Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

severely; Captain Mills, Lieutenants Gwynne and Badcock, Cornet Elles, slightly.

16th Light Dragoons-Lieutenant Weyland, severely; Lieutenant Blake, ditto, since dead.

1st Hussars, King's German LegionMajor Meyer, slightly; Captain Gruben, Lieutenant Krauckenberg, severely.

1st Batt. Coldstream Guards-Captain Hervey, slightly.

1st Batt. 3d Guards-Captain Clitherow, slightly.

5th Batt. 60th Foot-Major Woodgate, Lieutenant Wynne, slightly.

1st Batt. 71st Foot Ensign Cox, slightly; Ensign Vandeleur, severely; Adjutant Law, slightly.

74th Foot-Captain M Queen, severely; Captain Moore, Adjutant White, slightly.

1st Batt. 79th Foot-Lieutenant-Colonel Cameron, severely 3 Captain Fraser, slightly; Captain Davidson, severely; since dead. Lieutenant Sinclair, slightly; Lieutenants A. Çanjeron, Webb, and Ro. binson, severely; Lieutenant A. Fraser, Ensign, W. Cameron, slightly.

24 Butt. 83d Foot-Lieutenant Vericker, severely.

85th Foot-Ciptain Nixon, slightly; Lieutenant Brock, dangerously; Lieute. nant Hogg, severely.

1st Batt. 88th Foot-Lieutenant M Alpine, slightly; Ensign Hogan, severely.

1st Batt. 92d Foot-Major Grant, severely, left leg amputated; Lieutenant McNab, severely; right arm amputated.

34 Caçadores-Lieutenant Joao de Breknique, slightly.

6th ditto-Lieutenant-Colonel Sebastio Pinto, Lieutenant Joze Vas, Ensigns Joze Berreira and Francisco Peixoto, slightly; Ensign Perreira, severely, since dead.

Missing.

1st. Batt. 3d Guards-Lieutenant-Colo nel Hill.

2d Batt. 24th Foot-Captain Andrews. 1st Batt. 50th Foot-Lieutenant Ryan. 1st Batt. 71st Foot-Lieutenants Roy and Baldwin. CHARLES STEWART, Maj. Gen. and Adj.-Gen,

16th Light Dragoons--Captain Belli.
1st Batt. Coldstream Guards-Ensign

tothard.

PORTUGAL. THE WAR.-From the London Gazette, May 28, 1811-Downing-street, May 28, 1811.-A Dispatch, of which the following is an Extract, was this day received at the Earl of Liverpool's Office, addressed to his Lordship by LieutenantGeneral Lord Viscount Wellington, K. B, dated Villa Formosa, 15th May, 1811.

Chasseurs Britanniques-Captains Freu-of ler and Tournefort, slightly; Lieutenant Blemer, slightly; Ensign Proto, severely.

1st Line Batt. King's German Legion Major Beck, slightly.

Almeida, a little before one on the morning of the 11th, and immediately attacked the picquets by which the place was observed, and forced their way through them. They fired but little, and they ap

21st Portuguese Regiment--Ensign Francisco de Paula, slightly.

2d Line Batt. King's German Legion-peared to have marched between the Captains Muller and Decken, severely. bodies of troops posted to support the 7th Line Batt. King's German Legion picquets-and in particular could not Ensign Bachelie, severely. have passed far from the right of the Brunswick Oels-Lieutenant Zolsikoser, Queen's Regiment.-Upon the first alarm slightly. Brigadier-General Pack, who was at Mal partida, joined the picquets, and continued to follow and to fire upon the enemy, as a guide for the march of the other troops employed in the blockade; and MajorGeneral Campbell marched from Malpar tida with a part of the first battalion 36th regiment. But the enemy continued their march in a solid compact body without firing, and were well guided between the positions occupied by our troops.-The 4th regiment, which was ordered to occupy Barba del Puerco, unfortunately

Villa Formosa, May 15, 1811. No part of the enemy's army remained on the left of the Agueda on the evening of the 10th instant, excepting one brigade of cavalry close to the Bridge of Ciudad Rodrigo. The 2d corps had crossed at Barba del Puerco and the Ford of Val d'Espino, and were cantoned in that neighbourhood; and our advanced posts were upon the Azava and the Lower Agueda.-The 6th division resumed the duty of the blockade of Almeida on that evening, and Major. General Sir William Erskine was ordered to send a battalion to Barba del Puerco, to guard the bridge there, which had been previously ordered, and had been posted to observe the passages of the Duas Casas, between Aldea del Bispo and Barba del Puerco.-The enemy blew up some mines which they had constructed in the works

1

missed the road, and did not arrive there till the enemy had reached the place, and commenced to descend the bridge; and at the same moment with the 36th regiment, with Major General Campbell, and the light-battalions of the 5th division, which Major General Sir William Erskine had detached from Aldea del Bispo to Barba del Puerco, as soon as he had heard that the enemy had come out from Almeida. The enemy suffered very considerable loss both in prisoners and in killed and wounded, as well in the march from Almeida as in the passage of the Agueda. It appears that that part of the 2d corps which were in St. Felices, formed upon the river to protect their passage as soon as they heard the firing; and the Honourable Lieutenant Colonel Cochrane of the 86th, who had crossed with a detachment of the 36th and of the 4th regiments, was obliged to retire with some loss.-The enemy are indebted for the small part of the garrison which they have saved principally to the unfortunate mistake of the road to Barba del Puerco by the 4th regiment. During the period of the blockade, but particularly during the period that the enemy's army were between the Duas Casas and the Azava, the garrison were in the habit of firing cannon during the night; and the picquets near the place were frequently attacked. On the night of the 7th there had been a very heavy fire of cannon from the place, and the picquets were attacked; and another on the night of the 8th, and the Queen's regiment in particular, and the other troops employed in the blockade, were induced to believe that the explosion which they heard in the morning of the 11th was of the same description with those which they had heard on the preceding nights; and the Queen's regiment did not move at all, nor the other troops, till the cause of explosion had been ascertained. Since the 11th inst. the enemy have continued their retreat towards the Tormes.-I enclose a return of the killed and wounded of the troops engaged at Barba del Puerco. Return of killed, wounded and missing of the

Army under the Command of Lieutenant General Lord Viscount Wellington, K. B. at Barba del Puerco, on the 11th May, 1811.

Head Quarters, Villa Formosa, May 15. 1st Batt. 4th Foot-2 rank and file killed; Lieutenant, 10 rank and file, wounded; 1 serjeant, 4 rank and file, missing.

1st Batt. 36th Foot-2 rank and file killed; 5 rank and file wounded; 1 Lieutenaut, 10 rank and file, missing.

Total 4 rank and file killed; 1 Lieutenant, 15 rank and file wounded; I Lieutenant, 1 serjeant, 14 rank and file, missing.

Names of Officers killed, wounded and missing.` 1st Batt. 4th Foot-Lieutenant Robert M'Intosh wounded.

1st Batt. 36th Foot-Lieutenant Moody missing.

Lieut. Colonel Philip Cameron, of the 79th regiment, wounded on the 5th May 1811, died on the 13th May 1811. CHARLES STEWART, Major Gen. and Adj. Gen.

Foreign Office, May 28, 1811. Dispatches were this morning received at the office of the Marquis Wellesley, from Mr. Stuart, his Majesty's Minister at Lisbon, dated the 18th instant, by which it appears, that on the 10th, at midnight, the garrison of Almeida blew up the works of that fortress, and effected a retreat to Barba del Puerco with considerable loss.

Marshal Soult broke up from Gillena on the 9th of May, at the head of 15,000 men, and his Head-quarters were at Zafra on the 13th, where he effected a junction with the division of General Latour Maubourg, which increased his numbers to near 22,000 men. General Ballasteros immediately fell back and united his corps with that of General Blake; their combined strength moved from Xeres to Barcarotta. On the 13th, Marshal Beresford and General Castanos concentrated their forces in Valverde, where it would appear they have been since joined by General Blake.-On the 16th Marshal Soult attacked the combined army at Alboera, and, after an obstinate action, was repulsed with great loss, abandoning his wounded, and retiring to a position in sight of the British advanced posts.-The loss on the part of the allies is not specified, but understood to be very severe. Major-General Houghton killed; MajorGenerals Cole and W. Stewart, slightly. wounded; Lieutenant-Colonels Sir W. Myers and Duckworth, killed.

The following is a translation of the Telegraphic communication received at Lisbon:- May 17, 1811.- Elvas, half past 11, A. M.-At nine yesterday morning Marshal Soult attacked our Army at Alboera. It was a great battle. Our

ed.

ARMY OF PORTUGAL.

Armies were victorious. The enemy aban- | was, to proceed in force on the right of doned their wounded, and took up a new the enemy, and to seize the communicaposition in sight of our Army.-Elvas, tion of Castel Bom. In consequence, and May 18, seven P. M.-The battle lasted whilst the second and seventh corps, and six hours and a half. It was contested. the division of the 8th, kept the centre of The Armies maintained the same positions. the enemy in check, I proceeded towards The Allies had General Houghton killed the right with the 6th corps pursuing their and three Generals wounded The enemy rear guard, the greater part of which was two killed and one wounded. At eight warmly repulsed in Fuentes d'Onoro. this morning Gen. Houghton was buried. This village is hidden by the nature of the ground, and placed in part on the foot of the little bill which the enemy possessI attacked it, and it was soon occupied. I hoped to carry and keep itThe English General, who saw a part of his line cut off by the occupation of this important post, did not cease to throw in fresh troops, and he got possession of it.— The division Ferey, which was alone employed in this attack, had soon driven the enemy from the village. It lost in its turn; in fine, having seen it taken and retaken, I sustained the division with four battalions of reserve of the division Marchand, with the 6th corps, and the greater part of the village remained in our hands during the night. In the mean time they exchanged some cannon in the centre, and they disputed feebly some small posts; the village of Alameda remained with us.-On the 4th, at day-break, the enemy, extremely uneasy at the occupation of Fuentes d'Onoro, which opened us a debouché in the midst of their line, endeavoured in vain to retake it; they were warmly repulsed; they then filled with troops the avenues of the village, the rocks and walls that flanked it, and rendered by all sorts of means the entire oce cupation of the upper part of the village very difficult. Hence I saw that the ad vantage would cost the army too dear, and

I have the honour to inform your Highness, that on the 2d May, at day-break, I ordered the body of the army to pass the Agueda, at the bridge of Rodrigo, and to proceed, the 2d upon Marialva, the 8th and 9th upon Carpeo, with the reserve of cavalry; the 6th upon Espeja, with the rest of the cavalry. The movement was effected with much order, the advanced posts of the enemy were driven in, and the preparations which they had made to defend the defiles of Marialva, were rendered useless by the passage of the Azava, at Carpio. This operation was executed without much obstacle from the enemy, and their advanced guard of 14 squadrons of cavalry, supported by some hundreds of fantassins, with artillery, was warmly treated to beyond Gallegos. The army took the following position: the 2d corps in the rear and to the right of Gallegos; a division of the 8th on the left of that village, which was occupied by the advanced posts; the 6th in the rear of Espeja, and the 9th in reserve before Carpio.-The information I had relative to the enemy, stated that they occupied, with 40 to 50,000 men, a fine line of battle behind the brook of Onoro on a hill, whose left of difficult access, was supported, by Fort Conception: the right, more accessible, was at Nava de Avel; the head-quarters at Villa Formosa. Yet this position of the enemy was not without danger to them, since they had behind their front the rocky bed of the Coa, and but a single carriage communication, sufficiently difficult, by Castel Bom.-On the 3d, in the morning, the army marched forward, the second corps forming still the right and proceeding upon Alameda, a division of the Sth, on the left of that village, and the 9th, with the cavalry, marched from Es

I

employed myself in the dispositions necessary for a fresh attack. I reconnoitred carefully the flank of the enemy which were guarded by the cavalry and the militia of the country. I found an accessible ground between Nava de Aval and Posobello, and I resolved to direct the army thither. The orders were sent off in the evening, and the movements were executed during the night.-On the 5th, at day-break, the army was placed as follows: the 1st and 2d divisions of the 6th corps in face of Posobello, having the 2d division of the 8th in reserve; all the cavalry of the army waited under the orders of General Montbrun, on the left of the infantry. The troops, placed opposite the

peja upon Fuentes d'Onoro. My planright of the enemy, were destined to

FRANCE. Official Account of the Battle of Almeida-Paris May 22.-News from the Armies of Spain and Portugal.

turn and overthrow it. The 3d division | of the 6th corps occupying a part of the village of Fuentes d'Onoro, and destined to attack it again, formed the centre with the 9th corps, which was in the rear and in reserve. On the right was the 2d corps, the first division of which leaned upon Almeida, and the 2d had been placed intermediately between that village and Fuentes d'Onoro. These corps of the army had orders to favour, by petty at tacks, the grand movement of the army, and to manœuvre in such a manner as to unite with it in proportion as it gained ground upon the enemy. The village of Posobello, and the woods that flanked it were full of English infantry; they were vigorously attacked by the first division of the 6th corps, and carried by the bayonet. The enemy lost many killed and made prisoners. The three divisions marched in close columns by echelons on the village and its flanks. In the rear the enemy shewed a line of twenty squadrons, supported by several battalions of infantry and 12 pieces of cannon. General Montbrun manœuvred on my left, in a manner to gain the summit of the heights and the right of the enemy; he had to sustain several charges before he could gain it.-ficers, and killed and wounded upwards of As soon as he had reached the summit, he charged in columns by regiments the enemy's cavalry, with the greatest success, and with extraordinary vigour. In spite of the artillery and the infantry concealed in the rocks, he overthrew successively these twenty English squadrons, and drove them more than a league before him. However, the 1st and 2d division of the 6th corps followed th movements of the cavalry in column, and a division of the 8th marched in reserve. The 9th corps advanced its left to connect itself with the grand attack. The 3d division of the 6th corps attacked the village of Fuentes d'Onoro warmly, where the enemy threw in still considerable force to occupy that debouché, and cut off the communication between our centre and left. The enemy had his right routed, and the corps that composed it fled dispersed towards the centre, where they could unite again behind the English regiments that were coming in great haste from the left. The level on which we had just manoeuvred is narrower in this part. From this summit descend two ravines, very rocky and difficult, where the villages of Fuentes d'Onoro and Villa Formosa are. Lord Wellington filled these ravines with Tiral

leurs, stationed on the back part of a good deal of artillery, and occupied the summit in three squares. Our cavalry having reached this point, fell vigorously on the squares, and broke them all. I then took up a position opposite the enemy's line. Before our infantry could arrive, the enemy had had time to cover the summit of the level with several lines of English infantry and a numerous artillery; they threw fresh troops into Fuentes d'Onoro, and strengthened also Villa Formosa on the right. The divisions of Ferey and Claparede attacked Fuentes d'Onoro vigorously, and drove the enemy several times from it; but as soon as they reached the summit, they were overwhelmed by the artillery. The English threw incessantly considerable reinforcements of their best troops, and attacked over the rocks that were upon their right flank; they lost 500 prisoners, and more than $00 killed, amongst whom are several officers · and Scotch. The ardour of the soldiers was unparalleled. The army on this day, in which the whole honour of arms remained with them, took 100 men from the enemy, amongst whom are a Lieutenant-Colonel, and a great number of Of.

2,000. They overthrew and defeated their right wing, and gained more than a › league of ground from it. The enemy passed the night after the battle in entrenching strongly the summit of the level, they placed also epaulements on the ravines, and behind the rocks. In fine, they barricadoed the summit of the vil lages of Fuentes d'Onoro and Villa Formosa, drawing to their assistance all the resources of fortification against an attack by main force.-In order to be able to profit by the advantages of this day, I intend to approach Almeida- Our loss has been 400 killed and wounded. Officers, generals, and soldiers, all fulfilled their duty with devotion and bravery. General of Division Montbrun, commanding the cavalry of the army, displayed on the 5th extreme skill in the manœuvres, a skill calculated to make the most of the intrepidity of the regiments under his orders. Generals Fourneer, Waltier, Lorcet, Maucune, Vicyey, and Col. Ornaro of the 25th Dragoons, particularly distinguished themselves. I shall have the honour to make known to you particularly the acts that signalized the 5th. M. de Sipteuil, your Highness's Aide de Camp, had his leg carried away by a cannon

ball. This brave and interesting young Officer was at the head of a charge of dragoons. He suffered amputation with much coolness, and is out of danger.-I am, with respectful devotion, your Highness's, &c. &c.

(Signed) Marshal Prince of ESSLING. Camp of Fuentes d'Onoro, May 7.

DISTRICT OF THE ARMY OF THE SOUTH.

General Latour Maubourg, commanding the fifth corps of the army, reconnoitred on the 7th of April, early in the morning, the advanced posts of Beresford's army below Juramenta; an English squadron was surprised. General Vellande took a hundred prisoners mounted, among others a Major; all of the 13th English regiment-Badajoz is armed and provisioned for several months. Olivanza not being armed, the garrison retired at the approach of the army of Beresford, which entered it on the 15th, and found only 200 sick.-Lord W Hington came to reconnoitre Badajoz on the 224. General Phillipin made a sortie with two battalions, and warmly repulsed him-Blake, at the head of 8,000 Spaniards, forming the garrison of Cadiz, debarked at Ayamonte, to act in concert with Beresford.-The advanced guard of the reinforcements des tined for the army of the South, arrived at Cardovo on the 22d. The Duke of Dalinatia had at that period united at Seville a reserve of 20,000 men, without having touched the troops besieging Cadiz, and without comprising the reinforcements that arrived, nor the 5th corps; which, under General Latour Maubourg, was on the frontiers of Estremadura, observing the allied armies.-The French artillery besieging Cadiz has found out the secret of firing bombs, which carry 3,025 toises, barst admirably, and whose fuse keeps extremely well during the whole of its passage.-The Duke of Treviso, whose health has suffered by the climate of Andalusia, is arrived at Madrid.

ARMY OF CATALONIA.

Campo Verde, commanding the Insurgents of Catalonia, having learnt at Tarragona the success inspired by the treason of Figueras, set off with eight thousand men, and proceeded against Olot. He wanted to raise en masse all Upper Cata

lonia; but he did not succeed. The Miquelets who had surprised Figueras, and garrisoned it, were the concentration of all the different bands. Since they had been

surrounded in Figueras, the most respect. able part of the country have had the upper hand. This state of things made the insurgents comprehend the necessity of raising the blockade of Figueras, and of strengthening the garrison, in order to restore those bands to their real service. Campo Verde sent a convoy of provisions on 1,200 mules; he reinforced himself with 3,000 men, and be appeared, on the 3d May, at 7 A. M. in the environs of Figueras; a column of 2,000 men appeared on the mountain north of Figueras, and attacked the advanced posts of the camp of Liers. The principal corps debouched on the side of Avignon, and reached the first houses of Figueras announcing the intention to get possession of the town.— General Baraguay d'Hilliers immediately made his dispositions. He left Colonel Petit to command the camp of Liers, and to repulse the attack of the enemy on that side. He reinforced the garrison of the town and those of the redoubts which supported the line of blockade, and he marched to Campo Verde with 4,000 men.Whilst the insurgents attacked the town warmly, and were repulsed with enormous loss, General Baraguay d'Hilliers attacked them in flank and threw them into disorder. The Chasseurs of the 29th regiment, and a squadron of the 24th dragoons, overwhelmed the enemy and completed their rout. Two thousand made prisoners, among whom are 120 officers, 3,000 killed, four standards taken, and the convoy destined to revictual Fort Figueras remained in our power. Such are the results of this affair.-During the battle the English had debarked a column on the side of Rosas; but this column was kept in check by the garrison of the fort, and embarked precipitately after the disaster of Campo Verde, whose dispirited troops could not rally. We were made to hope that General Suchet, with the army of Aragon, having marched upon Tarragona, the wreck of Campo Verde's army would not be able to return to that place. Our loss has been slight. Commandant Beasnono, Colonels Lanorque, &c. distinguished themselves.

PITT'S BIRTH DAY.

FROM THE VENAL Prints of the 28th of

MAY, 1811. Celebration of the Anniversary of the BirthDay of the Illustrious and Immortal Pitt. The Anniversary of the Birth-day of

« ForrigeFortsett »