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thing or any person but that which is decent and in some degree a figure :but we have the warrant honourable and of good report. And he is in patient of Scripture for this threofold use of it, and it has a 1 also of its moro direct rules. What is the use, he asks, meaning, and it has a reality, and it has a power in it, ' of this punctuality of hours, this enforcement of par- in overy one, and in all of these applications. When ticular times for meals and prayers, for resting and ye pray, say, Qur Father"s without stopping to ask rising; this displeasure at an occasional lateness; this whether yon, personally and individually, have en rigid compulsion of my presence within doors before tirely lived and felt and acted towards Him as a son. a certain striking of the clock at evening? Am I not No man by well-doing can earn for himself a father: old enough-and the question is asked early—to have nor can any man, by any undutifulness, quite cense a little control over my own going and coming, over to be a son. Even the prodigal, oven in i the far my presence here or there, over my companionships country, could say still, I will arise and go to my and choice of friends ? Another, whom I know, is father.” . Undutiful, disobedient, exile, outcast, he not thus watched and guarded: why should I par- was a son still. 7.--!!In acero ito.) cameras in ' ticularly be thus under suspicion and inspection? So thon I say, concerning cach one of us, that there Surely it is time that I should be more trusted : nay, is a true claim and a renl relation of sonship involved for such is the addition sometimes made to the argu- | in these three things.combined-creation, redemption, ment of the self-deceiver--it would be better even for baptism., We are all God's children, we have all a the development of my character that I should be place in God's homo, que tiene ! T oppe more let alone.
it. What is the Home? We might all the earth | And so it comes to pass, year after year, in the home of God: so minute is His Providence avor it, million homes of England, that the story of the so wonderful its marks of His presence, so near to sacred Parable is again and again acted: the son says every one of us the very Person of Him in whom we to his father, in thought if not in words, Give me my all live and move and have our being. We might call portion and let me begone! the days of childhood are each family at home of God: 80 marvellous, so lifepast; the time of self-reliance, the time of self-responsi- like is the representation and reproduction, in eachy bility, the time of liberty and independence, is come! of some features of the Divine likeness***s0 instruc0, we often hear it-and always, whether it be said tive the working, in these poor, faint, feoble imitain words, or only shown in the manner, in the look, in tions, of His oversight, His governance, His love. the tell-tale countenance, whenever we perceive it, we But far more correctly, do we designate the Church tremble ! Mit to A
as God's Home and Household using the very lanIt is the fashion of the times to indulge this spirit, guage of Scripture, and speaking now of a presence From an early age, in many towns, the son only not natural, but spiritual; pot of mere superinten lodges with his parents; pays his rent, pays for his dence and governance, but of influence and inhabitaboard, like any stranger; and if a word of re tion---of in working, both to will and to do- of inproof or remonstrance is uttered, will even change his dwelling, both to cheer and to quicken, both to lodging and beyone! The son frets against the re- | sanctify, and to enable, and to transformit '1Whoso straints of his home, and if these restraints be reduced house," Scripture says, “are we.", "I will dwell to a mere shadow, he will rebel against them and he in them, and walk in them. role. I will be a father will resent them still.“
unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, But was it then for the sake of a discourse on saith the Lord Alinighty' Teofitiurifiwest family life_its blessings, its trials, and its sorrows- Thus, then, we have the son, and we have the that we chose the subject now before us? These home. We have the House of God, which is the things are an allegory. What we see in human Church of the living God- society, not nominal but homes is a type of what God sees in the great human real-- vast body of living people, receiving the home every day. And thus we find ourselves in the Bible as their book of truth, acknowledging Christ as very hcart of a deeply spiritual' subject, through their only Saviour and only Lord, signed and sealed which may God guide us to some serious reflections, as His in holy baptism, assembling themselves to and to an earnest amendment of life.
J.gether to worship on the strength of His work and The Son spoken of is, like Adam, a son of God. promise, and celebrating from time to time, in the
I know that there are persons who would deny this. I congregation, that second special urdinanee of Hig The creation claim of sonship, they say, is lost and institution, which is the sacrament of the Life, as the gone: it is only by individual conversion that any one other was the sacrament of the Regeneration. These now can be a son of God. I do not quite think so. I are the sons, and this is the home, spoken of in font think that in a true sense every created being, who has subject. And we are all of us not by professioni reason, and who has a soul, is a son of God. I think only, but by right and titlo---inside that home, chilthat in a yet higher sense every redeemed person- | dren of that family. God has made us 80, by promiso and is not redemption co-extensive with mankind ?-isand providence, by word and ordinarice, by the 11 a son of God. And I think that, in a sense closer and of His Gospel, and by the sacrament of His conséért more personal still, every one who is made a member tion. I beseech you pot to deal with Him so unof the Christian Church by baptism, is a son and child thankfully as to doubt this. ' Do not choose the outce ! of God. “We are compelled by the Christian verity" darkness: do not deny, or gainsay, that Divine relati so to speak. Sonship in this application is, of course, tionship which, without merit or quest of yours, God
hinsalf has bestowed apon' you: do not say, God is Again, our Lord Jesus Christ has distinctly warned not-my Father, because I do not feel towards Him | us of the need of abstinence, on the part of God's as a son should : God has not brought me into His | children, from all those fleshly and sinful lusts which home, because I find myselé fretting against its rules 1 (He says) 'war against the soul. This is one of the and against its restrictions. This is not humility ; rules, one of the restraints, of the Home. Yet who this is rather the mask of pride, and the expression of is there who submits himself readily, thoroughly, and a churbish; unfilial independence. Din Dinda: of a glad will, to this severe self-disciplina ? How
The work of humility is not this. Humility is not many are they who say in their hearts, “ Why this shown in saying, God has not done for me this or extreme strictness ? why may not I, like other this; God has not taken me for His son, nor set upon men, just taste at least, just enjoy for a season, the me the seab of the inheritance and the adoption. | pleasures of sin ? why strain to this uttermost limit. Ratber is humility seen in this other and most oppo- the conditions of Christianity and the Gospel ?. AI site confession-God has done all this for me, and I short time shall suffice mo-but for a short time, or, waald noti! God took me for His own child' by if not in act, yet in thought, let me know.what it is i adoption and I fretted against Him and would none | to be my own master, to be trusted, to be free!". of Him.. Yes, there is room enough for humility | Yes, it is the old story: the tempter comes to us
there, and this is a wholesome and genuine humility, still, as he came in Eden, with the insidious sugges-... l'as the other is morbid, and spurious, and antrue.'!"), fition, "Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every h
The home of God, then, in the third place, has its tree of the garden?” Is it so that the Creator, that restraints. Every one who would dwell within God's the Redeemer, has hemmed you in with these restrici family is bound to keep its rules. Like other homes, tions of speech and action, when he knows all the
it has its hours of refreshment and worship, its con- / while that, if you were but free from these fetters, ditions of conduct and companionship, its regulations you might be as gods, knowing good and evil? Ah! of speech and work, its requirements of duty, and its ( if He wished your happiness - if He desired, the punishments of transgression. . And all those things, development of your whole being in the limitless though good in themselves, are of the nature of checks 1 regions of power and gladness, He would have left no and thwartings to the fallen Adam...
Jonc trec'under the ban of this arbitrary prohibitionTaké an example or two.'
to A He would have allowed you, He would have bidden | The life of the soul depends upon communion with you to eat, without stint or precaution, of the tree of u Godu : The Gospel invitos us to the free and loving knowledge and of the tree of life! .. exercise of this communion. The ordinance of prayer, Tho son listens, 0 how readily and frets thencein private and in the congregation the ordinance of forth against the restraints of his home. derant study of God's word--the ordinance of self- One other reflection springs out of the former. examination and meditation in holy things the ordi- A watchful home is obliged to use some caution as renee of humble and regular participation in the to the admission of books. It is one part of the duty 88rrament of the Lord's Supper all these are delights not always attended to--of a Christian parent, to and privileges to the established Christian ; but they watch over the literature which is in large part to are commands and duties to rules of the Divinc form the principles, as well as to gratify the taste, of housetaold, restraints upon that unbounded exercise of the young. There lies a serious responsibility upon: the freewill which cannot be trusted to know its own the heads of each 'family, to maintain a sufficient god, or to seek its own good, without direction and familiarity with the current writings of the day, to without compulsion from the Head and Lord' of the be able to say with decision and with intelligence, Church. All these things begin as duties for most This book shall not enter my doors, and this other men by degrees they become habits, and then by shall be welcome. In general, there is both an ignodegrees thoy become pleasures. 1. But for most men rant exclusion, and then, on the other side, as its they begin by being acts of obedience, rendered in natural accompaniment, a no less ignorant admisneliance upon promise and in gratitude for redemption. sion.' 'It must be so. All parents are not readers : Nov who is there who has not fretted sometimes and all readers are not judges.
. against these rules of the Home? Where is the young | But the experience itself illustrates one of the roman who has not often departed departed somo- straints of the Divine Home. The narrative of man's times for long seasons from the nile of prayer? life in Paradise secms to indicate to us a restriction Where is he who has inot said in his heart, This even then upon his knowledge. The ono trce from necessity of devotion is irksome let it alone?' Sons which he was debarred was the tree of knowledge of
of the house---if indeed redemption and baptism mako good and evil. Of that tree man has caten--and by itus soare absent for years and months from the meals, reason of it sin entered into the world, and death by
from the refreshments of the family: tho Lord's Table sin. But yet, though it be too late to keep from any is almost empty of its guests, and the daily prayers man the general knowledge of evil, it is not too late of the Home are deserted utterly by the children.' ito limit ånd fence for each man the familiarity with
It needs a second adoption--it noeds a conversion, what Holy Scripture calls “the depths of Satan.”: most often, even for those who never were aliens-to | Such knowledge is not necessary for us--conscience recall the unruly, the disobedient soni, from a wan will warn us, without minute foresight, when danger, dering which has beon all inside the Home. thote qui is threatening the knowledge of the mystery of evil
is not needful, and it is in itself debasing and defiling. the mark of my being in God's Home I have to do Let the son of God's House keep not only the con- this, I have to hear this, against my natural wish, science, but (so far as it may be) the understanding just because I have the joy and the glory of being pure. If fallen nature frets under the restraint, let one of Christ's redeemed, one of God's sons: this the ambition of grace answer it. If I through mercy little struggle, this severe conflict, is a sign that I am am to be (as God promises) a partaker of the Divine on the way to glory. I will not fret against the re- ! nature, I must flee away, in its every form, from the straints of my home, but rather bless God for everycorruption that is in the world through lust!
thing which He makes a sign and proof of my sonIt is of the first risings of discontent within against ship; praying Him not to suffer me to depart from the restraints of God's IIome that we speak now. His house, but to dwell there all my brief lifetime,
We are not to tell now of the flight nor of the setting forth His praise, and receiving more and more "exile. We are only to seek to awaken, through grace, upon my soul the likeness and the impress of His
the wholesome dread of murmuring, even in thought, glory! “One thing have I desired of the Lord against the safeguards with which God has surrounded that will I seek after: that I may dwell in the house us. Let us say to ourselves, when prayer is irksome of the Lord all the days of my life, to behold the to us, whon the Biblo rofuses to open-when some beauty of the Lord, and to enquire in His temple." sinful thought seems pleasant, when the companion. So, “ when my father and my mother forsake me, the ship of an un principled friend looks at once joyous Lord will take me up."' So, “ when the earthly house and harmless--when some difficult duty has to be of this tabernacle is dissolved," I shall have a builddone, or some strong inclination to be striven with ing of God-an house not made with hands, eternal unto the death-let us say to ourselves then, This is in the heavens." Trivirisi
. i í Sant C. J. NAUGIAN. 3
MY SLAVE LIFE. Ila sio sono
BY THE REV, SELLA MARTIN..., in wenii si There are few slave mothers who know cnough clsewhere while the girl was a minor, Mrs. Henderson, about dates, or remember the sufficiently, to put by mcthods known only to the system of slavery, any of their children in possession of the knowledge of encouraged, and finally secured, a relationship bethe day, the month, or even the year of their birth. tween Mr. Martin and my mother, of which my sister My mother was an exception to this, however, owing Caroline and myself were the fruits...?.. to the fact that a famous negru insurrectionist was | My mother's name was Winnifred. She was that hanged on the day of my birth, the 17th of Septem- ! is called, in the technical language of slave-dealing, ber, 1832. The occurrence not only fixed the date in a "griff" -- that is, three quarters negro and one
my mother's memory, but from her frequent mention quarter white. She had a separate establishment set i of it, I think I can trace the purpose gradually up for her on the estate ; that is, she had a cabin all
formed, never to submit to a flogging; and the inten- to herself, which is very rare, except in such cass. tion, early cherished, of escaping from slavery. Her duties about the house were merely nominal, and Then, too, I must have had a superstitious glimpse of her fare was from the table of her mistress. *** " the doctrine of old Pythagoras, who held that when any! This state of things continued till I was gis, one died some one that moment was born, in whom and my sister ten years of age. By this time the the spirit of the departed found a new abode. So I lady who was betrothed to my father had reached : always felt myself to be in a better condition than it marriageable age, but as he showed no disposition was said President James Buchanan was in ; for one to marry her, Mrs. Henderson began to realise of his reviewers, in speaking of this doctrine and that the relation of my father and mother, like a Buchanan's meanness, averred that when Buchanan wicked expedients, was likely to produce what she was born nobody died. I had carly dreams about had adopted it to prevent-viz., a separation be taking up this negro's work where he had left off, tween her nephew and the young heiress. But the and of becoming an emancipator myself; but Chris- unscrupulousness which first suggested the idea tian light and better sentiments prevailed, and now I of accomplishing her end in this way soon came to am realising my desire in a better and holier way. her rescue, and she determined to separate those Liko too many slave girls, my mother had been whom she herself had united. made a victim of the selfish designs of her mis- Accordingly, Mr. Martin, who had no property of tress in securing an eligible match in marriage bis own, and whose only business was to attend to for the heir of her property. Mr. Martin, her his aunt's property, was sent to Virginia ostensibly brother's only child, and her only heir, was des-on matters relating to the estate. The second might tined by the old folks in both families to marry a after his departure my mother was awakenei from her young lady of wealth and position, who was some bed lry a negro trader whom she knew, and tok by him cight years his junior; and that this purpose might that he had bought her and her children, and that she not be thwarted by her nephew forming attachments inust dress and go with hiin to the prison where he kept his slaves. My mother was at first disposed to us in THE COFFLE SONG. ith) ir treat this information as some ill-timed piece of plea
Oh! fare ve well, my bonný love, 14.!! Villa santry; and it was not till the negro trader, who
I'm gwine away to leave you, I pri ishole . knew well how my mother had been enticed into her
A long farewell for ever, love, relation with my father, and who with a feeling to
Don't let our parting, grieve you. which, as a general rule, his class are strangers, de
(Chorus)" Oh! fare yé well, iny bonny, &c. nounced Mrs. Henderson's conduct, and spoke of the The way is long before me, love, i crushing blow it would be to my father, that my
And all my love's behind me;
You'll seek me down by the old gum-tree, mother was made to realise fully the misery of her
But none of you will find me. condition.
e not to After the most earnest entreaties with the negro
T'll think of you in the cotton fields ;
I'll pray for you when resting; trader she was permittted to go to the great house, I'll look for you in every gang, that she might learn from her mistress the reason of Like the bird that's lost her nesting, these unlooked for and undeserved proceedings; but
I'll send you my love by the whoop-o'-will; her mistress refused to see her or to speak to her, The dove shall bring my sorrow; and sent for the negro trader to come and drag her . I leave you a drop of my heart's own blood,,, from the house. in
For I won't be back to-morrow, While conveying us to the “pen," or traders'
And when we're mouldering in the clay, prison, the trader did all in his power to soothe the All those will weep who love us; irritated and wounded spirit of my mother. He tried But it won't be long till my Jesus come, to console her by mention of the fact that her children
He sees and reigns above us. were spared to her, and with the promise of tender I will not take up the time of the reader by relating treatment, with the pledge that he would try to get what my mother has told me of this journey of seven her a kind master, and that he would sell her and weeks from her native home to the State of Georgia, her children together. My mother remembered and made during the coldest weather. Let it suffice to spoke of this kindness, from such an unexpected state that we reached Columbus, Georgia, in safety, quarter, till the day of her death..
| and having received all the kind treatment which The next morning but one we started with this the negró trader promised. But here my mother negro trader upon that dreaded and despairing jour. found a new form of trial and constant cause for ney to the cotton fields of Georgia. Mother has often disgust. While travelling, the camping time being told me of the heart-breaking scene. A long row of short, and there being different tents for the slaves mea chained two-and-two together, called the "cofiflc," to sleep in, she saw very little of slave life among and numbering about thirty persons, was the first to traders. Her own immediate circle was small, and, i march forth from the “pen;" then came the quiet for slaves, select; but when she had spent a short slaves--that is, those who wero tame in spirit and time in the city “pen," in Columbus, she was degraded; then came the unmarried women, or those sickened to the heart by the systematic falsehoods without children; after these came the children who which the trader made the slaves tell to those who Tete able to walk; and following them came mothers came to purchase them; by the vice which was in
with their infants and young children in their arms, separable from crowding men and women together, 1. This “ gang” of slaves was arranged in travelling and by the terrible cruelty which the trader practised
order, all being on foot except the children that were upon those who would not give up their virtue and too young to walk and too old to be carried in arms. their honour at his bidding. The trader, however, Those latter were put into a waggon. But mothers kept his word to my mother, and not only succeeded with infants had to carry them in their arms; and in getting us a kind master, but one who bought the their blood often stained the whip when, from ex. three of us---my mother, my sister, and myself. haustion, they lagged behind. When the order was A Dr. C. bought us, and for three years we were given to march, it was always on such accasions accom- as happy as it falls to the lot of slaves to be. But tho panied by the command, which the slaves were made spirit of gambling which slavery engenders, soon to understand before they left tha “pen,” to “strike blasted our home, and scattered us to different parts up lively," which means that they must begin a of the country. song
I remember the morning-the dreadful morningOh! what heartbreaks there are in thcsc rude and when I was made to realise for the first time that I simple songs! The purpose of the trader in having was a slave. Stephen, the son of my master, and them sung is to prevent among the crowd of negroes whose attendant I was, came in with me from play, whousually gather on such occasions, any expression of when his mother, with bloodshot eyes and in a tremBOITOW for those who are being torn away from them; bling manner, caught him up and looked into his large but the negroes, who have yery little hope of ever blue eyes for a while in silence; and then, putting him
being those again who are dearer to them than life, | down, she stroked his head and said :-"Oh, my and who are weeping and wailing over the separation, God, what will become of us here in this slaveryciten turn the song thus demanded of them into a cursed land? Can the law take you from me, my Farewell dirge. The following song may be taken as darling ?” Then she added passionately—“No, no, a specimen ;
they dare not take you!"
1,"What is the matter" we both nsked. pipilipo She threw herself between the man and the gate and
Oh,?! she replied, " the law has robbed my house- it took all Dr. O's strength to pall her away. ? hold, and left me miserable!” to form 241:
In a little while I found myself on the way up Of course we knew nothing about the law, except town, and as I had learned that I was not going out that he might be some great overgrown man who had of the city, and hoped that I might be going to my robbod, us, we knew not of what; and, to tell truth, mother tand my sister, I tried to cheer upa inn í I don't think Mrs. C. knew much more about it In about twenty minutes we stopped before ashar, than we did. She was a pure-minded and simple and I was ordered to go up stairs, which I did. There hearted lady, who had been brought up in the North, I saw an old gentleman of a kindly and fatherly where she had lived for the first six years of her look, who welcomed no as his slave, but informed married life. She came into a slave state for the first me that he had nothing for me to do; and also that I time only about two months before her husband had become his property as security for debt, and, if bonght us, and, therefore, she had little knowledge | Dr. C. paid him, I might oventually go back to my of slavery, and still less of the feelings of slave old home. He could tell me nothing about my mother holders. sid. 1Irrittir "live it! or my sister. It was after I left him, and when I was i. Seeing her so disturbed, we both began to inquire quite alone, that I hadiny first realisation that I was a as to the cause; and at last we got the information | slave--a slave for lifo slave without a mother o's that the law had compelled Dr. C. to sell me, and friend who could help me; and as I walked upon the that on that vory morning a man was coming to tear gravel inl the backyard, every echo of my footsteps me away from my home. On hearing this I rushed seemed to say, “You are a slare-- a slave før life!! out to the kitchon to get my mother's protection, but Bitter as was my experience at this time, I have when I entered I saw a tall black woman standing at since seen abundant reason to be thankful for it. A the table where my mother usually worked. Where pleasant home and kind treatment were producing in is my mother?” I asked. “Ask your mistis," she me indolence of character and selfishness of disposireplied, drily. I rushed back into the house, and tion. But this first sharp blow made me award of found that my mistress knew no more than I did the intoxication of case' and selfishness in which 1 She went with me back into the kitchen, and upon had been living, and awakened me into sobirness of making inquiry of this woman, who it seems had thought and purpose. it ? Em, ma. come the night previously as assistant to my mother, It is true I lost by the blow the ministrations iof an she ascertained that about an hour before a white affectionate mother, the freshness of whose character man, along with Dr. C., had come in at the back gate still dwells with me as a living présence, and an and called my mother down to the stable, and there affectionate sister, whose likenoss to my mother fur• 1 handcuffed her, and with threats as to what they nishes me with the only picture I have of her. But would do with her if she cried out, they had carried this loss was partially compensated, if it was rot'. her off in a waggon. "As we came out to go into the ontirely overruled, in the production of sympathy house, Dr. C. came in at the front gate, accompanied for my suffering follow-bondsmen, and hatred of the by a white man, and Mrs. C., unable to restrain horself, system that oppressed us.': It may be that without rushed to him for an explanation. Don't be a fool, this experience I should never have been stimulatel Lizzie," he said;" come into the house, and this to escape from slavery, nor been pormitted to contrigentleman will tell you all about the matter." "Oh, bute, oven to the extent of my humble ability, to the then," I thought, “this man has my mother. I overthrow of that oppression in which at present 21 will speak to him." But Dr. C. drore me away, and truie men rejoice. 1963 pt : 1)chim! sent Stephen with me. Pirata"!I ii The old gentleman, who became, as it appeared, 1 - When we had been in the garden about a quarter unwillingly my master, and who, it seems, regarded of an hour we heard my sister screaming, and upon me very much as the man did the elephant which he going round to the front door we saw the man who won at the raffle, sent me to the hotel where he į came in with Dr. C. leading her away by the armi, | boarded, and ordered the steward to have me in and cuffing her to make her keep silent: 1 Looking readiness to keep the flies off him while he ate his towards the gate I saw a horse and buggy" | food. "I f tot for "," standing, and expected to see my sister put into it; -. I was accordingly furnished with a long peacockbut when she got outside the gate, another vehicle tail fan, with which, like a young Pharaoh, I was to drove up, and she got into that, then the man in the contend against an army of fios. This oceupation first vehicle got out, and coming up, asked Dr. C. if I was all the moro useless as there was a long row of was the boy. Receiving an affirmative answer, he fans attached to a cord arranged upon springs, took me by the arm, and in the other hand took a keep these pests of a Southern dining table from either littic box with my clothing in it, and started towards devouring the food or mingling in it, to the disgust of the gate. "Ti
11 . F?? !? | the eaters. But though my occupation was useless 85 1, of course, was bewildered and confounded, both regards the flics, it was useful to me. Having nothing by the suddenness and the extent of the calamities to do between meals, I was made the arrand-boy of which fell on me, and so Mrs. C. appeared to be too; the gamblers who infested Columbus, and who made but when Stephen began to cling to me, and ery'as I this hotel their head-quarters. This class of persons was being carried off, it aroused her beyond control. travelled a great deal, and from their conversation I