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And, in a few weeks after these Thanks are bestowed, and after Mr. WHITBREAD Comes to the House of Commons, and expresses his sorrow that he was not present to join in the vote; in a few weeks, in less than, four weeks after this, comes the news, that this same French army have attacked their pursuer, have made dreadful slaughter in his army; some hundreds of whom they have actually taken prisoners. But, the fact I have now particularly in view is, that the French, who stewed down their horses for soup so many months ago, had not only cavalry in the battle of Almeida; but, we are told by him who had them in a trap, that "their SUPERIORITY in ca"valry was very great." We see their cavalry every where in this battle. It was the cavalry who took Lieut. Col. Hill and a number of men at one time. It was a charge of their cavalry which annoyed us at another time. And, in short, we see the cavalry every where active and efficient in this battle.Now, I beg the reader to look well at this part of Talavera's account, and then say what is due to the wretches, who told us, in such a confident manner, that the French had stewed down their horses for soup.- One would think, that, after this, we should be a little cautious as to what we believed; but, there really appears to be an infatuation in this country that nothing can remove. There appears to be a willing blindness; and, as it has continued so long, it is likely to hold to the end. Indeed, how should it be otherwise considering the state of the press, mercenary as one part of it is, and cowed down as is the other part? And, yet, after having, so many hundred times, so many thousand times, seen the proof of the falshoods published by the venal writers, it does seem to be the people's own fault if they are still deceived by them.
considerable portion of them, do really entertain a desire to see him upon the throne of their country., This measure would place us in a dilemma, from which we should find it difficult to extricate ourselves. We could not, with any decency, refuse to acknowledge Ferdinand; and, yet, it would not be difficult for the French so to restore him as to keep him under their controul. The noblemen, and owners of property, in Spain, would gladly return to it upon any conditions that would insure its quiet enjoyment. They have seen too much of the example of the French emigrants to stand out for trifles in such a case. The Church would have the same feeling. And, if Napoleon would guarantee them the enjoyment of this property, the business would be done, in a short space of time.--We should, then, be placed in a most ludicrous situation; and, especially if Ferdinand were to marry into the family of Buonaparté, as he, at one time, requested the honour to be permitted to do. This circumstance, could be no objection to our acknowledging of him as King of Spain, or, rather, to our continuing to acknowledge him in that character. We are fighting, expending millions, to preserve the throne of Spain for him; and, if he were on that throne, how could we refuse to acknowledge him? This measure, however, will not, I dare say, be resorted to unless in case of necessity; that is to say, unless there remains no hope of ridding Spain of our presence and influence in any other way.-- -The war in Spain is professedly a war for the restoration of Ferdinand and the Spanish government. Well, then, if Buonaparté restore them, what more do we want? Such an event would strangely puzzle us. We should not know what to say against such restoration; and yet, to be quiet would be out of our power.- -I am not supposing that such an event will take place; there is, at present, I think, little probability of it; but, at the same time, it is what may happen, and, therefore, it is not amiss to bestow a little reflection upon it.
SPAIN. JOSEPH BUONAPARTE'. It is certain that King Joseph is returned to France, and, it is not improbable that some change may be on foot as to the sovereign of Spain.It is said, that there is a project for putting FERDINAND upon the throne; and, as I, long ago, observed, this is a measure, which Napoleon would certainly adopt, if all other means failed.
I do not believe, that he will adopt it, while his affairs in the peninsula are as they now are; but, if he were to adopt
DELIVERANCE OF EUROPE.- -The deli. verer of Europe, now surviving assembled together on the 28th of May, it seems, to celebrate the memory of the Great Deliverer PITT, who died in the year 1806. Upon this occasion there was much speak
it, I can see no reason why it should failing, aud, amongst the rest, the speech from which I have taken my motto.
of success, if the people of Spain, or any
have often had to observe, that no nation was now changed to that of defence against ever was so much insulted as this; but, in her, and, with respect to his allies, of resnothing has this nation ever been so grossly cuing them from her grasp. At this time insulted as in the applause thus given to (the year 1794) began to be used the PITT, who was the cause of more loss, suf- phrase Deliverance of Europe, which has fering, and dishonour to England, than been in use ever since.-The deliverance of any other man that ever lived.--But, at Europe hung upon every " loyal" tongue. present, let us consider him in the cha- For the deliverance of Europe places and racter of Deliverer of Europe. This work pensions were accepted and asked for; and he began in the year 1792, having in con- contractors and their wives prayed for the junction with his worthy, his ever worthy deliverance of Europe.What progress colleague and companion, delivered India has been made in this good work will best before.In 1792 England and Europe be seen by a comparison of the state of were at peace, and each state of it was in Europe in 1794 with the state of it at the possession of that degree of indepen- present.--At the close of 1794, when dence, which it had possessed for many Pitt and his associates began to deliver years. But, the people of France having Europe, France had over-run and possaid that they would no longer endure sessed itself of Flanders and Holland, and, that slavery for which Englishmen had al- with the exception of some trifling territeways been reproaching them, a combination ries on the side of Italy and Germany, was formed against them by some of the those were all. She has now conquered sovereigns of Europe; and, about the and united to her territory, or placed under month of May, in the year 1792, those so- the same head with herself, all Italy, vereigns made demonstrations of attacking Naples excepted; all the States of HolFrance itself. Large armies were assemland and all the former Austrian Netherbled for this purpose by Prussia and Aus- lands; and the Hans Towns as far as the tria; and, the Commander in Chief of territory of Denmark. In Germany she these armies, the late DUKE OF BRUNS. has new modelled all the states, erecting WICK (who, by-the-by, had had the com- new titles and dynasties, and suppressing mand of the Prussian troops, when they others. From the Emperor of Germany marched into Holland in 1787), issued and the king of Prussia, who first armed proclamations against all those persons in against her, she has wrested the best part France who should dare to oppose these ar- of their possessions, and almost the whole mies The French people, soon after this, of their power. To Sweden, where the dethroned their king; and, early in 1793, league against her was said to have been they put him to death.The English first conceived, she has given a late Serministry had bitherto not joined the ene-jeant of her army for a king. Naples, mies of France; but, now they did; and, which joined in the league, now owns the from this time, began that war, which has sway of a French soldier, who, as we are never yet, in reality, ceased, and of the told, sprang from the keeper of an ale. cessation of which there is not now the house; while Spain, whose royal family slightest appearance.--The French peo- are captives in France, and Portugal, ple, whom to subdue was looked upon as whose royal family have been compelled only the work of a holiday campaign, so to flee across the ocean, are now the far from being intimidated by the threats theatre of a war between France and her of the Duke of Brunswick, took up arms only unsubdued enemy, England.-— as one man, ranged themselves voluntarily This is what has been done in the way of under whoever was found able and willing delivering Europe since the year 1794; and to direct them; drove that same Duke of yet are there men to bid us hope for the Brunswick out of their territory, and be- Deliverance of Europe, and that, too, under came, in their turn, the assailants.The the guidance of that same set of politicians, progress of the arms of the French (now who have had the power in their hands become republicans) astonished the world. from that day to this!But, there is In the course of two campaigns they gain- one view of this matter that such men as ed upwards of twenty great battles, be- the Lord Chancellor never seem to take. sides more than a hundred actions of infe- They hate the French themselves, and rior note. From having promised the they seem to think that every body else people of England nothing short of the must hate them too. But this by no means humiliation of France, or, what was called, follows; and, indeed, it is notorious, that, clipping her wings, the tone of the minister in many cases, the contrary has been,
and is, notoriously the fact.-We. have had for our allies every state in Europe, I believe, France only excepted. The Emperor, King of Prussia, King of Naples, King of Spain, Queen of Portugal, King of Sardinia, the Stadtholder, the King of Sweden, the Emperor of Russia, the Ger man princes, Louis the XVIII, the Knights of Malta; all, all have been our allies. What has been their fate? What has happened to them while they were our allies? How have we delivered them?-Look then. Fancy them all before you, reader, assembled in a group. Will they tell you that they have been delivered? Can you make them hope for deliverance at your hands?And, as to the people of the several countries subdued by France, it is notorious, that, so far from their resisting the French, they, in general, assisted them. Where is the ground, then, of an opinion, that these people would like to be delivered by us? the year 1794 the Great Deliverer sent an army to assist in the deliverance of the Dutch. The Dutch did not wish to be delivered; they treated his army like dogs; they refused them victuals and drink even for money; they considered them, in short, as their enemies, and the French army as their friends. The same thing has happened since; and, even but the other day, when we invaded the province of Zealand, no warmth of reception did we meet with. Not a Dutchman joined our standard. No acclamations of the people; no addresses; submission, and that was all; submission as to conquerors, but not a word of deliverance did we hear from the Dutch. How we have been received in Flanders, in Italy, in Egypt, in Germany, in Den-years. mark, at Toulon, at Quiberon, and, in short, any where that can be named, I need not tell the reader. He knows how we have been received; he knows in what way we have been hailed. He knows of what kind have been the blessings that have been bestowed upon us. And yet, there are men, who have still the front to tell us, that we are to be the deliverers of Europe!- From what, however, I would ask the LORD CHANCELLOR, are we to deliver Europe? Because we ought to have something like a clear idea of this, else we are going on in the dark. From WHAT, then, my LORD ELDON, are we to deliver Europe? -From Napoleon? Is that what you mean? If it be, then I beg leave to remind you, that you belonged to a cabinet who made peace with him; a cabinet
who boasted of a peace with him; a cabi net who entered into a solemn treaty with him; aye, and (mark it well!) who received at his hands the cession of one Spanish and one Dutch colony! TRINIDAD and CEYLON were ceded to us by Napoleon. It was with him, or his embassador rather, that we ade a bargain including the cession of those colonies to us. And, shall we now say, that our object is to deliver Europe of him, as of a tyrant, an usurper, a barbarian? Well do I remember, that, when the definitive treaty was halting a little, our venal prints observed, upon the rumoured dissent of Spain and Holland:
they may grumble, but they must submit.” Submit to what? To terms that we, in conjunction with Napoleon, had imposed upon them. It is, therefore, a little too much now to talk of delivering the nations of Europe from the power of this same Napoleon.-Besides, if we were to drive him out from his several conquests, does it follow that our end would be answered? Does it follow, that the people in those states would choose to call back their old rulers? If we are to judge from the past, it does not; for, in no one instance, have the people thus acted. The moment they have been free, they have set to work to frame new governments. They have never called their old one back'; and, therefore, when we talk about the deliverance of Europe, let us consider a little what it means.
-In the year 1792, and from that year to the year 1800, or thereabouts, the Deliverunce of Europe aimed principally at the Jacobins; enemies to Social Order and Regulur Government, to the Altar and the Throne. These were the catch-words for many The Loyalty Loan and the Volantary Contributions and the Habeas Corpus Suspension and many other memorable things took place while these words were in vogue. Well, what have we now to find fault of, then? There is Social Order and Regular Government in plenty in France at this time; and as to the Altar and the Throne, we hear of nothing else but their imperial Majesties, the King of Rome and of Bishops and Masses. Here is Altar and Throne and enough of them if we wanted Altar and Throne. What, then, displeases us now? Will no. thing suit us? Will neither republicans nor emperors do for us?Ah! we may pretend what we will, but nothing that we can say, or that we can now do, will deceive the people of France or of any of the countries of Europe. They all saw us
Head-Quarters, Villa Formoso, May 8.. General Staff-2 wounded.. Royal Horse Artillery-1 rank and file, 3 horses, killed; I rank and file, 3 horses, wounded.
POLITICAL REGISTER.Oficial Papers.
at the very head of the league against the people of France, long before Buonaparté was heard of; and, they are not now to be persuaded, that we hate Buonaparté merely oppress, because he oppresses, or is said to the people of France, or any other people. No: they will never believe, that those who approved of the Duke of Brunswick's Proclamations, are hostile to Napoleon on account of his hostility to freedom. The PITT CLUB may, therefore, another time, keep their breath to cool their porridge, as far as relates to the Deliverance of Europe. Not only did the people of France and of Europe see England at the head of a league against the French before the name of Napoleon was known to us; but they saw us, after he became known, and after he became chief of the nation, make peace with him, make a treaty of friendship with him, and heard us say, that we liked him better than we did the republican government. After this the people of France and of Europe are not such brutes as to believe, that our hatred of Napoleon arises in any degree, from his being an oppressor of the people. WM. COBBETT. State Prison, Newgate, Friday, May 31, 1811.
Royal Foot Artillery-1 serjeant, 4 rank and file, 9 horses, killed; 1 Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 18 rank and file, 21 horses, wounded.
1st Royal Dragoons-4 rank and file, 18 horses, killed; 1 Lieutenant, 36 rank and file, 24 horses, wounded.
14th Light Dragoons-3 rank and file, 5 horses, killed; 2 Captains, 2 Lieutenants, 1 Cornet, 6 serjeants, 21 rank and file, 22 horses, wounded; 3 rank and file, 3 horses, missing.
PORTUGAL. THE WAR.-Return of Officers killed, wounded, and missing of the Army under the Command of Lieutenant-General Lord Viscount Wellington, in the Affair of Fuentes Onovos, on the Evening of the 3rd of May, 1811.
10th Light Dragoons-7 rank and file, 4 horses, killed; 2 Lieutenants, 16 rank and file, 5 horses, wounded; 1 Captain, 1 serjeant, 2 horses, missing.
1st Hussars, King's German Legion-I serjeant, 1 drummer, 6 horses, killed; 1 Major, 1 Captain, I Lieutenant, 2 serjeants, 1 drummer, 37 rank and file, 20 horses. wounded.
1st Batt. Coldstream Guards- rank and file killed; 1 Captain, 2 serjeants, 49 rank and file wounded; 1 Ensign, 7 rank and file, missing.
1st Batt. 3d Guards-1 Ensign, 5 rank and file, killed; 1 Captain, 3 serjeants, 40 rank and file, wounded; 1 LieutenantColonel, 12 rank and file, missing.
3d Batt. 1st Foot-1 serjeant, 8 rank and file, wounded.
2d Batt. 5th Foot-3 rank and file wounded.
1st Batt. 9th Foot-4 rank and file wounded.
2d Batt. 24th Foot-I Lieutenant, 4 rank and file, killed; 2 serjeants, 17 rank and file, wounded; 1 Captain, 4 rank and file, missing.
2d Batt. 30th Foot-1 serjeant, 3 rank and file, wounded.
(Concluded from page 1344.)
1st Batt. 71st Foot-Captain M'Intyre, and Lieutenant Fox, severely; Lieutenant M'Craw, slightly; Ensign Kearne, dangerously; Adjutant Law, slightly.
1st Batt. 79th Foot-Lieutenant Calder, slightly; Ensign Brown, severely.
1st Batt. 92d Foot-Lieutenant Hill, severely.
3d Batt.95th Foot-Lieutenant Uniacke, severely,
6th Caçadores-Captain de Barros;
Army under the Command of Lieutenant-
2d Batt. 42d Foot-1 serjeant, 1 rank and file, killed; 1 serjeant, 22 rank and
20 Batt. 44th Foot-4 rank and file wounded.
1st Batt. 45th Foot-3 rank and file, killed; 1 rank and file wounded.
1st Batt. 50th Foot-3 rank and file, killed; 2 serjeants, 19 rank and file, wounded; Lieutenant, 4 rank and file, missing.
51st Foot-5 rank and file, wounded. 5th Batt. 60th Foot-1 Major, 1 Lieutenant, 1 serjeant, 11 rank and file, wounded; 1 rank and file, missing.
1st Batt. 71st Foot-2 Lieutenants, 1 serjeant, 10 rank and file, killed; 2 Ensigns, 1 Staff, 6 serjeants, 1 drummer, 64 rank and file, wounded; 2 Lieutenants, 2 serjeants, 1 drummer, 34 rank and file, missing.
74th Foot-1 Lieutenant, 2 rank and file, killed; 2 Captains, 1 staff, 1 serjeant, 52 rank and file, wounded.
1st Batt. 79th Foot-1 serjeant, 26 rank and file, killed; 1 Lieutenant-Colonel, 2 Captains, 5 Lieutenants, 1 Ensign, 5 serjeants, 121 rank and file, wounded; 2 serjeants, 92 rank and file, missing,
2d Batt. 33d Foot-1 Lieutenant, 1 serjeant, 1 drummer, killed; Lieutenant, 2 serjeants, 26 rank and file, wounded.
85th Foot-1 Lieutenant, 12 rank and file, killed; 1 Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 3 serjeants, 1 drummer, 32 rank and file, wounded; 2 serjeants, I drummer, 40 rank and file, missing.
1st Batt. 88th Foot-1 Captain, 1 rank and file, killed; 1 Lieutenant, 1 Ensign, 1 serjeant, 1 drummer, 45 rank and file, wounded; 1 rank and file missing.
1st Batt. 92d Foot--7 rank and file, killed; Major, 1 Lieutenant, 2 serjeants, 32 rank and file, wounded.
94th Foot-4 rank and file, wounded. 1st Batt. 95th Foot-1 serjeant, 6 rank and file, wounded.
2d Batt. 95th Foot-1 rank and file, wounded.
3d Batt. 95th Foot-1 Lieutenant, 1 rank and file, killed; 2 rank and file wounded; 1 serjeant, 1 rank and file, missing.
Chasseurs Britanniques 2 Serjeants, 28 rank and file, killed; 2 Captains, 1 Lieutenant, 1 Ensign, 2 serjeants, 15 rank and file, wounded; 7 rank and file, missing.
1st Light Batt. King's German Legion 2 rank and file, wounded; 1 rank and file, missing.
2d Light Batt. King's German Legion1 rank and file, wounded; 1 rank and file, missing.
1st Batt. of the Line, King's German Legion- Major, 3 serjeants, 14 rank and file, wounded; rank and file missing.
2d ditto-2 rank and file; killed; 2 Captains, 11 rank and file, wounded; 2 rank and file missing.
5th ditto-8 rank and file, wounded; 3 rank and file, missing.
7th ditto-1 rank and file, killed; 1 ensign, 1 serjeant, 4 rank and file, wounded; 2 rank and file, missing.
Brunswick Oels' Corps-1 tank and file,
killed; 1 Lieutenant, 2 serjeants, 4 rank and file, wounded; 10 rank and file, missing.
Total British loss-1 Captain, 7 Lieutenants, 1 Ensign, 8 serjeants, 2 drummers, 129 rank and file, 45 horses, killed; 2 General Staff, I Lieutenant-Colonel, 4 Majors, 15 Captains, 21 Lieutenants, 7 Cornets or Ensigns, 2 Staff, 50 serjeants, 4 drummers, 766 rank and file, 95 horses, wounded; 1 Lieutenant-Colonel, 2, Captains, 3 Lieutenants, 1 Ensign, 8 serjeants, 2 drummers, 226 rank and file, 5 horses, missing.
Portuguese Loss-5 serjeants, I drummer, 44 rank and file, killed; 1 Lieutenant Colonel, 2 Lieutenants, 4 Cornets or Ensigns, 11 serjeants, 140 rank and file, wounded; 1 serjeant, 7 drummers, 43 rank and file, missing.
General Total-1 Captain, 7 Lieutenants, 1 Ensign, 13 serjeants, 3 drummers, 173 rank and file, and 45 horses, killed; 2 General Staff, 2 Lieutenant-Colonels, 4 Majors, 15 Captains, 23 Lieutenants, 11 Cornets or Ensigns, 2 staff, 61 serjeants, 4 drummers, 900 rank and file, and 95 horses, wounded; 1 Lieutenant Colonel, 2 Captains, 3 Lieutenants, 1 Ensign, 9 serjeants, 9 drummers, 269 rank and file, and 5 horses, missing.
CHARLES STEWART, Major-Gen. and Adjut.-Gen. Names of Officers killed, wounded, and missing of the army under the command of Lieutenant-General Viscount Wellington, in Action with the French Army on the 5th of May, 1811.
1st Batt. 3d Guards-Ensign Cookson. 2d Batt. 24th Foot-Lieutenant Ireland, 1st. Batt. 71st Foot-Lieutenants Houston and Graham.
74th Foot-Lieutenant Johnstone.
Major-General Nightingall, slightly. 10th Hussars-Lieutenant Fitzclarence, Aid-du-Camp to Major-General Stewart, slightly.
British Foot Artillery-Captain G. Thompson, Lieutenants Martin and Woolcombe, slightly.
1st Royal Dragoons-Lieutenant Forster, slightly.
14th Light Dragoons-Captain Knipe,