Sidebilder
PDF
ePub
[graphic][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

only deprived him of all his preferments, but even caused an act of attainder to be passed against him. He did not, however, sustain very material loss by this harsh conduct of his kinsman; for the court of Rome immediately preferred him to several benefices in Italy, and raised him to the dignity of a cardinal. Upon the death of pope Paul the third, he was twice elected to the vacant throne, but declined the honour, because one election was too hasty, and the other made in the night time. This truly commendable delicacy so much disobliged his friends, that they no longer afforded him their support, and of conse quence the bishop of Paletrina ohtained the papal see.

Immediately after the bigotted Mary had ascended the throne of England, the attainder against the cardinal was repealed, and he returned with distinguished honour to his native country. His first act, upon his arrival, was to absolve the kingdom from the papal interdict, under which it laboured on account of the apostasy of Henry the eighth. He was now advanced to the archbishopric of Canterbury ; but enjoyed this dignified station only a few months, having died on the seventeenth of November 1558, the same day on which the queen herself expired. *

Enville, lying to the north of Kinver, is principally distinguished by the noble mansion of the earl of Stamford. The house, though the greater portion of it is of modern erection, still retains much of the air of antiquity. It consists of a centre, and two wings, the former receding considerably, and having an octangular tower at each end. The windows in this part of the cdifice are formed by Gothic arches in the pointed style, and round the top runs an embattlement, which completely prevents the roof from being seen. The wings which stretch themselves out from the towers appear as modern erections; and behind are several later additions which, with the brick offices, are judiciously concealed from the view, so that the whole possesses an agreeable and uniform appearance.

In

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

In front of this mansion extends a beautiful sloping lawn, which rises boldly on the left, and is adorned by a charming lake, skirted with foliage, and a few ornamental buildings. From the side of the water a path lies through a neat shrubbery, and leads to a fine cascade, formed by the celebrated Shenstone, who indeed originally designed the whole of this delightful scenery.

At a little distance below the cascade, is a rural bridge, composed of only one plank, which crosses the stream, and is truly a very fine and picturesque object. Near this spot stands a small chapel, dedicated to Shenstone; and having its windows embellished with various paintings on glass.' This cire cumstance, together with the thick and gloomy umbrage in which it is enveloped, impresses the mind with a sentiment of peculiar solemnity. From hence the path extends through the wood, till at last it arrives at an open level, from which there is a view up a gently ascending lawn, on whose summit is erected, with singular advantage, a handsome rotunda, overshadowed by a bold and lofty wood. The path now entering a part of this wood leads to a verdant alley, opening into a sheep walk, from a rising point of which, under a lofty yew, there are some of the richest and most enchanting prospects imaginable. At the extremity of the walk, stands the shepherd's lauge, a neat wbite Gothic edifice, shaded by a few trees, and partly used as an observatory by the noble owner.

The church of Enville, dedicated to St. Mary, is an ancient building, the east window of which is adorned with several shields and coats of arms; also with portraitures of St. John the baptist, St. George and the dragon, and the blessed Virgin, with a young Christ. The chancel contains an ancient alabas. ter monument, with figures of a man and woman, the former in armour, and the latter in the dress of her age, with a small dog collared at her feet. The inscription bears the name of Thomas Grey, and his wife Anne, who died in 1559. Adjoining to this tomb, under an arch of handsome zig-zag, is an

other

other very ancient one, supporting a figure in priest's robes, the mantle reaching to his heels. It has neither arms nor inscription. The lid of a stone coffin with a cross, and the words ROGERUS DE MORF, inscribed upon it, was dug up in 1762,* from beneath the west end of the church, whence it is supposed that the Morfe extended to this place. A similar stone much defaced, with a fleur-de-lis and a cross, likewise lies in the entrance of the porch.

On the same side of the county with Enville, but at a considerable distance to the north, is situated the parish and village of Pattingham. The church is an ancient Gothic structure, having at one end a tower of a pyramidical form, surmounted by small pinnacles. In the interior are several antique and modern monuments. The church yard contains an old cross, perfectly entire. Here was found in 1700 a very valuable gold torques four feet in length, twisted towards the centre, and so uncommonly elastic, that it could be bent round the arm, waist, or neck; and easily extends itself again to its own shape.t The weight of this beautiful ornainent, was three pounds two ounces; and, independent of its curiosity, was estimated to be worth one hundred and fifty two pounds. A piece of gold in the shape of a pig of lead, round on the top, and flat beneath, was likewise discovered in an adjoining field, by a boy at plough, in the year 1780.

Sedgeley, situated in the centre of this hundred, is a place of very considerable trade in iron work of different kinds. Indeed it is believed that there is not less than two thousand men and boys employed in the manufactories in this village and its immediate neighbourhood. The parish produced great abun

dance

A small village bere still retains the name of Morse town. Gough's Camden, Vol. II. p. 50%.

+ li was wreathed by two hooks at each end, resembling the bow or handle of a kettle ; and in this respect, says Cainden, “it corresponds with the gold ins straments found in Ireland.” Gougb's Cauden, Vol. II. p. 500.

dance of a fat shining species of coal, which burns with a brigbt shining flame, and leaves a residuum of white ashes.

Near Seasdon, or Seisdon, the village which gives name to the hundred, situated on the borders of Shropshire, is an ancient fortification called Abbots or Apeswood castle, which Dr. Plot regards as a British work. The situation of this entrenchment is very lofty, and commands an extensive view, particularly to the westward in the direction of Wales. The entrenchment itself is apparently small, but the whole steep ridge of the bending bank, betwixt it and Clasphill, placed at the distance of a mile, having hollows cut in the ground, over which the possessors are thought to have set their tents, the two hills at each end may probably have been the principal Aanking bastions of a large camp. The lows on Womborn Heath may not unlikely have belonged to this fortification, or perhaps are burying places of some Roman of rank slain in attempts to dislodge the Britons from this strong position, so admirably calculated by nature as well as by art for a vigorous resistance.

Pattishul adjoins to Pattingham on the north, both parishes forming a sort of promontory which projects a considerable way into Shropshire. The manor here was long in the possession of the family of Astley, from whom it was purchased by Lord Pigot. The present mansion-house of this noble lord is a very magnificent and spacious building, adorned in front by a delightful serpentine expanse of water.

The church here, dedicated to St. Peter, is a very elegant modern building in the Grecian style, with a handsome turret at one end. The principal entrance is beneatb a portico, supported by four handsome pillars. An armed figure forms the ornament of one corner of this front. In the interior, which is fitted up with great raste, are a few very noble monuments. One of them supports the recumbent figures of Sir John Astley and his lady, and is inscribed thus :

"Sir John Astley, Knight of the most noble order of the Garter."

The

« ForrigeFortsett »