The Scientific Letters and Papers of James Clerk Maxwell: Volume 2, 1862-1873

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CUP Archive, 1990 - 1029 sider
This second volume of James Clerk Maxwell's correspondence and manuscript papers begins in mid-1862 with his first reference reports for the Royal Society, and concludes in December 1873 shortly before the formal inauguration of the Cavendish Laboratory. The documents describe his involvement with the wider scientific community in Victorian Britain, and the period of his scientific maturity. In the years 1862-73 Maxwell wrote the classic works on statistical molecular theory and field physics, including the Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, which established his unique status in the history of science. His letters and drafts of this period provide unique insight into this work, which remains fundamental to modern physics. Few of the manuscripts reproduced here have received prior publication in other than truncated form, and the volume includes Maxwell's correspondence with G.G. Stokes, Lord Kelvin and P.G. Tait. The edition is annotated with a full historical commentary and will be fascinating reading for anyone interested in the history of science or physics.

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Letter to William Sharpey 8 July 1862 page
42
Letter to George Gabriel Stokes 14 July 1862
43
Letters to George Gabriel Stokes 16 July 1862
46
Letter to George Gabriel Stokes 21 July 1862
50
On a paper by Thomas Romney Robinson on the spectra of electric sparks 10 September 1862
54
Letter to George Gabriel Stokes 10 September 1862
58
On diagrams of forces c November 1862
60
Letter to John William Cunningham 5 December 1862
61
On the absorption and dispersion of light c August 1868
419
Mathematical Tripos question c late 1868
420
Letter to William Thomson 19 August 1868
422
Letter to William Thomson 5 September 1868
425
Letter to William Thomson 12 September 1868
429
On topology c September 1868
434
On continuity and topology c September 1868
440
Letter to William Thomson 28 September 1868
443

On a paper by George Biddell Airy on stress in beams late December 1862
62
Letter to George Gabriel Stokes 29 December 1862
70
On the conduction of heat in gases c Spring 1863
73
Letter to John William Cunningham 24 March 1863
86
Letter to George Biddell Airy 14 May 1863
87
Letter to William Thomson 29 May 1863
88
Letter to William Thomson June 1863
93
Letter to George Gabriel Stokes 9 June 1863
95
Letter to John William Cunningham 27 June 1863
97
Letter to William Thomson 31 July 1863
98
Letter to John William Cunningham 10 August 1863
102
Letter to Robert Dundas Cay 21 August 1863
103
Letter to George Phillips Bond 25 August 1863
105
Letter to Fleeming Jenkin 27 August 1863
111
Letter to William Thomson 11 September 1863
113
On a paper by Charles Chambers on the magnetic action of the sun late October 1863
117
On the equilibrium and stiffness of a frame c January 1864
119
Letter to Katherine Mary Clerk Maxwell 28 January 1864
122
On a paper by William John Macquorn Rankine on fluid motion late February 1864
123
On the theory of Saturns rings 1864
128
Letter to Hermann Helmholtz 12 April 1864
146
Letter to John Tyndall 20 April 1864
147
On the motion of the earth through the ether c 24 April 1864
148
On a paper by John Tyndall on radiation 22 February 1866 page
253
Drafts of On the dynamical theory of gases late 1865 early 1866
259
Letter to William Thomson 27 February 1866
267
On a paper by Joseph David Everett on the rigidity of glass 1 March 1866
272
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 4 April 1866
276
On the dynamical theory of gases abstract 16 May 1866
279
On a paper by Thomas Graham on the absorption and separation of gases 17 July 1866
285
On a paper by Edward Wyndham Tarn on the stability of domes 18 December 1866
288
Letter to George Gabriel Stokes 18 December 1866
291
Letter to James Joseph Sylvester 21 December 1866
295
Letter to George Gabriel Stokes 27 February 1867
298
On a paper by Joseph David Everett on the determination of rigidity 4 March 1867
300
Reported comments on Brodies chemical calculus 6 June 1867
305
Letter to William Huggins 10 June 1867
306
British Association paper on a stereoscope September 1867
311
On reciprocal figures and diagrams of forces c September 1867
313
British Association paper on diagrams of forces September 1867
317
Letter to William Thomson 14 September 1867
317
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 13 November 1867
321
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 4 December 1867
323
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 11 December 1867
330
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 23 December 1867
335
On the principles of stereoscopic vision c 1867
340
exhibition of stereograms to the London Mathematical Society 23 January 1868
342
Question to the London Mathematical Society on governors 23 January 1868
343
draft on governors c January 1868
344
Letter to William Thomson 20 February 1868
346
On a paper by Joseph David Everett on the rigidity of metal
348
25 February 1868
349
Letter to George Biddell Airy 12 March 1868
351
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 12 March 1868
353
Letter to William Robert Grove 27 March 1868
357
Letter to Mark Pattison 7 April 1868
359
Letter to Mark Pattison 13 April 1868 page
362
May 1868
369
On a method of making a direct comparison of electrostatic with electromagnetic force with a note on the electromagnetic theory of light abstract 10 ...
375
On a paper by Alfred Des Cloiseaux on the optical properties of crystals c late May 1868
381
On a paper by Robert Moon on the impact of compressible bodies 8 July 1868
383
On the measurement of surface tension c Summer 1868
387
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 14 July 1868
389
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 18 July 1868
391
comments on Thomson and Taits Natural Philosophy Chapter II July 1868
395
Letter to William Thomson 18 July 1868
398
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait c 20 July 1868
408
Letter to John Tyndall 23 July 1868
409
stability criteria for governors of the fifth order c late July 1868
410
On a paper by George Gabriel Stokes on the communication of vibration to a gas 28 July 1868
412
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 3 August 1868
416
Letter to William Thomson 6 October 1868
445
Letter to William Thomson 7 October 1868
449
on hollow solids c October 1868
450
Letter to William Huggins 13 October 1868
451
Letter to William Thomson 16 October 1868
453
Letter to William Thomson 30 October 1868
457
Letter to Lewis Campbell 3 November 1868
460
Letter to William Robert Grove 7 November 1868
461
Letter to George Biddell Airy 9 November 1868
462
Letter to William Thomson 9 November 1868 page
463
Letter to William Thomson 7 December 1868
464
On the topology of surfaces 29 December 1868
466
On J B Listings paper Der Census räumlicher Complexe 11 February 1869
470
On a paper by Henry Moseley on the motion of glaciers 2 March 1869
472
Letter to Arthur Cayley 12 April 1869
477
Letter to William Thomson 12 May 1869
479
Letter to William Thomson 5 June 1869
483
Letter to George Gabriel Stokes 26 June 1869
487
Letter to George Gabriel Stokes 8 July 1869
489
On a paper by Norman Macleod Ferrers on the motion of a rigid body 14 August 1869
492
Letter to William Thomson 17 August 1869
496
Letter to William Thomson 1 October 1869
499
Letter to William Thomson 5 October 1869
501
Letter to the London Mathematical Society on the potential of a disc November 1869
508
On a paper by George Oldham Hanlon on the vena contracta November 1869
510
Letter to William Thomson 16 November 1869
513
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 10 December 1869
516
On reciprocal figures frames and diagrams of forces abstract 17 December 1869
519
Drafts relating to Part IV of the Treatise c late 1869
523
Letter to Katherine Mary Clerk Maxwell 3 January 1870
528
On a paper by William John Macquorn Rankine on fluid
529
March 1870
530
On a paper by William John Macquorn Rankine on the thermodynamic theory of waves 26 March 1870
535
Letter to William Thomson 14 April 1870
541
Letter to John William Strutt 18 May 1870
545
Letter to Cecil James Monro 6 July 1870
550
On a paper by Charles Bland Radcliffe on animal electricity c July 1870
554
addition to a paper by Francis Deas c Summer 1870
559
Postcard to Peter Guthrie Tait 12 February 1873 page
824
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait c early 1873
826
On a paper by Frederick Guthrie on the electrical properties of hot bodies c 25 February 1873
828
Postcard to Peter Guthrie Tait 3 March 1873
831
Postcard to Peter Guthrie Tait 5 March 1873
832
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 10 March 1873
834
Postcard to Peter Guthrie Tait 12 March 1873
835
On a paper by James Jago on experiments on vision c 24 March 1873
836
Letters to William Thomson 25 March 1873
839
Letter to Lewis Campbell 3 April 1873
840
Review of Fleeming Jenkin Electricity and Magnetism c April 451 Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 2 May 1873
845
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 7 May 1873
846
Letter to George Gabriel Stokes 13 May 1873
847
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 15 May 1873
848
On a paper by Dugald MKichan on the determination of the number of electrostatic units in one electromagnetic unit of electricity c 20 May 1873
849
Letter to Robert Dundas Cay 22 May 1873
852
On the effect of gravity on the temperature of a column of gas c 25 May 1873
853
Letter to John William Strutt 26 May 1873
856
Letter to Charles Tomlinson 29 May 1873
859
On a paper by John William Strutt on theorems relating to vibrations 26 June 1873
860
On the theory of anomalous dispersion c 1873
864
On a paper by Latimer Clark on a standard voltaic battery 26 June 1873
866
Fixtures and instruments in the Cavendish Laboratory June 1873
868
Draft letter to Henry Wilkinson Cookson 5 July 1873
876
Postcard to Peter Guthrie Tait c 8 July 1873
877
Letter to Henry Augustus Rowland 9 July 1873
880
Letter to Henry Augustus Rowland 12 July 1873
881
Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait 22 July 1873
884
Postcard to Peter Guthrie Tait 24 July 1873
888
Appendix
971
Draft of On Loschmidts experiments on diffusion late July 1873 890
989
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Om forfatteren (1990)

James Maxwell was a British physicist who developed a standard theoretical model for the modern understanding of electricity and magnetism. He showed that these two phenomena are two aspects of the same field and as a result he unified and systematized a vast field of research. Maxwell took many diverse observations and qualitative concepts developed by Michael Faraday and others, formulating them into a unified theory between 1864 and 1873. On the basis of this theory, Maxwell predicted that electromagnetic waves should exist and travel with the speed of light, and he identified light as a form of electromagnetic radiation. Both of these predictions were experimentally confirmed. Maxwell's other great contribution to physics was formulating a mathematical basis for the kinetic theory of gases. Using a statistical approach, he related the velocity of the molecules in a gas to its temperature, showing that heat results from the motion of molecules. Maxwell's result had been conjectured for some time, but it had never been supported experimentally. Maxwell then expanded his research to study viscosity, diffusion, and other properties of gases. Maxwell also provided the first satisfactory explanation of Saturn's rings. He established on theoretical grounds that the rings are not solid but rather composed of many small, fragmented objects that orbit Saturn.

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