the justness of the inte- have been chiefly the absence of a great number the result of my inquiries, I presented to your view. of electors in this district of Pennsylvanta, upon The sentiments we have mutually expressed of profound the Western expedition. They were authorized, gratitude to the source of these numerous blessings by a particular law to that effect, to vote for a Rethe Author of all Good—are pledges of our obligations presentative in Congress, provided that the reto unite our sincere and zealous endeavors, as the in- turns were made within a specified legal time. The struments of Divine Providence, to preserve and per- votes returned within that time for the deceased petuate them.

Mr. Morris were 1,648, and those for Mr. RichAccept, gentlemen, my thanks for your declaration, ARDS 1,635. This gave to the former a majority that to my agency you ascribe the enjoyment of a great of 13. share of these benefits. So far as my services contri

Mr. SITGREAVES understood the complaint of bute to the happiness of my country, the acknowledg-Mr. RICHARDS to be, that the unsound votes obment of my fellow-citizens, and their affectionate attach-jected to were comprehended in the preceding ment, will ever prove an abundant reward.

numbers, whereas Mr. SitgREaves, himself a. G. WASHINGTON. member from the same district, and who being

on the spot at the time of the dispute, could speak

with accuracy, knew that the fact was otherwise. Friday, December 18.

Mr. Swift said, that as the gentleman who was CONTESTED ELECTION.

last up spoke from personal knowledge, he sup

posed of course that his assertion was true ; but Mr. Mr. VENABLE gave in a report from the Com- Richards himself had said to the committee that mittee of Elections on the memorial of John all the unsound votes had been returned after the RICHARDS, respecting the contested election be- time prescribed by law. Perhaps he had misuntween him and JAMES MORRIS, now deceased. derstood himself, but Mr. Swift thought a re

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