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LIIVIT You will therefore remain in the school-room under ceremony, as evidence of having discovered one very * my charge." it! !!"

! ! proper use of our hands. ."

A l irl! H. "At first I was disposed to think the Doctor's treat. Tho'respect and love and pride we all had for our "ment slighit and inadequate, though I certainly chafed dear master it is impossible for me to describe. My und felt annoyed at being punished in a manner so own recollections of Doctor Warr and his school childish. We might sit and read or study, or do the school now, 'alas!. thing of the past) are what we pleased, Wickham and I, but it' was at a among the most pleasurable of my life. They are all separate table from the other böysLwe could not be mixed up with remembrances tof-pleasant "waggon 'trusted near them." Bysand-by I began to find the holidays" passed ton' the sweet-scented Wiltshire punihment so mortifying and irksome, that if my downs, among the old-camps of the Danes and the

hands had been free I really felt ready to have exer-Romanis and the Roundheads, over whose tumuli the rised them on Doctor Wart even in preference pure fresh breezes seemed to me to give out more

to Wickham. But the worst was at mčal-times. oxygen and ozone than a whole sea-side at the pre1. The Doctor himself brought our dinner into the sent day: Mingled are they, too, with recollections

School-room. The food was cut up, because, he ex- of long rambles down in the many windings of Stert

pláined, since it was not safe to trust us with the use Valley, spicant with bulrushes, and of walks by the Hofbur own hands; "it would be sheer madness and Mill, and to the Iron Pear Trooj of whose hard fruit il culpable folly on his part to allow us dangesous weat no man ever ate, and to the Iron Spring and, best

pons like knives and forks. Wickham's hands being of all reminiscences, of wanderings over the long unloosed for the purpose, he was made to feed me sweeps '6f Roundway Hill, and the return home with a spodní before taking his own dinner. It was'at through the tu Go and Doi Thou Likewise Gates!

ones vexatious and ludicrous to be offered a spoonful this being the motto on the iron gates of the park, rof cold mutton and potatoes by the very boy your whose owner' drowned himself. I have tried for

mouldering passion would lead you even now to pum many years to emulate these long schoolboy walks mel. Had it not been for the comfort I derived from of pleasure, but now-a-days I generally manage to

feeling it must be at least as disagreeable to Wickham come home weary and faint, instead of tired and i literally to carry out the precept, of thite onery hungry!'!s') isof 13t bus-ti do 11 ft-id bo'rtit hanger, feed hitri," I believe even the ludicrous view Fanny Campbell and I were found out. I hardly

of the subject would have proved'insufficient to fin know how it was, or why such a fuss should have | duce me to have coals of fire”thus heaped on my been made over it after all, *1 Whether it came about

head.' But I was hungry, and I took it the "cold through George Wickham, or whether it was my mutton. At tea-time there were more coals of fire, | aunt's discovery, I never knew." Our gravé Doctor With this difference I was stoker my hands being eamă up into my bed-room one night and woke me.

anloosed this time for the purpose of feeding Wick He spoke in an unusually kind and gentle way' 1"] * ham. Supper-time passed in the same manner as “Michael Green, dress yourself and come with me. dinner." After this we were undone again, and isoen You will want the keys of your box. I know what mp-stairs to bed by the Doctor, who was wont to con- was coming. Hurrying on my clothes, 1 followed

stitute himself a kind of guardian policeman over a him as blindly as if I had been mesmerised: My teeth Il boy in trouble. In: Mini istiyoru ili j'!" were chattering and my knees knocked together as I

You may think the punishment described, a stupid walked in' very distress. When we reachód the schoolone, but when you come to reflect on the actual stu- room and came to my box, the Doctor continued. + pidness of all wrong-doing, I don't think you' will - Your aunt wishes moto téceive from von all Miss

feel disposed to eavil at the 'wisdom of punishing Campbell's letters. " I gave them out all my-store

Fults « in kind" l'especially when such punishments zall my treasures ; and never did beggar foel his Il prove as 'effectual and deterrent'as Dr. Warts. I poverty as I did, now my riches were gone." I flung

know that the very stupidness of the condition in myself down on the bmpty box-ompty now of all

which we were placed taught as in a parable the that could give me i pleasuro-Land robbed out my l lesson we had to learn, and made us both so heartily grief and my distross. st. Doctor Warr touched me it ashamed of ourselves, that before the next day was softly on the shoulder, and said in his gentlest voice, Hofer, when the Doctor inquired if we thought we • Michael, there are many who would laugh at a I had learned negatively the use your hands were not boy's grief in such a case as yours. I do not. I was

for and whether we were of opinion that they might never more deeply in love, or more truly, than when 11. be rektored to us without danger to the rest of the I was your age." 1 community or each other, we were unanimous' in the 1. He saw me to my room and as I sobbed myself I amhrmative. We were accordingly unloosed, and con- to sleep I felt that my first dream of loyo was over.

1 gratnlated by Dr. Warr on having learned something Will you laugh at me if I add that I had vowed Hof value. He then hook hands with us severally, her eternal fidelity, and sent her thirteen postage

Il and recommended our mutually performing the same stamps to write to me during the holidays its N512 VDL SCOT a fol 10 Thi) [1] , ti Tuollaisiais1 BUSTVOB HINTON OXES HLR u bij 77TX [I to $452.0847 P UTW UT I' ad w blind I'm .. . I yuin v rw Hbo End Irw 1,11A * --bobbe wodt Il es basi

2011.. e s uor tautt et sta ji mabao Tome) I bri* ! Il rops 1113,05 YLI E tu hin, da ich w jt A

moja na ut ob pot tref 5 Tintin ftiti l indisi Iri!! [in den IJsselstr I'

A PERSONAL EXPERIENCE OF FIRE-DAMP.'.'"""'

SOME years since I puid a visit in Staffordshire, upset me. Some of us were then furnished with and one of the entertainments by which my host lights. I was one of those that were not. When sought to make my time pass pleasantly was a de- I say that the lights wore all naked and without scent into a coal mine. I rather liked the idea, protection, the reader will see that my visit must as I had never been down one, and at onte agreed have beon made a good many years ago. Under to go. The mine that was to be honoured with the guidance of the foreman we then set off on our our inspection was that of West B- It was an tour. The main passage, along which we went at old mine, of considerable size and depth--the depth first, was what I imagine would be considered a loity of the shaft being, if I recollect rightly, about 960 and spacious gallery, laid with rails. It was comfeet. There were some six or eight in our com- i paratively broad, and seemed to my eye about ning or pany, among whom were two young men, the sonsten feet high., We proceeded along this for, I dareof the owner, and a superior workman I do not say, a quarter of a mile. By-and-by our leaders know his proper technicaldesignation--perhaps under- | | turned into an apparently unused side gallery, narground bailiff'; at any rate, something equivalent to rower than the main passage, in which the foreman what we above ground should call the foreman. had something about the ventilation to point out to

I expected that we would go down in a bucket, the owners. Hitherto we had seen no men mining; i or box, but there was nothing of that sort; we we had met men with horses drawing trucks, and stood upon something like a small platform and others going about their occupations, but no men clung to the chain by which we were lowered. I working. We proceeded along this smaller gallery rather repented of my readiness to join the party for about 150 yards or so. The place was dirty,' when I saw the means by which we were to descend, sloppy, and wet, and, of course, dark; and foeling no but I had not courage or time to dissent from what particular interest in what the foreman was desirous seemed the recognised mode of procedure. No one of pointing out to the owners, I lagged behind a else seemed to mind it, and two or three of those who little. I might have been twenty paces behind the were familiar with the ways of the place stuek out one rest of the party, when a sudden light started up ! of their legs at right angles to stave us off from the among them-I can compare it to nothing but the sides of the shaft as we descended. “All right," said flash with which lightning is imitated in the theatre. some one, and away we went. My first sensation The reader knows (or if he does not know, I shall was that sort of deliquium or swimming in the head tell him) that this is done by placing a lighted that the reader may have experienced when he taper-end between the middle and ring finger of the dreams that he is falling down a precipice. For- hand, held out with the palm upwards. Into the tunately it did not relax the muscles, for as it passed palm a quantity of powdered resin is poured, not a way I found myself clinging to the chain like grim spread out but piled up around the taper. The resin death; probably it was only momentary, as I had is then chucked into the air, and is ignited in time to observe the rapidity with which we passed passing through the flame, which then spreads out into total darkness. The story about seeing stars at like a large mushroom. The whole is over alnoonday from the bottom of a coal pit cannot be true, most instantaneously, and the rosemblance to sheet at any rate if the pit is what is called an up-cast lightning, to those who do not see the operator, or shaft. We wont down the up-cast shaft--that is, the the mushroom, but merely tho flash of light, is very shaft by which the air which has entered the pit by perfect. Well, this was exactly what I saw-with the down-cast shaft returns to the upper regions, after a difference. The difference was, that when the having circulated through the mine; and looking up- light flashed up to the roof and assumed the mushwards through this air, we could see nothing of the room shape, it did not disappear like the other. In-' opening of the pit almost immediately after beginning stead of being extinguished as instantaneously as it to descend. I suppose the air was so loaded with arose, it continued extending and spreading out along impurities, coal dust, vitiated vapours, &c., that, seen the roof on every side. My first idea when I saw the in quantity, it was as muddy and impenetrable to light was, that this was some civility on the part of hight as the river Thames at London Bridge, although the owners to show off the mysteries of the place to! on the small scale both appear transparent Down, their visitors, as I had seen the Blue-Juhn Jine in down, we went, and presently we became aware of a Derbyshire, and other stalactitic caves, illuminated! littlo drizzling rain. It was the water, which, pouring by Roman candles and other lights. That idea only! or trickling from the sides of the shaft, sparked off lasted for a second. As tho light extended, every one from every projection. As we went deeper this got rushed panic-stricken from it as fast as they could worse, and by the time we reached the bottom we run. I guessed the truth in a moment, and turned were in a heavy shower.

to fly. There was no difficulty in finding my way, Suddenly we stopped; we had reached the foot of the whole place being illuminated. After flying along the shaft. We found ourselves in the midst of a for some time I looked back; the whole of the male ! group of horses, one of which, a blind old beast, I re- lery where we had been was one body of fire-Duta member, came knocking up against me, and nearly bright lambent blaze, but lurid, reddish volumes of

flame, rolling on like billows of fiery mist. Their flickering about a stone there, but ever moving toform was liker that of the volumes of black smoke wards the shaft. As it thus abated, presently one which we may see at times issuing out of large fac- head was raised from the ground, then another, until tory chimneys, than anything else I can compare we all began to get up. We then gathered together, it to. My notions of explosions of fire-damp were, but there were no mutual congratulations, nor exthat they took place with the rapidity of an explosion ternal acknowledgment of thanks to God, however of gunpowder. But it was not so in this case, at any much some may have felt. But I doubt if there rate. I do not mean that it was slow, but that its was much feeling of that kind, the sense of peril was

speed was no greater than that of a man. All those yet too strong; we had escaped one great danger, :, who were at the end of the gallery where it took but we knew that we were still exposed to the risk of

place did, in point of fact, outrun it. Neither was many others which often followed such explosions.

there any ncise or sound of explosion ; at least, I no- The first danger was want of air; the fire had used | ticad none, and if there had been I think I must have what was in the mine almost wholly up, and we

observed it, for, all things considered, I was tolerably might perish from want of it. “Follow me," said · collected. The report must have taken place at the the foreman, and he started off, not for the mouth of pit-mouth, as from the mouth of a gun. The fire the mine, but for some part of it which, from its con

rolled silently along in great billows of reddish flame, nections or position, họ knew to be better, or more ** one wave tumbling over another, in quick succes- likely to be supplied with air than any other part.

sion. And a curious and a very beautiful thing was The miners knew this too, doubtless, for on our

the edges of these billows; they were fringed with arrival at the place in question, we found them - sparks of blue flame, dashed off like sparks from a trooping in from different quarters, until there might !, grindstone. Even at that dreadful moment I could be above a hundred present; and I was much struck I not avoid being struck by their beauty.

by one thing in them which was not aceording to All this I must have gathered at a glance in an my anticipations. I thought that men who were h instant of time. In front of the billowy mass of fire habitually exposed to any danger became callous to

rolling on towards me I saw the dark figures of my it, and faced it with indifference. It was not so with

companions tearing along at headlong speed. Then these miners; we, who scarcely understood the magi turning, I again dashed on. When I came to nitude of the danger through which we had passed, · the loftier main passage I heard a voice behind were far cooler and more collected than they. Al

me cry out, “Down on your face!" and by-and-most every one of them was thoroughly unmanned, by one figure after another sprang past me and and shook in every fibre. I know the ague well dashed themselves headlong on the ground. I can | (experientia docet), and the uncontrollable shaking

liked the reckless, frantic way in which it was which bids defiance to the strongest exercise of the . done, to nothing but boys, when bathing, taking will, but I never saw a worse tremor in ague than in 1 * herders" into a stream. Without reasoning about these men. While gathered together in this part of

it I followed suit, and flung myself into a puddle, and the mine a loud crack ran through the roof above our thea pering backwards under my arm, waited the heads, which so alarmed the already nerveless miners auproach of the sea of flame, the wall of fire, which that some of them actually sunk upon the ground. mis approaching. It had not yet come out of the The explanation of this anomaly in men's courage is, side gallery, but the glare of its light preceded it. I think, that where they see their danger, and can exert Presently it rolled into sight, filling the whole mouth themselves to ward it off or escape it, familiarity with it

of the side gallery, from top to bottom. Had it over- / will produce contempt for it; but where they are utterly :' taken us in it, not a soul would have escaped alive; helpless, and know that they are so, familiarity with it

but when it entered the larger gallery it lifted, just only adds to its terrors. This is the case with earthis one sees a mist lifting on the mountains, and then quakes. No familiarity with them enables a man to rolled along the roof, passing over our heads. How meet them with composure; the more he has felt, the

much space there was between ús and it, I cannot more frightened he becomes. I remember seeing p! My; I imagine it filled the upper two-thirds, leaving another instance of the same kind on board the Tyne,

a space of perhaps two or three feet freo from flame. when she was wrecked on the rocks at St. Alban's I Nor can I well say how long we lay below this fiery Head. The sailors on deck were as cool as cucum

farmace; it might have been five minutes or a quarter bers, but the stokers and firemen below were unmanned Il of an hour. Judging from our sensations it must have exactly in the same way as the miners at West B

been hours, but we did not experience so great heat They could not see their death, and they could do as I should have expected. We felt it more after- nothing to save themselves if the ship had foundered. wards; probably the anxiety of the moment made us After waiting a considerable time in this part of insepsible to its intensity.

the mine-perhaps an hour--we again started, and After the lapse of some time the volume of fire made for the mouth of the pit. As we approached it of abosc began to diminish, the stratum got thinner and we heard shouts, and presently came upon a body of

thinner; it eddied, and curled, and streamed about, men, who, having heard the explosion, had been sent leaving the more prominent parts of the roof exposed down to see what mischief had been done. Although like islands; then it wandered about like fiery ser- the explosion had travelled so deliberately when it pents and tongues of flame, licking a corner here, or passed over us, it had had sufficient violence when it reached the shaft to blow the roof of the building many an anxious heart found relief in a burst of adjoining the pit-mouth clean off. Fortunately, it hnd tears when we were able to announce, on our apnot destroyed the gear there, and we were able to pearance at the surface, that no lives had been lost. ascend without delay, Right glad was. I to, and We escaped with almost miraculously slight injury myself once more in the open air. The explosion for men who had gone through an explosion of had drawn a crowd of agitated men and women to fire-damp. I saw one man, who had got a lick from the mouth of the mine. Alas! the meaning of the the flame, having his shoulder treated with oil, or dull report, and the cloud of smoke, and the fråg- some such application, but that was the only casualty i ments of the building at the pit-mouth flying in the that came under my notice. !!! air, were too well known in the neighbourhood, and I have never been down a coal-pit since. '.,

son ANDREW MCNRÁT." ros,.

. ! ! !

Moja lebih sil y en de vobiti i Pionnie and Diu lusitaniji, al'

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BY THE AUTHOR OF “JOHN HALIFA.Y, GENTLEMAX," sw ol [It was a mediæval superstition that women dying in child-bed did not go into purgatory, but were carried direct lisher t...!? 1 ro "

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in, into the bosom of the Mother of God.
to me os

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{"tidai sinni liillis cilit id qual Marý, mother of all mothers,

hain. He must soe with larger dyes, . i hovenind First in love and pain,-on cáith! !! ! on. He must love with deeper lore : frasil Having known, above all others, Lahad ni We, half-loving, scarce half-wise, i , *', Mysteries of death and birth,

pink, Clutch at those He doth remove; unni Take, from travail sore released, ni i See no chuse for strnggle long i vinstalled One more mother to thy breast!''it..!! Thu

With our sharp mysterious wrong. v 11:11 She, like thee, was pure and good, in , ilm!? But for her, dear saint!'gone un ni..' Happy-hearted, young and sweet; it!

i n'yo Into Mary's bosomn straight, 1005 Given to prayer, of Dorcas mood,

All the honey of her cd' it . This Open hand and active fect;

- Yet ungpilled-hot left to wait u n tit Nought missed from her childless life

Til her milky mother-breast 1991 i II In her full content as wife.

Felt the sword-thrust, like the rest. Ibi 116 But God said-_(though no onú heard,' . . .: Eight sweet days she had, full store1

Neither friend nor husband dear) . . With her new maternal bliss via meri 'p u Be it'according to My word:

O'er her man-child from the Lord, ..
Other lot awaits thee here: 1 m in

Then He took her. So, to this el 18
One more living soul must be ; , .,

Melt her seven-and-twenty years,
Born into this world--for Me."',.', ;

Gone, like night when morn appears. - inut
So, as glad as autumn leaf

Let the February sun,il

Photo 11 Hiding the small bud of spring, .. Tiii. Shining on the bursting buds, O w l She, without one fear or grief,

And the baby life begun, jtur sot die Her “Magnificat" did sing:

srAnd the bird life in the woods, li. 405, And his wondrous ways adored,

On her grave still calmly shine, 1,4 in Like the handmaid of the Lord.

With a beauty all Divine. Potrdi. Nay, as neared her solemn day

1 Though we cannot trace God's ways,'* Which brought with it life or death,

They to her may plain appear, " ! Still her heart kept light and gay,

And her voice that sang His priisé " -1" Still her eyes of earnest faith ,

May still sing it, loud atd clear;'a ) ) .. , Smiled, with deeper peace possessed

O`er this silence of death-sloop, net! “ He will do what seems Him best."

Wondering at those who woep. !. ...s
And He did. He led her, brave

Thus, Our Father, one by one,
In her blindfold childlike trust,

Into Thy bright houso we gow I' d
To the threshold of the grave

With our work undone or donc,
! To His palace-gate, All just

With our footsteps swift or slow...
He must be, or could not, here,

Dark the door that doth divide, ,
Thus so merciless appear;

But, o God, the other side.no

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vist 41 Hose mi to so Since Jeremy Taylor and Richard Baxter, English | Practical questions may sometimes actually arise Protestantism has had no great casuists. Nor is this about which an honest man may be in doubt, and to be regretted. Şimplicity, robustness, and manli- practical questions may be imagined, which only an nces of character, are seriously imperilled whenever expert could answer; but Jeremy Taylor says, very the conscience is perplexed by the refinements and admirably, that “the preachers may retrench inintricacies in which casuistry delights. It is safer to finite number of cases of conscience, if they will leave men to the guidance of those great and obvious more earnestly preach and exhort to 'simplicity and moral laws whose authority every pure and honest love; for the want of these is the great multiplier of heart acknowledges. The maxim, "Take care of the cases. Men do not serve God with honesty and pence, and the pounds will take care of themselves," heartiness, and they do not love Him greatly, but may convey sound advice to a man who wants to stand upon terms with Him, and study how much is 'build up a fortune, but it is utterly false when applied lawful, how far they may go, and which is their

to the culture of character. Not the minor details of utmost stretch of lawful, being afraid to do more for , conduct, but the supreme objects of human life and God and for their souls than is simply and indispen

the broad principles of integrity and honour, should sably necessary :Jand oftentimes they tie religion and li receive our chief thonght. To be more anxious to their own lusts together, and the one entangles the Havoid little sins than to develop great virtues, will other; and both are made less discernible and less

produce an effeminate moral delicacy, instead of a practicable. But the good man understands the heroic vigour ; , and people who are very scrupulous things of God; not, only because God's Spirit, by ; about small matters, are often miserably weak in the secret emissions of light, docş properly instruct him, presence of great temptations. There is a mioral and but because he has a way of determining his cases of religious valetudinarianism which is ruinons to moral conscience which will never fail him. For, if the und religious health. If a man's physical constitu- | question be put to him whether it be fit for him to tion is sound, a few general principles will guide him give a shilling to the poor, he answers that it is not better than a whole encyclopædia of minuto regula- only fit, but necessary, to do so much, at least, and to tions about. " what to cat, drink, and avoid.” A make it sure, he will give two; and in matter of healthy appetite, vigorous exercise, pure air, tem

duty he takes to himself the greater share; in privi1 perance in all things, and adequate rest, will do far | leges and divisions of right, he is content with the more to keep him in good health than taking inces- least; and in questions of priority and dignity he sant drugs, and measuring his bread and meat by always prevails by cession, and ever is superior by ounces. And let a man have a fervent love for sitting lowest, and gets his will, first, by choosing what is pure, and just, and honourable: 1 let him what God wills, and then what his neighbour imhave a cordial abhorrenco of what''is sensual | poses and desires."'*, oll mean, tricky, and ungenerous, and he will not go far As for such questions as good Richard Baxter wrong. Poliisi Tis 1. T.

raises in his “ Christian Directory," many of them It may be said that casuistry is necessary for spiri- are so easily solved by plain common sense, others tual " directors," just as medical science is necessary are so frivolous, and others arise from such excepfor doctors. But Protestantism bas, very wisely, tional conditions of human life, that it was hardly

made no provision for placing sick souls under the necessary to discuss them. Who, for instance, need 1. care of spiritual physicians. 'Casuistry and the Con- make it a matter of solemn inquiry whether or not it

fessional go together, and we have renounced them is lawful “ for a person that is deformed to hide their both. Our principlo!is, that the soul is safest in deformity by their clothing ? and for any persons to God's hands; that no man, whatever his sanctity, or make themselves (by clothing, or spots, or painting) kriowledge of human nature, or skill in ethical to seem to others as comely, and beautiful as they analysis, is competent to "direct.", another man's can?” It is to be hoped, too, that husbands and moral and spiritual life. The diseases to be remedied wives are very seldom perplexed with the question, are too subtle, the symptoms, for the most part, too “what to do in case of known intention of one to vague and indefinito, to make an accurate diagnosis murder the other?" Nor were the men of the possible; and the treatment”, is beyond the re Commonwealth at all what I take them to havo sources of all human wisdom. The only sound been, if they needed to be told what to do “ if a genmethod of training men to purity, integrity, and tleman have a great estate, by which he may do honour, is to let them know the broad outlines of much good, and his wife be so proud, prodigal, and God's law, and then to trust them to the light of peevish, that if she may not waste it all in houseconscience and the teaching of the Holy Ghost. keeping and pride, she will dio, or' go mad, or givc Moreover, most of tho moral evils from which men him no quietness"---poor gentleman! What a man's suffer will not disappear under direct remedies; what duty would be “in so sad a case," most husbands is necessary is, the development of positive loyalty to God, and goodness.

* Ductor Dubitantum, Works, vol. xi. 366.

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