policy-holders at yearly premiums; the difference by outsiders' custom, but that throngh the extenbeing that the premium here is fixed, and the sion thereby given to the bnsiness, the members object of insurance not a sum of money, but the themselves would be able to obtain more advangood quality and low price of articles of consump tageous terms for their supplies. The most rudi. tion. Starting, moreover, with the established mentary feature (I am afraid I'must call it so) credit of his position, the middle-class consumer about the scheme of either body is, however, the is enabled at once, by co-operation, to obtain apparent inability of the framers to grasp the value benefits in' the way of reduced price, which the of the principle of dividing profits upou consump. working man only realises by the slow accumula tion, as a means at once of securing custom and tion of capital, and then never (I believe) indivi. guaranteeing fair dealing and the good quality of dually ; whilst the extension of the operations of articles. In the "Civil Service Supply Associaone or other of the societies to life assurance, pro tion," where no interest on capital whatever is fessional advice, &c., exhibits new applications (at given, and the one-pound member obtains only a least in connection with a mere consumers' society) personal exemption from the yearly half-crown, of the co-operative principle." On the other hand, every contribution beyond the first pound must be an I cannot help thinking that these societies, as com- / act of pure benevolence. A kindred feeling, po doubt, pared with the true co-operative store, are in many in the “ Civil Service Co-operative Society," limits respects' a step backwards, not a progress. The to 51. per cent. the dividend on capital. But I fear form adopted that of them is company limited by it will be found, in both cases, that benevolence shares”-altogether deprives them of the expan- will not always suffice, nor can it be always comsiveness which is characteristic of those formed manded, to carry on the drudgery of a grocer's shop. under the Industrial and Provident Societies Act. On all these four points,--the form of a company Their half-a-crown or five shilling ticket-holders with a fixed capital, rather than of a society of an can never take the lively interest in the welfare of indefinite number of members ;-the sale of articles the body they deal with which is taken by the mem under market price ;-the exclusion of the public ;bers.' of a co-operative store. They are a mere the division of protits, if any such takes place, upon plebs-a body of consumers, privileged, indeed, by share-capital, --the middle class seem to me simply their position, but outside of all power and respon- throwing away the lessons of the's sibility. Again, the system of selling under mar- experience. Nor can I belp adding, that one feaket-price, it should be observed, is precisely that ture of the middle-class scheme, the obtaining which was adopted in the infancy of co-operative discounts from tradesmen, for individual customers, consumption, and abandoned, I believe, universally, is likely in many cases to prove illusory. William by working men, as having been found ill-adapted Still, one and all of the undertakings I have to meet the fluctuations and risks of trade, and mentioned afford hopes of a better + time coming," mischievous in its immediate operation. The more in which social arrangements will be made to conor less complete exclusion of the public from the form more nearly to a truly Christian pattern. For benefits of the scheme is another feature once com- every time that two men are brought to agree in mon among co-operative stores, but which expe- any honest purpose, who were at strife before, rience has taught the working men, I believe, nni- every time that a single temptation to dishonesty versally, to discard. It is probably considered in the intercourse between man and man is removed beneath the dignity of her Majesty's civil servants sonte approach; however slight and humble, is to sell groceries' to the first comer ; but if they did made to that kingdom of God which is uot indeed so, they would find not only that a large portion of "meat and drink," but "righteousness, and peace, the expenses, if not the whole, would be defrayed and joy in the Holy Ghost.","1177!'; I wild ini ! ! !",'trari ca s ryb prati l i se pro mniwid. M. LUDLOW.

L' 111 18. leta * nett hos' it, it weinig ' 1103 bobcat 116 si Dil y';.

tu , MAKING POETRY Pille "sis ,

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Think youdarling, bought is needed

But the paper and tbe ink, is!
And a peu to trace so lightly,
While the eye is beaming brightly, ..

All the pretty things we think?

! ! There must be the tightest tension". " !! ! Ere the tone be full and true;

Shallow lakelets of emotion

Are not like the spirit-ocean,
!!!let, t . Which reflects the purest blue..

There's a secret, can you trust me ? ?.. i to Every lesson you shall utter, ;?!!!!!!

Do not ask me what it is ! leringen og det lopori ? If the charre indeed be yours til?
Perhaps some day you too will know it, il s'!!! First is gained by 'earnest learning, " "
If you live to be a poet, vint ,*, L i vsbor Carved in letters deep and burning': ""*
, All its agony and bliss. if it will pago in On a heart that long endures.!.!.!

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son Day by day that wondrons tablets Properto sem se Lightly thought and lightly made ;... Bring Your life-poem shall receive, livrugth to'sa Not a fair and scentless flower, coptogen, gib ju epil By the hand of Joy or Sorrow;'" *; + 1s

Gaily cultured for an hour, si tratt i But the pen can never borrow"! torm! . Then as gaily left to fade, poft i t i Half the records that they leave in hladi, .....++ vitit 1 ,1 tissi "

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In a pleasant true accord; alteri. LasterOf a life-line here and there is perfps 11 Not the music of the metre, verot. .

loor, Only just a spray-wreath, springing instelin

62.50 Not the happy faucies, sweeter

From the hidden depths, and flingug-. Than'a flower-bell, honey-storel. ritartir, Broken rainbows on the air. pili #fili

ased this piriteline 'Tis the essence of existence," *..

* Still, if you but copy truly, re s ult Rarely rising to the light;! ;* ***** ht?! it forpaungvine.

! "Twill be poetry indeed, so if In And the songs that echo longost,..

Echoing many a heart's vibration, a nd Deepest, fullest, truest, strongest,

Rather love than admiration, t rait pas With your life-blood you will write.

Earning as your priceless meed.
T: With your life-blood. None hill know it,"'! . Will you seek it?" Will you brave it?"
You will never tell them how;

W** Tis a strange and solemn thing:
Smile!, and they will never guess it,"

11-'Learning long, before your teaching,
Langh! and you will not confess it

confess it. Illi 334. Listening long, before your preaching,

!!! i By your paler cheek and brow..."," fm18 Suffering before you sing...


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p rins une forfitt 1 'thy li lisi I COULD have wished, had the facts and the truth perhaps, with no unreasonable impatience,'' when permitted, to have adopted a title to this com- did all this happen, and where? Strange to say, mmunication somewhat less sensational than the one I cannot tell you when this outburst in reality which has just struck the eye, and no doubt has obourred; the fiery message from the stars does not arrested the attention of the reader. Men and reach our earth in the brief flash of a moment, like women during the last ten months have gone on the electric thrill from Europe to Newfoundland; tetty much in the old quiet way of their daily and the phenomenon of wbich I shall attempt to roatine, little aware, that all along, to the in- speak, though first observed on the 12th of last structed philosophic eye, there has been visible one May, may have happened even centuries ago, and vi the most strange and unexpected phenomena that cannot have happened within the last three years. science has yet disclosed to the human mind. A But of this I shall speak again.' Nor is the reply to star, or rather the atmosphere of a' star, has been the question, where was this strange event, more observed on fires Happily for the general com satisfactory to the general reader; for the seat of this posure of mankind, the star in question is one mighty out-burst is now so pale, that an instrument which we impertinent mortals are wont to call a which, in the hands of the great Tuscan philosopher, small one, and certainly it is a very distant one; was powerful enough to disclose the satellites of had it been otherwise, had the catastropbe oceurred Jupiter, and revealed to him the ancient secret of to Jupiter, for instance, or to the Dog Star, or even systems of revolving worlds, would be insufficient among the Pleiades, it might have been difficult for to make this star even visible. Nevertheless, the the majority of men to quiet their expectations, or to evidences of a vast conflagration in this, to us, uogtrol their fears,

in Mails, H ., faint spangle of a distant sun, are so various and so But the reader will be disposed to ask, and, strong, that but little doubt of its actual occurrence is left in the minds of men, who are gifted with a leisurely, and with almost provoking tranquillity, power to interpret those letters of light which are they at length open the shutter of their Observatory, written by no human hand on the vault of heaven. and without further trouble or alteration, there is

I shall now proceed with the description of the the star or the planet in the very centre of the field phenomenon itself, first, as it appeared to the naked of the telescope! I

mi ? eye; next, as it appeared in an ordinary telescope; ! No doubt this is extremely convenient and very and, lastly, I shall explain what inferences are to scientific; it is also one, among many other, notable be drawn from observations made with some curious instances of human knowledge and ingenuity; but appliances of modern research.

at the same time it has become somewhat fatal to On the 12th of last May, near to midnight, at that sort of desirable knowledge of the configura Tuam, in Ireland, Mr. Birmingham, a gentleman tiods of the celestial lights, which Chaldean shepwell versed in the configurations of the starry herds of old possessed, who watched in their fields beavens, observed a new bright star in the small by night. Men such as these have laboured effect. constellation Corona Borealis. To the initiated eye ively in their day, and we have entered into their the boundaries and elements of this constellation labours, reaping the harvest of their peculiar toil. are among the best defined fieldmarks in the sky. | About midnight then of the 12th of May, Mr. If, however, the reader is as yet uninitiated in this Birmingham observed the apparition of a new star pleasant lore, let him follow the stars on the back of the second magnitude: less than three hours bé. and through the tail of the Great Bear, and his eye fore this, Dr. Schmidt, the able and zealous observer can hardly fail to rest upon a little diadem of six at Athens, was watching this same Constellation, golden lights, which, without any great stretch of and he confidently asserts that no strange star even imagination, he may conjure into a representation of the fourth magnitude could possibly have escaped of a semi-coronet of gems. If his eye be acute his notice. : Consequently we have here unquestionenough, he may find attached to it another some able evidence of the sudden rise of a star from below what similar circlet of much smaller stars. If he the fourth up to the second magnitude. It may look again, and is able to recognise even Arcturus here be well to explain that the rise of what is and Vega (a Lyræ), two of the brightest stars in technically called one magnitude of a star, implies the heavens, he will find this constellation, Corona an increase in the intensity of its brightness of Borealis, situated in a line between the two, but about two and a half times; consequently, in the much nearer to the former.

short space of less than three hours, this newly Well, in addition to the six familiar stars, which, discovered sun must have increased in the intensity as I have said, form the conspicuous semi-chaplet in of its light at least sixfold.. ,?. Prid'-. iT question, Mr. Birmingham, to his intense surprise, Now consider what this state of things implies. observed a seventh, close to that one in the con- Conceive for a moment what would be the case with stellation which is the last of the six, reckoned in ourselves if on some given day, between the hours of the order of the apparent motion of the heavens eleven and two, our sun were suddenly to blaze from east to west. There could be no mistake in forth with six times its ordinary splendour, and with the position of the star, and a gentleman whose some corresponding increase in its heat. Sarely knowledge was sufficient to enable him to notice there would be a pause in the-bolting of armour this new apparition, could not have mistaken its plate and in the casting of conical shot; the whirl relative magnitude or brightness, seeing that so of the cotton-mill, and the clang of the hammer inany stars of comparison were close in view..., The would be hushed; the mart would be deserted, and strange new star was, beyond a doubt, nearly, if trafficking in shares would come to an end. Surely not quite, of the second magnitude. Mr. Birming great would be the searchings of spirit, and the ham (all honour to him) thus became the discoverer thoughts of many hearts would be revealed. Yet of a new sun-& new centre, that is, of light and something of this sort must have occurred in the force.

systems which revolved or still revolve round this In process of time, news came from the other side distant sun. Meanwhile iwe mortals' worked and of the Atlantic, that the same celestial outburst had slept. Blissful is that ignorance which, in the midet been seen in America on the 14th of May. No of what would be terrible if known, enables acconntother observer in Europe appears to have seen it at able beings in quietness and peace to discharge their il 80 early a date. It may appear a strange circum. | proper and allotted tasks. +11 hobiti stance that so conspicuous a star should have | But to proceed : on the 15th of May, the new escaped the notice of the mapy zealous astronomers star was observed by Mr. Baxendell of Manchester, who now abound in our land. The fact is, in these and on the following day, in consequence of intellidays of wonderful mechanical appliance, men shut gence from Tuam, it was examined by Professor W. themselves up in their comfortable and well-equipped A. Miller and Mr. Huggins at the Observatory of Observatories, they take down their star-catalogues, the latter gentleman, on Tulse Hill, near London they look at their clocks, they set their circles and It was now in the hands of persons who in their their instruments, they throw into gear the delicate respective specialities are among the most compemechanismwhich drives their telescopes, compelling tent observers in the kingdom. Mr. Baxendell, by them to move precisely as the heavens move, and his great experience and natural gifts, was knowo

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