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follow queer little Mattie's example, but take a child preached down into the world the words lesson from queer little Mattie.

| “ friends and neighbours." “He read about somebody saying you shouldn't But she could say nothing more to Mattie till ask your friends and neighbours who could do the she had told, word for word, the whole story to Mrs. same for you again, but you should ask them that Morgenstern, who, she knew, would beartily enjoy couldn't, because they hadn't a house to ask you the humour of it. Nor was Lucy, who loved her to, like Poppie there."

Lord very truly, even more than she knew, though Lucy looked round and saw the most tattered she was no theologian like Thomas, in the least little scarecrow-useless even as such in the streets deterred from speaking of Somebody, by the fact of London, where there are only dusty little that Mrs. Morgenstern did not receive him as the sparrows and an occasional raven-staring at-I Messiah of her nation. If he did not hesitate to cannot call it a group-well, it was a group ver- show himself where he knew he would not be tically, if not laterally and not knowing or caring accepted, why should she hesitate to speak his what to make of it, only to look at Lucy, and satisfy name? And why should his name not be men. ker undefined and undefinable love by the beholding tioned to those who, although they had often been of its object. She loved what was lovely without persecuted in his name by those who did not underin the least knowing that it was lovely, or what stand his mind, might well be proud that the man lovely meant. And while Lucy gazed at Poppie, who was conquering the world by his strong, beauwith a vague impression that she had seen the tiful will, was a Jew? child before, she could not help thinking of the But from the rather severe indisposition of her contrast between the magnificent abode of the grandmother, she was unable to tell the story to Morgensterns- for magnificent it was even in Lon- Mrs. Morgenstern till the very morning of the don--and the lip of the nest from which the strange gathering.

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THE LONDON GAMIN.

ALTHOUGH we boast ourselves to be a practical for Homeless Children, by whom the little outcast people, it is wonderful how long we suffer a crying was finally admitted into the Refuge. This case evil to exist before our eyes without making an affords a good example of the difficulties placed in effort to remedy it. And when we do exert our- the way of poor children in the hour of need, and selves, what errors we commit in the process ! the want of elasticity to meet the exigencies of the When we contemplate the number of prisons that moment in our many public and private asylums for have arisen throughout the country, built on the the relief of the poor. scale of fortresses of the first order, and consider But as a means of rescuing poor children abanthat the administration of these places of punish doned by their parents from the crime they are ment has become an important element in state sure sooner or later to fall into, the temporary affairs, having a most ponderous literature of blue refuge, invaluable as it is, can be of little perma. books of its own which nobody reads but the offi. nent avail for the innocent. What is wanted is a cials, we ask ourselves the question with amaze- house in which every habit of their past lives could ment: With all this gigantic machinery to punish be eradicated, and fresh ones instilled. The phicrime, what steps did we formerly take to prevent lanthropy of the present day has been fully alive it? There are at the present time upwards of ten to this want, and one of the first of the instituthousand children, either entirely houseless or on tions to supply it was the refuge we have alluded the verge of being so, wandering about the streets, to as receiving under its fostering wing the poor sleeping under railway arches, in market baskets, | little outcast of Piccadilly. A visit to the Boys' in shutter-boxes, in the parks, or pigging on the Refuge in Great Queen Street, Holborn, gave me bare boards with their poverty-stricken parents at an insight into the method which is now pursued home, who in the daytime prowl about the streets by this and many kindred institutions to transform begging and stealing. If such a seed-plot of crime the outcast juvenile population, fast merging into exists among us after twenty years of labour with the criminal class, into honest men and women, Homes, Refuges, and Reformatories, what must trained to industrial pursuits and to the service of have been the condition of outcast children in the their country, instead of becoming, as they other. days when punishment alone was meted out to wise would, its scourge, burthen, and reproach. them !

The vice of all our old-established charities is the It is the theory of the poor law, that every desti- expensive nature of the machinery by which they tute human creature is entitled to shelter and food, are worked. There is a tendency to erect imposing on application at the workhouse ; but, like many | buildings, to make complicated domestic arrangeother theories that are the prime boast of the ments, and to provide for a regular staff, which in Briton, they vanish into thin air when put to the nine cases out of ten eats up the greater portion of test. One would imagine that nothing could be the income. No such vice or tendency can however more undeniable than the right to immediate shelter be laid to the charge of the Boys' Refuge in Great of a poor child on a bitter winter's night. Let us Queen Street. An old coach-factory forms the see, however, what is the reality. On Friday night, physical home. Nothing could be plainer, indeed January the 4th, when the thermometer fell to two ruder, than its fittings; it possesses one advantage, degrees below zero, and a pointsman was frozen to however, without which such an establishment of death at his post on the line at Reading, a poor boys could scarcely be maintained without danger little girl not more than nine years old, was discovered to health, viz., very spacious rooms, in which a by a gentleman curled up and trying to sleep upon | large amount of air circulates without the impedia door-step in Piccadilly. Struck with pity (doubt- ment of partitions. Like the Field-lane Refuge, no less he had children of his own warm in bed at the preliminary inquiries are necessary to enable a boy time), he roused the child, almost fatally benumbed, to enter its sheltering walls, other than the fact took her to the workhouse, and desired a night's that he is not a convicted criminal ; but, unlike the lodging for her; but on inquiry it was found that night refuges, it offers a permanent home to those she belonged to another parish, and shelter was ac. who are inclined to obey its rules. On the occacordingly refused. He then took her to the police. sion of my first visit the boys were in the full swing station, but the officer in charge could give no help, of their industrial pursuits : tailoring, carpentering, although he kindly offered to allow the child to woodcutting, and shoemaking were going on under remain before the station fire. The gentleman how. | the eyes of the different masters. It was evident ever preferred taking her to his own home, where that nothing was wasted on appearances. The chil. she was accommodated for the night; and next dren looked like the Arabs of the street, which they day he endeavoured to obtain from the clergyman of really were; many of them indeed had only been the parish an order of admission to some charit. just received. Their clothes were old rotten rags it is able institution. In this he again failed, and as a true,-the livery of poverty ; but their faces were last resource, at ten o'clock at night he applied to the clean. One of the first virtues these little ones learn secretary of the St. George's and St. Giles's Refuge is the virtue of cleanliness, and a very necessary

virtue it is, inasmuch as, with scarcely an excep- o'clock in the morning, one of them put a rope round tion, every boy on admission is covered with vermin, his middle and “chucked him out into the river," and in many cases suffering from skin diseases as a pulling him in again and repeating the process “ as consequence. Nothing strikes the visitor with more if he had been a bucket of water;”—and this was in astonishment, on going among those poor creatures, the winter !-“but," said he, “another of the men than their diminutive appearance--boys of fourteen said he had little ones of his own, and he did not like and tifteen not being bigger than youths of nine or to see me served so, and he took me to a coffee-shop ten who have been well housed and nourished. and had my clothes dried, and gave me some coffee." But privation and hardship, although they dwarf We have all heard of the little vagrant who told his the frame, have a tendency to sharpen the wits; chum of the prime discovery he had made of a i and this is found to be the case with the majority sleeping-place--the iron garden-roller in Regent's.

of the lads. The cleverness of town boys as com- | Park; but we question if even this odd resting place i pared with those of the country is proverbial; but could match the sleeping accommodation one pale it was a complete study to notice the prematurely little urchin confessed he was obliged to put up with,

old faces of these children, and a still more remarknamely, a “drain pipe,” at Sadler's Wells, and | able study to hear them relate their experience and “Oh, it did blow round me cold," said the little show their knowledge of the world. Only a few fellow, shivering with the bare recollection of his Donths back these lads had been turning catherine- night's lodging. All the boys had slept in carts 1 Wheels, sweeping crossings, and living the street life and market-baskets in Covent Garden, and under

of this great metropolis, quickening their wits and the railway arches, and one lad said he thought he i making supple their bodies with the hard training of would one time make himself comfortable in a waternecessity; hence the sharpness of their perception butt, but the snow came down when he was asleep and the nimbleness of their movements.

and covered him. Who shall say what are the villanies \\ The very little boys on first entering the Refuge perpetrated under the Adelphi dark arches, the

are taught the use of the needle. It looked well-known resort of houseless wanderers? “I inexpressibly droll to see some score of little slept there one night," said a little boy, “and there · fellows seated in a row darning stockings, or were above a hundred there at the same time,

learning the use of needle and thread upon a piece huddled about in parties of twenties in the different oi rag. To see those newly-caught little Arabs corners. The policeman came and used his belt to gravely pursuing such a sedentary occupation gave us, and drove us out-men, women, and children, a certain shock to one's ideas of the fituess of and we went into the parks. Another policeman things; yet nothing is more pecessary to the sailor or said he didn't like to see us hit about, and he took the emigrant, which many of these little fellows me to a cotfee-shop and gave me some coffee ; but are destined to become, than a knowledge of how another boy stole my boots, and I was obliged to go to repair their own clothes. The cutting of firewood barefooted.” But there was one rather stout lad 1 is another preliminary occupation to which the who spoke of his lodgings on the cold ground with

more juvenile boys are placed. This is a remune- out the slightest sense of its having been a more 1 rative industrial pursuit, inasmuch as many friends than common hardship. “I used,” said he, “to

of the institution purchase their firewood here. The sleep in the ‘New-found-out.'”—“Where is that?” 1 more difficult occupations performed by the elder | I asked, with a look of astonishment. “Oh, that

boys are shoemaking, tailoring, and carpentering. is the arches underneath the Charing Cross Hotel,” '. In two or three years some of the lads have speaking of it as some delectable abode. It would

learned sufficient to earn their own livelihood out be difficult to imagine a more dramatic contrast of doors, whilst all the bootmaking and repairing than that presented by these poor children, hudelled of the inmates as well as of those in the Girls' | up in the cold arches of the foundation of that splenRefuge are performed by these little workmen. did hotel, and the scene of luxuriance and comfort

Being anxious to learn how many of the hundred presented by the bed-chambers of its inmates. How " and twenty boys at present in the Refuge had slept little one half of the world knows how the other

upon the streets, the master, whilst they were half lives! This wild, out-of-door, bitter life led

assembled at dinner, asked the question-How | by the majority of the lads before they entered the · many boys have slept for a week together outside Refuge gives them an unsettled, untameable nature

of any house? Instantly fifty little hands were that is not easily conquered. Some boys, indeed, held up. How many for three months? Thirteen cannot resist the impulse to run away, not once, but beld ap their hands. It seems almost incredible again and again. They are literally wild animals ; that poor little children, for so many days consecu. as much so as the colt that has been allowed to run tively, should have braved the weather, many of loose on the moors. Indeed it often takes years to thern through the winter months. Two or three of knock the vagrant disposition, which would almost the boys told me that among the “pads” was a appear to have entered their blood, out of them.

famous place to sleep in. “Pads” are small baskets in The writer remembers once asking a gipsy boy, who 1 Thieh fish is brought to Billingsgate Market. One complained that his teut-peg gave way in the night

poor little fellow told me he “cuddled up” one night and let the snow drift into his bed, whether he in a barge, and when the men came to work at five would not like to sleep in a house. “Sleep in a

VIII-12

houge ? Ah no, couldu't sleep in a house on no sorted there again, in hope no doubt that his account-couldn't do it nohow!” He said this with poverty-stricken and friendless condition might an emphasis which left no doubt on my mind of the attract some sympathizing, benevolent spirit. And outrageous nature of the proposition in the wild sure enough it did, and one for whom the boy will boy's mind. The vagrant habit once acquired, it is have cause to bless God all the days of his life, for an almost impassable barrier to the ordinary service it was this friend who ultimately brought him to of the world. The errand-boy who plays truant is the Refuge. The boy's own account is this: “One fortbwith dismissed from his place; the apprentice, if night I was sitting by the Marble Arch, Hyde Park, the street Aral) by any chance gets the opportunity of when a gentleman came up to me and asked me if I being put into harness, is summarily taken before a was in want of anything. I told him I had no inagistrate and imprisoned for being idle and intract. money to pay my lodging, and he asked me if I had able. What hope, then, without aid, have those little any friends in London, and I told him I had not; ones of ever leaving their wild yet wretched state of and he asked me if I was willing to work if I could freedom, and of being placed in the way of earning get it to do. I told him I was. He then took me their livelihood by means of any of the paths of to a public-house and gave me some beer ; but I like labour ? As regards the virtues that make it possible wanted food more than beer, and I asked him for : to live the life of a civilised social being, the street some, and he gave me some bread and butter, Arab is wholly without them, -he is in most respects | After staying there a little while the gentleman a little savage. And we all know that if we take a took me to Farringdon-street Dispensary, but the . savage, and train him carefully among Europeans, people were gone to bed. He called them up, and " his original nature is liable to break out in his de. l I showed them my feet, and they told me they are scendants to the third or fourth generation. We could not do anything for me then, but if I would must be prepared, therefore, to find that it is a work come in the morning they would see to it. The of great care, trouble, and expense in many instauces gentleman then got me a lodging opposite to the ':to instil the new habits and to exterminate those dispensary, and gave me some money to get my acquired during a youth of vagabondage. When a breakfast. On the morrow he came and took me to child once falls into destitution, it is next to a the Mansion House, and got a letter of recommendamiracle if he regains luis footing without the aid of tion for Bartholomew Hospital, which I took, and such societies as the one under notice. Let us give after waiting half the day was told I would not be one example of the difficulties by which all such | admitted for a fortnight. I then went back to the castaways are beset, in the case of a little boy once lodging, which the gentleman paid for until my feet in the Refuge. He was left an orphan at twelve, got better, and then he brought me to Queen Street in Bristol, and not being able to procure work, Refuge, wbere I have been ever since, and never he made up his mind to walk to London, and repented coming in, for it has been a very good accordingly he started off, reaching the great city thing for me, thanks to Mr. Wood and other kind in a fortniglit. When he arrived there he had a friends." sore foot through walking all the way in bad boots, This lad has since been sent to Australia, where and found himself unable to work. He says : it is believed he will do extremely well. In reading "One moruing I was in Hyde Park, when a this parrative, may we not ask ourselves whether i! gentleman came to me, and seeing what a sad we should have acted the part of the Good Samari. state I was in, gave me a shilling, and told me, tan to this poor lad? How often some pitiable obif I would meet him there the next night, he would ject comes across our path in our daily walks asking give me some boots and a waistcoat, and told me our charity, and, like the Levite, we pass by on the to try and get some work.” This seems to have other side. In the majority of cascs we dismiss been the tirst act of kindness shown to the young the appeal under the plea that they should go to stranger in this vast metropolis. The boy was work, and we salve our conscience with the sugges. thankful for it, and appreciated the sympathy thus tion that the petitioner is a professional mendicant, showu by his benefactor ; but it was evident the or at least that there is the work house to go to, and poor lad was still cast down, for he says, when told that it is fostering mendicancy to listen to such ap. 1 to get work, “It is easy to talk about it, but not peals. We never reflect that a little aid will often easy to get it in London without a character.” | save a fellow-creature from destruction, and it is He was quite right; it is not easy to get work only when we see such a case in print as I have in London, even with a character. Nevertheless he related, that we ask ourselves, -How many times did not sit down idle without making an effort to get might I have done a like good deed if indolence or work. As he says, “I did get a job now and then to indifference had not stood in the way! It has been whcel costermongers' barrows about for men who said that we sometimos entertain angels unawares. lodged at the same place as me, for which I got my Has the gentleman who saved this little boy read lodging and food.” This prosperity however did not this simple story of his kind deed? If he has, what last long, for he again hurt his foot, and was of no pleasure it must give him to know of the good he service to his friends the costermongers; and now he accomplished ! This, be sure, is the good angel was as badly off as ever. Having, however, found which all of us feel in our hearts when we have one benefactor in Hyde Park, he seenis to have re- acted in the spirit of love towards any of our fellow.

creatures. Sneh work the Refuge for Homeless doing well in Australia, New Zealand, and Canada. Children has been engaged in since the year 1852, It is the desire of the committee, of which the Earl and I question if a nobler work could have engaged of Shaftesbury is the chairman, further to train boys philauthropists. From the report of 1865 we tind | for colonists by the institution of a farm, at which that during the twenty-four years in which it has those who are inclined for such a life may be occubeen in existence, 1,675 destitute children have pied in the cultivation of the ground, similar to i been received into the Home, and tenderly treated, that long established at the certified School for during varying periods, with the loving care which Homeless Boys at East Barnet. When sufficient the term “home” implies. It is one thing to give subscriptions come in, this new school for training food and lodging in the pame of the law,- that is will be established. The writer is glad to find, done at the workhouse; it is another to give it in however, that the Committee, no doubt through the

the name and spirit of the All-giver. And it is this | interest of their intluential chairman, have already , contrast which makes such a Refuge differ from the accomplished another portion of the task they

Union in its results. In the one case the recipient proposed to themselves--the establishment of a

often leaves curses behind him; in the other, good ship for the training of sailors for the Royal Navy il wishes and kind words, and, like a child, when in and merchant service. I am told there is no

trouble or need, he returns again and again to the want so pressing as this. In consequence of the 11 Home that gave him shelter, and is never refused. higher wages obtained in the United States, there

Of these 1,675 destitute children thus received, is the greatest difficulty in obtaining sailors for 1,016 were boys, and 659 girls, for the more de- our mercantile marine. It is said that there pendent sex are also cared for by this institution, as were no less than forty Dutchmen on board the i we shall presently show. This little ragged army, ill-fated “London," who, on the approach of the rescued from the dens of thieves, has been disposed storm in which she was lost, refused to work and of as follows :

went to their berths. If this really was so, and if BOYS.

the commercial navy is obliged to put up with so 298 emigrated to New Zealand, Canada, United

large a per-centage of foreign sailors as that instance States, Queensland, Nova Scotia, South would indicate, it undoubtedly points to one source Africa, &c.

of that increased marine disaster which of late has 4f entered Her Majesty's nary. 3 entered the army.

been so marked. The training-ship, which now lies at 34 entered the merchant navy.

her permanent moorings at Greenhithe, is a fine 50239 were placed in situations.

gun frigate of the old model, named the “Chichester.” 18 were removed to other institutions. 114 were restored to friends and parents.

Like scores of other ships in Her Majesty's service, 4 were apprenticed.

she has never been to sea since she was launched in 9 died,

1842. Her loan by the Admiralty therefore caused I went to college.

no loss to the service ; indeed, if all the old wooden 759

sbips could be turned to as good a purpose, they GIRLS.

would not have been built in vain. Their lordships, 272 have been sent to service.

however, would not find a spar towards rigging her; 198 have been restored to their friends.

consequently this has been done at an expense of 16 have been removed to other institutions.

£3,000, for which the Association is responsible, 5 have emigrated to Australia. Canada.

and for which subscriptions will gladly be received. New Zealand.

The writer paid a visit to the “Chichester” a short Tasmania.

time since, in order to see the boys in their new Natal. I has married.

home. Fifty little fellows volunteered to go on board 8 bave died.

the moment the vessel was obtained; and twenty

five more are to follow iminediately. Nothing 549 .

struck me more forcibly, on questioning the children If this is not a great work,-- greater than the in Great Queen Street, than the universal desire on sounding of any minster or noble building, although the part of these Dick Whittingtons to go to sea. it may not speak to the eye for unborn generations, --- They patiently submit to be made shoemakers we do not know what a great work is; and yet it and carpenters, and failing that, their hope is to tas been done noiselessly and unostentatiously, with. get on board the ship; and my belief is, that every oat making any sign or mark, excepting in the boy would run away from his bench to-morrow hearts and deeds of those saved from destruction. to join the little fellows now on board. Here It is worthy of note that the Home gives a pre- is the secret of our naval power. What nation can liminary education which fits the boys and girls for cope with us on the ocean as long as all the youngthe various occupations in which they are likely to sters are inclined to make for the water like young engage in after life. There is nothing “class" about ducks as soon as they can get away from home? che training; not only trades such as we have Captain Alstead, R.N., who has undertaken the mentioned are carefully taught, but a supply of training of these young sca-dogs, gave me an exabour is furnished for the colonies, and many of ample of the likely material they were made of. ile boys have emigrated, as I have said, and are now The hammocks are hung at least four feet five inches

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