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gaoler may report him as having died in a Mr. Secretary RYBER could not give fit, and bring all his turnkeys to swear any other than the general pledge he had to it. He wished to know, who was an- given, qualified by the conditions he had swerable for all this—which of the five annexed to it. parties already mentioned in the course of Mr. Charles ADAMS hoped now that the Debate had the responsibility-was it the Right Honourable Gentleman had the Secretary for the Home Department, promised every thing necessary to remedy the Court of King's Bench, the Magistrates, the grievances complained of by Mr. the Sheriff, or the Gaoler ?
Finnerty, that the object of the petition Mr. Davies GIDDY admitted that the had thus been gained-since that was the conversation alleged to have been held case, he hoped the discussion would not with the Prisoner by the Magistrates was, continue the whole night. An Honoura. on their part, very reprehensible, but ble Gentleman (Mr. Hutchinson) had fathere could be no doubt, that even in say-voured them with a higb and elaborate ing what they did, their motive could not eulogium on Mr. Finnerty, and had cerhave been of any base or unworthy de- tainly in the course of it brought merits of scription.
that person to light, which he bad never Mr. Secretary Ryder, in explanation, before heard attributed to him. He hoped, stated, that the one hour's air and exercise however, now that the wishes of the House had been at first enlarged to three bours, were known upon the subject, that there at different times, one hour each time, and would be no necessity for any more eulothat on certain gross and indecent impro- gies upon the great services and great taprieties having been committed by the lents of Mr. Finnerty. prisoner, that line had not been lessened; Mr. HUTCHINSON said, in explanation, but it was thought adviseable that he that in what he had said of Mr. Finnerty, should take the three hour's exercise at he did not affect to pass any eulogy upon once, from eleven till two, every day, him. He had merely stated, what he un. , the cold of the apartment had been reme- derstood to be facts; and if these facts died by a baize door. It was a mistake were of a nature so praise-worthy as to to represent Mr. Finnerty as under soli- amount in effect to an eulogy, he did not tary confinement. He was under no such see why the statement of them should thing-as to the complaint made by an have been so offensive to the Honourable Honourable Gentleman (Mr. Hutchinson) Gentleman's delicacy. He might, howof the severity of banising the petitioner ever, call it eulogy if he pleased ; but to a gaol so distant from the metropolis, it while it was true, he (Mr. Hutchinson) was in compliance with the earnest appli- should not be ashamed of it, if Mr. Fina cations of the prisoner's friends that he was nerty deserved it. He (Mr. H.) did not not sent to a prison in the immediate vi- think it ought to be withheld from him cinity of London, but sent to a country merely because he happened to be at that gaol, and one which is coasidered the time an unfortunate prisoner, pining in a healthiest in England, He understood cell. His motive in saying what he had that there the offensive smell complained of Mr. Finnerty was to do away of did not exist. He professed himself judice which he feared had been but too however, ready to recommend the adop- active against him in this country, and tion of every measure likely to promote which was, perhaps, in part the cause of the health and accommodation of the pri- the oppressions under which he now lasoner, and at the same time consistent boured, and which it would be to the diswish the precautions necessary to prevent grace of that House to have heard, and a recurrence of the same indecent irregu- not remedied. larities to which he had alluded,
Mr. C. ADAMS, in explanation, said, Mr. WHITBREAD said, that it appeared that he did not doubt the statement made from various statements of Mr. Finnerty, by the Honourable Gentleman; but had that the Gaoler bad acted towards him in said only that he had attributed to Mr. the most brutal manner possible, answer, Finnerty qualities by which he had never ing all bis applications for redress by mes before heard of his being distinguished. sages through the turnkey conveyed in Mr. Babington explained. terms the most insolent and scandalous. Mr. BROUGHAM agreed with the Noble He hoped the Rigbt Honourable Gentle Lord who had expressed himself so handman would engage to get Mr. Finnerty somely on this question, that this was an one of the front apartments in the more application for justice, not indulgence, airy part of the prison,
He wished to set the Right Honourable Nation knows now, by experience, that the Secretary right as to one point-he was Marshal General was not mistaken in the napresent when the sentence was passed on ture and extent of the evils with which Mr. Finnerty, and the jail then mentioned, she was threatened, nor less of the only he perfectly recollected, was the Castle of means of cautioning against, or of stopping Lincoln. He contended that the state- its effects; which were, and are still, a ment in the Petition amounted to an alle- firm resolution of resisting; removing and gation of solitary continement. A Learn-concealing all goods and effects that may ed Friend of his had applied for admission contribute to the subsistence of the enemy, be at first got a flat refusal, but on his or facilitate their progress.- Near four pressing his right of access, he was told years have elapsed, since the tyrant of Eu. that Mr. Finnerty did not wish to see any rope invaded, with a powerful army, the body. This evasion would not serve—his kingdom of Portugal; that invasion had friend insisted upon Yes or No, and inti- for its motives,-not personal defence,midated them into their duty. The not to avenge insults, or injuries, that the Learned Gentleman then proceeded to benevolent Sovereign of this kingdom comment upon the great hardship and in- might have offered to him ;-not, lastly, justice of lodging in the hands of a Gaoler for an ambitious desire of augmenting his a power he may so easily pervert to sa political power ; for the Portuguese Gotisfy the mean purposes of private pique. vernment had, without resistance, conde11e insisted that the allegations of Mr. scended to comply with all demands of Finnerty respecting the dampness and noi. the tyrant ;--No, his object was an insa. some smell of the room were perfectly tiable desire of booty, and of disturbing correct, Let the Magistrates or Gaoler the tranquillity, and of carrying off the who doubt them be treated with a night riches of a nation, which enjoyed the or two's lodging in the same apartment, sweets of peace for nearly half a century. and perhaps they might be then better - The same wishes occasioned, in the disposed io agree with him. A common year 1809, the invasion of the Northern sewer passed through the middle of the Provinces of Portugal; and the inclina. room immediately under the flooring, and tion to pillage and theft occasioned that of emitted a most noisome eMuvia.
the year 1810, which happily has been Sir Francis BURDETT said, he now re- just now frustrated; and the Marshal Gecollected another friend of his who had neral appeals to the experience of those called, and had been refused access to who have witnessed the three invasions, Mr. Finnerty. Ile was however admitted who may testify, whether, during those to him at a subsequent period; and so invasions, the conduct of the French army dark was the room in mid-day, that Mr. has been other than seizing, plundering, Finnerty was obliged to read the letter he and perpetrating every kind of outrage brought him at the grate by the light of that iheir barbarous and atrocious dispothe fire,
sition could suggest to them; and whether, Mr. Ryder repeated what he before from the General to the private, they were said as to the advice he should give for not delighted in the practice of such es. the redress of Mr. Finnerty, stating at the cesses. Those countries that did submit same time, that he had understood that themselves to the tyranny, had not a betthe persons charged with the custody of ter fate than those which resisted; the inthe Gaol of Lincoln, had in general dis- habitants lost all their goods, their families charged their duty with fidelity and atten. were dishonoured, their laws trampled tion to the general accommodation of the upon, their religion banished, and above prisoners.
all, they were deprived of that honour, The Petition was then ordered to lie on that manly resistance to the oppression, the table.
against which all the inhabitants of Portu
gal have given so singular and happy inOFFICIAL PAPERS.
stances. The Marshal General, at the
same time that he announces the result of PORTUGAL.--The War.--Proclamations of the last invasion, thinks it to be his duty to
Lord Viscount Wellington, K. B. Mar- remind the inhabitants of Portugal, that shal General of the Armies of H. R. H. notwithstanding the danger which threatthe Prince Hegent of Portugal, &c. &c. &c. ened them is removed, it has not entirely (Concluded from page 1505.)
disappeared.-The Portuguese nation bas ........ The Portuguese yet riches, which the tyrant will strive to plunder: she is happy under the mode- | their women protected from a brutal vio. rate government of her benign Sovereign, lation, and their lives secured. Vain and this is enough for the tyrant to endea- hopes! the inbabitants of those resigned vour to destroy her happiness : she has towns have suffered all the evils that a successfully resisted, and, of course, he cruel enemy could inflict; their goods have will not leave any thing undone that can been plundered ; their houses and furnibe done to subject her to his iron yoke.- ture burnt; their women atrociously vioThe nation must not slacken in their pre- lated; and the unhappy inhabitants, whose parations for a firm and decided resistance. age or sex did not provoke the brutal vioEvery individual capable of taking arms lence of the soldiery, have fallen victims must learn their use, and those who, on ac- to the imprudent confidence placed in the count of their age or sex, cannot take arms, promises, which had only been made to must have previously fixed on a spot, the be forfeited.—The Portuguese now see most concealed, and of the greatest secu- that they have no other remedy to avoid rity, to retire to; adopting at the same the evils with which they are threatened, time the necessary arrangements to shelter but a determined and vigorous resistance, themselves in it, whenever the dangerous and a firm determination of obstructing, moment approaches. The effects of value, as much as possible, the progress of the which tempt the avarice of the Tyrant enemy into the interior of the kingdom, and his Satellites, and which are the ob- removing from their reach every thing of ject of their invasion, must be previously value, or that may contribute to their sube buried; each individual concealing theirs, sistence or facilitate their progress. These and not trusting the secret to the weakness are the only and sure remedies to frustrate of those who have no interest in keeping the evils with which the people are threalit. They must take proper measures to ened.—The army under my command conceal or destroy the provisions, which shall protect the greatest possible portion they cannot transport to places of security; of the country; but it is obvious, that the as well as every thing which may contri- people only can deliver themselves, by rebute to facilitate the progress of the ene- sisting the enemy, as well as by saving my; because it is notorious, that the ene- their goods by removing them out of the my's troops seize upon every thing they reach of the enemy.-The duties, howfind, and leave nothing to the lawful ever, which bind me to H. R. H. the Prince owner.-Should these measures be adopta Regent of Portugal, and to the Portuguese ed, however superior the numbers of the Nation, oblige me to make use of the au. enemy's forces may be, that the desire of thority vested in me, of forcing the weak plunder and of vengeance may induce the and indolent to endeavour to save themTyrant to send to invade anew this coun- selves from a danger, and from the evils, try, the result shall be certain; and the which await them, and to save their independence of Portugal and the happi- country. And, in consequence, I do deness of its inhabitants shall be firmly es- clare and make known, that all Magis. tablished, with eternal honour to the pre- trates, and persons in authority, which sent generation.
shall remain in their towns or villages, WELLINGTON. after having received orders from any Head Quarters, 10th April, 1811. military officer to retire from the same
towns or villages; and all persons of any
condition whatsoever, who shall maintain The period of time which has already the least communication with the enemy, elapsed during the stay of the enemy on or aid or assist them in any thing, shall be the frontiers of Portugal, has happily fur- considered as traitors against the State, nished the Portuguese Nation with an ex- and tried and punished according to thę periment of what they are to expect from deserts of so heinous a crime. ihe French.-The inhabitants of some Head Quarters, August the 4th, 1810, towns had remained in them, trusting to
WELLINGTON. the promises of the enemy, and vainly persuaded that, treating the enemies of Almeida.-Gen. Brennier's Report to their country in an amicable manner, his Excellency Marshal Duke of Ragusa, could thus conciliate and reduce the ene- Commander in Chief of the Army of Pormy to act towards them with sentiments tugal. of humanity, and a clement behaviour,
Salamanca, May 17. that their goods should be respected Almeida was invested on the 7th of
April In consequence of the orders I with me, which I thought it my duty to had previously rereived from the Prince refuse.--I made a sortie on the 25th in the of Neufchates, and the Duke of Istria, morning, I drove away the English posts, I had prepared mines lo blow up the for., we killed some, and made four prisoners, tifications. I continued this operation I made another sortie upon the Portuguese after the place was invested, and before posts, and made three prisoners, but I the end of April there were 140 cavities never made the attack on the side by ready to be charged. I thought that the which I sallied out of the garrison.-On army, after having rested some days, the 3d of May I beard a cannonading and would make a movement upon Almeida; firing, which announced to me the apevery thing was ready to send away the proach of the army; on the 5th I thought artillery and ammunition. During this there was a serious affair, and every moperiod the cavities would have been ment I expected a communication.-On charged, and but few days would have the 7th, I received orders from the Prince been necessary to have finished every of Essling, by a soldier of the 6th light thing. I did not expect the movement of infantry, to blow up the place, and retire the
army till from the 10th to the 15th of with the garrison upon Barba de Puerco; this month; and in order to afford me I imorediately ordered the cavities to be time to await till then, I had established loaded and the artillery to be destroyed; an extremely rigorous economy, which we employed for this latter object the I superintended myself with the greatest means we had before tried upon an unserseverity ; by the means I had calculated viceable cannon, viz. to discharge cannon that I should have sufficient provisions till into the mouths of the pieces; by this the 25th, and I was resolved myself to means we destroyed cannon, howitzers, prolong it by one means or another till and mortars. The cartridges were throwa the 1st of June. — The day after my be into a well, and into the ditches at the ing invested, I was closely pressed at all foot of the walls that were to be blown points in a severe manner, every day the up, the balls were also thrown into the sharpshooters fired upon my cattle, and ditches to be buried, the carriages were in forced it into the garrison-Í then deter- part sawed, and the others placed on the mined to salt part of il. -Persuaded that parapets that were undermined ; in short the enemy could not have brought with I believe that no precautions to render onhim besieging artillery, I thought that, serviceable all that might be useful to the knowing the weakness of my garrison, enemy were omitted. And here I ought he might attempt some coup de main. In to return thanks to the talents and acticoncert therefore, with the commandants vity of the officers of artillery and en. of the engineers and artillery, I adopted gineers.-On the 9th all the cavities were all possible dispositions to repulse him; charged, but the works for the destruction all the flanks of the bastions were of the artillery were not finished, and I strengthened by cannon loaded with grape stayed one day more in order to leave noshot; hatchets, axes, were placed on each thing to regret. -On the morning of the bastion; poutre (large bullets) were ranged 10th I assembled the principal officers of along the parapet ; loaded howitzers and the garrison, I read them the orders of the grenades were placed within reach, 28 Prince of Essling, I did not conceal that our well as red-hot balls, and torches to light expedition was full of difficulty and danger, the ditches; I made the iroops repeat that once out of the garrison, ihe fire set to their manoeuvres, in order to make them it, we should find ourselves obliged to cut acquainted with the point of alarm night our way through to rejoin the army in the and day. On the 15th I was summoned midst of obstacles of all kinds, or to fall to surrender by Major General Camp with honour; that the place once de bell, who observed to me that the cir- stroyed the intentions of his Majesty cumstances of the campaign deprived would be perfectiy fulfilled, that that sin. me of all hope of being succoured; that gle object ought to animate us, that we the weakness of my garrison deprived me were Frenchmen, and ought to prove to of all the means of defending myself. I the universe that we were worthy of being replied verbally, that if he thought my so that if our expedition succeeded it garrison too weak to defend the place, he would cover us with glory, whateret the had only to try to take it, and that I had effect might be to us personally. All testino other answer to make. On the 17th, fied the most courageous devotion. I then Lord Wellington demanded an interview informed them of the dispositions I had
determined upon, as well as the manner in | pices of glory and honour. I went out which I reckoned upon reaching the ene- the last. I then sent orders to the Chief my's posts, and I shewed them ile route I of Battalion Morlet, to place the fire in the meant to take. And wishing to march in boxes. It had been agreed upon that this two columns to have less depth, and 10 single order should suffice, because it was overthrow a larger front of the enemy, to be a private signal, as soon as he had which gave me beyond their line more the certainty that the lighted matches latitude for my movements, I gave them were placed, in order that the fire should all the necessary instructions for the be set to the powder at the same time. march of the two columns, and as a basis, Every thing was perfectly well executed. I announced, that the left column should | My two heads of columns began to be enbe the column of direction; the two elite gayed with the enemy's posts at the very companies of the 5th battalion of the 89th moment of the explosion. All were peregiment were to march at the head of the netrated, and I continued my route rapidiy, Jeft column, composed of the said batta- always harassed on my rear and flanks, as lion, lo clear the passage for the column I had foreseen.-- The baggage was pilthat followed them. The two companies laged. I would not have any guide, bem ol cannoneers marched at the head of the cause he could only shew me the ways right hand column for the same purpose. which I would not take, and because he This column, commanded by the Chief of could only infuse uncertainty into my the Battalion of Engineers, 'i hruiller, was movements ; not being able to find out by composed of different detachments of the night the different points of direction oth and 8th corps. The Sappers were to which I had long siudied by day, the remain in the town, part to set fire 10 the moon served me as a compass. The dif. train, another part to hinder tbe inhabis ferent brooks or rivers which I crossed, tants from deranging our operations, and and whose existence I was acquainted to protect the sortie of all they were af. | with, also contributed to insure my directerwards to form the rear-guard--they ) tion. I was harassed as far as Thuronewere commanded by the Chi of the Bat- there they abandoned me-in fine at day. talion of Engineers, Morlet, who remained break I was between Villar-de-Cuervas in the place till the train had been lighted, and Barba de Puerco. I took my way to and who was obliged to cut his way a se: the Agueda. Between those two villages, cond time with hissappers through the ene before I arrived on the summit, the enemy's posts, which had joined in our rear.--I my's cavalry had reached my right, and placed the baggage at the tail of each co- marched in a parallel line after me, to lumn. I foresaw, that in any case it could stop me, or to point out to the troops that not follow us, and I was not sorry to place were on their march in pursuit of me, the it in a way to be taken in order to occupy route I had taken. I saw on my left the enemy.--After having agreed with all some elevations crowned with troops. I the officers about the preliminary details of manæuvred to avoid them, and I arrived at our operations, I went, as usual, 10 walk length at a path which led to the bridge of about the town and the rainparts.
San Felices. The two columns which bad versed with all the soldiers; I was ena- always marched in sight and within reach bied by an air of security and confidence, of each other, arrived together on the left to remove from their minds all doubt or bank of the Agueda in the same order in uneasiness upon the result of our opera- which they had left Almeida. They bad tions, and I saw erery boy full of confi- alway's marched in order in spite of rocks, dence, and even enthusiasm-at night fall, rivers, and precipices.-The rear-guard of I made all the garrison take arms to pre- the Sappers had joined some moments bevent any one from being absent, and to be fore the rear of ihe left column. ready as soon as all the dispositions were reived some troops on the other side, completed, for we worked to the moment which I found by my glass to be French, of our departure-al 10 o'clock, all being and we descended rapidly to the bridge. ready, I sent orders to all the advanced The enemy poured in on all sides; they posts of the half moon and covered ways, had reached the rear of my column; I to come in the greatest 'silence within the bad the grief of seeing some of my brave Barrier whence we were to depart, At comrades perish. At length General Rtthe moment of beginning the movement, nier, commanding the second corps, sent I gave, as a watch word, Buonaparté and troops towards the bridge and protected Bayard, and we all set off under the aus- our passage. He received all the wounded,