« ForrigeFortsett »
in height from the deck, as they would have been for its prevention.' The Government, it is true, say for ordinary seamen, and it was suggested that the that if they give they must exercise supervision, little fellows, would find a difficulty in getting into and if this can be done as mildly as we find it done them at that height. The matter was solved, how- in the various industrial schools, no harm would ever, by their all leaping in when piped to bed with come of it. As matters at present stand, the Cominfinite delight, the saltatory difficulty evidently | mittee ask for funds to accomplish the following adding an additional charm to the sleeping arrange. objects :ment. Fancy a street Arab, not being able to climb * 1. To retain one hundred boys in the present anything ! Captain Alstead looked upon his lively i Refuge. Himol, little lot with eyes of real pride, and gave it as his 2. To support a "training-sbip," where at least opinion that in a couple of years most of them , two hundred more boys may be educated and would be atloat, many as ordinary seamen, and all trained to a sea-faring life. i' . earning their own living. What more promising 3. To establish a "country house," with abont material than these boys as sailors for the Royal In one hundred acres of land, where one hundred Navy? But, alas! the red tape of the Admiralty sw more boys may be trained to agricultural here again comes into play. Boys can only be ad pursuits.'
in the soi
! mitted into that service on production of the regis- As the 'annial expense of each boy is estimated ter of their birth; as though two-thirds of the at about 151., the total cost for four hundred will poor destitute chillren in the streets, the greater be about 60007., a sum which philanthropy may portion of whom are illegitimate, knew anything supply with the certainty that its contribution will about registers, even if their mothers ever possessed be doing a work from which good fruit, withont them. One would fancy that the spirit of adven: one single drawback, must inevitably be gathered. ture which runs in the blood of these castaways But the Boys' Refuge in Great Queen Street would have made them especially eligible for Her represents only one part of the operations of the Majesty's sea service; and so we trust it will by- Association. The Girls' Refuges, one in Broad and-by, when common intelligence enters into the Street, St. Giles's, and the other at Acton, each arrangements of the authorities at Whitehall. All maintaining 40 children, are equally worthy of the boys on board are dressed in the open blue notice. The Home in Broad Street, St. Giles's, has woollen shirt of the man-of-war's man, and when the advantage of that for the boys in Great Queen the writer saw them, were holystoning the under- Stroet, inasmuch as it is a new building, intended deck with a will. It is the intention of the Com originally for a gin-palace, but bought in the carcass mittee to increase the number of boys on board and fitted up roughly but sufficiently for the poor girls from 50 to 200, the large size of the frigate and the collected from the streets. A very excellent system splendid flush decks giring ample room for that of training is adopted in this Refuge to fit the chilnumber or more. The lads will learn the whole dren for domestic service. Of course all the operiduty of a thorough seaman. It will be remem. tions of the house are done by themselves, but there bered that the training-ship belonging to the Naval is a special training which must exercise them more College at Greenwich is on dry land, in the garded or less successfully, according to their ability, for in front of the Hospital, and for the protection of the position of that is real treasure," thoroughly the lads in training, a large netting is stretched good servant. The great want of domestics at the some twenty feet from the ship's deck to catch any present time is thorough training. * Any strong of them that may happen to lose their footing healthy girl thinks herself capable of taking a place when going aloft. This precaution against acci- now-a-days, forgetting that she has no right to dents is dispensed with on board the “Chichester,” learn her duties at the expense of her employer. as it is found that the absence of the betting when" At the Broad Street Home, on the contrary, they the lads get into actual service makes them timid. all go through a regular system of apprenticeship,
Some years since, the Government were inclined if we may so term it, during which each girl is to lend a helping hand to these refuges, which are taught to do one single duty for the entire number doing the work it should accomplish itself. In of inmates for a week. Thus one week she has to 1858 the Privy Council allowed the Association half attend to the gag arrangements, a matter our the rent, half the salaries of the master and indus. abigails are generally profoundly ignorant of; the trial teachers, one-third the cost of the raw material next the duties of a parlour maid are performed; used in the industrial school, and a capitation grant then the cookery week comes round, the bath-room of five shillings a year for every boy. This is now arrangements, the scullery, the wardrobes, the entirely withheld, and the Association has to depend knives and forks, and every detail of importance in entirely upon private liberality for doing the real a household is thus practically attended to on work of the State, namely, clearing our streets of the large scale by every girl in her turn. Even that raw material out of which thieves and prostitutes terrible puisance the breaking habit, which accomare inevitably produced. The State spends annually | panies some servants through life merely from tare. hundreds of thousands upon the gaols and pepiten. | lessness, is provided against in this Refuge. All tiaries throughout the country for the punishment girls who are found to have an inveterate habit of of crime, and gives but little to private associations this kind are made to pay for all damages out of the pocket-money that is given them. This has a tutes, just to try if we could make an honest girl in wonderful effect in correcting the evil, and the the fourth generation at least." And I said, "From habit of carefulness once acquired is not easily lost. the look of the girl I think you will succeed."
The girls, like the boys, are tanght reading, writing, At Acton there is a similar Refuge, where the l and ciphering, and their principal occupation is training is a little more advanced, to which the | plain sewing. They make the boys' shirts, and elder girls in Broad Street are removed, previous
the boys in return make the girls' boots and to their being sent to service. In this establishment shoes. When a girl has been trained she leaves the washing of all the inmates of the Refuge is done; for service; and if she should lose her place she in itself no slighit work. in returns to the Home for a time. , It is this almost There is another class of Home, however, which parental watchfulness and care for the girls which comes under the term Industrial School, and is makes such homes as these Refuges so powerful for somewhat similar in its scope to the Great Queen 2001, They never let a child pass out of mind wil. | Street Refuge, but differs inasmuch as it is under fully, and it is this knowledge that they are welcome Government inspection, and for certain cases re
back again, even if they have been in trouble, that ceives money from the State. Unhappily, there are H keeps so many of them straight in after life.
but two of these invaluable institutious; but the When I visited the Broad Street Home, I found first established, the Boys' Home, Regent's Park the girls, under the influence of cleanliness and Road, N.W., only requires more money to make it good food, looking healthy and plump; a perfect in the best sepse of the word a real home to all destransformation from the dirty squalid little things, titute boys found about the streets of London. By tattered and torp, with broom in hand, as they the terms of the Industrial Schools Act, passed in came in just secured from some street-crossing. 1866, any child apparently under the age of fourteen | And the matron told me that the moral improve years, found wandering, and not having any place 'ment after a little time is equally great, merely from of abode, or any visible means of subsistence, or
the example set by the inmates who have been some frequenting the company of reputed thieves, may | tine under discipline. Thus, many girls that set all be committed to any industrial school for any ! the rules at defiance on first admission, who laugh period not exceeding five years; and any parent or
at the other girls for showing shamefacedness for guardian may bring before a magistrate any child faults, and at the idea of paying any attention to under fourteen years of age whom the parents or bad marks, in a very short space of time are fully guardians are unable to control. And again, any as open to shame as the others. When they have child under twelve years of age, charged before a experienced kindness, then their hearts warm, and magistrate, punishable by imprisonment or less all the better qualities of their nature gradually punishment, but who has not been convicted in thaw ont, like the frozen gotes in Munchausen's England of felony, may be sent by him to an indusborn. Love, in fact, is the key which opens their trial school, and the State may be charged a sum affections. I have seen, with astonishment, the of five shillings a week for his maintenance. This Little mouths of both boys and girls work for a is letting in the thiu end of the wedge; but there moment and then tears pour from their eyes, at the seems to be no objection to it. Destitute children bare mention of their poverty-stricken parents, and in all fairness should become a charge upon the We hovels they once knew as homes. So much State rather than upon the purses of the charitable tenderness is there still left in those little ones who and generous few; for the good these Homes do is have been so badly entreated by the world. The to the community at large, and the community little girl of the Piccadilly door-step, doubtless saved should pay for it. from inevitable death, now cleaned and warmly The Boys' Home, Regent's Park Road, was clothed, was among the other children; and there the first certified Industrial School under this Act. Fete several who, like ber, had endured the bitter Indeed there is only one other at the present time Feather all night under arches and in market-bas: in the metropolis. This Home differs from the keta. The only difference between them and the boys Refuge, inasmuch as many of the inmates seut here
a this respect was, that whereas the boys seemed by the magistrates are legally detained for various , eager to relate the hardships which they had en- terms, in some cases extending to five years. It dared, the girls seemed ashamed to confess them, may be called a forced apprenticeship, with this
In the sick-room, at my visit, there lay a poor difference, that the boys are soon taught to feel that young negress suffering from hip-joint disease. Mr. the authority of the law is tempered with kindness
Willians, the founder of this great Institution (for and consideration.' Poor children who have never , * is great, ineasured by the good it does), and not known what a home is in the best sense of the
sely the founder, but the ever-watchful secretary, term, and to whom the family feeling is unfamiliar, and the friend of the ontcast likewise, whispered to must experience a strange sensation at being trang.
mley as she lay with her picturesque patient face on ported from the hard service of the street, from the · the pillow beaming with the indescribable sweet-callous crowd of passers-by who are deaf to their Ds of the Lybian Sphinx: “That girl was brought cry for bread, and at finding themselves suddenly to me from Shadwell by a gentleman, who told me received with sympathy and kindness ; no louger Rat her family for three generations had been prosti- kicked and cuffed, but treated like children of the
household-lika one of those children they must Magistrate. How long have you been sleeping
Hawkins. In a wan. When we see the extraordinary fancies men Magistrate. No, I mean before you slept in the van? || will pursue, the time respectable gentlemen will Hawkins. Eh ! I don't know. devote to grow the largest ciennibers, the ex Magistrate. And who is your father?
pada pense they will go to in order to cultivate pines Hawkins. I ain't got a father, and mother's gone finer than their neighbours, the labour even middle-away ; she said she couldn't keep me no longer. aged men will encounter to climb a mountain-peak Magistrate. When was that? a thousand feet higher than has been done before ; Hawkins. Eh! About a month. the energy others will show in the pursuit of butter. Here were two children, ripe for the devil's sickle, flies; when we notice these instances of devoted luckily rescued and passed, under the new Act, into labour, I ask myself, Is there not something they the Boys' Home. In an afternoon's walk we meet might do more exciting than fussing about in a hot scores of such cases, but in too many instances we house, or even freezing on Alpine peaks ? What a turn aside from these pitiable objects with a sense glow of pleasure it gives a boy to read of the noble simply of annoyance at their importunities. It is deeds of the wandering Caliph, and of how he raised from want of real knowledge that we do so. Hanger up those who were in poverty! His pathway in this and cold are not things that can be dramatically dark world looks like a line of light which could only shown. It is necessary to follow those poor little exist in Arabian story; but, in truth, the meanest of children to their homes to realise what they suffer ; ns, with a kind heart and a willing mind, may act and it is further necessary to make an effort to the part of the Caliph. The law gives us the power relieve them, instead of solemnly comforting our. of taking any child out of the gutter, out of the selves with the assurance that “The poor ye always society of thieves, out of poverty and dirt, and, by have with you.” , the aid of a magistrate, putting him in the path of The Honorary Secretary to the Park Road Instian honourable life. Will none of our cucumber- tution says, in a note to the writer,." I wish I had growers and butterfly-collectors turn their attention the power of a ready writer, that I might describe to nobler game, the rescue of human beings? We to you the horrid house in Seven-Star Alley, St. see by the papers that some members of the class Giles's, out of which, ensconced under a filthy old which are generally supposed to live selfish and four-post bed, I dragged one of our runaways, W. S., luxurious lives, have already set this better ex- formerly the crossing-sweeper at the corner of Hey ample. The Marquis Townshend has taken more Hill, Berkeley Square, and now a fine trustworthy than one poor starving little fellow to the magis- young man, under-gardener at Sir F. A.'s." I quote trates ; and we all know wbat the Earl of Shaftes. thus much of a very interesting communication for bury has done for years in the same good cause. two reasons: that possibly some of the readers of But there is much to be done, and many are re- this paper may remember the little boy from the quired to help. Here, for instance, is a little episode, description of his sweeping locations and for the occurring in November last, at Worship Street Police more important reason of showing the pains taken Court, in which any of us, instead of the police, to recover backsliders, the love and forgiveness might have played the part of the good Caliph. shown to what would appear like ingratitude
William Hawkins and William Frost, with naked on the part of the boys who, after having been feet and nearly naked bodies, were charged before taken care of in the Home, have run away. In Mr. Cooke with being found destitute in the public looking over the registers of cases received into the streets.
Home, nothing has struck me more forcibly than Dolinan, 119 H, deposed that he found the boys | the fact that in many cases the boys have run away sleeping in an uncovered van.
again and again, have even gone away with money, Magistrate. What time was it?,
| but they have not necessarily been discarded from Constable. Two o'clock this morning.
the Institution. Either the secretary has, with Magistrate (to the eldest boy). How old are you? | much trouble, himself brought back the runaways Frost. Going on for my eight.
or the other boys or the police have done it, and they Magistrate. Where are your parents ?
have been received like the Prodigal Son. And what Frost. I ain't got none: father's dead, and mother's has been the fruit of this tevder forbearance ? L gone away somewhere.
nearly every case such boys have eventually turner
out well. Some of the most promising boys now maintenance. As we have said before, when the either serving her Majesty in the army and navy, children are without parents or friends, the Privy or doing the work of sturdy colonists, are the very Council pays five shillings per week for their mainlads who so often absconded. There is splendid tenance and education ; but when the parents are material in these wild and irregular young fellows, living, the magistrate makes an order upon them when once thoroughly conquered by kind and care for a weekly payment, according to their means. fal training ; and it is this quality which Mr. Bell, There are many children, again, sent by benevoleut the honorary secretary, prides himself upon, and individuals on the payment of the Government rate justly so, in the management of the Boys' Home, of allowance of thirteen pounds per annum. When we When the overpowering necessity of State aid, in see the sums of money some persons will give in the some form or other, to meet the gigantic nature of the form of memorial windows to churches for mercies jurenile destitution still existing notwithstanding or benefits received in this life, we cannot belp thinkthe efforts made by philanthropists, comes to mind, ing that it would be far more profitable to make a our only fear is that with State machinery we should memorial of some poor child rescued from vice and get, instead of such secretaries as Mr. Bell of the sin. We are sure that in the eyes of the Almighty | Home, and Mr. Williams of the Great Queen Street it would be far more acceptable. For a trivial 1. Refuge--gentlemen who work with their whole heart yearly sim any one may experience the luxury of
and soul for these little ones as they would indeed for lifting one poor child from the kennel, and it may their own children in the like distress-some formal be of giving themselves an interest in some human oficial, working with the regularity, immovability, being which they never experienced before. If such | and want of feeling, of a mere machine. God forbid a personal interest be not considered desirable, there
such a change! for it is the thorough human sym- is still pressing want of money to sustain the Home 1 pathy that constitutes most of the good of these in its present position, and a desire, indeed a crying
institutions, and all their softening and improving necessity, for its extension tenfold, which must in i influence
some measure be met by the charitable. The capi. At the present time there are about sixty-five tation grant of five shillings per week is not suf. boys in the Home io the Regent's Park Road. ficient to pay the expenses of the boys continually · These little fellows, varying in age from eight to sent here by the police magistrates. It seems sixteen, are not only taught reading, writing, and extraordinary that the Legislature should pass a arithmetic, but the trades of brush-making, tailor- : most comprehensive Act for the rescue of the juveing, cabinetmaking, and shoemaking ; to mend nile population from crime, but should have for. their clothes, and to earn their food. We question gotten to provide the means for their adequate indeed if, as colonists, they are not far better edu- reception and maintenance. If it would only give tated than the middle classes. Whilet in the il a tenth part of the sum for the prevention of crime institution' many of them go out to work daily, as that it gives for its punishment, half the prisons in shore blacks and knife-cleaners, in some cases as England would in a few years be vacant, and the errand-boys, returning to sleep at the Home; in ceremony of presenting the judges with white gloves which case the money earned goes towards their would be a very common occurrence at our assizes. • rowery i inne "
CALM sweet morn! Myriads of rosy buds Eyes, just emerging from the winter's gloom, | Flush in thy dawning loveliness to-day ;
The summer's golden glory could not bear; Among the lingering shades of wintry grey,
So tender, changeful lights He doth prepare, • They lend a crimson colour to the woods.
Pale primrose buds before the roses bloom. . Thy light is to my heart so full of rest;
He mingles cloud with sunshine, while with shower Thy breeze wafts balmy freshness to my brow; Of drops, still icy, are the violets wet, 1 Healing and peace thou briogest, where but now Lest, in our smiling quiet, we forget : Were ice-bound fields, and sky with storms oppress'd. The One we clung to in the tempest's hour., Thy silent teaching is of Love to-day: . ' Fresh comfort of the Spring-time, how it steals! Thus would our Father weary ones restore.
Daily our frozen hearts their fetters break. His were the storms, but they have all pass'd o'er, Sweet be each blossom's perfume for His sake, His the sweet sunshine on our onward way.
Whose own pure Light this rising life reveals.
With gentleness He would refresh the land,
Then may this life obey the Life Divine, 1 By íolded leaves and opening buds would speak; May every fruitful bough find freer scope,
That none, by doubts distress'd, should vainly seek' From every leafless twig spring buds of hope, For gracious tokens of a helping hand. 1 . In every passing cloud Faith's rainbow shive.
bandar tot 18- primo intentang porno Floris on 11*** ani ! !! -.-!! OF CHEERTULNESS piiriit
, T est niet opt,
. The only crown that Christ ever wore on earth of affecting a rigorous and austere life, He was was a crowd of thorns; and in ancient prophecy found at the tables of all sorts of men, so that his He was spoken of as “a man of sorrows and enemies called Him a glutton and a wine-bibber; and acquainted with grief ; " as if, in this world of instead of discouraging the harmless festivities of pain, and disease, and disappointment, and death, life, He turned water into wine, that the rejoieings none would ever know, before He came, the real at the marriage of his friend might not be abruptly heart of suffering or the last depths of woe. When closed. He was here, the sick and the wretched gathered. The ideal saint is not to be found in the New about Him; and ever since He left the world, his Testament;-I mean the saint with the pale counname has been on the lips of men far oftener in tenance, the wasted form, the hands clasped in their trouble than in their joy. And as it is the continual prayer, the lips closed in continual silence, sorrowful especially that come to Christ, sorrow is the rough garment, the austerities, the self-inflicted also a universal elenient of the Christian's life, — chastisements, which are necessary to the popular sorrow for the sufferings of Christ, sorrow for our conception of the character. Peter was not a man own sins which made those sufferings necessary, of that kind, nor Paul, nor John. It is said that sorrow for the sius of other men whose hearts the James the Just lived a severe life, and that he love of Christ has not yet touched to penitence or knelt so constantly, that his knees were like the inspired with a passion for holiness. The Christian knees of a camel'; it may have been go, but tradi: faith bas revealed unexpected depths of pathos in tion on such points is not very trustworthy; and, the human soul; and in Christian literature there anyhow, no prophecy or epistle in the Old Testa is so much of sadness, and Christian art, as it has ment or the New, exhibits such a representation of been recently said, has so “deep a moaning in it," the ideal Christian life for us to honour aud imitate. that in the judgment of Augustus Schlegel, while The writer to whom I referred just now, as adthe poetry of the ancients is the poetry of enjoy miring holy melancholy," appeals to John the ment, that of the moderns is the expression of Baptist as an example of severë saintly virtues unsatistied desire. Christianity has been called the but it is enongh to say that our Lord himself not religion of sorrow.'
only spoke emphatically of the very great contrast But surely too much has been made of the more between his own manner of life and John's, but pathetic elements of the Christian faith and life. | said, "the least in the kingdom of heaven is Iostead of defining the religion of Christ as the greater than hé." religion of sorrow, I should prefer defining it as the I have known some eminent saints-people that religion of consolation. ill. Eh
' " | loved ca.
loved God with a great love, trusted Him with a It is quite true that Christendom bas encouraged perfect faith, kept his commandments, and lived what a Catholic writer calls “ a holy melancholy” and moved and had their being in the light of the For myself, I find nothing holy in it, and the means Divine presence ---but they have not been åt all of which bave encouraged it appear to me flagrabtly the sort that artists delight to paint and poets to unchristian. What right have wė, for instance, to celebrate. They were not melancholy, ghastly, make a crucifix the centre of Christian worship? sorrow-stricken persons at all. They were brave Could the angels of the sepulchre revisit the world and hopeful; they enjoyed heartily the pleasant again, and appear in their own shiniug forins in the things of life, and made light of its sorrows. Some cathedrals and churches of continental' Europe, of them had humour and wit, an eye that twinkled they would point with gestures of amazement and merrily, and a laugh that rang like a peal of bells. sorrow at the images of Christ's last agony,' around In health and strength, they were the kind of which the millions of the Catholic Church con people that take sun-light with them wherever tinually gather; they would repeat the words they go ; and in sickuess they preserved an in which they uttered eighteen centuries ago to the domitable cheerfulness. I do not say that all very sorrowing women who had come in the early morni- good people are always bappy, but my impression ing to render to the dead body of Christ the last is, that the very best people I have ever kuown, offices of despairing love. They would exclaim the people who bave had least sin and selfishness again, " He is not here”-not in the sepulchre in them, and most of the Spirit of God, instead of not on the cross —“He is risen." If the death of being characterised by a "holy melancholy " had Christ, while still holding the supreme place in the "a merry heart,” which Solomon says, “e doeth memory of the Church, no longer concealed from us good like a medicine,vsi !!! Nimi his present power and glory, much of the “holy The melancholy, wasted, saint' is not the truie melancholy” which has been mistaken for devout- Protestant ideal of saintliness: Luther himself ness, would disappear.
would never have done his gigantic work, as a There is a tradition that our Lord, though He great popular reformer, but for his physical robust. often wept, never smiled.' I should like to know ness; and his 'habits were as far as possible from on what that tradition rests. I know that instead / asceticism. The Puritans were, no doubt, inclined