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fields, of plantations, of cattle, and of the to which they have fled they were reinstruments of agriculture; the robbery ceived with open arms; the inhabitants and destruction of every thing that the eagerly pressed to afford them all that sueunhappy inhabitants of the invaded districts cour which they could individually bepossessed :-this atrocious scene,' which stow; they filled their houses with emi. makes humanity shudder, affords a terri- grants; and many times have we per. ble lesson, which you ought deeply to en

ceived with tears of joy the generous grave in your memory, in order fully to emulation of those who disputed with one know that degenerate nation, who retain another who should afford the rights of only the figure of men, and who in every hospitality to those unknown families who respect are worse than wild beasts, and arrived in this capital without shelter or more blood-thirsty than tygers or lions. the means of subsistence. It is the duty Wretched are they who trust in their des of the Government to take immediate ceitful promises ! Victims of a foolish cre- measures for the relief of these necessitous dulity a thousand times will they repent, persons; but the want of public funds, but without avail, of the levity with which which are not even sufficient to provide they have trusted to the promises of a for our defence, must make these measures nation without faith and without law; of less effectual, unless individuals liberally men who acknowledge neither the rights concur in a proceeding as much recomof humanity, nor respect the sacred tie of mended by humanity as by patriotism.an oath. Opposed to such an enemy, the Under the inspection of an illustrious trie only alternatives which remained to us bunal which has advanced part of these were resistance, or retreat; the former suecours, by the wise and economical depended on a competent armed force, measures of a member of that tribunal, the latter is a law which the duty of executed by zealous and intelligent offipreserving life and property imposes cers, the wretched fugitives have been fed, on all peaceful citizens. These, evacu- and numberless unfortunate persons bave ating the towns where they dwell, trans. been rescued from the jaws of death. This porting the effects which they can carry great expence has been supported, not off, destroying those which they are only by ihe resources which were at the obliged to abandon, and which might serve disposal of Government, but, still more, for the subsistence of the enemy, escape by voluntary donations presented by nathe horrors of the most infamous slavery, tives, and foreigners; among whom we throw themselves into the arms of their ought to mention with particular distincfellow countrymen, who receive them as tion the subjects of his Britannic Majesty, brothers, assist the military operations, both those who are employed in the army, depriving the invaders of the means of those who are attached to the legation, maintaining themselves in the territory and those who are comprehended in the which they occupied; and in this way class of merchants. Those acts of pa they are so far useful to themselves, be- triotism and of Christian charity were not cause the enemy, not being able to sup- confined to the capital and its vicinity. port himself for a long time in positions in all the districts of the kingdom, whither where he is in want of subsistence, will the fugitives resorted, they met the same soon be obliged to evacuate them; and reception, and experienced the same kindthe inhabitants returning immediately to ness and liberal aid, as far as the ability their homes, neither suffer the inconvenis of the inhabitants enabled them to extend encies of a lengthened absence, nor find it. The Governors of the Kingdom, in their houses and felds in that state of total the name of the Prince Regent, return devastation, in which the enemy's army thanks to all for such distinguished serwould have left them, had he remained vices, by which the lives of so many of for a longer period.-Such, Portuguese, his subjects have been saved, and those are the lessons of experience which we calamities softened which were caused by ought never to forget. But amidst such the scourge of a destructive war. His great disasters, Providence is pleased to Royal Highness will rejoice in being the give us sources of consolation which will sovereign of a people so loyal, patriotic, make them less sensibly felt.The unfor- generous, and Christian. It now only retunate people who fled from the fury of mains to complete the work, to promote their cruel oppressors have experienced the restoration of the fugitives to their the greatest kindness in the humanity of homes, to render habitable the towns their fellow citizens. In all the districts which the barbarism of these spoilers has left covered with filth, and unburied car- new disasters. Words are unequal to concasses; to relieve with medicine and food vey an idea of the humanity, zeal, and the sick who are perishing for want of intrepidity with which many boats and such assistance; to give lite to agricul- feluccas (particularly the English) put ture, by supplying the husbandman with out and saved a number of unfortunate seed-corn, as well as a little bread for his people, who must otherwise bave perishconsumption for some time, and facilitat- ed, as did many who could not be relieving his means of purchasing cattle, and ed. The inhabitants of Cadiz averted acquiring the instruments of agriculture. their eyes from these objects, to turn them, -Such have been and are the constant full of indignation, on the cause of such cares of the Governors of the Kingdom.- evils. “ It is not,” they exclaimed, Portuguese! tribulations are the crucible the east wind which has sacrificed so many in which the merit of men is purified. victims, which has ruined so many faYou have passed through this ordeal, and milies whose property is buried in the the result has been glorious. You are be- | sea ;—it is they who, from unpardonable come a great nation,-a nation worthy of ignorance, criminal indolence, or, to those heroic progenitors who illustrated speak at once (since there are Tortosas and the cradle of the Monarchy. Preserve Badajos), from iníamous wickedness, did unalterable these sentiments; onfide' in not reap the fruits of the memorable battle your Government, as your Government of Chiclana. The whole coast cleared confides in you; draw every day more of the enemy, (as it ought to have been), closely the bonds of union among your many ships would have been anchored selves, with other nations and with our between Puntales and the Trocadero; and generous Allies, who are our true brothers. consequently sheltered from the violence Let one soul, oue will, direct our common of the storm. They would have had more efforts; and if any one attempt to sow sea-room, and would not have run fou! of discord, let us tear from our busom the each other; and even if driven on shore, Venomous viper, and let us seal with his the exertions for saving their crews might blood the ratification of our indissoluble have been more effectual.-The nation alliance. --Practise these maxims with the demands vengeance, and demands it justsame constancy with which you have hi- ly. August Congress ! if ignorance or therto followed them, and you will be ina ireason are the causes of our not having vincible. Palace of the Government, reaped the fruits of that glorious day, March so, 1811.-The Eishop Cardinal arm yourselves with the avenging sword Elect; P. Souza, Charles Stuart; Mar- of justice, and let the guilty perish,quis Monteiro Mor; Conde de Redondo; From the Conciso it appears, that very Ric. Raimundo Nogueira.

warm discussions have taken place in

Cadiz, with respect to the conduct of the Spain.-Battle of BARROSA. Dispules at Barrosa, and it does not seem to have

Spanish General Lapena in the battle of Cadiz, relative to the conduct of the Spaniards in that Battle.--Cadiz, 29 March given more satisfaction there than it has

done in this country - The Conciso of the - 1811.

22d of March contains a letter from an On the evening of the 27th it began to English officer, on the subject, to which blow a strong gale from the east, which there is afterwards a reply from a Spanish encreased every moment, and in the course officer. We shall give some extracts from of the night and next morning, rose to a each.-- The ENGLISH OFFICER begins pitch of violence greater than any within thus :-Having heard nothing but false our recollection. The consequences have accounts touching the battle of Barrosa, been most destructive and deplorable. and being persuaded that the public The inhabitants, filled with a well founded cannot obtain a proper knowledge of it apprehension of the damage which such a from the dispatch of General Lapena alone, terrible night was likely to cause in the I should be wanting to my duty as an bay, crowded in the morning to the sea- English officer, if I failed to lay before wall, where they witnessed the dreadful the Spanish public' certain facts which spectacle of a considerable number of fixed my attention.-I shall not detail ships wrecked, and others in danger of any of the circumstances which occurred the same fare making signals for assist before our arrival at Vejar, suffice it to. ance. During the whole day the gale say, that the allied troops underwent continued equally violent, and caused much labour and fatigue ; but as the utmost harmony prevailed, it was cheerfully taken after an obstinate resistance, and the borne by the soldiers of both nations. enemy's column on our left was put to the On the night of the 3d we halted in a rout. The enemy being already forced on wood near Vejar; and at sis in the even. all points, a squadron of German caralry ing of the 4th we all marched, with the charged him, and the line made a lali, understanding that we were to halt and the General thinking that his troops had take refreshment at Conil, for the purpose worked hard enough.-Four thousand men, of being prepared to fight the enemy next so exhausted by the want of refresbment day. The Spanish General, however, and a painful march, and who, notwithchanged the plan, and on the morning of standing, drove back a very superior force the 5th, after a march of sixteen hours, we possessing the advantages of position and found ourselves on the heights of Barrosa. circunstances,require no eulogy.-During -The van-guard, under the command of the time when the conibatants were botly Brigadier Lardizabal, received orders to engaged, two battalions (Walloons and enter the pine-wood, and make every ef- Ciudad Real) incorporated with our divi. fort to keep open the communication with sion during the march, and which were Santi Petri; and this operation was very directed towards another point when he respectably executed by his division. At ordered us to enter the pine wood, were this moment General Lapena ordered Ge. seen making all possible exertions to join , neral Graham to march towards the wood and succour their friends; but they could with the British troops, in the direction of not reach our line till the whole was conSanti Petri, which he did; but he had not cluded: I believe, however, that Brigadier' advanced far into the wood, when he re- Cruz and these battalions are sharers in the ceived advices, that the enemy was march- glories of that day, from the zeal and ing rapidly by the plain towards the posi- anxiety which they displayed to join our tion which we occupied three quarters of troops.The enthusiasm which animated an hour before.—He immediately counter- these battalions does not suffer me !0, marched his division; and upon issuing doubt that the same spirit prevailed in the from the wood, observed a strong column whole Spanish army; but these good disof the enemy advancing on our left; and positions, and all the firmness and noble we were surprised to see another consider sentiments of the Spanish nation, were sa. able corps in possession of the heights, crificed to the want of activity of General where we had left part of the Spanish Lapena, of his advisers, and the officers of army.--I know not what happened on the his staff.-Had the smallest movement heights after our troops left them. I have been executed; had the Spanish General beard that the Spanish and German ca- himself, or any individual of his staff, been valry charged the enemy; I have heard present to give him an account of the that two Spanish regiments of the division state of the action, he would, by conseof Begines opened a brisk fire on the quence, bave been able to co operate ***; enemy; I have heard, in short, that they and the result would doubtless have been all received positive orders from the Ge- attended with as favourable consequences neral in Chief to retire ; but as I was not to the Spanish cause as any other event with them, I do not take upon me to de- which has occurred since the commencea cide upon any of these circumstances : ment of the oppression and tyranny exer what I shall say is, that when we cleared cised upon Spain; and I believe it is not the pine-wood, no Spanish troops were in too much to say, that it would have ac. sight.- Retreat would have been most complished the deliverance of Andalusia. hazardous; and to attack a height occu. -I declare on my word of honour, that all pied by fresh and superior forces, wanted that I have related took place under my little of being an enterprise of equal diffi- own eye; and I am persuaded that there culty.--I understand that General Graham is not an officer in the British army, nor in was aware of the importance of the posi. the Spanish battalions above-mentioned, tion of Barrosa; and confident of the va- who will fail to confirm every word of it. Tour of his troops, determined on risking C. P. AN OFFICER IN THE BRITISH ARMY. an attack. The heights on our right were Isla, March 10, 1811.

(To be continued.)

Poblished by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden :-Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Man.

LONDON :Printed by T. C. Hansard, Peterborough Court, floet-Streer.

COBBETTS WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.

VOL. XIX, No. 34.] :... LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 27, 1811.

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“ It can never rain, but it pours."- -OLD PROVERD. 1025)

[1026 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

their plunderers, not by knocking their

brains out, but by sending them adrift to HOLLAND.--INSURRECTION, --The pre- work for their bread, or to starve. sent tide, spring tide, of happy intelligence Thus far, then, I cordially agree with our naturally puts into one's mouth the Old news-papers. But, whether the good Proverb that I have taken for my motto. work of insurrection be actually begun is

The Anti-Jacobins, who were set all more than I can pretend to say - -The alive by the" running away”. (not drawing facts are related thus by the MORNING after) of Massena; who were raised to a Post and the Courier.

. DeserTiON very high and rather dangerous pitch, by FROM THE ANTWERP Fleet. INSURRECthe return of Lord. Talavera to the rela" TION IN HOLLAND!-Accounts from tire position in which he was twelve " Hull, received this morning, state, that monihs ago; these gentlemen, friends of “ a vessel had arrived there from Norway, "social order” and “regular gorern- and brought the intelligence of the de"ment,” have been thrown alınost into " sertion of the Dutch, Norwegian, and a delirium of joy at the news of an insur-" Danish sailors from the fleet at Antrection in Holland, they, who, for many “werp, and likewise that the greatest dis: years, seemed desirous of hanging every "erder prevails in the towns of Flushing man who should lift up his hand against “ and Antwerp. Several lives were lost any government, whatever it might be, are " in the night of the 29th; and it was now fallen in love with insurgents, and expected that a general insurrection was are become the most zealous preachers of " about to take place in all parts of French Insurrection; and this, too, observe, at a Flanders. There is no further arrival moment when they are branding with "s from Holland. The communication by every term of infamy those whom they " post between Amsterdam, Rotterdam, : falsely accuse of a wish to excite insur." and Walcheren, is understood to be cut

rection in this kingdom.--"Aye,” say off. We have no doubt of the correctthey.

“ but it is the place that makes all“ ness of the accounts brought yesterday, “the difference.” How? England, or " to which we have to add the following Ireland, is, to be sure, different from Hol- letter, which mentions disturbances to land, in many respects; but, insurrection have broken out in East Friesland: is still insurrection; and, if you preach it" HeliGOLAND, April 17.-In Aurich, in up as a good thing, is there nat danger - East Friesland, a revolution has taken

that people will misjudge the occasions " place, in consequence of the great seve• for using it? - The Dutch, we are, “rities practised by the French there.

however, assured, have actually broken "The people have pulled down the French out into insurrection; and the Times " arms, and broken them to pieces: they news-paper says, that oppression will, in " also SEIZED THE JUDGES; and tore time, make any people rebel. I wish hia“ their chains from their bosoms: they distory did not contradict this assertion; I "armed the militia, and broke their swords wish that oppression never failed to pro- “ to pieces; after which they went to the duce what is called rebellion; I wish that, « Castle, and plundered it'; and from not only the Dutch and the Brabayters," thence proceeded to the church and but that all those amongst the people of “rang the alarm bells, to give the signal Europe, or any wbere else,, who are op- « of revolt. In Nordern the inhabitants pressed and robbed and insulted and dilified, “ rose and obliged several privateers layby those who have the powers of govern. " ing in the harbour to sail, in order to prement in their hands, would, not rebel, but “ vent the shipping from coming in, and certainly that they would cease to be the “ direct their course elsewhere.' passive, the degraded slaves that they What, seize the JUDGES! Gad so! these now are; I wish they would, and with as people are up with a vengeance. But, little delay as possible, take vengeance on what should make them lay on upon the

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Judges first? What should make them be- / any cause whatever.- No: imprison gin there! Why, I suppose, that they them; pillory them (if there be any pil. found them to be the most corrupt and lories in those countries ;) give them a base and cowardly scoundrels of all; the little flogging if they be great offenders ; most completely deroted of all the tools or, perhaps, transport them; though, I of despotism, and by far the most hateful; think, that pillory and hard labour may do; because the tyranny they exercised was but, take not their worthless lives. Let them covered with the garb of law and justice. live in infamy, and, above all things, make If they were, as I dare say they were, a them work for what they eat, and take a set of old hacknied knaves of this descrip- great part of what they carn from them, as tion, whose flabby carcases were fit for they have done from you. This is little else than to manure the land, and my advice to the Dutch.--I know the whose souls were all pollution, well might venal tribe will accuse me of being too the people seize upon them, the first mo- lenient towards these corrupt Judges, and ment they were freed from the terrors of will remind me, that, formerly, corrupt the bayonet. Oh! they "tore the chains Judges, whether they took their bribes in “ from their bosoms," did they? These mere money in hand, or in some other in. hypocrites, then, tricked themselves out, direct way, had their skins stuffed with strak it seems, in a bauble dress to amuse some I care little about what becomes of their of the people and strike others, of them skins; but, I am against all bloody with awe? When the people came to strip courses; which, as I said before, are sure them, I dare say the rabble were indig- to ruin a cause in the end. Take their nant at themselves, that they had so long property, or, rather, their stolen goods, by all been the dupes of a set of such contempti- means. Leave them nothing but what ble animals. In this case, however, as in they could prove to have possessed before the whole of their progress, I hope the they began to touch the public money s people will not imitate the cruelties of the or, in properer phrase, before they began to iniscreants whom they have to put down. rob the people. Seize all this. Sellerery There are, doubtless, many of their opo sixpenny-worth of it for the public bene. pressors, who deserve the severest punish- fit; and, with the proceeds, you may, if ments that can be inflicted upon them; you choose, make something like remu. but, when once men step into blood, there nération to the ruined public creditors, of is no knowing when they will stop.--

whose hard case we heard so much som. Degrade the fallen tyrants; expose them time ago. I would advise the Dutch to to shame, and even to a little pelting. take from every public robber, by whatTake these basé hypocrites of Judges, for ever name known. When men detect a instance, and stick them into a pillory, thief and get him in their power, their first opposite the scene of their former power operation is to make him refund; to search and tyranny, and decked out in their chains him; to turn his pockets for him; and, why and garbs and surrounded with all the should not á robber of the whole nation be solemn buffoonery, by the means of which treated in the same way, as nearly as cir. - they used to cheat the people out of their cumstances will permit? ---Yes, 'take

freedom and their money; hoist them up every stiver from these vile tools of despoo thus, and let them be regaled with a suit- tism, in Holland ; leave them nothing but able supply of addled eggs, dead dogs their lives; but, leave them those ; let not and cats, buichers' offal, and mud from the friends of freedom condescend to imi. beneath the feet of a justly incensed peo- tate the miscreants' by whom they have ple; but, let their rascal lives be spared. been persecuted. --The Dutch have Make them work, or starde; but I hope the made a good beginning. Their seizing cause of freedom in Holland, or any hold of those tools of despotism, whom where else, will never again be marked in their tyrants' choose to call judges, proves its progress with blood.- -I am aware, the soundness of their judgment as well as that the full-blooded Anti-Jacobins will the justice of their views. They are very fall upon me here for this tenderness to right in looking upon these base instruwards these tools of French despotism; ments as being more criminal than the but, though I hate the tools of despotism, bayonet-men, who hardly know what they come from what country they will, and do. The old arch knaves, with the baubles certainly not the less for being French, I of chains and the like about them, know shall always disapprove of a bloody course, very well what they are at; and, I dare which, in Herend never failed to ruin say, that, for a double salary, they would

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