seen no signs of these nations wishing to republican government, lest the example change. I have heard falshoods enough should spread. Whether a republican goupon the subject; but, nothing else have vernment would have been the best that I seen importing that these nations wish, France could have had is quite another that they have the slightest wish, to shake question. The French revolutionists set off' what is called the Yoke of Napoleon. out with setting their faces against all sorts But, if they did wish it, how will Mas of tyrunny, at any rate. They did not ask sena's retreat assist them. When Lord for a military despotism., War was not Talavera was retreating last year, did any made upon them because they set up a one imagine that that would iend to delivir despotism ; but, becuuse they inculcated Martinico, or Guadaloupe? Yet, it would anarchy. Let this never be forgotten. have been as reasonable to suppose it, as They did not choose a despotic goveroto suppose, that Massena's retreat will ment; they revolted to get rid of one; tend to deliver Holland.--Looking back, and the accusation against them was, that now, over what has been said, let me ask they taught anurchy. -Therefore, if there the reader. what real grounds he can find be an Emperor of France, the fault is not for all this exultation about the retreat-of in the “ Jacobins and Levellers,” who the French army ; I beg him to consider wanted to see no Einperor in France; but, what has, until within these few years who, since there is one there, are not to be been the custom in siinilar cases; and to blamed for liking him as well as any other find, if he can, any record of a Vole of Emperor, or, at least, are not to be blamed Thanks for military services, except in if they give him the same title. They, cases of signal victory gained over the l in fact, have noihing at all to do with enemy.--Isbould here dismiss this topic, these matters of etiquette; and, their best. but, the appeilation of Tyrant, bestowed way is always to give to every one the upon the Emperor of France by Mr. Per- name that he is easiest koowa by:-CEVAL, is not wholly unworthy of notice. The passage of the Courier is as follows :

-He seemed particularly gratified in -- One or two more observations beobserving, that, in the country where « fore we conclude. We find that Mr. " the. barbacity of the Tyrant had been “ Whitbread, as well as'many others of the most conspicuo's, that there the power " Opposition, constantly calls Buonaparte " of the Tyrant would also find its grave.” Emperor of France, and his Generals by It does make one stare, to be sure,

" their new titles. This may appear of to hear a man seriously say, ihat be looks little in portance to some; to us the easy upon the retreat of Massena as the grave " admission of these usurped titles is at of Napoleon's power. But, the word “ best foolish, and may be mischievous. tyrant ! I can remember when Mr. PER- “One effectual weapon against BuonaCEVAL prosecuted, by the means of an In- “parté, and which he dreads as thoroughly formation Ec-officio, Mr. Peliler for calling us the suord, is the general abhorrence Napoleon hurd name's, and for binting “ of his crimes; but it these are forgotten, pretty broadly, that the people of France “ the abhorrence must expire with the rewould do well to put him down. But, “ collection. Whilst he is called by the before I refer more particularly to Mr. “ name of his reputed father, the scrivener Perceval's speech upon that occasion, let “ of Ajaccio, the memory of his pristine me remind ihe reader, that the MORNING s nieanness continues; with his meanness we Post and Courier ne pys-papers, have, associate his crimes ; with his crimes we within these few months, accused Napo- confirm his infamy; with his infamy we leon of brasting of unvatusal crimes ; that perpetuate our resistance. It is impose they call his Empress bis mistress, his child “ sible to recognize a title without acknow. a Busturd; and, accuse him of conmitting “ ledging the power which created it: and ancest with his brother Louis's wife. " thank God we are not yet reduced to acI will here take a passage from the Cou- “ kuowledge the French Emperor ! The nier of no longer ago tlian Thursday, the “oflspring of Buonaparte's Mistress may 2d instant. The writer is finding fault with " be proclaimed King of Rome: he may some of the Opposition as he calls them, “ be swaddled by. Grandmamma Letitia, for cailing Buonaparié Emperor of Frunce. “ formerly Abbess of the Nunnery in Inpudent bireling? and whose fault is it “ Marseilles and now Patropess of the that there is an Emperor of France ? Magdalens in Paris; he may be ChrisWhose but that of those who pre- “ tianized by the Pope, or Mahomevented the French from establishing a " tamzed by the Mufti; but until Britain


[merged small][ocr errors]

shall recognize his squalling Majesty, and upon such terms; and, therefore, he put it send an embassy to salute the royal down; and, infinitely better, and more fa“ Baby-clothes, the imperial inheritance vourable to real freedom it was, to put it " is not quite assured. ---Even of his wholly down, than to let it exist in such “ brother Louis, unoffending as he is, can hands. -Let us now return to Mr. Perwe not speak, without terming him the CEVAL and his prosecution Ex Officio of

Ex-King; or of his incestuous sister, Mr. Peltier. In his speech upon that oc" without terming her the Ex-Queen, of casion he used the following words, as re« Holland ? Can we not speak of the ported in the octavo edition, page 81, pubdrunken Joseph, without calling him lished by Mr. Peltier himself. Whe

King of that very country, for whose ther the present libel was directed « legitimate Sovereign we at this moment against a Monarch sitting on his throne, “ are triumphing? Must we hail the adul- “ from long hereditary descent, or whe" terous Jerome, King of Westphalia; or " ther he is a person raised to this power " the crimp-serjeant Bernadotte, Crown by the revolution, from the choice of «« Prince of Sweden? Is it not as easy to " that country, or from any other cause, it “ say that Lord Wellington drives before makes no difference. He is, de facto, the “him Massena, as the Prince of Essling;" chief Magistrate, and is to be respected by " and that General Graham routed Victor, " those who are the subjects of that coun“ as the Duke of Belluno? Is it more diffi- “ try, who owe a temporary allegiance to “ cult to pronounce Junot, than Abrantes ; " him. He is to be respected us if his ances« or Mortier than Treviso ?"-Why, lors had enjoyed the sume power for a numthen, is it not as easy to pronounce Robert ber of generations. Perhaps I may hear. Jenkinson as Earl of Liverpool, and so on? of publications in the Moniteur reflect. But, the good of it is, that the title of ing on our government. What bave we Emperor of France was first formally ac- to do with that? I am standing here for knowledged by us in the Convention of "the honour of the English law, and of the Cintra, of which this far-famed Lord Tala- “ English nation. I state this to be a vera, whose name was then Wellesley, was crime, and as such have brought it the negociator.--Aye, and how glad " before an English jury. would this same hireling be to see a treaty “ other country think that they can prosto-morrow with the Emperor of France and per by any such publications as this, King of Italy! This man seems, then, « let them have the benefit of it but to think, that the recognition of the “ do not let us have the disgrace."--Emperor's title, on the part of Eng. Now, reader, apply this to the publicaland, is necessary to his stability! Iftions of the present day; nay to go no a negociation was on fout, and such a further than the one above taken from the thing were mentioned, it would send our COURIER. If Mr. l'eltier's publication embassador home in the twinkling of an a dishonour to England ; if the eye.---This miserable slave, a slave ten HONOUR of the English LAW (Honour thousand times worse than any under of Law!) called for the proceeding against the dominion of Napoleon, coupies mean

him, what is this honour at now? This ness of birth with crimes; and, yet, I'll war. same sovereign is now called an incestuous rant, that this man himself was born in a person, an udulterer, a boaster of unnatural house not worth_20 shillings a year of crimes ; and, yet, very far indeed are the lawful money. This is excessively base. authors from being called to account. The It is such a villainous abandonment of a child of Napoleon is called a Bastard ; his man's own character. But, from my soul; wife is called a mistress. Is the excuse I believe, that the most abject slaves upon that we are now at war with him? This is the face of the whole earth are some of a pretty justification indeed, and another those who are concerned with the English very fine illustration of the consistency of press; and if there had been such to be what is called the laro of libel. But, at found in France, or in any of his domi- any rate, I never will say any thing of nions, Napoleon would have known better Napoleon in war that I am not allowed to than to put an end to what is called " the say of him in peace : I never will condescend Liberty of the Press ;” that is to say, the to be that base thing of a writer, who will liberty of praising men who have the power to submit to be hallooed on and rated off, just. oppress you.

He could find no men base as it suits the views of men in power. enough; his whole dominions furnished no Napoleon is the same man now that he was men so detestably base as to use the press in 1803, only his fame is more spread and

And if any


his power greater. But, he is, at any speak of other sovereigns. I dare not rate, First Magistrate of France; and, be satirize the king of Sicily or Sardinia or is not the less so because he is at war with the Prince Regent of Portugal or Ferus. If any man were to sell a file of the dinand the Seventh; and I will not sa. Courier after peace is made with France, tirize the Emperør of France. I will not such man would, agreeably to the doc- condescend to be so vile a time-server.“ trines upon wbich Mr. Peltier was ac- If he be a tyrant, why then, I hate him, cused and convicted, be liable to cool that is all; but, if we were at peace his heels in jail.-In another part of his with him, the law of libel would not suffer speech at that trial, Mr. Perceval pointed me to call him tyrant, neither will I so out the danger of irritating the people of call him now. France against us; and, in short, every thing was said to shew the evil tendency of Mr. Bingham.---The case of this genabusing Buonaparté.I say, then, that tleman was noticed in my Register of the he is still the sume man, and that he is still 30th of March, page 769 of the present the First Magistrate of France. - If volume. It appeared clearly to me, from he is to be abused merely because we are at a perusal of the proceedings on the Trial, war with him, what pretty consistent law as reported in the news-papers, that he is this. The honour of this law inust be had not only been falsly accused; but of a most singular description. In that there had been some very foul play peace we must not say truth of him, if made use of against him; and, in shori, unpleasant; but, in war, we may say that his ļife had been put in jeopardy from what we will, true or false, as clearly ap- some most abominable motive in some pears from the publications in the Morn- quarter or other.--At the time when I ING Post and the COURIER. Such pub. wrote, the article here referred to, I could lications cannot, indeed, produce war ; but, not lay my hand upon any of the pubit is possible that they may perpetuate it. lications, which were made against Mr. The French news-papers contain no such | BINGHAM in London, the moment he was infamous publications about any persons

taken up, and which publications were, I in this country

Bad as they are repre- recollected, of a nature to prejudice the sented to be, they do not contain any public, the whole world, and of course, the such things, and never have. Bul in this Jury against him. There were several country, they are found in all these prints, of these publications; but, that which the authors of which shew their devotion was made in the Times news paper was to men in power. I do not say, that it the one which I remembered the best; is my opinion even, that they will per- and, upon looking back for it, I found it petuate war, being persuaded that Napo- as follows. I shall here insert it entire; leon masters his passions where his poli- and I give it as an instance of the boldness tical interest is concerned ; but, it must of these literary heroes; of their undaunted be evident to every one, that, if any pub. courage; of their noble spirit of freedom, in lications could have such a tendency, these cases where they assault the feeble or the would have that tendency. -The mi- fallen. Here they exercise the liberty of nister may call Napoleon a tyrant as long the press without any restraint; here they as be pleases ; but, I never will, until such shew that they enjoy the blessed birthright a change is made in the practice of the of Britons ;" here they swagger; here law, as will aụthorize me to call him a they look big.---But, it is time to come tyrant in time of peace as well as in time to the publication referred to; and, as we of war ; nor, will I ever say any thing of proceed, we should bear in mind, that the him, which if I have the truth with object of attack was a man not proved to me) I am not allowed to say of the King be guilty, a man of spotless reputation of England or of any of his sons or his heretofore, a man with a numerous family ministers. No: I have seen a writer and with very scanty means of maintain. tried and convicted of the crime of having ing them, and that this publication was spoken of Napoleon in a way, calculated made at a time when there was a great to expose him to hatred ; and if this be reward ofered for bringing to conviction a crime, it must be a crime in time of the person guilty of one of the crimes with war as well as in time of peace ; and, which he was charged.--There are two therefore, I will not speak of him in any passages, which i have designated by such way. I will speak of him with just capital letiers, and to these I beg the reader the same.caution that I am compelled to to pay particular attention. The whole of the article should be attended to; but these « premises, and to patrole in different parts. two passages are of the greatest import." -On the 16th of January last, Mr. ance ; for of great importance it is to Bingham's house was discovered to be every man, seeing that every one is ex- on fires and although timely assistance posed to the same danger that Mr. Bing" was given, great part of the premises ham has experienced. The passage is " were destroyed. It was ascertained that taken from the Times news-paper of the is the fire broke out in the school-room, 5th of February, 1811.--"A few months “ where there were several faggots laid. " since, a great part of Ashdown Forest " Mr. Bingham reported that he had no “ in Sussex was inclosed by a set of men “ doubt it was one of the Foresters who “ called Foresters, and also by the Rev. « had set fire to his premises. The ac«Robert Bingham, the Curate of the count he gave of the fire and his con“ parish of Mayerstield; which being “ duct, was, that his family went to bed w deemed to be the right of the Dutchess " about ten o'clock-he was the last up. " of Dorset, the same were thrown down.“ About half past ten o'clock he heard " by order of her Grace, Lord Whitworth, “ the noise of footsteps; he looked out of 6 and Lord Sheffield, the acting Magis- " his window, but could not see or hear “ trate for thal county. This act irritated

any person.--About half

-past eleven « all those who had made inclosures, " o'clock he was alarmed again-he look« and some of them were heard to make Is ed out of the window the second time, “ use of threalening language, which " but did not see any person, but a little ri caused some litile alarm among those s before one, be heard a noise at the school" concerned in destroying the inclosures; “ room-door; and he states that he saw a « but no particular notice was taken, or “inan walking from the house, but could

any act done except swearing in a num- s not tell whether he had on a blue coat us ber of respectable inhabitants as Special, " or a smock frock. This account being “ Constables, to be ready in case of an « so very extraordinary and unsatisfactory, “ emergency.--On Sunday, the 10th " Lord Sheffield sent to the Public-office, « of December, a letter was found on the « Bow-street, for an active and intelligent " road near Mayersfield, by the sons of “ officer, and Mr. Read sent Atkins. Upon « Mr. Richard Jenner, a respectable the officer's arrival, after making inqui* farmer, directed to their father. The "ries, HE strongly suspected Mr. Bing« boys took it home, but their father « ham set his own house on fire, and in * being absent they gave it to their “ consequence placed several

to « mother, who 'on opening it, discovered o watch. ONE OF THEM HE STA" that it was headed in large letters, « TIONED IN THE STEEPLE OF do «Fire : Murder! and Revenge !” and - THE CHURCH, WHEN THEY DIS. - the contents threatened destruction to COVERED HIM TO BRING A " the Parson, Churchwardens, Farmers' « GREAT QUANTITY OF BOOKS “ houses, barns, and stacks. The boys - FROM HIS STABLE, AND BURY - told the mother, that after Mr. Bing

- THEM IN HIS GARDEN. From a “ ham performed the morning service at“ variety of other suspicious circumstances “ Mayersfield Church, he got on horse- “ a warrant was granted against Mr. Bing* back to ride to a neighbouring parish ham, and one to search his premises, “ to do duty there in the afternoon, he « when Atkins found in the roof of the « passed them, and when he was at a short privy a variety of valuable papers con“ distance from them, THEY SAW A « cealed, together with other suspicious « PAPER DROP FROM HIS POCKET, r circumstances of his having set his pre« WHICH THEY WERE POSITIVE « mises on fire for the purpose of defraud" WAS THE LETTER THEY PICKED ing the Union Fire Office, and he was in “ UP.---The letter so much alarmed “ consequence taken into custody, and « Mrs. Jemer, that she sent off one of her on Friday underwent a final examina. “ scns after her husband, who was in « tion at Lewės, before Lords Chichester

London. The circumstance caused con. " and Sheffield, and was fully committed “ siderable alarm in that part of the coun

« for trial.” Now, without dwelling a try. Lords Whitworth and Sheffield upon the general tenor of this article, I beg "published an advertisement, offering a the reader's attention to the two passages, “ reward of 2001. for the discovery of the pointed out by the Capital Letters, either “writer of the letter. A number of men of which, if true, contains pretty nearly “ were employed to watch Mr. Jenner's proof of the guilt of the accused person.


They relate to the two crimes, with in it, from beginning to the end. What which he stood charged: the first, to the an infamous thing, ihen, was it to publish crime of writing the threatening letter to such an assertion ! If this assertion bad JENNER ; and the second, to the crime of been true, and, who could doubt of it, setting fire to his own house with a view from the manner in which the assertion of defrauding the Union fire Office, of which was made, there could have been little office we shall have more to suy another time doubt of Mr. Bingham's guilt; every man perhaps. ----It is stated liere by Mr. Wal: must, upon the face of the fact, say ihat it TER, the Proprietor of the Times news indicated, clearly indicated, guilt; and, paper, that the sons of Jenner“ saw a pa- | tbe persuasion of its truib once safely' « per drop from Mr. Bingham's pocket, which lodged in the mind of two or three of the “ihey were positive was the Letter they jury might have sent this innocent man to “ picked up." -Now, if the account of the gallows; for his escape from which he the trial be true, this is false ; for, in that certainly has not to thank Mr. Walter. account the boys, even these boys, say no -The last assertion is a sheer salsehood. such thing; and, Mrs. Jenner says no It has not shadow of foundation in any such thing. The boys say, on the fact, as far as appears from the report of contrary, that they did not see the the Trial. How then, came Mr. WALTER letter drop from his Pocket; and, Mrs. to make it; for, after all, Mr. Walter it is, Jenner says, that they never told her and Mr. Walter it must be. How came that they did see it drop from his pocket, be to make this assertion? Did he put ia and that, for some time, no such thing the paragraph at the request of another was ever talked of.---Thus, then, is person? Was it paid for, or was it not? the falsehood of this publication proved Here, as in the other case, ignorance is his upon the trial; it is proved upon oath ; best plea; but, what satisfaction is that and, ir deed, if the truh of it had been to Mr. Bingham, his wife, bis children, proved Mr. Bingham must have been his relations, and his friends. What satisfound guilty; for, the evidence of seeing faction would it have been to them, if the it drop from his pocket, would, at any ignominious death of the accused had rate, have been proof quite sufficient of been, as it might have been, the consehis being, at bottom, the author of it.- quence? Nay, what satisfaction is it to Mr. What justification, then, can Mr. Walter Bingham for all his actual losses and inset up for this publication; this foul attack juries, sustained in consequence of these upon the character of Mr. Bingham; this false reports? Here is no blind hint; it is stab at his reputation? Ignorance? Is that a positive assertion; a plain assertion of a his plea? Will he say that he was igno- fact, and which fact is a proof of guilt. rant of the matter; that he was not ac- Still, however, I should have been ready quainted with the circumstances ? Will to make some allowances for Mr. WALTER, he say this? Why did be not stop, then, if he had made the reparation, the cheap till he was acquainted with the circum- reparation, of a contradiction, through the stances; why did he not stop till he had same channel that had conveyed the ingood authoriiy for saying what he said? jurious falsehood to the public. But, What right had he to venture such a pub- though I have looked pretty attentively to lication regardless of the effect upon

the see if such contradiction appeared, I bare unfortunate gentleman and his family? | seen none, either in the Times or the Yet, ignorance, bad as it is, is his best jus- MORNING CARONICLE, or in any of the tification; for, if he knew the truth, at the papers through which the falsehoods were time when he was publishing this false- conveyed to the public.--And here I hood, I have no hesitation in saying that cannot help observing the difference in the act was very little better than that of a the conduct of these gentlemen towards a murderer, and a murderer of the worst poor Clergyman and a rich Bishop. It is not sort too, because it united to consummate long since they were all upon their knees cruelly the basest of cowardice.--The before the Bishop of Derry, with hands second assertion, that one of the men, clenched together and eyes uplifted, like stationed in the steeple of the church, dis- blasphemers in a storm. Yet, all that covered Mr. Bingham to bring a great they had done against him was, the mere " quantity of books from his stable and bury copying of a sort of punning paragraph, " them in his garden," is, as appears from reflecting, unjustly, as it was said, upon the report of the trial, equally false with the Bishop's solvency. In paragraphs of the former. There is not a word of truth lengths and breadths did they beg pardon.

« ForrigeFortsett »