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OFFICE, 43 WELLINGTON STREET, STRAND, W.C.

1871.

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NOTES AND QUERIES:

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THE QUARTERLY REVIEW,

IN consequence of the abolition of the impressed

Newspaper Stamp, the Subscription for copies for-

Ivertisements for insertion in the Forthcoming warded free by post, direct from the Publisher (including

ber of the above Periodical must be forwarded to the the Half-yearly Index), for Six Months, will be

isher by the 7th, and Bills by the 9th instant. 108. 3d., which may be paid by Post Office Order, pay-

able at the Somerset House Post Office, in favour of

JOHN MURRAY, Albemarle Street.

WILLIAM G. SMITH, 43, WELLINGTON STREET, STRAND,

W.C.

IE EDINBURGH REVIEW, No. 271, will

MESTS intended for insertion cannot be received by

.

Publishers later than MONDAY Next, the 9th instant.

CONTENTS: -

idon: LONGMANS and CO. 39, Paternoster Row, E.C. I. OUR NATIONAL DEFEXCES.

II. MODERN WHIST.

Shortly will be published, in a separate Volume,

III. COUNT BISMARCK, PRUSSIA, AND PAN-TEUTONISM.

A GENERAL INDEX

IV. REVENUES OF INDIA.

V. INVASION OF FRANCE,

ITTO'S “CYCLOPÆDIA OF BIBLICAL

VI. THE IRISH LORD CHANCELLORS.

LITERATURE,"

VII. CATHEDRAL LIFE AND WORK.

ringing together, under the Alphabetical Arrangement, all the prin- VIII. FRENCII PATRIOTIC SONGS.

al subjects of reference occurring throughout the various articles.

IX. POLITICAL LESSONS OF THE WAR.

Edinburgh: ADAM & CHARLES BLACK.

JOHN MURRAY, Albemarle Strect.

MR. BENTLEY'S LIST.

Now ready, in 2 vols. 8vo.

ANNALS OF OXFORD.

A Third and Corrected Edition of the Life

OF VISCOUNT PALMERSTON.

By J. C. JEAFFRESON, B.A. Oxon, Author of

With Selections from his

Diaries and Correspondence. By the RIGHT HON. SIR HENRY

" A Book about the Clergy,” &c.

LYTTON BULWER, G.C.B., M.P. 2 vols. 8vo, 308., with fine " The pleasantest and most informing book about Oxford that has

Portrait.

ever been written. Whilst these volumes will be eagerly perused by

The Recovery of Jerusalem: an Account of

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the general reader."-Post.

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With an Introductory Chapter by DEAN STANLEY. Demy svo,

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THE WONDERFUL SILUFEL, PROPHECIES: and

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LIVES OF THE MOST EMINENT ENG-

LISH POETS, with Critical Observations on their Works; to
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By SIR WALTER SCOTT.

Crown 8vo, cloth, 39. 60.

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Valuable Persian Manuscripts.

ESSRS. PUTTICK & SIMPSON will SELL by
TUESDAY, January 17, an Ancient and exceedingly Valuable PER-
SIAN MANUSCRIPT, containing numerous beautifully finished full-
page Miniature Drawings, the text profu-ely adorneri with Illumina-
tions in gold and colours, forming one of the most beautiful specimens
of Eastern Art that has ever occurred for Sale,

Catalogu s 02 receipt of two stamps.

3

LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 7, 1871. bably meant the conflict with the various forms

of religious error or heresy in the Church. Arch-
CONTENTS.--No 158.

image then tries his wiles, and separates the
TES:- Allegory in " the Paerie Queen.” 1 - Letters of knight from Una; but his doing so by making
ell Gwynne and Kitty Clive, 2 - Mons Vultur, 3 — Lon-
> Coffee Houses, 5 - Legal Common-Places, temp.

him suspect her purity seems rather to break the
awes

I., 16. - Charbon de Terre: a Liege Legend, 7- allegory. However, he abandons her, and then
r. Arbuthnot, 8 - An Inedited Elegy by Oliver Gold, falls in with Duessa in company with a “faithless
nith - Discrepancies in Dates - The late Sir Samuel Sarazin" named Sansfoy, that is, Paganism, whom
verage of Human Life - French War Songs – Mont he slays; and he is then deceived by Duessa, who
enis Tunnel, 9.

conducts him to the House of Pride, that is, the
RRIES :- - Allusion wanted: Henry Vanghan-Ameri- Roman Empire, which now becomes Christian.
taph Audley of Sandbach - Bible Illustrations -- Jobn Here he encounters and slays a brother of Sansfoy,
Sovey - Cathedral Bells – Cobblers' Lambs in Italy – named Sansjoy, by which is perhaps meant the
Cookes: Cookesey: Cooke - Cornish spoken in Devon-
on, Knight - Equivalrut Foreign Titles - "Le Parceur from the True Church. On his discovering the
hire The Dragon - Eastern Story - Sir Charles Eger: joyless condition of the Empire when separated
tu Jour et de la Nuit" - Letter of Galileo - Heraldic - real nature of the House of Pride, he seizes the
Herbert of Muckruss - Robert Keck - Laird -
f Mortimer – Pools, or Mouths of streams – Privately earliest opportunity of flight, and abandons it.
printed Books - The Print of “Guido's Aurora” - The

Una meanwhile wanders alone in search of the
Pronunciation of Greek and Latin, &c., 11.

champion who had deserted her. She meets with
EPLIES: — The Block Books, 13 - Parodies, 15 - The
** Blue-Laws"

of Connecticut, 16 – St. Augustin's Ser. a lion, who becomes her protector. This lion
mans, 17 – A Winter Sasing - Robur Caroli – Pear Tree forces an entrance for her into the house of Cor-
- Right to quarter_Arms - Baron Nicholson - Epigram
on the Walcheren Expedition - Robert de Comyn, Earl

ceca and Abessa, and kills Kirkrapine, the para-
of Northumberland-Cucumber - Lothing Land — "Cer- mour of the latter; but is himself slain soon after,
tosino" -- Ancient Scottish Deed - Royal Topography - defending Una against a Paynim named Sansloy,
Swan-Song of Parson Avery – Irish Forfeitures -- Patchin who had overcome Archimage, who had rejoined
- The Rochester Hospital - Babies' Bells – Ecstatics - her under the form of the Red-cross Knight. From
Samplers — The Boy-Bishop of the Propaganda for Christ- him she is delivered by a band of fawns and
mas - Dur or Dour - The Paris Catacombs, &c., 18.
Totes on Books, &c.

satyrs whom her shrieks brought to her aid.

They lead her to their abode in the woods and
Notes.

mountains, where she lives among them and in-

structs them in morals and religion. By the aid
ALLEGORY IN "THE FAERIE QUEEN.”

of a knight named Sir Satyrane she leaves them,
Spenser sty les his poem “a continued allegory and sets out again in quest of the Red-cross
or dark conceit"; but he does not by that mean Knight.
to say that it forms one continued allegory in the In this part of the allegory the lion seems to
sense in which we now understand the term. In signify the counts of Toulouse, who protected the
fact there is but one allegory in it-namely, the True Church against that of Rome, and gained its
first book, " The Legend of Holiness"; and in all members admission into the religious houses
the rest of the poem the characters are mere against the will of their inmates, and punished
impersonations of moral or physical qualities, or those who made spoil of sacred things. By the
of real persons, without any specially connected Paynim Sansloy may be meant the papai adherents
series of events. I will here briefly state my con- under De Montfort and others, who overcame the
caption of what I regard as the only allegory of counts of Toulouse, and from whom Una is saved
the poem. This, then, I take to be the history by the satyrs, that is, the Waldenses, whose
of the Church from its commencement till the abode was in the woods and valleys of Switzer-
poet's own time. In Una I see, not Truth simply, land. Sir Satyrane, who is connected with them,
but the True Church ; in Duessa, not mere False- I take to represent the IIuguenots of France, who
hood, but the False Church-that of Rome. The derived their creed and their name from the
father and mother of Una, the king and queen reformer of Switzerland; and it is very remark-
of Eden, I take to be God the Father and the able that he and Sansloy are left fighting-just
ancient Adamic or patriarchal Church. In the as the Huguenots and the Papists were at the
Dragon I discern the great enemy of man, Satan. time—and are not mentioned any more in this
In the Red-cross Knight the Christian people, book.
represented by St. George, the patron saint of The Red-cross Knight meantime is overtaken
Logland, the great champion of the true faith; and again seduced by Duessa, and he drinks of a
and finally, in Archimage, Satan in his character fountain, the water of which quite enervates him,
of the tempter and seducer.

and he is then seized and thrown into a loath-
The adventures of the knight begin with his some dungeon by a huge giant, who makes
entering the grove of Error, and his encounter- Duessa his leman, dresses her magnificently, and
ing and slaying that monster. By this is pro- mounts her on a strange beast with seven heads.

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