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&c.—On the second, he informed me that throne of Sweden, has, by the ties of nahe had not sent me a paper which he had ture and friendship, become most dear to prepared upon it, because he thought it us, and who unites in his person the love of would be well that the new Minister us and of the Swedish people. And we should carry out the adjustment, and con- do, therefore, hereby appoint and nominate sequently, that it should be postponed till our beloved Son, his Royal Highness Carl he was appointed. He repeated, that we Johan, Crown Prince of Sweden, and Geshould have no difficulties upon it. I give neralissimo of our Military Forces by you these verbal explanations as I re- land and sea, during our illness, and until ceived them."
we shall be restored to health, to manage (No. 1)-Foreign Office, December 4, the Government in our name, and with all 1810.-Sir-After the most accurate in the rights we possess, and alone to sign quiry I bare not been able to obtain any and issue all orders, &c. with the followauthentic intelligence of the actual repealing motto above the signature:-"During of the French decrees, to which your the illness of my most gracious King and Notes of 25th of August, and 3d of No- Lord, and agreeable to his appointment.” vember, refer, or of the restoration of the --However, his Royal Highness the Crown commerce of neutral nations to the con- Prince must not, during the administration dition in which it stood previously to the of our Royal Power and Dignity, create promulgation of those decrees. If you any Nobleman, Baron, or Count, or beshould be in possession of any such in- istow on any one the orders of Knightformation I should be happy to hood. All vacant Offiees of State can ceive it from you, and for that pur-only until further orders, be managed by pose I request to have the honour of a those whom his Royal Highness shall ap: conference with you at this office to-morpoint for that purpose. We rest assured row, at two o'clock. I have the honour that our faithful subjects will joyfully reto be, &c.-WELLESLEY.-Wm. Pinkney, ceive the resolution thus taken by us, Esg. &c. &c. &c.
which gives an unexceptionable proof of our unlimited confidence in our well-be.
loved son, his Royal Highness the Crown SWEDEN.- Temporary Resignation of the Prince, and of the sentiments which we King
have always entertained, and which we,
never shall cease but with our life to en. We Charles, by the grace of God, King tain for the people, the government of of Sweden, &c. &c. Make known, where whom Providence has confided to us. This as, owing to an illness that has befallen us, serves for the information of all and every and from which, by the assistance of the one concerned ; In further testimony Almighty, we hope soon to be restored, whereof we have signed these presents we have deemed it necessary, in order to and caused the same to be sanctioned by promote this object, for the present to our Royal seal.-- Palace of Stockholm, withdraw ourselves from the care and March, 17, 1811.-Charles (L. S.)-Jas. trouble which are so closely united with WeTTERSTEDT. the management of public affairs, and in order, during our illness, not to retard the progress of affairs, we have thought fit to FRANCE.—Neutral Commerce. order what is to be observed respecting the Government; 'and having at the same
Paris, Dec. 29. On the 25th inst, the Mi. time found that the states of the kingdom de Sussey, the Director General of the Cus.
nister of Finance addressed a letter 10 Count on drawing up the constitution, have, only from leader motives towards us not pointed toms, which, after alluding to the Communicaout how and in what manner, as in the tion made on the 5th of August to General present case, the Government is to be Armstrong, the Proclamation of Mr. Maddiinanaged during the illness of the King, som, and the Letter from the American Treawhen the successor is of age, we have sury to their Custom-houses, concludes thus. therefore thought that we could in no bet- His Majesty, Sir, perceiving in' these ter way fulfil our obligations towards our- two documents an announcement of the selves, and the kingdom, than by entrust- measures which the Americans intend to ing the care of both to a Prince, who take on the 2d of February next, to cause being intended one day to be seated on the their rights to be respected, has ordered me to make known to you, that the De- not determined by the same Edict how crees of Berlin and Milan are not to be ap- the ships were to be disposed of by which plied to any American vessel that has ar- such goods were introduced into our tera rived in our ports since the 1st of Novem- ritories.--Yet it was before prohibited by ber, or that shall, in future, arrive therein; our regulation of the 11th June, 1808, and that such vessels as may have been that every attempt, at any sort of trade, sequestrated, on the ground of contraven. with England, or its colonies, should extion to the said . Decrees, are to form the pose the offender to the penalty of confissubject of a special report. On the 2d of cation of ship and cargo, and to further February I shall communicate to you the severe punishment. The same penalties intentions of the Emperor, as to the defi- have also been enacted in our later Edicts, nitive measure to be taken for distin- in which we expressed our full determinas guishing and favouring the American na- tion to exert all our power for the comvigation.
pletion and establishment of the said Con
iinental System. In pursuance of this Hamburgh, Dec. 17.--Special Council created by decree of the 19th October, 1810. design, we Decree and 'Order as follows: Sitting of the 14th December.
-Art. 1. Any ship or ships wherever
built, and to whatever nation belonging, The majority of the Special Council the cargo of which consists of what has having met, it was represented that many been considered the produce of England, merchants and traders from Holstein had either by growth or manufacture, must in for some considerable time been soliciting pursuance of the Continental System, be permission to make fresh declarations of seize the moment it reaches our harcolonial products, the entry of which had bours, or in any other way becomes subbeen lawful by Hamburgh. These merject to our jurisdiction.Art. 2. chants represented, that having only had nalty of confiscation follows such seizure the said products consigned to them, they without the necessity of any further legat were not able to know in time the inten- formality, and it applies to all ships which tions of their employers. The Council are now in our ports, the cargoes of which taking this circunstance into consideration, have been conficated, or may be confisand conjecturing that it entered into the cated under our edict of the 28th Oct. means of his Majesty the Emperor and 1810 -Art 3. Our Privy Counsellor Hey. King to facilitate the enjoyment of the debiedli is commissioned to conduct the favour intended by his decree of the 4th public sales of all confiscations made under October, 1810, was of opinion, that there the second Article, the produce of which should be granted a longer time for the is to be paid into our I reasury. Art. 4. admission of their declarations, which shall the persons named in Article sevin of our expire, on the 31st December, 1810.- Decree of the 28th October, 1810, 29 our Count' de COMPANS. The General of Di- Commissioners, viz. the same Privy Coupe vision, Chief of the General Staff, President sellor Heydebrech, the Privy Counsellor. of the Special Council.
Kuster, and our Privy Counsellor and
Chief Justice Brunswick, are to furnish, if PRUSSIA Relative to the Confiscation of all required, to the Captains or Owners of
Ships in which Colonial Produce and the ships confi cated, certificates of such English Merchandise in the Ports of these confiscation.Ari 5 The same Commis
sioners are in all future cases to determine Territories have been, or may be, intro
on the confiscation of ships, by which, duced. Berlin 19th March.
according to the said Continental System, We, Frederic, William, by the Grace prohibited merchandize may be conveyed of God, King of Prussia, &c.-By our to our dominions, as hitherto they have Edict of the 28th of October last, have done, with regard to the cargoes, and no ordered the attachment and confiscation appeal is to be made from their decision. of all colonial, and other nierchandize, -Given at Berlin, the 81h March, 1811. which have been considered English,
FREDERICK WILLIAM. under the Continental System, but it was
Pablished by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent - Garden :--Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Mallo
LONDON :-Printed by T: C. Hansard, Peterborough-Court, Fleet-street,
VOL. XIX. Mo. 33.
LONDON WEDNESDAY, APRIL ?4, 1811.
(994 that time. What did Masseua retreat SUMMARY OF POLITICS..
for, then, at last ? Want of the means of PORTUGAL.—THE WAR.- The boastings, feeding his army.--And, is it not a sh me respecting the retreat of Massena, have to hear people talk of other motives after been so noisy, that there was not, until the nation has been told, for the hundredth now, any hope of getting a hearing. time, that the French were starving, and The use I shall make of the apparent re- that, four months before they began their turn of sober sense in the news-writers, is, retreat, they were eating soup made of to put a few questions to them, requesting their horses? Is it not a scandal to hear them to have tlie goodness to bear in mind, people now pretend, that the retreat arose that it is an answer the public will look from other causes than those of a want of for, and not abuse of him who puts the subsistence ? -And, what, then, had questions. You say, then, gentlemen, our commander to do in producing this that the French General has run away;retreat? He did, and, I believe he could that he has fled in disgrace; and that this do, just nothing at all towards the effectflight is indicative of the approaching ing of this object. The country was eaten total discomfiture of the French in Por- up; and Massena had no fleet to bring tugal and Spain, and of the utter ruin of him supplies; he had no harbour for their cause. -Now, if this be so, what | American merchantmen to enter, and, if was the retreat of Lord Talavera last he had, he would have had no Exchequer year? Was that running away? Did he to pay five or six dollars for a bushel of fee in disgrace? And was his flight indica- grain; he had no thousands of tons of tive of the total ruin of our cause in Por- shipping employed in carrying to him tugal and Spain?-Behind our army across the seas, oats, and hay, and even Alineida fell, and a detachment of con- litter for his horses; in short, so far from siderable force were beaten out of another having any of these things, so far from fortress on the Cua. The reader will bear having a maritime retinue equal in number in mind what our losjes were. Have the to his army, if we include the hands French sustained any such losses in their employed in shipping the supplies ; so retreat! Have they suttered more than our far from this, he had no supplies at all, army suffered ? Have they had more, or and, be it borne in mind, the country, have they had less, men taken prisoners, when he entered it, was, as these newsduring their retreat, than we had during papers told us, laid completely waste, by our retreat ? --I should like to have an the good will and wishes of the people answer to these questions; but, as I dare themselves, so much did they hate him. say I shall not get it, I shall proceed to In a country thus wasted and thus hostile offer such observations upon the new as- to bim did Massena live upon mere forage, pect of affairs in Portugal as the occasion and lie in front of our army, for about five. seems to call for. - -Massena appears to months, and, at the end of that time, not have moved out of his quarters; or, in having another meal lest, and not being plain English, to have retreated, or run able to get anotber, did he march off un
away,” if we will have it so, not because molested. - Is this a thing for us to boast he was compelled by Lord Talavera or any of? Is this a thing that we ought to be body else; but, because he chose it, from proud of. He staid till the roads were whaiever motive his choice was made. sd able; he staid till: he could drag his He was not attacked, observe. He was not waggons and cannons along. And, why even annoyed by us. Though our general was he suffered to stay so long? Why had been receiving reinforcements and was he not attacked before the roads besupplies for nearly five months, and came good enough for him to go upon though, as it is said, all the country them? There might be good reason for was with us ; still the French army this; it might have been dangerous to atkept its post within a few miles of our tack him; but, then, it must be cufessed, impenetrable lines, during the whole of that, with means so scanty, he must have
performed wonders to be able to make it whereon to fight Massena; that Massena, unsafe for us to advance, until he had in having followed him, had fallen into a made so much progress in his retreat.-trap; and that Talavera laughed at him. But, let us revert a little lo the statements -The reader will correct me, if this be in justification, or rather, in praise, of the not true. But, I am persuaded, that he conduct of Lord Talavera, during the last will allow, that I have not exaggerated, campaign. About the time that I came or misrepresented, in the smallest degree. to Newgate, he had our army and that of --Now, either this was true, or it was the Portuguese sixty thousand strong, ready not; either Lord Talavera did run away, to face the French upon the frontiers of Por- or he drew Massena after him. tugal, his main object being to defend this then, first take the venal tribe at their country against the French.Upon the word, and admit that the latter was the borders of Portugal he lay, while the case. -He drew Massena after him; he French, after a siege of some weeks, took intended to briog the French, or rather, the Spanish city of Rodrigo, our army to fetch them, to Torres Vedras, across the being at a very small distance from the whole of that kingdom which he wished spot. He did not march against the to defend against them and to protect from French (who were commanded by Mas their ravages. Curious enough; but, this sena) while they were besieging Rodrigo; he intended to do; from the out-set of the nor did he begin his retreat while they campaign, he laid a plan for doing it: he were engaged in that work. He remained accomplished bis plan; he succeeded in quiet until the sięge was over, and then, drawing the French to the very spot, on when the French were ready to follow which he was resolved to fight them.him, he began his retreat, proceeding Well! and what then? This is what all farther back than Almeida, a strong fort- the venal told us. But, what then? Did ress on the frontiers of Portugal, into he fight the French there? No.--Well; which he put a garrison. Here again but, having got them into a trap he kept the French besieged the place, and he re- them there,' to be sure? No, not that mained in his position while they were either? What then? He surely did not about it, setting off again upon bis retreat let them get out of the trap without doing the moment they secured their rear and were any thing to them? He kept them, to be quite prepared to follow him.--The tight sure, like a Badger or a Bag-Fox to have then became a chace, as we must all well some fun with them; and when he did remember, and as was too flagrant to be let them out, he took care 'to overtake denied, even by the venal prints them them in time, and to be in at the death? selves.. How this retreat was conducted, No. They lay in the trap for a whole what new positions were taken up, how our winter, without being molested, without commander flung back his flank here, and having an ear cropped or a tail burnt; advanced upon his rear there; how many and, at last, out they went without any successful battles he had with the enemy one's knowing of it for some time.besides the grand one, ending in my fa- This was an odd way of catching people vourite victory, I mean that of Busuço; in a trap.- Now, if the French were these we will not and need not refer to int drarn to Torres Vedras; if that was the detail, But, this the reader will, I am spot destined for the defeat, why were syre, remember, that, when the Viscount they nul defcuted there; or, at any rate, arrived at Torres Vedras, we were told, that wliy were they not there attacked? Talathe foregone movements were not to he
every thing about him. Provia called a running away, a flight, nor even a sions, the City of Lisbon, the fleet; every retreat. That neither of these terms were thing. Lines three deep, a thousand pieces applicable to his operations; but, that of cannon. Why, then, did he not attack he had succeeded in
what? the French, after having drawn them after Why, in drawing Massena after him. him, for the express purpose of fighting It was stoutly denied, that he had gone them there? Why did he suffer them to before the French from fear, or from ne- go out of the trap alive, or, at the very cessity of any sort. The venal gentlemen least, without setting his mark upon them, all asserted, that he had done precisely what and making sure of their final destruction? he wished to do; that he had, from the be Why did he let them go away again to ginning of the campaign, laid a plan for the frontiers of Portugal;. why did be let drawing the French to Torres Vedras; them go back to their fastnesses ; why did. shat that was the very spor he had fixed be let them go to the very spot where he
first found them, whence he drew them all | bility to contend with the enemy; or, in across Portugal after him, and which other words, as a proof of fear of being drawing cost such horrible devastations to beaten in a battle with that enemy.-.-Put it the country that it was his business, and, thus, and all that has followed is natural doubtless, his wish to protect? In July enough; all that has followed might have last both armies were nearly upon the spot been expected, except the sudden retreat that they are now upon; but, how is Por of the French, which, in the case here suptuzal changed? What is now the lot of the posed, really reflects honour upon Talavera, People of that miserable country?- who, has, by some means or other, gained Am I told, that this drawing after was a strength and confidence, while the enemy mere invention of our venal news-writers, has lost both. Suppose him, as I do, io in order to make their court to the family hare been obliged to retreat before the of the Commander; am I told, that he French last year; suppose this, and then himself never said, that he went away be the recent change is a thing to praise him fore the French from choice; am I told, for ; but, if you maintain the notion of a that his retreat was from necessity ? My trap, you then make the recent change in answer is, that he never has, as far as I the situation of the armies, or matter of know, talked about this drawing of the blame to our commander.-Aye, but, French after him. I find, in none of his then, these literary parasites see several dispatches, words of that meaning. But, great inconveniences in giving up the to our point at issue that signifies nothing drawing after and the trap idea. Por, in at all. His literary eulogists asserted this. the first place, how came it to pass that Ta-, They held this forth to the country. It lavera, whose business it was to defend was sucked down by the credulous part of Portugal against the French, was unable to the people, and affected to be believed by face them upon the frontiers of that the full-blooded Anti-jacobins, who were country? Either he wanted men or supnot deceived but who wished to aid in plies, or his army was not such an one as propagating the deception.---And, it is he could place confidence in, or, he did worth observing here, what a plight silly not choose to run any risk in battle himself. lying eulogists sometimes put a man in. Now, either of these would not have Nothing can be more disadvantageous to suited the porpose of the venal men ; and, Talavera than the idea of the trap, and the therefore, they resorted to the assertion, drawing plan; for, what has he, then, that his retreat before the French was a done? why, he has succeeded in a plan of premeditated thing; that it made part of getting the French into a trap, and then the plan of the campaign ; that it was a he lets them out without hurting them'; thing, not only to be expected but apand, this he does, too, observe, at the ex- plauded; a thing not to regret, but to repence of all the horrid devastations that joice at : and, accordingly, rejoice we did are said to have taken place in Portugal, most boisterously. But, on the other that is, in the country which he was sent hand, these venal personages did not seem to protect. To believe this of him is to to perceive that a difficulty might arise out believe the worst of him that a man can of the notion, which they had so successbelieve. If we believe this, we must be fully propagated. They did not perceive, lieve, that his wish was to be a scourge 10 thai it was possible for the French to be in Portugal, or that he really is no more fit retreat before us; and, that, whenever this to plan and conduct a campaign than a should happen it would be very dislicult baby two months old. This is what we to make out a clear distinction, and to must believe of him, if we believe what persuade people of any sense at all, that was said by his eulogists about the drawing it was not drawing after in one case as well after and the trap.--This, however, is as in the other. -- -We now hear nothing what neither I nor any man of sense does, said about drawing after into a trap ; yet, or can, believe. But, then, we must, on the trap work is, to say the least, now as the other hand, believe, that his retreat likely to be in the view of Massena was not a matter of choice; that, from some as it was in the view of Talavera last, cause, to us (or to me, at least, unknown) year. Why should the French be suphe did not think proper to attack or to wait posed to flee from motives of fear any the attack of, the French upon the frontiers inore than 'us ?' The French are 'going of Portugal last year; and that his re- away, or have gone away before Talaa treat, like other retreats, was, of course, to vera ; well, and he went away before be regarded, as a proof of conscious ina- them. It is only turn and turn about,