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He drew the French after him ; well, and sort of way of going to work to draw the the French are now drawing him after French after us? I think I see you smile, them. He got the French into a trap ; and hear you observe, that when we want well, and the French have now got him to entice any person or any animal to a into a trap. He can come away, perhaps, certain place, we invariably remove, as far when he will, without being hurt by the as we can, all the obstacles that nature, French; well, and have not the French or art, has put in the way. When sharpers gone away (without being hurt by him and harlots wish to inveigle a cull into The trap that be is in, is in fact, we shall their garrets or cellars, they do not lock be told, no trap at all, and that those who the door in his face. When, to come have got him in cannot touch a hair of nearer the favourite idea, we wish to catch him ; well, and is not this just such a trap birds in a trap, so far are we from erectas he got the French into ? he laughed, ing obstacles and presenting starvation to laughed heartily at Massena for having their view, that we take care to make the followed him ; well, and will not Massena course clear, and actually carry to the now laugh at Talavera in his turn ?- It spot, and scatter along the way, an abundis impossible to get out of this. If we ance of that food which they are known change the meaning of words, the new to like best. This is what we do when meaving will be applied on the one side as we'wish to draw things after us. We well as on the other. IfTalavera's was not draw foxes to a pit-fall, or a trap, by the a retreat, neither is Massena's. " What is means of a trail, composed of some article "sauce for the goose," says the proverb, “is of the food of that brave and sagacious "sauce for the gander. And thus, if we in-animal; and certainly never dream of sist upon the interpretation and construction attracting them by a destruction or reof the venal men, relative to the movements moval of every thing that is likely to of Talavera, last year, we must now deny, entice them. So that, if what the venal that the retreat of Massena indicates any men told us was true; if it was the design dismay, or any ill-boding, or, indeed, of Lord Talavera to draw the French any thing but what is of the most prosper- after him, he went to work in a way ous nature; and, in short, we ought to look against which both nature and reason set upon the news of his retreat as being bad in their faces. To return now to the stead of good; a subject of lamentation, in- miseries brought upon the Portuguese, stead of a subject of joy.The principal we have seen what they were last year, point, however, connected with ilois ques. when the French were coming after us; tion of a retreat or a drawing after, is, and now let us take a look at what they the miseries, to which these movements, have experienced while we are going after on both sides, have exposed the people of the French. It was from our own venal Portugal, whom to protect against the prints that we got the description then, and, French was the business of Talavera, and from the same source will we lake it now. whom to deliver from the English was the -I am about to quote from the COURIER professed object of Massena. Of these news-paper of the 16th instant, which iniseries during the last year's campaign gives the following extracts from letters, we heard enough; and, 'I am sure that written, it is said, by officers in our army. the reader will bear in mind, that our LISBON, 30th March 1811.–To revenal men informed us, that the whole of " vert back to the sudden movement of the the country, through which the French had « French. I had been for weeks in view to follow our army, they found laid wasie; "of Santarem, and saw at last with pleathat they found all the means of comfort sure, some indications of their abandon. and subsistence and even of shelter, anni- ing it. The first was, setting fire to one hilated; that the barns and mills and of the principal convents in the upper cornfields were burnt, that the cattle were town, and part of the lower town; the slaughtered, that the nlive plantations « volume of smoke was immense for three were cut down, that the household goods days. On the fourth moming some inwere burnt or thrown into rivers, and “ formation to depend on, reached us, and that, in short, all that could not be carried or the bugle of aitack roused us from our away was destroyed before the French came “pillows. The haze of the morning clear247, in order that the country might be “ ing up, we could easily perceive the outjest desolate and that they might be un. “ centinels were men of straw, and proved able to exist in it.-Stop, reader! Does" quite passive. In fact, a better managed it not occur to you, that this was an odd “ retrcat was never executed.--Not a res“tige of a dollar's worth remained. Being " nearly the whole regiment.--These I " at the outposts with the 14th Dragoons " had to forward, and saw little more of « and 1st Royals, I entered with them ; " fighting.-But to see the country, is to

and three miserable desertérs, who had weep. for the horrors of war. Such " hid themselves, were, with one too ill to " horrid excesses I never saw before. * move, the only enemy to be found. Every town, village, or cottage, de“ Such a scene of horror, misery, and de- stroyed. The growing nursery and the " solation, scarce ever saluted the eye of " wild grove, each havocked for destruco man. Smoking ruins-the accumulated “ lion sake. The pot that refined the oil, « filth of months-horses and human bodies “ broken ---the wine-piess burnt, for burn“ putrid, to suffocation nearly, caused to “ing's sake--the grape vines destroyed, “ many a vomiting. The houses unburnt, “ as noxious weeds—the furniture unburnt, " with scarcely a vestige of wood, doors, " thrown from the windows, and with car. « windows, ceilings, roofs burnt-and “riage, &c. made a bonfire of; 'the huge “ where the sick had expired, there left to “ libraries strewed over the land in remo decay.

The number left was great. “ nants of paper; the noble convent in Every church demolished-the tombs “ ashes, and the poor, unhappy, aged in" opened for searching after hidden plate “ habitants, unable to flee, hung around as

--every'altar-piece universally destroy- “ ornamenting the walls,-ten, twelve, in red--and the efPuvia so offensive, as to a place. To bear the semblance of a " defy describing! In some gardens, the “ female, was to be tortured to be an ir miserable heads undecayed, stuck up “ infant, to be a sacrifice. One cirer like scarecrows-in some wells, a body " cumstance, almost beyond credibility “ floating.-Down a precipice, to which “ to be committed by human beings "we were invited by prospect to look, the in the heart of Europe, and the nineos human and the animal carcases, mingled “teenth century: A convent of eleven « in decay, repulsed our senses, and shud- nuns, and two priests, were, escaping « deringly vibrated the soul at the savage, a boat;-unhappily they were too “ horrible, diabolical acts of a French “ late ; and overtaken near Villa Franca, “ army. I must here notice one grand |" the priests were one shot and one drown. “ precaution. The hospital was guarded “ed. One only of the nuns was young ; “ immediately from entrance; and I be- " —she was instantly violated, as well as “ lieve no serious illness proceeded from " the rest; and the great age of 65, was “the abominable situation in which the "no defence against these savages. These “ French left it. From this place, a short very nuns were thus treated successive. o rest obtained, we rode, pressing hard ły by numbers, and confined until dis

upon them, by the goodness of our cat- “ case made them loathsome to the hell. "tle, and the animation of our men, who " hounds themselves. When a flag of " were delighted to chace the RUN. “ truce introduced them to us, the sight !! AWAYS. Greater spirits, better disci- “ was most shocking. Every one tried to w pline, and more order, never attended an “ comfort them. And to the immortal « army than this. The French, to con

“ credit of Commissary Aylmer, they " fuse our plans, had marched in three “ were conducted from Valada, by water, " columns from Santarem. Two were “ with all the comfort and consolation "immediately followed. But no mode or “ that war and situation could possibly si means were sufficient to bring them to“ give. A thousand more like these I " battle. Skirmishing was continued, and « could recount.---No age-no rank-no « prisoners continually sent to the rear; asylum-met respect. In one convent, o until we reached Pombal, where Mas- “I found tbree unfortunate females, 70 to • sena seeing himself'so CLOSELY RUN, “ 80 years old. They were literally naked, “ halted; and by position kept us in check," as on entering the world, striving to “ until his baggage had advanced further in “ conceal themselves under some rushes security. We were here all ready for " and straw.- glorious happy England ! “ attack, and waited for the morning; but “ how blest to be free of this !--Adieu, " the French politely withdrew in the “ for the present, &c. &c.—Thousands “ night, and we complimented them with “have famished from hunger and disease, « our attendance on the following day. On "while we are daily discovering wretched “ the Ceira river, we had another facing, “ objects at the last gasp from the same “ but after some hard firing, our dragoons causes. A physician of great activity "got to their rear, and they surrendered ; " and humanity, with the Military Com

“ niandant of Obidos, merit the gratitude , sary to self-preservation with the French. " of their countrymen.

150 people died When Lord Talavera went away before in two days at Caldas, and inat the the French, the latter, as we have said " deaths proceeded chiefly from want, is above, found the country completely laid “proved by the collecting the unfortunate waste before them; and it will be borne in

people the next day-The deaths were mind, that Massena, in a prociamation to " reduced to 20, and yesterday the 21st, the Portuguese, spoke of this in terms of

of 500, the deaths did not exceed 8.- the greatesi korror, and that our venal prints “ One, example will speak more than a laughed at him, and not only justified pages-from one borel was withdrawn most fully, but loudly applauded the devas" the father, mother, son, and daughter, tations and destructions that then took “ deal!;-an infant child bad yet survived place. Now, what is to prevent the " this scene of horror--though with worms

French from justifying and applauding s of three or four inches in length, crawling what they have done? Are the cases dif" in its flesh--the child will be saved-in- ferent? How do they differ? “ Why, the “ fant children who have lost their pa- “ devastations of last year were for the “ rents, and wretched parents who have "good of the Portuguese, and those of “ lost their children wives their hus- “this year are for their harm.If the s bands, and husbands their wives ; and French were asked the question of dif“ now expiring themselves, if not saved | ference, their answer would be precisely " by the late providence of Government, the contrary.----But the devastations of “ fill the hospitals ; but when recovered last year were committed by the friends of "-how are they to reach their homes and the Portuguese, this year they are com“subsist, till the lands produce again!" mitted by their enemies.-Unhappy peo

This infant child living, and likely to ple! Boib friends and enemies find it live, though with worms, three or four necessary to lay waste your country; or, inches long, in its flesh, is a little too much at least, lay it waste they do; and, whether for even the fool part of the Anti-Jacobins the thing is pleasanter for coming from to swallow. The knare part will laugh in ihe hands of a friend I must leave the their sleeve at it; but, it is, I think, a reader to judge. -We are told in the little too gross even for the fool part.- above extracts, and, indeed, in all the However, not to occupy our time with dis- publications upon the subject, that the putes about premises that never can be satis- French ran away upon this last occasion. factorily adjusted, let us admit all that is here We are not told about drawing after. They asserted to be true. I dare say, that much have run away in disgrace? Their retreat of it is literally true; and, that, though has been called a disgraceful flight. The there are, without doubt, some exaggera- whole account places them in a state of tions, there are, on the other hand, many constant and imminent peril. In this acts and scenes, which, I dare say, would state it is that they have devastated the beggar all description, and would set at de country, destroyed every thing they could fiance the most eloquent pen or tongue regard as likely to be useful to their purthat ever moved. At any rate, let us suers, laid all waste, made their route a suppose, that all that is here said is true; scene of havock.---This is very terand then, let us endeavour to inake a just rible; but, must not the Portuguese estimate of it, in order to ascertain, if we have naturally expected it, when they can, what effect the committing of these saw the country, last year, laid waste behorrible cruelties will have upon the fore the French? And, observe, too, that, Portuguese, and how far the cause of our if what our venal men told u's was arms is thereby likely to be aided. For, true, the devastations were then not neces. as to an estimate of these acts, in any other sary to self-preservation; for, we were not way, it would be perfectly useless io'any running away; we were not engaged in a man who does, or any one who does not, disgraceful fight. Nay, if what these venal hold them in horror. The former could men told us was true, the retreat, or drawnot think worse of the cause of them ing, of Lord Talavera was a plan, maturely than he already does, and the latter can taid from the outset of thecampaign; and, have no feeling at all. In order to as the devastations accompanied the drawform an opinion as to what is likely to being, they also, upon the supposition of its the efleets of these devastations upon the being a plan, made part of that plan; the , minds of men in Portugal, we must con- devastations were contrived beforehand as sider how far devastation became neces- well as the trap at Torres Vedras. At

aný rate, if we did not run away, if we men told us, that, such was the hatred of were not compelled to retreat, if we were the Portuguese to the French, the former, in no fear of the pursuers, as the venal when they caught one of the latter unbave always asserted; if this was so, the armed, INSTANTLY CUT HIS THROAT, devastations which then took place had and that Lord Talavera was obliged to not self-preservation to plead for them ; issue a proclamation to threaten with death and, if what we are now told by the same those who should continue in such pracpersons be true, if the French be so closely tices. This the reader will not fail to repressed, if they be in fear of their lives of member; and, if it was true, the alledged us, self-preservation will certainly put in cruelties of the French are less to be won. a word for them, as far as the devastations dered at, though, even in that case, not were calculated to retard the progress of less to be abhorred.---Now, from a retheir dreaded pursuers. We were told, view of all that has passed, with regard to indeed, that the devastations of last year devastations and cruelties, I am of opinion, were committed with the entire consent that those alledged to have been comand approbation of the Portuguese, and, mitted by the French will not produce indeed, with the assistance of the owners the effect that is expected from them. and inhabitants, who were, we were told, They are calculated to excite horror; more eager than our army to lay waste but Portugal has supped of horrors. The their country. Now, if this was true, the minds of the people have little to do with French must have been fully convinced of the matter. Force, sheer compulsion one of two things: either that the laying will, in the end, prevail.

There are waste of the country was a matter not two armies contending for the possesvery painful to the people; or, that the sion of the country; and, I am much people bore them so mortal a hatred as to disposed to believe, that, any further preter death by starvation to the possibi-.than the parties can pay them, the people lity of affording them any aid or comfort; will remain indifferent spectators.--As either of which conclusions was not very | io the future operations of the two hostile well calculated to make the French ex. armies, I shall give no opinion. I hope tremely sparing when it became their that, wherever Englishmen are engaged turn to devastate and lay waste. We with the enemies of England, they will be are told, that the French have committed victorious ; and I hope, of course, that the great cruelties and excesses, such as our war in Portugal will end without any disarmy never committed.

It is very likely grace to the English character. But, I am they have; and, I trust, that our army not to be made believe, that it is, as yet, never will, in this respect, become their nearly at an end, . I am not to be perimitators. Nothing can justify, or palliate, suaded, that Napoleon will, without furcruelty, at any time, or in any case, or by ther and greater efforts, give up a contest, any body; and, the cutting off of ears on which so much may ultimately depend; and the splitting of noses by the French nor do I believe, that the French army has in Portugal are not to be justified any suffered in any such degree as has been more than the same cruelties by the Judges stated in our parasitical prints. There has of the Court of Star-Chamber in England, not appeared to me any proofs or marks who used to cut and hack and burn, as if of discomfilure. The retreat of Massena, they had been the agents of the infernal though a severe mortification to him and regions, and who would not want for men his master, does not seem to have been atto supply their place, if the enemies of tended with any considerable losses; and, public freedom could have their will.- I should not be at all surprized, to see These acts of cruelty should be left to him turn about and make a stand where such men, and should not be practised by he will not be assailed.--If this should soldiers. They are suitable to the cha- be the case, another, and, perhaps, another racter of Star-Chamber Judges; but are campaign, will be the consequence. The disgraceful to the name of soldier. - cost of these will be enormous to us, while, Still, however, we must bear in mind, that, in all likelihood, they will leave Portugal as we have all along been assured, the a perfect desert. The longer the war lasts Portuguese do mortally hate the French; the worse for us and for Portugal, whether that all the people in the country are hos- we finally succeed or not. If we are not tile to them; that they are in an enemy's to succeed in the end, the sooner that end, country; and, the reader will not forget, comes the better; for, we shall be so exthat, during the last campaign, our venal hausted and crippled, if the war continue long, and shall be so wearied out, so dis-, to upholding national honour or avenging pubappointed and disgusted, that it would be lic wrong, I do not see, that either of them impossible to rouze us to any new exer: required us to send troops to Portugal; tion, if the occasion i equired it. It is and, as to the notion of defending Engsaid, in defence of this Portugnese and land in Portugal, it is, in my opinion, a Spanish war, that we are there fighting the most sild and dangerous one indeed; for, battles of England; that it is there where then, if you shouid be beaten in Portugal, we are, hy anticipation, repellung an inva- what must be the opinion of the state of sion of breland or England. This idea is England ? No. Give me something in clearly expressed in the following passage England itseif that I can safely rely upon. of the Times news-paper, whçre ile writer Give me something that shall unite the speaks of the ravages committed by the people of England in defence of their counFrench in Portugal. " These," says he, try. What the safety, the independence " are the blessings, which the ruthless ty• of England rest upon what is done, or to rant has diffused over the Continent. be done, in Portugal, or in Spain! Nerer

Spain is suffering in like manner; and was so dangerous a notion, and, at the : France, too, we may add, in the person same time, so degrading.---The real " of that part of her population which has object of the war ought, with us, to be, “ been sent into the Peninsula. And sent the freeing of the Portuguese people; the or thither with what view? To uphold na- making of them, or, rather, assisting them “tional honour, or avenge public wrong? to make themselves, a free and independent

--to paralyze the faculty of aggression, nation. Any other object is not only un" OR ANTICIPATE THE INTENTION TO AT- worthy, but it is foolish ; and, it is the “ TACK! No: for none of the objects that grossest of all follies to suppose, that we “ have usually, as it were, hallowed war can defend Portugal or Spain, or rescue “by the plea of justice, or rendered vic-them from the power of Napoleon, unless “tory glorious by the utility of its conse- they are the principals in the war, unless "quences, is Buonaparte now contending: they carry on the war with our assistance, * his aim is to bend an independent race and not we with theirs --For my part I " of men to a foreign yoke by violence- am of opinion, 'that it would, in a mere "lo propagate tyranny by devastation and warlike point of view, be better for us to “ murder : that is, to accomplish the most quit Spain and Portugal at once, than to " detestable of purposes by the most hold our ground there for any length of ir dreadful of means." -Now, if this be time, and be obliged to quit them at last; so; if we are, as :xe have often been told, for, I ask how it is possible, that an occudefending England in Portugal; if we pation of those countries by Napoleon choose ihat country wherein to anticipate should do us half so much harm as the the intention to atiack, the French, I a addition of 20 millions a-year to the Na. afraid, might put in their word upon the tional Debt? And, what must be the occasion; for, if we are fighting for Eng. effect of failure after another year or two land on the land of Portugal, the French, of such a war. If, therefore, we are not of course, are fighting against England sure of our ground; if we have not made upon that same land. People ought to final success certain ; if there are any look well at assertions before they put doubts hanging about the result, to quit them forth, especially when they are in those countries at once, is, I am firmly tended to maintain what it is so difficult persuaded, the wisest course; and, on the to maintain.---This writer was in a hob- other hand, if Napoleon looks upon final ble. He had gone on condemning Napo- success on his side to be certain, his wisest leon for sending French troops into Por- course is to trail out the war, by which he tugal, 'till it occurred to him, that we had is sure to add ten fold to the mischief troops

there too; and that it was neces- which the failure would occasion to us. sary to disarm bis censure of all applica- For, the longer this war continues, the tion to us. Therefore, he talks of the more of men as well as of our tares will thing being justifiable, where required to have been expended upon it. In propor“ uphold national honour;" to “ avenge pub- tion to its cost we shall rely upon it for lic urong;” to “paralyze the faculty of our defence at home; and, if it, at last, aggression;" or to " anticipate the intention fail, in the hour of our being exhausted, 10 attack;" and these objects he, of we shall be like the people of a town, course, leaves the reader to regard as who, when they come almost to their last those by which we are animated. A barrel of powder and last bag of biscuit

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