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and sent them to San Felices, where we ence and military knowledge; your poall united. I lost in this operation but verty is great, your ignorance greater ; sixty men, and the whole garrison is ar. you must lose every battle which you harived.-) annex the report of the Com- zard against the most practised troops in mander of the Engineers, and also M. Le- the world; the war will dieorganize, will chene's, the Captain of Artillery. I also ruin every thing; and your impotent efannex a plan of the place: all marked in forts, instead of saving that shadow of a black shews the works that were blown country which you adore, will plunge it up.--(The Letter concludes with bestow- in misery and desolation, and load it with ing praises upon different officers.) much heavier chains than those you now (Signed) BRENIER. wish to escape."--Spaniards, you rejected

with horror ihese vile suggestions and deSpav.

- The Council of Regency to the voted yourselves 10 adversity, certain of Spanish Nation, on the Anniversary of of finally establishing, though at the ex

shaking off ignominy by resistance, and May 2.

pence of immense labours and numberless That memorable day, Spaniards, on exertions, that independence and happiwhich the nation rose to the Majesty of ness to which you aspire. True it is, that independence, from the depth of servitude. the stupid tyranny to which you were preand dismay, has now come round for the viously subject had left you without third time. What grand, but, at the same mounds to oppose to the inundation. A time, mournful recollections does not its furious sea broke in, and covered with its return excite! When Napoleon was issu- waves an unprotected country: but it ing from Bayonne his decrees of blood-- must one day abandon it again; and the when, madly impatient, he was accusing inundation, though now destructive, (in Murat of remissness for not precipitating like manner as the earth is fertilised by the means of terror-he did not perceive the conflagration of forests or the ashes of that these atrocious counsels, recoiling volcanoes) will deposit in our soil all the upon the very iniquity wbich planned germs of prosperity and abundance.them, would be destructive to their trea- | What combats, what vicissitudes, what con, cherous agents:

The second of May trariety of events, have you not experidawned; the French had fixed upon it for enced during these three terrible years! completing their murderous plots; and the Conquerors at first, then conquered; forpeople of Madrid, indignant at the out- midable again by the force which you oprages which they suffered, rose at once to posed to your enemies; favoured by the revenge them, or to die. Il armed, with. war of Austria against the Tyrant, but too out plan, without chiefs, they did not he soon deprived of that powerful assistance; sitate a moment to attack those veteran condemned again to experience all the battalions, formidable by their arms, their rigour of destiny, and reduced to extrevictories, and their union. The patriots mity; threatened witth the dissolution of died fighting nobly; or they perished by empire by the separation of some distant treachery, while thinking themselves pro- provinces; yet always firm, always mag. tected by the truce which disarmed them. nanimous; encountering adversity with. But the blood which was shed could not out being overcome by it; forming des be confined to the Prado of ihe Capital; it establishments amidst your very ruins, spread itself orer the soil of the Peninsula; and dismaying the enemy by your ceaseit every-where excited enthusiasm; and less efforts.-If from this stormy and un. at one and the same time, and with one certain spectacle impartial Europe and voice, the signal was every-where given posterity turn their eyes to your political for this rancorous, sanguinary, and deso. and civil march, how much will they see lating war, similar in all respects to the to compensate for your military misfor. execrable aggression which gave it birth. tunes! What were you before the second

It was then said by our treacherous ene- of May ? Grief to recollect it, and shame mies, and their unworthy partizans,“ How to utter it !-slaves, bending under the rash and unavailing your attempt! You yoke of tyranny; obeying, like a worthhave neither arms, magazines, nor soldiers; | less herd, the empire of despotism and cayour Generals and Officers want experi- price. ( To be continued.)

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent - Garden :--Sold aiso by J. BUDD, Pau-Mall,

LONDOX :-Printed Dr Ti C. Haasard, Peterboroegh-Court, Fleet-streer.

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Some landlords have continued to grant leaves; and there will still be some found to do it for * a year or two longer perhaps. Habit is very potterful; and, besides, the cause is not wc!impugh ** under-tood to prevent all landlords from bebeving, ibat a good swinging addition to the old rept will “ secure them for the next 14 or 21 years. Bui, if the present sy:tem of finance be pursuces, this

purblind tate will soon go off': the consequences of letting lesses will becom« visible to the dull st eyes; and, then, as Mr. Kent, the Surveyor, says, the landlord will, inde d, as soon alienate the fee i simple of his estate as demise it for a term of years,"? -POLIUCAL REGISCH, 2Sin February, 1905. 1601]

[1603 TO THE READERS.

" Continent will not be disturbed. The

King of Spain is come to assist at this The next Number of the Register will

" last solemnity. I have given him all be published next SATURDAY, and, afte " that was necessary and proper to unite that, the publication will be continued on as the interests and hearts of the different the Saturday, as formerly, and not on

“people of his provinces. Since 1809, the WEDNESDAY any more.

" the greater part of the strong places in

Spain have been taken after memorable

sieges. The insurgents have been beat SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

"in a great number of pitched battles.

England has felt that this war was apNapoleox's Speech.---The Speech of proaching its termination, and the inthe Emperor of France to the NATIONAL trigues and gold were no longer suliCOUNCIL has excited that degree of pub- "cient to nourislı it. She found herself, lic attention, which a set speech from a “thercfore, obliged to change the natyre person of such power nust naturally es- “ of it, and from an euriliury she has bee cite, especially when, in part at least “came a principal. Ail she has of troops it relates to ourselves and to that oba " of the line have been sent in the ject more particularly, in which we all Peninsula. England, Scotland, and Ire. now feel the most direct interest. I al- “ land are drained. English blood has bude to what he says of the war in the " at length flowed in torrents, in several Southern Peninsula, of which he speaks in “ actions glorious to the French arms. a tone that seems not to have been antici. pated by many of our writing or speechmaking politicians. ---- The wories are This conflict against Carthage, which these :--- The English bring all the seemed as if it would be decided in fiulu's

passions into play. One time they sup- “ of battle, on the ocean, or beyond the

pose France to have all the designs that seas, will henceforth be decided in the “ could alarm other Powers, designs plains of Spain! When England shall “ which she could have put into

« be exhausted-when she shall at last. “ tion if they had entered into her policy: “ have felt the evils which for twenty " Ar another time they make an appeal years she has with so much cruity “ 10 the pride of nations in order to ex- poured upon the Continent--when bait, “ cite their jealousy. They lay hold of her families shall be in rourning -“ all circumstances wbich arise out of the thenhall a peal of bunker put an end

unexpected events of the times in which " to the affairs of the Peninsula, the disa “ we live. It is war over every part of "tinies of her armies, and avenge Empe " the Continent that can alone ensure their " and Asia by finishing this second Panic “prosperity. I wish for nothing that is " war.”----- There is, as the reader will not in the treaties which I have con- perceive, a passage left 'out here, and', “ cluded. I will never sacrifice the blood as I cannot get at the original, I sup" of my people to interests that are not pose this passage inust have contain. “ immediately the interests of my Empire. ed son.cthing calculated to ofend some "I flatter myself that the peace of the person in power here, or, perbaps, the

execu

whole adrsinistration, or government; it, which we were ever engaged. It will be must, I suppose, have contained sonething the last blow previous to the attempt upon libellous, but, the reader will please to this kingdom itself. We are now send. bear in mind, that the passage might have ing out of this kingdom men and horses and been dery true for all that, because, ac- food and ruiment to an astonishing amount. cording to the law of libel, in this country, We have been at this work for nearly truth may be a libel; truth may be a cri- three years; and, if we follow it for two! minal libel; to write or publish truth may three longer, it is impossible that the be a cine, and a crime, too, for which a consequences should not be dreadfu. man may suffer years of imprisonment and The able men of the country are drawn heavy fines and bails.Aye, aye; this away ; boys are now enlisted for the ser. is even so; there is no denying it; and, vice; the country is drained of all that is therefore, because this part of Napoleon's most precious to it ; and if this drain should Speech is suppressed, let us not conclude continue for another year or two, and if that it contained any falsehood : nay, Jet

we should fail even then, the consequence us rather suppose, that it contained some must naturally be a state of debility and striking but disagreeable truth, for such are, discouragement, after which it would be of all others, the most odious publications. extremely difficult to revive the people, --Now, as to what those who publish and after which, perhaps, it would be in England have thought safe to give to impossible ever again to screw them op te their readers, the part that most interests any great exertion.--The idea is, and us is that which relates to the war in Spain long has been, that we are fighting the and Portugal, which war many, in this battles of England and Ireland in Portugal country, looked upon as touching its close. and Spain; and the Peninsula has been

-We are not to place implicit reliance called the “ outworks of Ireland.” I never on what Napoleon says: we are not to be liked this idea. It has always had somelieve that he will act thus, or thus, merely thing very frightful in it to me; for, when because he says he will : we are to make the outworks are taken, we know that the allowances for big talk; but, with all due town seldom holds out long; and, it has caution and all due allowances made, I always appeared to me impossible, that cannot help considering this part of his these outworks should be defended for any speech pretty fully descriptive of bis de. length of time. signs and his expectations; and as I so seldom have seen his designs and expecta- Paper AGAINST GOLD.LORD STANtions thwarted and disappointed, I cannot

- I have broken off from the say, that I am disposed to join with my above subject to come to one of more inbrother Journalists in luughing at this portance than that and all other political speech, in which we are, indeed, told by subjects put together; that subject, which Napoleon little more, about the war in I have before called the ALPHA and OMEGA Spain and Portugal, than I had said before. of politics, in this country; that thing

-He says, that England could noi get upon which all other things depend.-on longer with the war without becoming in the House of Lords, on Thursday, the a principal in it, which is very true; and, 27th instant, LORD STANHOPE brought in a from the moment she did become a prin. Bill for "preventing guineas, half gui. cipal, it was evident, that, if she failed at “ neas, and seven shilling pieces, from Jast, that failure would be much more fatal " being taken for more than 215.-105.0d. to her than it could have been, if she had "and 75. respectively, and for preventing not become a principal. As long as she Ban'. Notes from being taken for less was able to move the Spaniards and Por- “ than the sums expressed in them." Of tuguese by mere pecuniary aids, the war this Bill he is reported to have moved the was,' in fact, theirs ; but, when we began first reading, upon which a debate ensued. to send armies, and to take Portugiese into --But, this debate I must insert as I our pay; then the war became ours.--- find it reported in the Morning Chronicle. To exhaust England must necessarily be an I declare this debate to be immortal. No object of the very first importance to Na- | human being ever heard the like of it. poleon; and how could he possibly effect | After lifting up my hands and eyes in adthis object by any means so sure as in- miration at its contents, I have looked at ducing us to make war with him in Spain it again, lifted up my hands and eyes and Portugal ? --If this war end unfa- again, then looked at it again, and even vourably, it will be the most fatal war in now, in sending it off to the press, I take

HOPE.

on.

one more look, lest my eyes should have "some reports respecting him, which had deceived me.-- -Well, reader, take you got abroad, and which were utterly false ; a look at it, and when you have so done, “ and after stating that he was solely acpray hear a few observations that I have " tuated in the measure he now proposed to offer upon it.- - EARL STANHOPE on “ by public motives, concluded by present“ introducing the Bill, of which he had “ing a Bill for preventing Guineas, Half “ given notice, regretted that the subject “ Guineas, and Seven Shilling Pieces, from “ had not been taken up by Government, being taken for more than 21s.- 10s. 6d. - as he conceived it to be of the greatest “ —and 75. respectively, and for prevent“ importance. An individual possessed" ing Bank Notes from being taken for less " of large landed property had given no- " than the sums expressed in them, of “ tice to his tenants that they must at this “ which he moved the first reading. “ Midsummer, pay their rents in gold, “ The Earl of LIVERPOOL was perfectly " which was accompanied by an intima- convinced that the Noble Earl was ac« tion that if they tendered Bank notes, “ tualed by the best motives in bringing “ such notes would only be taken in pay- “ forward this Bill, and so far as he had « ment at the rate of 16s. in the pound.

"time to consider the measure, he thought “ For the dreadful oppression upon the" it the best remedy for the grievance

tenantry of the country to which the " complained of, if any remedy were now,

adoption of such a system would lead," or should be necessary. He thought, “ it was absolutely necessary to provide “ however, that it was unnecessary at the " some legislative remedy. Supposing a “present moment to make any legislative “ tenant to owe 4001. for rent, he would “provision upon this subject, particularly “ thus be called upon to pay 500l. instead “at this late period of the session, when o of four, and the consequences might so many persons were absent, not ex" spread still further; supposing a banker“ pecting any thing of importance to come “ to owe 400,0001. to those who had de.

He admitted, that if it was abso“posited money with him, how was he to “ lutely necessary to make a legislative « 'stand if he was to be called upon to pay

provision with

rence to his object, « 500,0001. He had consulted both bankers " that they must proceed in it, however " and professional men of the law, as to the “ late the period of the session, and whata remedy which he proposed, and they “ever might be the inconvenience. He

all of opinion that it was the right re- " was aware of the case to which the Nomedy. The remedy was simple, it was “'ble Earl alluded, and knew that the nomerely to render it illegal to receive “ tice had been given by the individual “ gold coin for more than their mint “ referred to, to his tenants, to pay in “ value, or to receive bank notes for less “ gold, and that it was accompanied, not “ than the amount expressed in them. merely by an intimation, but by a no. « This would prevent the evil which must " tice, that if Bank Notes were tendered, or otherwise arise from the act of injustice they would only be taken in payment “ to wbich he had alluded, and which " at a depreciated rate. He was of opi“ must be aggravated in a still greater "nion, however, that this example would “ degree if the example of injustice thus not be followed, nor did he think that the “ set should be followed by others. There- « individual alluded to would persist in the « fore, however late the period of the ses- o demands he had made. It was under this “sion, he thought it absolutely necessary impression, that he thought a sufficient “ that some step to remedy the evil should “ case had not been made out for legisla« be taken now, as when Parliament met “tive interference. They might be re“ again it might be too late. It was also “ duced to adopt the remedy now pro" a serious consideration ww far the Bank posed; but he thought, as there was " of England might be affected by the only the instance of the conduct of one

adoption of a system similar to the con- « individual, which, he was of opinion, ", dact of the individual alluded to; and would not be persisted in, that there « it was incumbent on the Government to “ was not suficient ground for Parliament “ look anxiously to this point. He con- " to make a legislative enactment. It « sidered the Bank of England as the bot- “ was in this view of the subject, that he tom plank of the ship of England, which - intended, on the motion for the second “ if once bored through, the ship itself " reading of the bill, to move to postpone “ was placed in a situation of the greatest

or it for three months.--THE LARL OF " danger.-His Lordship then alluded to “ LAUDERDALE thought it was incumbens

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on the Goverounent to shew that the sub-1 "ty's Ministers seem determined to shut " jects of the country were protected from " their eyes.Earl GROSVENOR said a

injustice by the laws, and that they “ few words, declining then to enter into s were not lea lor protection to the dis. “ the discussion, which would come more cretion and caprice of individuals. He regularly on the question on the second

had stried some time since a similar reading, The LORD CHANCELLOR was si justanee in Ireland, where a landlord “of opinion, that from ail they had heard, vbind demanded his renis in gold--and as " there was little danger of the example soon afitrwards as the post could bring “ alluded to being followed by others. He "them, he received several anonymous “'yas, however, at a loss to conceive what

leters, stating several other instances in pure patriotism there could be in the " whicb a si:pilar demand had been made. " conduct of the individual who had been

THE Enl of LIMERICK observed, " alluded to. Supposing he owed £. 100 " that what had been stated by the Noble " to his coach-maker, who was also " Lord (Lauderdale) did not apply to the “ his tenant, from whom he « South of Ireland, as there was not any yeceive £. 100 for rent, and he was to "instance in that part of the country of a "pay the debt of £.100 on the Monday, " landlord making such a demand. - "and tell the coach-maker that he would

• Tue Elle of LAUDERDALE, in explana- only receive in payment of the rent on the "pion, stid, bie bad not alluded to the Tuessiay, Bank-notes at a depreciated

South but to the North of Ireland.- " rate, and that therefore he must have * Tut EAN or CLAXCARTY was anxious to £.120 in Buk-notes for his £.Tureni, “ know what part of the Norib of Ireland, " where would be the pure patriotisin of

as in the province of Ulster Bank notes "s all this? --THE EARL OF LADIEDALE s fere relused to be taken as early as tlie said, he had been misunderstood by the

Di cobond of the Bank Restriction Bill; " Noble and Learned Lord; he only, alia as wey came gradually into the cir- " meant to say that there might be pure "c'ation the l' were rahen in payment in patriotism in an individual forcing this "Dany mistances at a discount, but that

" subjeet upon the attention of the Go" practice was rapiily declining.- Tue vernment, who seemed,determined to be “ EARL OF LIL DERDE was aware of the s blind to the real situation of the country.

practice 10 sich ile luuble Lord al- " As to the supposition of the coach- luced, but he also know an instance, “maker, he would of course take care to “ wlicn he had formerly siatul, where a "charge so as to make up for the depreo landlo:d called upon his tenants to pay ciation of the currency in which he was “ in gold, and the latter having represent- “to be paid'; but in the case of rent, which s eu to the stewarii te impossi sility of " was a fixed annual sum, how was loss by "procuring gold, they were cach told that " the depreciation to be made up? ---THE "there were 100 guineas at a chandler's « Lond Chancellor put the case of a

shop in the neighbourhood which might “ coach-maker having contracted some " be purchased ; and it was a fact, that years since to furnish carriages at a fixed “ with those 100 guineat, passing from one sum, as a similar case io that of rent. " to auother, a rent of 7,0001. was actually " lle was however, fully convinced, that “ paid.---Tre Etrl OF CLANCARTY was any individual of landed property who “ very desirous of knowing who the party chose to insist upon his rents in gold, or “ was to whom tliis circumstance referred. only to take Bank notes at a depreciated “ His incl.bip then cliserted on the rate, wouill in the balance of account at Wack rignily which us hare ricircled " the end of the year, find himself a loser by " the indizidu i who had een referred to liis conucl.THE EARL OP LAUDER" in the early part otthimbate, ahaving DALE, in explanation, alluded to the « den anded paymenili renis in goli, "ter::' black malignity'-upon.which the « or tout le 400 or take Bank notes Lort Chancellor said he had not alloded "at a civil raie. ----

---The l'11:L OY 10'biack malignity,' but to pure patrio. “ LAUDIIL certid strongly to the tism'-EARL STANHOPE, in reply,strong "terms black magy, contending that ulv copteniled that the subjects of the land to the role Laudei to might have ongit not to have the security of their s been acti”. is to purest. patricrism, Picoprty renderedi dependent upon the 6.in de 172 'ng upon 11 8C

erit whim of individuals, and that " vernietitie trailes if the situatiative remedy ought to be provids' tion on the country,... with his Maj 25- ed. It was the whim of some persons,

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