« ForrigeFortsett »
s of this country. He concluded by mov- ment by Viscount Sidmouth, relating to “ing for that which Taylor was unable to the Acts for Religious Toleration; “ obtain, namely, a copy of the Minutes “ of the Court-martial. The CHANCEL
SAMUEL Mills, Esq. in the Chair : “ LOR OF THE EXCHEQUER observed, that The Committee reported. That by great “ on a Saturday, and in so thin a House, exertions, aided by the generous, senti“it was not usual to expect motions of ments which were universally excited, as such importance as to call for discussion. they had obtained in 48 hours 336 Pezi« Before, however, he could consent to tions from various Congregations within “the motion, he should wish a fuller 120 miles of the metropolis, signed only “ House, and some opportunity for in- by Males exceeding 16 years of age, (ex« quiry. . He therefore hoped the Hon. clusive of many Petitions that have been “ Baronet would have no objection to post- subsequently received) that those Petitions,
pove his motion. After some conversa- had been presented to the House of Lords « tion the motion was postponed until on Tuesday; and that in consequence of “ Thursday se'nnight.”—This subject is the number and respectability of the Peof much more importance than are the titioners, of the attention of his Majesty's battles in Spain and Portugal. It did not Governinent, and of the assistance of many seem, one would have thought, to require liberal minded Peers, the motion that the a very full House, or much consideration, Bill should be read for the second time to vote for the production of the proceed. was negatived without a division, and the ings of the Court Martial. The same was Bill was consequently rejected. done last session by the same member, Rezolved, and the consequences, in the case of Jef- 1. That the Report of the Commitiee is fery, are well known. I do not mean to highly satisfactory to this Meeting; that, insinuate, that there is, on the part of the loving religion, liberty, and their native ministry, any intention or wish, to smo land, they rejoice at the speedy rejection ther the proposed inquiry; but, certainly, of a Bill which would have limited the the sooner it is gone into the better; and diffusion of religious light, have enfeebled the more fuil. and solemn the discussion the energy of freedom, and by producing the more advantageous will be the effects. internal dissentions have inflicted upon
I am very glad to see the thing en- their country a dangerous wound: and tered on with such temper. Why it should that they particularly rejoice that this efo create heat in any party, I know not; but, fect has resulted from the zeal displayed certainly it has had that effect, in most by the friends to Religious Liberty of cases, hitherto. · Now, however, we shall, every denomination, and that complete I trust, hear it soberly, coolly, and man- success has conferred on their labours an fully discussed. The House of Commons adequate reward. vote the money to pay the soldiers; it is 2. That this Meeting congratulate Mithere where the laws originate for the nisters and other frienils resident in every , governing of them ; and surely, it is part of the empire, on this memorable rethere, where inquiries ought to be made sult, on the just displeasure they have mainto the treatment of them; for, I think, no nifested at the first effort of reviving intoone will any longer have the impudence lerance, on their consequent aitention to to assert, that " the soldier is out of the pale | the recommendations of the former Meet“ of the Constitution."
ing, on their liberal promises of pecuniary
WM. COBBETT. aid, and on the pledges they have given State Prison, Newgate, Tuesday,
of their determination to resist any enMay 28, 180.
croachments on the Acts of Toleration, and every future attempt to restrict useful
and pious teachers from disseminating PROTESTANT DISSENTERS.
Christian principles, and thereby promotAt a General Meeting of Protestant Dis. ing the salvation of men. senters, and other Friends to Religious Li- 3. That anxious to vindicate Protestant berty, at the London Tavern, Bishopsgate- Dissenters from the unmerited imputation street, on Friday, May 24, 1811, convened of having acted with insincerity or from to receive the Report of the Committee caprice, this Meeting declare that all appointed at a former Meeting, to prevent communications alleged to have occurred by every legitimate effort the successful between individual Dissenters and the progress of a Bill introduced into Parlia- | Framer of the Bill, were unauthorized by
any body of Protestant Dissenters; and, cute all the powers with which they were that any favourable opinions of the mea- then invested, and which they hare so sure which such persons might avow have usefully employed. never obtained the sanction of general ap- 7. That the energetic and judicious ex• probation.
ertions of that Committee, who have 4. That the inconveniencies which have awakened with so much advantage a Jong resulted from the want of union and laudable spirit among Protestant Dissentco-operation among Protestant Dissenters ers, and the friends to Religious Liberty, for the protection of their Religious Rights, merit the highest approbation; and prethe necessity which has been demonstrated sent an example for universal imitation, for the appointment of persons authorized whenever the smallest infringement of the vigilantly to watch against innovation on most extensive Toleraiion be hereafter attheir privileges, as well as the constructions tempted. that have been put on the Acts of Tolera- 8. That the thanks of this Meeting be tion; the assumption by Magistrates of presented to the Right Hon. Spencer Perjudicial authority in the execution of some ceval, for the politeness with which be at. of the provisions of those Acts, as to which tended to the representations of their Comtheir power is only ministerial; the recent mittee; and to every Member of his Ma. violent outrages which have been commit- jesty's Government, for withholding from ted against their Meeting houses and the Bill their important support. Preachers, in Suifolk and Kent; and the 9. That this Meeting cannot adequately harsh revival of the intolerant provisions praise the Right Honourable Earls Slanof the Conventicle Act in Berkshire, hope and Grey, and Lords Holland and against persons guilty only of assembling Erskine, for their manly and eloquent opto pray to God, induce this Meeting to position to the principles and provisions of recommend that a Society be formed of the Bill, and for their unanswerable dethe Ministers of Congregations of Protest- fence of Religious Liberty—but that they ant Dissenters, and of other persons as- be requested to accepl of their warmest sembling under the Act of Toleration thanks. throughout England and Wales, to defend 10. That his Grace the Duke of Northemselves against these evils, and that folk, the Most Noble the Marquis of Lansany balance of monies which the Com- downe, and the Right Honourable Earls mittee appointed by the former Meeting, Moira, Lauderdale, and Rossłyn, have, by may eveniually retain, be applied by them their prompt and generous assistance, extowards the forniation, and for the pur. cited in this Meeting the most ardent graposes of such society.
titude. 5. That the same Committee be re- 11. That the Committee for guarding quested to prepare the plan of such so- the Privileges of the Methodists in the ciety; to invite the concurrence of every connection of the late Reverend John Wescongregation assembling under the Acts ley, having essentially contributed to this of Toleration; and to carry any plan they important success by their concurrent efmay deem eligible into immediate effect. forts and cheerful co-operation, have in
0. That, a3.expences have been una. creased the esteem which this Meeting voidably incurred to an amount certainly previously entertained, and have proved great, although unascertained, all Gentle themselves to be sincere friends to the men present at this Meeting be requested best interests of mankind. to subscribe such sums as their liberality 12. That this Meeting are also grateful may suggest; "and that all congregations to those Clergymen and other Members be requested to transmit their collective of the Established Church, who by their contributions, or individual assistance, to strenuous opposition to the rejected Bill, the Treasurer, Robert Steven, Esq. at 101, have evinced their unfeigned attacbment Upper Thames-street, or at the London to the cause of Religious Liberty. Tavern, Bishopsgate-street; or New Lon- 13. That the attentions of the worshipdon Tavern, Cheapside; or to Sir James ful the Mayor and other Gentlemen of Esdaile and Co. and Messrs. Robarts, Cur. Bristol, and of the Members of several Cortis, and Co. Lombard-street; and Messrs. porations, have made an indelible impres Down, Thornton, and Free, Bartholomew sion on this Meeting, and are entitled to lane, without any avoidable delay; and gratitude, permanent and sincere. that the Committee appointed at the last
14. That this Meeting are most happy Meeting be solicited to continue to exe- to renew their grateful acknowledgments
to Samuel Mills, Esq. the Chairman, for cent. more than the Ruyder, because the the liberality of principle and the pro- Ruyder was not exportable. He repeated priety of conduct which he has manifested his vindication of the Bank, and contended on the present and on the former occasion. that their paper issue was not regulated
15. That the able, unwearied, and dis. with a view to the raising of any excesinterested exertions of Thomas Pellal, sive or unreasonable profit. Esq. and John Wilks, Esq. the Secretaries Mr. HUSKISSON rose merely to make to the Committee, have procured for them one or two observations upon what had the respect of this Meeting, and merit fallen from the Right Honouravle Baroner universal approbation,
and the Hon. Gentleman who had just sat 16. That these Resolutions be commu- down. He apprehended that the Right nicated to the Noblemen and Gentlemen Hon. Bart. had in his zeal for the paper to whom they relate, and that they be cause let out considerably nore than the printed, advertised in the Newspapers, and advocates of paper could wish to have circulated at the discretion of the Com- disclosed. He seemed not only to deny mittee; and that they be also requested the evils of an excessive paper issue, but to collect and publish all the Proceedings to hail it as another and most promising which have occurred, that a Record may system of finance; and that, as for the remain to gratify contemporaneous en- vulgar prejudices in favour of gold and quiry, and to excite and direct the efforts silver, that they ought to be at once exof future generations.
ploded or left merely to those modern MiSAMUEL Mills, Chairman, dasses who would ruin the country in the
fury of their speculations; this glorious BULLION DEBATE.
paper system was to rescue us from al}
the horrors of gold and silver which the (Concluded from page 1312.) Right Honourable Baronet had proved by
He must resist, therefore, a quotation from a French pamphlet must any innovation upon the last, as one of the inevitably make “the poor miserable and three important-links of society; and he the rich wicked and powerful.” With was deeply impressed that on the event of respect to the Dutch coin mentioned by this discussion depended the prosperity the Honourable Gentleman (Mr. Baring) and the best interests of the British Em. The Ruyder, he believed, was the oldest pire.
coin in Holland. It was certainly prohi. Mr. MANNINO defended the conduct of bited froni exportation by one of those the Directors of the Bank of England, and absurd laws which were allowed to condenied that the Bank had any interest dis- tinue in many couniries without one reatinct from that of the public. In speak- son to warrant the continuance of their ing from bimself, which he had done in operation. But the instance put by the all that he had said upon this subject, and Honourable Gentleman, could not apply not as a person commissioned to state to unless he was prepared to state that the that House the sentiments of the Bank, he Ruyder had not become deteriorated. It was free to say that his situation as a Di- was certainly a very old coin; and the sector, derived to him no advantage what. coin to which the Dutch direcied their atever, save what flowed to bim in the chan. tention chiefly was the ducat, which was nel of the public interests. He was no exportable, so that the probability was, farther a stockholder than as holding that that the Ruyder had become deteriorated portion of stock which was necessary for —with regard to the 3rd Resolution, he him to qualify himself for his situation as wished to know from the Right Hon. Bank Director, and he had no connection Gent. the meaning of the word "equivawith the stocks but as a Bank Director. In lent” in that resolution; was it the denoorder to shew that the arguments which minations were the same-of this there had been resoried to, to prove the depre- could be no question; was it that their ciation of the paper currency, from the intrinsic value was the same, or was it high price of guineas, he stated there was that they had the same exchangeable a Dutch gold coin, called the Ruyder, value? Are the two commodities interwhich was worth fourteen guilders, but changeable? No; then what was the which, by the laws of Holland, was not meaning of equivalent ?” standard was exportable. It was well known that a the measure of equivalency. If the Assaypiece of bullion, of equal weight and fine- master, the favourite witness, Mr. Meale, ness, would in Holland sell for 12 per was called and asked as to this point, - he (Mr. Huskisson) should wish to put him was in surh a fictitious state as to every two questions only ;--first, Are the dolo part of political economy, that she could lars and the crown-pieces equivalent?" not go on with a circulation adapted to and this he would certainly answer, no. legitimate purposes. At the present, hoxThe second question would be," By what
By what ever, such was the state of the Continent, process can you make the equivalent?”) and of our trade, that it was impossible the only reply he could give to this, would for us to bring back the precious metals be perhaps, a laugh--because the thing into circulation. To talk in this situation, was impossible--they could not be made as a Right Honourable Gentleman (Husequivalent. It was absurd to talk of a kisson) had done, of the Theories of Locke standard when it could be traced only to or Newton, was not more absurd than the a penal law.
An equivalent in such a reasoning of an Honourable Gentleman case could only be compared to the story last nigbt, who carried the House back to of the Scholars, who complaining of the the days of Moses. diminution of their commons, were de- Mr. HUŚKISSON explained.--The House sired to get a pair of magnifying glasses, then divided, through which to view their allowance. For the Resolution ......
76 Such was the case with the dollars-Gen- For the Amendment
26 tlenen hed only to view them through a Majority in favour of the Resoludifferent medium, and they would per- tion ...
...... 52 ceive them to be larger one day than they Mr. HORNER then proposed his several had been the preceding.
Amendments to the Resolutions of Mr. Mr. Manning explained, that the Pro- Vansittart, not with the view to any disclamation as to the rise in the value of cussion, but that they might be entered on dollars would put the Bank to a loss of 6d. | the Journals. upon every dollar then in circulation, Mr. VANSITTART denied the facts as. amounting to several millions in number serted in Mr. Ilorner's Amendments. -a sacrifice of no trifling amount, for the Mr. HORNER was content that the mat. convenience of the public. The Bank | ter shouid now rest on their counter. was not desirous of continuing those is. assertions, which would thus appear opgues; but, on the contrary, would be posed to each other on the Journals. anxious to withdraw from them whenever Mr. Horner's Amendments to the sere. the Executive Government found itself ral Resolutions were then put and negaenabled to dispense with the Bank's ser- tived. vices. He regretted the resolution as to Mr. Tierney proposed his Amendment, the rise in the dollars had not originated as an addition to the Sixteenth Resolution; in that House. To the Bank it would but this addition was also negatired. prove a loss of 50,0001, or 60,0001.
The whole of the Resolutions being put, Mr. HUSKISSON explained.
were agreed to. Mr. S. THORNTON stated, that within these two days a banker had put into his
OFFICIAL PAPERS. hands 500 guineas in gold, requesting to have in exchange for them, from the Bank, PORTUGAL.--THE WAR.-Downing-Streets tokens to the amount, at the rate of 5s. Od.
May 25th, 1811.- Dispatches of thich each; and a similar application had been
the following are copies, were this day remade a few days before for an exchange
ceived at the Earl of Literpool's Ofice, as between guineas and tokens, to the
wildressed to his Lordship by Lieutenant amount of 3001. This was better than any
General Lord Viscount Wellington, K. B., reasoning as to their value could be sup
dated Villa Formosa, Sth and 10th of posed to be.
Alay. Mr. WILBERFORCE was satisfied the
Villa Formosa, May 8th, 1811. effect of the present discussion would be My Lord ;- The enemy's whole army, gradually to lead to true and just princi- consisting of the 20, 6th, and sth corps, ples on the subject; and he was also satis. and all the cavalry which could be colfied that they would be found to be the lected in Castille and Leon, including best friends to the country who advised, about nine hundred of the Imperial that even in a state of prosperity, the Guard, crossed the Agueda at Ciudad present system should not be pushed too Rodrigo on the 2d inst.-The battalions far.
of the 9th corps had been joined to the Mr. Bading contended that the country regiments to which they belonged in the
(1333 · other three corps, excepting a division infantry battalions belonging to Major
consisting of batialions belonging to regi- General Picton's division, supported by ments in the corps doing d'lly in Anda. the light infantry battalion in Majore Jousia, which division likewise formed General Nightingall's brigade, commandpart of the army -As my object in main. ed by Major Dick of the 42 regitaining a position between the Coa and ment, and the light infantry battalion in the Agueda, after the enemy had retired Major-General Howard's brigade comfrom the former, was to blackade Al. manded by Major M'Donnell, of the 92d meida, which place I had learnt, from regiment, and the light infantry battalion intercepted letters and other information, of ihe King's German legion, commanded was ill supplied with provisions for its gar- by Major Ally, of the 3d battalion of the rison, and as the enemy were infinitely su- line, and by the 2d battalion of the 83d perior to us in cavalry, I did not give any regiment under Major Carr. These opposition to their march, and they passed troops maintained their position; but the Azava on that evening in the neighbour- having observed the repeated efforts hood of Espeja, Carpio, and Galligos - which the enemy were making to obtain They continued their marth on the 3d in possession of the village, and being aware the morning towards the Duas Casas, in of the advantage which they would dethree columns, two of them, consisting of rive from the possession in their subsethe 2d and 8th corps, to the neighbour- quent operations, I reinforced the village hood of Alameda and Fort Conception ; successively with the 71st regiment, under and the third consisting of the whole of the Honourable Lieutenant Colonel Cadothe cavalry and the 6th, and that part of gan, and the 79th under Lieut.-Col. Camethe gih corps which hasi not already been ron, and the 24th regiment under Major drafied inio the other three. The allied Chamberlain. The former, at the head army had been cantoned along the river of the 71st regiment, charged the enemy, Duas Casas, and on the sources of the and drove them from the part of the vil. Azava, the light division at Gallagos and lage of which they had obtained a moEspeja. This last fell back upon Fuentes mentary possession. Nearly at this time de Honor, on the Duas Casas, with the Lieut.-Colonel Williams was unfortunately British cavalry, in proportion as the ene. wounded, but I hope not dangerously, my advanced, and the ist, 3d, and 7th and the command devolved upon Lieut. divisions were collected at that place ; and Colonel Cameron, of the 79th regiment. the 6th division, under Major-General The contest continued till night, when Campbell, observed the bridge at Ala- our troops remained in possession of the meda; and Major-General Sir William whole.--I then withdrew the light inErskine, with the 5th division, the pas- fantry battalions and the 83d regiment, sages of the Duas Casas, at Fort Concep- leaving the 71st and 79th regiments only tion, and Aldea D'Obispo. Brigadier- in the village, and 2d battalion 24th regiGeneral Pack's brigade, with the Queen's ment to support them. On the 4th the regiment from the oth division, kept the enemy reconnoitred the positions which blockade of Almeida; and I had prevailed we had occupied on the Duas Casas river, upon Don Julian Sanchez to occupy Nave and during that night they moved General D'Aver with his corps of Spanish cavalry Junot’s corps from Alameda to the left and infantry.--The light division were of the position occupied by the 6th corps, moved in the evening to join General opposite to Fuentes de Honor.--From the Campbell, upon finding thaï the enemy course of the reconnoissance of the 4th, I were in strengih in ihat quarter; and had imagined the enemy would endeathey were brought back again to Fuentes vour to obtain possession of Fuentes de de Honor on the morning of the 5th, Honor, and of the ground occupied by the when it was found that the 8th
had troops behind that village, by crossing joined the oth on the enemy's left.- the Duas Casas at Poya Velho, and in the Shortly after the enemy had formed on evening I moved the 7th division, under the ground on the 'right of the Duas Major-General Houstoun, to the right, in Casas, on the afternoon of the 3d they order if possible to protect that passage. attacked with a large force the village of On the morning of the 5th, the 8th corps Fuentes de Honor, wbich was defunded in appeared in two columns, with all the caa most gallant manner by Lieutenant- valry, on the opposite side of the valley Colonel Williams, of the 5th battalion of the Duas Casas to Poya Velho; and as 60th regiment, in command of the light the 6th and oth corps also made a move