Affairs of the East India company.--Recal of Mr. Hastings.--Naval campaign.
--Signal victory in the West Indies.---Loss of Minorca.--Glorious defence of
Gibraltar.-The ville de paris lost in a storm.--Loss of the royal george at

1783.Definitive treaty signed.--Terms of it.-Change of ministry.-Reflections on

the war.—Mr. Fox's India bill.—His opponents avail themselves of it to effect

his dismission.-A new ministry, at the head of which was Mr. Pitt.
1784.-Mr. Pitt brings forward his India bill.-Majority against it.-Violent struggle

between the two parties in parliament.--Ineffectual attempt for a coalition.
A new parliament.— Treaty with Holland.-Commutation tax.-Pitt's India bill

passed by great majorities.
1785. Mr. Pitt's plan for amending the representation fails of success. ---His bills

relative to finance are passed.-- Plan for regulating the trade with Ireland.-
Origin and progress of the discontents in that kingdom.--Proceedings of the
delegates of the volunteer corps at Dungannon and Dublin.--Consequent acts of
the parliaments of Great Britain and Ireland-inadequate to the purpose of
quieting the Irish nation.


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1770. -A RUPTURE threatened with the elector palatine.-An accommodation with

1771. -No event.
1772. No event.
1773.- -No event.
1774.- -No event.
1775. -Conduct of the States respecting the war in America.
1776. --They avail themselves of the war to extend their own trade,

-The British government remonstrates respecting their conduct.
1778. -Counter remonstrance on the part of the States.
1779. Measures employed by the French and English to make the States friendly to

their respective governments.-Unfriendly conduct of the States, towards Eng-

land.-Nature of the Dutch republic and merits of the stadtholder's conduct.
1780. -Treaty with the American States and war with Great Britain.
1781.- -Events of the war-see England. The provinces are embroiled by parties.
1782.- -The French ' partisans gain strength.--Violent attack on prinče Lewis of

Brunswick.—The stadtholder supports him.
1783. -Infringement of the stadtholder's office.--Parties are daily more inflamed.-

Committee of inquiry instituted respecting the conduct of the war.–New treaty
2 b


with France.—Measures adopted by the French partisans to effect their pur.
poses of effecting an abolition of the stadtholderate.-Contest with the emperor

respecting the Scheldt, &c.-Conduct of France, Prussia and Russia.
1781. -The French party gains strength.--They endeavour to render the stadtholder

odious by charging him with a design to make himself absolute.—Prince Lewis
leaves the provinces.-Contest with the emperor.-Lewis the Sixteenth ingra-

tiates himself by his conduct in this affair.
1785.- Treaty of pacification with the emperor.--Alliance with France renewed and

strengthened.— Domestic broils grow more violent. Report of the committee
of inquiry favourable to the stadtholder. ---Dispute relative to the election of
magistrates.—Tumult at the Hague.--The prince escapes to Breda.


1770. PROCEEDINGS in Bretagne in favour of de Chalotais.- Proceedings against

d'Aiguillon stopped by the king.–Marriage of the Dauphin.
1771. -Choiseul's enemies avail themselves of his warlike councils to effect their ends.

-Chancellor Maupcou and d’Aiguillon are triumphant.-Contest renewed with
1780.----Successful intrigues of France with the Dutch states, Russia, &c. respecting

the parliaments.
1772. -State of the court and nation.-Conduct of the French minister.
1773. -Comparison between France and Austria.-New lands brought into cultivation.
- 1774. -Death and character of Lewis the Fifteenth.--Consequent changes.-State of

parties.—Turgot's reforms in the department of finance.—Principles and cha.

racter of Lewis the Sixteenth.
1775. Turgot pursues his plan of reform.--St. Germain's reforms in the military

system.--An extreme dearth.--Political effects of it.
1776.---Reflections on Turgot's administration.—He is dismissed and succeeded by

Necker.--Change of character in the French nobility.--Origin of the revolu.

tion.-Necker's caisse d'escompte.
1777. -Conduct of France towards Great Britain.-Motives of it.-Influence of the

Austrian party on his majesty's councils.-Fatal effects of it with respect to
the affairs of Europe. -Sentiments of the nation on the American war.

De la Fayette engages in the American service.

The government avows its intention to support America.--Lewis averse to the

war.--Acts of hostility-see Great Britain for particulars.
1779.- -Warlike measures pursued with vigour.—Talents of the ministers.—Negotia.

tions at the court of Madrid.--Success of them.--Warlike operations.-Parade
of the combined fleets.


the armed neutrality, &c.—IIl success of the arms of the house of Bourbon.
-Abolition of the practice of putting the question by torture.-Reform in

the state appointments.-Change of ministers.
1781. --Events of the naval campaign not favourable to the allies.—Necker's plan of

reform.—His compte rendu.--A strong party formed against him.--Death of

1782. -Monsieur de Vergennes takes the lead.—Councils of France at this period.

-See England for events of the campaign.
1783. -Motives for pacific councils.-Consequences of the war fatal to France.

Failure of Necker's caisse d'escompte.-— Rapid succession of ministers of finance.

-De Calonne's caisse d'amortissement.
1781. Reflections on the policy of France.-Conduct of Lewis relative to the affair

between the emperor and Holland.
1785.—--Policy of France relative to the contest between the emperor and Dutch states.

-Lewis neglects to adopt proper measures to check the imperial court.-
Financial embarrassments the chief cause of the disgrace of this crown.—East
India company established.


1770. -Dispute with Great Britain respecting Falkland's Islands.-Convention with

1771. Effects of the change of ministry in France.
1772. The revolted Chiloese are reduced to obedience.
1774. -Hostilities with the Moors and Algerines.

-Operations against the Moors.
1776.- -Dispute with Portugal respecting boundaries in South America.
1777. -Conduct of Spain on the death of the king of Portugal.
1778. -Motives of Spain in its conduct towards Great Britain..
1779.- See France for political and warlike transactions.
1780.- See France and Great Britain.
1781. Siege of St. Philip's undertaken.
1782. Reduction of Minorca.—The Spaniards are foiled before Gibraltar.
1783. -Terms of peace with England.-Sec Great Britain.
1784.-Expedition against Algiers.--Don Carlos cultivates the friendship of the Porte,

to counteract the designs of Russia.
1785.—Double marriage with the house of Braganza.-Domestic regulations respecting
agriculture, &c.



1770.-ReconCILIATION with the court of Rome.-Count d'Oeyras honoured with

the title of marquis de Pombal.
1772. Regulations relative to trade.-Reforms in the universities.
1773. -Good ordinance respecting slaves.
1774. Various edicts respecting matters of internal government.
1775. -Pombal's honours.--His alarms.
1776. -Dispute with Spain.-Conduct relative to Great Britain.
1777. -Death of Don Joseph and accession of Donna Maria.--Important change in the

administration.-Disgrace of Pombal.
1778.- -Prudent conduct of Donna Maria.
1779. Her majesty observes neutrality in the present contest.-Popular measures.--

Pombal's conduct inquired into.
1780. -Donna Maria adheres to the alliance of Great Britain.
1785.—Double marriage with the house of Bourbon.


1774.—INSURRECtion at Palermo occasioned by the ill-judged regulations respecting

the export of grain.
1783. -Earthquake in Calabria.-Dreadful effects.
1784.Dispute with the court of Rome.



-Death of Charles Emanuel and accession of Victor Amadeus the Second..



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DEPORTMENT of Clement towards different descriptions of people.-His policy

towards the catholic monarchs.-His beneficence.
1771. -Traits in Ganganelli's character.

-Cautious conduct of Ganganelli respecting the jesuits.
1773. -Suppression of the jesuits.-Ganganelli's feelings on the occasion.
1774. -Death of pope Ganganelli.—His character.—Reflections on his life.
1775.- -Election of Pius the Sixth. His character and other circumstances relating to

him.-State of Italy with regard to religion.
1776. -First measures of Pius.—His confidential counsellors Bernis and Pallavicini.

Honoured by the Prussian king.-Dispute with Venice.
1777. -Plan for draining the Pontine Marshes.-Fund for that purpose.—Measures

to encourage trade and lower the price of the necessaries of life.
1778.- -The Pontine Marshes.—Account of them. The operation of draining them

1779. -Reflections on the pope's conduct relative to the interests of the ecclesiastical

state and Italy in general
1780. -His holiness is distressed by the counter-requisitions made by the empress of

Russia and the monarchs of the house of Bourbon.
1781.- - The pope is distressed by the reforms in ecclesiastical matters made by the

emperor and the duke of Tuscany.-Attentions paid him by the king of

1782. -The pope, alarmed at the emperor's ecclesiastical reforms, visits Vienna in order

to dissuade him from the prosecution of them.-The result.
1783. Reflections on the mischievous effects of the bad administration of the eccle.

siastical state-particularly the abuses committed by the apostolical chamber.
1784. Disputes with the king of Naples.
1785.—Pius experiences opposition to his power even from ecclesiastical princes.





-CONTEST respecting the privileges of natives.
-Contest between the negatives and representants renewed.—Geneva becomes
subject to France by the successful artifices of de Vergennes.


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