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The Miserable Sinners uttered whole Li- | He was, it seems, only the curate of the tanies of paragraphs in the hope of avert- parish, upon a stipend, probably, of 50 ing the wrath of the offended Father in or 60 pounds a year; and, with this and God. They put me in mind of the a school, he had to support a family of crouching caititfs in the Lotrin of Boileau, cleven children. The expences of trial trembling for their lives in fear of the must, to such a man, have been nearly avenging crosier.---They published, not uiter ruin. This is, then, quite hardship only a recantation; a full and clear re- enough without being calumniated into cantation ; but they, moreover, published the bargain; and, when any one has from all sorts of praises of the Right Reverend want of knowing the truth, propagated inFather. “They told us of his churity, his jurious faishoods against such a man, jusbenevolence, his humanity, his munificence, of tice, bare, justice, demands a contradic. which they gave us particular instances; tion, in the most public manner and most and so particular and circumstancial were explicit terms. they as to these points, that it would almost have seened, that they had, at the SPAIN. -THE WAR.There is someleast, lived in the same house and dipt in thing going on in Spain, which does not the same dish with his Lordship. Whe- | indicate any very good understanding bether they saved themseives I know not ; tween our army and that of the Spaniards. but, I cannot refrain from comparing their — The public will bear in mind what loud conduct upon that occasion with their con- accusations were made here against the duet towards Mr. Bingham, against whom | Spanish Commander at the afair of Bar. the offence was assuredly much greater, It was said, that we had the whole but, to whom, none of them have, that I have of the honour; and that the Spaniard was seen, off::red the smallest apology. Nay, either trailor or coward.--The Spanish they have not; as far as I have observed, Regency seem to be of a diffurent opinion. even said one word in the way of correct. They, in giving an account of the battle, ing what they had before asserted.- have the following passage:
" Such This is very unjust, and very cruel; for, · have been the memorable expedition, this silence would seem to argue, that, “ and battle of the 5th of March, in which though he has been acquitted in a court “ the British troops have again shewn of justice, they, the publishers of these " their discipline, their incomparable firmness, accusations, suiil look upon Mr. Bingham" and extraordinary valour'; maintaining as being guilty of the crimes, which they "their reputation of being superior to the had laid to his charge.- Would they “ French, which they have proved on have acted thus with regard to a rich or a every occasion when they have conpowerful man? We have seen how they “ tenued against them. The Spanish acted in case of a rich Bishop; and, I be- troops, with unbounded bravery, and an lieve, that the reader will agree with me, “ heroic enthusiasm, gloriously fought, and in that if Mr. BINGHAM had been a Bishop, “the most brilliant manner overcume their their conduct towards him would have “ oppressors without the dispersion of a single been very different indeed from what it
“ soldier. The allied army has covered has been. --The cause of Mr. Bingham itself with glory, and merits the eternat is that of every man; for, if he can be gratitude of Spaniards, and the admiratreated thus, if his life can be put in jeo- "tion of Europe.” -Now, either the pardy by false accusations spread through Spanish Regency speak truth, or they ibe public papers, whose life may not ? speak falshood; if the former we were not
I observed before, that it was the told the truth by our prints before ; if the duty of the gentlemen of the county of latter, what a pretty set of allies have we Sussex to give him countenance and sup- got? For my part, I do not know what port, it being, from the trial, very evident, to believe, and wish to give no opinion that there had been some very foul work about the matter; but, if what the Spagoing on against him. Whether he has nish Regency say be really true, the received such support I know not; but, of Spaniards were very roughly treated this I am very sure, that, if he has not, it here; and, at any rate, the barmony beargues great baseness in the people of the tween the armies cannot, I should suppose, county, and especially the people of rank be very perfect. and property:
The erpences must have gone nearly to ruin a man in the circum- AMERICAN MANUFACTURES. The stances in which he appears to have been. book advertised below has been repub
lished by me in the manner there stated drowned. This combat, which took place with a view of enabling those who take under the constant fire of the fort of an interest in the question to judge for Santi Petri, and the batteries of the Isle of themselves, whether there is any probabi- Leou, does honor to the voltigeurs of the lity of America remaining any longer de 95th ; they displayed on this occasiou as pendent upon England for wool and wool. much coolness as courage. - It was only lens. It is the best book that I have read from the account of this affair which Geo upon the subject of Sheep; but, I was in- neral Villatte addressed to me on the 4th, duced to make the publication here, be that I learned the establishment of this cause the book seemed to me to settle the bridge of rafts, which permitted the enegrand question of manufuctures. The my to connect the operations of the troops reader will bear in mind, that the Author left in the Isle with those of their army.was, a few years ago, minister of the The establishment of the bridge of Santi American States to the Emperor of France. Petri, and the report of General Cassagne, In the insertion of his name I have pur- who informed me that the enemy had posely omitted his titles of LL. D. &c. not made his appearance on the side of &c. and was sorry to see, that he should | Acala and Medina, made me presume have thought them worth the trouble of that it was his intention to march by his printing. I am sure the best of his coun-left, in order to surprise and cut off the trymen did not.
troops of the 3d division, which were in WM, COBBETT. the lines of Santi Petri, to join those which State Prison, Newgate, Friday,
should come out of Cadiz, and to march May 3,1811.
in that direction upon Chiclana.-I made
my arrangements for surprising the ene. Just published, handsomely printed in 8vo., by my on his march, and frustrating his ex
, .in of HANSARD, jun., with plates, price 8s. in the 5th, the ten battalions of the 1st and bourds,
2d divisions set out from the farm-house of
Guerra, and marched towards Chiclana.AN ESSAY ON SHEEP, General Cassagne received orders to Intended chiefly to promote the Introduc- march to us.-On my arrival at Chiclana, tion and Propagation of Merinos in the I ordered General Villatte to withdraw United States of America, by proving talions which might have been endanger
from our lines at Santi Petri the two batfrom actual Experiments, the great advantage thereof to Agriculture and Manu- ed, and to unite them to the rest of his
division, destined to attack the heads of factures. By R. R. LIVINGSTON.Printed by order of the Legislature
of the columns of the allied army, at the moment State of New
York. With a Preface and of their appearance. I was in the belief, Esplanatory Notes, by WILLIAM COBBETT: that this army consisted of 8,000 Spaniards
from all the information I could collect, Bagshaw, Brydges-street, Covent Garden. and 4,000 English. Even this was dou
ble the numbers I could oppose to it; ne
vertheless I had conceived the hope not OFFICIAL PAPERS.
only of frustrating its projects, but of France.-WAR IN Spain.-Official Report that I manoeuvred.
The enemy was in full
destroying it: it was with this feeling of the Duke of Belluno, relative to the march ; his heads of columns had arrived Battle of Barrosa.-PEURTO Real, March 7, 1811.
near our lines of Santi Petri, and his rear. (Concluded from page 1088.)
guard was on a height near the sea-beach,
about a league from our lines, when I adThat very night the enemy had thrown vanced by the woods which are in front across a bridge of rafts ; some voltigeurs of Chiclana, upon his right flank and alpenetrated to the other side of the bridge, most upon his rear with the 10 battalions and returned again with the Spanish troops, of the 1st and 2d divisions. The troops who hastened to the assistance of their of General Cassagne did not yet make people. These two companies, which their appearance ; a long quarter of a were headed by the Colonel of the 95th, league separated me from the enemy : and re-entered their camp with a number of without attacking him, I gave him time to prisoners.-'The Spaniards, by their own concentrate his troops, and to arrive upon acknowledgment, had 150 killed, and 200 the division Villatte. I thought I ouglas not to let slip so fine an opportu- ; 5 or 600 toises of intersected coumtry, from nity, and I advanced towards him.- the left of General Laval. The firing suc-The division Ruffin forming the left with cessively commenced along the whole of the 1st regiment of dragoons, took a di- the line. The enemy perceiving that nction by the extremity of the height on to combat for victory was no longer the side of Conil, and the division Laral the matter in question, but for his marched straight to this height, upon which very preservation, fought with couthe enemy appeared inclined to await us. rage, supporting a fire which brought He there kept his ground for a few mo. down his men by hundreds. But his numments; he was overthrown, and General bers were so great, that as soon as one Ruffin took possession of the height. I line was overthrown, it was replaced by then repaired to this height, whence I per- another. Our soldiers fought like lions. ceived the disposition of the enemy's A Spanish corps had gained the right of army. The Spaniards, under the order of General Laval, a circumstance which deLapena, were at the head, and strongly termined me to make a movement on his engaged with General Villatte. The can right, and to order General Ruffin to draw nonade and fire of musquetry were ex
closer from his left. After two hours and tremely brisk. I discovered, upon seeing an half of extremely hard fighting, about their lines, that they were at least 15,000 three in the afternoon the firing ceased on in number. Toe English formed the rear- both sides, the enemy gave up the project guard, and according to their custom, they which his movements for two months had wished to place the Spaniards in the post in view, and which was to take Chiclana of danger, and expose themselves as little and turn our lines. On our side, I gave as possible. By the movement which I up the hope of destroying him; a hope had made, I advanced upon them. The which would have been absurd from the English General made his dispositions, moment when I learned that his force and I could see, that instead of being amounted to 22,000 men, among whom 4,000 strong as I had supposed, they were at were at least 5,000 of the best troops of least 8,000 ; so that they alone, without the English, in the number of which last including the Spaniards, were stronger were several corps of the guards. I rethan myself
. I had then reason to be con- peat it, the enemy's army amounted to vinced that the army which I had to fight 22,000 men, including 8,000 English inamounted to at least 22,000 men. I in- fantry, 700 Spanish cavalry, and 500 stantly resolved to send orders to General English horse. Information from the Villaite not to oppose the passage of the prisoners, from the inhabitants of the enemy, to prevent him from advancing country, and all the reports addressed to on Chiclana, and to confive him to the me, leave no doubt with regard to this left of the rivulet,-From the height number. Had I been only aided by a whence I had driven the enemy to Santi fourth part of the 4th corps, that whole Petri and to Chiclana, the country is en- army would have been destroyed. We tirely covered with pine woods, except a have taken 3 pieces of cannon, 3 colonels, few hundred of toises.--I repaired the di- 100 officers, and 600 soldiers, mostly "vision Laval; I caused it to be formed, and Spanish. The Spaniards bave suffered some moments were spent in waiting for greatly; their loss is reckoned at 2,000 the artillery. As soon as the enemy had men ; but the loss sustained by the Eng.' got knowledge of my march, they made a lish has also been very considerable. halt, and placed themselves; the Spaniards The most nioderate calculations make it on the left, the half of the English on the amount to 2,500 killed and wounded. right; and the other half, forming a square, General Ruffin, being wounded with his was opposed to General Ruffin. The Eng- sharp-shooters, has been made prisoners lish touched upon the sea.
This line was The 8th, 24th, 54th, and oth regiments nearly continuous. As soon as the artil- distinguished themselves. -General Rouslery arrived, I directed General Laval seau, an officer of the greatest merit, and against the left of the English corps and Col. Autie, were killed.-Our loss is very the right of the Spaniards, having General considerable, taking into view the small Villatte on my right, who was briskly en- number of our combatants. We have had gaged with the left of the Spaniards, and 300 killed, and 1400 wounded. The General Ruffin on my left, who occupied enemy took no prisoners, except about the heights: his left rested on the sea, and 60 men who were severely wounded.--A his right was separated, by an interval of battalion of the 8th having charged in a woody ground, and their cagle-bearer tirely from Estremadura, leaving small having been killed, we have not found garrisons in Badajoz and Olivenza.—Mar. their eagle again. While the enemy shal Sir Wm. Beresford has taken a posi. were marching upon Chiclana, the insuration to invest both Badajoz and Olivenza. gents from the mountains threw themselves -A detachment of the 5th army, which upon our rear by Arcus and Medina; all is now commanded by General Castanos, the points of our line were attacked ; but is, I understand, at Merida.--Since I last the valour of the ist corps prevailed over addressed your Lordship, Gen. Zayas had the numbers of our enemies. The inha- again landed the troops under his combitants of Andalusia can hardly conceive mand, and had again embarked thent, and how such small numbers were able to re- returned to Cadiz. General Ballasteros's sist so many combined efforts.-General division alone, therefore, continues in the Cassagne, with the garrison of Medina, Condado de Niebla; but, from a letter did not arrive till two bours after the ac- from Mr. Wellesley of the 11th, I learn tion.--I am with respect, &c.—The Mar- that General Blake was himself about to shal Duke of BeLLUNO.
come into the Condado di Niebla to take
the command of General Ballasteros's PORTUGAL. THE WAR.--Dispatches division, and the troops which had been published in London, 30th April, 181). under the command of General Zayas,
and which were to return to that quarter. A Dispatch, of which the following is an
General Blake had expressed an anxious Extract, was this morning received at Lord Jesire to co-operate with Marshal Sir WilLiverpool's Office, addressed to his Lordship liam Beresford.-General Castanos has by Lieutenant-General Viscount Wellington, been appointed to command the army in dated Nissa, 18th April, 1811.
Gallicia, as well as the 5th army, Jately Having made arrangements for the the army of the left, commanded by the blockade of Almeida, and having reason to lạte Marquis of Romana. believe that the enemy's army will not be FOREIGN-OFFICE, DOWNING-STREET, in a situation for some time to attempt to
April 30. relieve that place, even if they should be iso inclined, I have taken advantage of the by the Marquis Wellesley from Charles
Dispatches were this morning received momentary discontinuance of active opera- Stuart, Esq. his Majesty's Minister at Listions in that quarter to go into Estrama- bon, under date the 20th inst. stating that dura to the corps under Marshal Sir Wm. Beresford, and I have got thus far on my 310 men, surrendered at discretion to the
the garrison of Olivenza, consisting of way.--Lieut.-General Sir B. Spencer re
Allied Army on the 14th inst. and was mains in command of the corps on the
marched to Elvas. frontiers of Castile. Nothing of importance has occurred in that quarter since I l in the neighbourhood of Llerena, baving
Marshal Mortier, with 4,000 men, was addressed your Lordship on the 9th in. detached à moveable column, under Gestant. The enemy retired entirely from
neral Mortiniere, by the way of Almarez, the Agueda ; and, it is reported, that some of their troops had-gone back as far as Zathat part of the Allied Army which does
towards Toledo. General Beresford, with mora and Toro, upon the Douro.--Marshal Sir Wm. Beresford was not able to effect
not form the siege of Badajoz, was in the
neighbourbood of Santa Martha. his passage across the Guadiana as soon as
“ The Corps of Gen. Ballasteros bad its he expected; and the enemy have introduced some provisions into Badajoz and head-quarters in Segura de Leone on the
12th. Olivenza. Sir William Beresford's ad
His cavalry was at Zafra on the vanced guard crossed the Guadiana on the Villa Formosa on the Coa, to join the army
13th, on which day Lord Wellington left 4ch instant ; and I am concerned to report, in Estremadura." that a squadron of the 13th Light Draon picket under
FOREIGN OFFICE, APRIL 30. Major Morres, were surprised, on the A Dispuch of which the following is an night of the 6!h, by a detachment of the Extract, was this morning received by the enemy's cavalry from Olivenza. I have warris Wellesley, from Churles Stuart, Esq. not received the return of the loss upon
his Majesty's Endoy Extraordinary and this occasion, but I am informed that the Minister Plenipotentiary at Lisbon, under whole squadron, with the exception of 20 date the 20th instant. men, were taken prisoners. The enemy The brilliant successes of the Allied bave since retired, as I am informed, en- Army have been celebrated by every de:
monstration of joy which can mark the
NIost Illustrious and Most Excellent Sir Wila gratitude of the Portuguese for the exer
liam Carr Beresford, K. B. Marshal, Com. tions of the British in their behalf, and for the satisfaction inspired by the salva
mander in Chief of the Portuguese Army. tion of their country.
The Combined Armies having driven To Deum has been sung in the churches; the enemy beyond the northern and the City has been illuminated; and shortly southern frontier with as much glory to after the publication of the Proclamation the forces allies, as advantage to the just enclosed in a former dispatch, the letters, cause they defend, the Governors of the of which I have the honour to enclose Kingdom have authorised me to acknowcopies, were addressed to Lord Wellington ledge, in their name, the high and distinand Marshal Beresford, by the Govern- guished sevices for which the Portuguese ment and the Minister.
Nation is indebted to your Excellency in Most Illustrious and Most Ercellent Lord quality of Marshal, Commander in Chief
of her Armies. If the success of our Viscount Wellington, K. B. Murshal, General Commander in Chief.
arms be the result of valor and discipline,
to your Excellency it is attributable that Your Excellency's Dispatch, dated the troops, only the other day mostly recruits, 9th inst. baving been laid before us, and bare been enabled to conduct themselves your Excellency's glorious and transcend like experienced veterans, and to deserve ant services in the course of the present so eminently of their Sovereign and their campaign having been duly considered, country.--'The Government will lay bewe have high satisfaction in testifying our fore bis Royal Highness, with an especial just administration of the exalted achieve recommendation, the merits and glorious ments which have immortalized your Ex- achievements of his army, and desire that cellency's name, sustained the honour of your Excellency do make known to the the combined armies, and delivered this whole of that army, in the most imkingdom the third time from the oppres- pressive manner, the high estimation in sion of our enemies. The conduct of the which their services are held. The army army having justified the confidence of have amply fulfilled the expectations of their chief, and fulfilled the expectations their country; and so long as she shall of the allied nations, we are desirous preserve the recollection of events so that your Excellency do make known to glorious, the distinguished Chief who disthe whole army that the Government and ciplined and commanded that army will. the country are amply repaid for their ever be present to her grateful memory. exertions and sacrifices, by the wisdom, -I have particular satisfaction in com. valor, and discipline displayed by the municating the sentiments of the GoGenerals, Officers, and privates of which vernors of the kingdom towards your Exthat army is composed. We will lay be- cellency being precisely those I have ever fore his Royal Highness, in the distinctest invariably entertained.-May God premanner, the events which have taken serve your Excellency, place; recommending to his Royal notice
D. MIGUEL PEREIRA FORJAZ. the services of an army which has covered Palace of Government, April 17, 1811. itself with glory under your Excellency's command.-Your Excellency cannot fail 10 derive high gratification from the result of your plans and labours, which, France.- Decree for the raising of Seamen. crowned with the most eminent success and
- March 2, 1811.--Signed by the Empublic opinion, leave nothing wanting
peror Napoleon. to satisfy the heart of the illustrious war- Art. 1. There shall be made a levy of rior by whom they were conceived and 3,000 seamen, from the age of 20 to 50 accomplished.-May God preserve your years, in the three departments of the Excellency.
mouths of the Elbe, the Weser, and the PATRIACH ELECT. Upper Ems.-2. The Governor-General COUNT REDONDO. shall apportion these 3,000 seamen among R. NOGUIER. the different cities and ports of these three PRINCIPES SOUSA. departments.-3. These seamen shall be
CHARLES STUART, marched, in parties of 100 each, to Ante Palace of Godernment, April, 19 1811. werp.-4. This call of seamen shall be in
D. MICuel Pereira FORJAZ, discharge of the maritime conscription,