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TEXT OF WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION LAWS—UNITED STATES.
Article XVIII.—Employment of labor—Compensation for injuries to
Section 8. The legislature shall enact a workmen's compulsory Compulsory compensation law applicable to workmen engaged in manual or me- comPensatlODchanical labor in such employments as the legislature may determine to be especially dangerous, by which compulsory compensation shall be required to be paid to any such workman by his employer, if in the course of such employment personal injury to any such workman from any accident arising out of, and in the course of, such employment is caused in whole, or in part, or is contributed to, by a necessary risk of danger of such employment, or a necessary risk or danger inherent in the nature thereof, or by failure of such employer, or any of his or its officers, agents, or employee, or employees, to exercise due care, or to comply with any law affecting such employment: Provided, That it shall be optional with said employee to settle for such compensation, or retain the right to sue said employe* as provided by this constitution.
ACTS OF 1913.
Section 65. This chapter is a workman's compulsory compensation Title, law as provided in section 8 of Article XVIII of tlie State constitution.
Sec. 66. Compulsory compensation shall be paid by his employer Compensation to any workman engaged in any employment declared and determined to 6 Pai<I>wh«nas in the next section hereof (as provided in sec. 8 of Article XVIII of the State constitution) to be especially dangerous, whether said employer be a person, firm, association, company, or corporation, if in the course of the employment of said employee personal injury thereto from any accident arising out of, and in the course of, such employment is caused in whole, or in part, or is contributed to, by a necessary risk oi danger of such employment, or a necessary risk or danger inherent in the nature thereof, or by failure of such employer, or any of his or its officers, agents, or employee or employees, to exercise due care, or to comply with any law affecting such employment.
Sec. 67. The employments hereby declared and determined to be Especially danespecially dangerous (as provided in sec. 8 of Article XVIII of the £2TMf ""PloyState constitution) within the meaning of this chapter are as follows:
1. The operation of steam railroads, electrical railroads, street railroads, by locomotives, engines, trains, motors, or cars of any kind propelled bv a steam, electricity, cable, or other mechanical power, including the construction, use or .repair of machinery, plants, tracks, switches, bridges, roadbeds, upon, over, and by which such railway business is operated.
2. All work when making, using or necessitating dangerous proximity to gunpowder, blasting powder, dynamite, compressed air, or any other explosive.
3. The erection or demolition of any bridge, building, or structure in which there is, or in which the plans and specifications require, iron or steel frame work.
4. The operation of all elevators, elevating machinery or derricks or hoisting apparatus used within or on the outside of any bridge, building or other structure for conveying materials in connection with the erection or demolition of such bridge, building or structure.
5. All work on ladders or scaffolds of any kind elevated twenty (20) feet or more above the ground or floor beneath in the erection, construction, repair, painting or alteration of any building, bridge, structure or other work in which the same are used.
6. All work of construction, operation, alteration or repair, where wires, cables, switchboards, or other apparatus or machinery are in use charged with electrical current.
7. All work in the construction, alteration or repair of pole lines for telegraph, telephone or other purposes.
. 8. All work in mines; and all work in quarries.
9. All work in the construction and repair of tunnels, subways and viaducts.
10. All work in mills, shops, works, yards, plants, and factories where steam, electricity, or any other mechanical power is used to operate machinery and appliances in and about such premises.
Alter native sEC, (;8. In case such employee or his personal representative shall rights of employ- to g^le for such compensation as provided in section 8 of
Article XVIII of the State constitution, and chooses to retain the right to sue said employer (as provided in any law provided for in section 7, Article X\ III of the State constitution) he may so refuse to settle and may retain said right.
Failure to exer- Sec. 69. It is hereby declared and determined to be contrary to else due care. public policy that any employer conducting any especially dangerous industry, through any of nis or its officers, agents, or employee or employees, shall fail to exercise due care, or fail to comply with any law affecting such employment, in such manner as to endanger the lives and satety of employees thereof, without assuming the burden of the financial loss through disability entailed upon such employees, or their dependents, through such failure; and it is further declared and determined to be contrary to public policy that the burden of the financial loss to employees in such dangerous employments, or to their dependents, due to injuries to such employees received through such accidents as are hereinbefore mentioned shall be borne by said employees without due compensation paid to said employees, or their dependents, by the employer conducting such employment, owing to the inability of said employees to secure employment in said employments under a free contract as to the conditions under which they will work.
Liability with- gBC< 70. The common law doctrine of no liability without fault is out fault. hereby declared and determined to be abrogated in Arizona as far as it
shall be sought to be applied to the accidents hereinbefore mentioned. What injuries Sec. 71. \Vhen. in the course of work in any of the employments sated. compen" described in section 67 of this title, personal injury by accident arising out of and in the course of such labor, service, or employment, is caused to or suffered by any workman engaged therein, by any risk or failure specified in section 66 hereof, then such employer shall be liable to and must make and pay compensation to the workman injured, and his personal representative, when death ensues, for thebencfit of the estate of the deceased, for such injury at the rates and in the manner hereinafter set out in this chapter. Waiting time. ^ Provided, That the employer shall not be liable under this chapter in respect of any injury which does not disable the workman for a period of at least two weeks after the date of the accident from earning full wages at the work at which he was employed at the time of the injury, and
Provided, further, That the employer shall not bo liable under this chapter in case the employee refuses to settle for such compensation and retains his right to sue as provided in section 68 of this title. AmounM)fcom- Sec. 72. When an injury is received by a workman engaged in any P*"58 oa labor or service specified in section 67 of this title, and for which the employer is made liable as specified in section 71 hereof, then the measure and amount of compensation to be made by the employer to such workman or his personal representative for such injuries, shall bo as follows:
1. If the injury by accident does not result in death within six mon thH For total dlsafrom the date of the accident, but does produce or result in total inca- blllt-v; pacity of the workman for work at any gainful employment for more
than two (2) weeks after the accident then the compensation to be made to such workman by his employer shall be a semimonthly payment commencing from the date of the accident and continuing during such total incapacity, of a sum equal to fifty (50) per centum of tho workman's average semimonthly earnings when at work on full time during the preceding year, if he shall have been in the employment of of such employer for such length of time; but if not for a full year, then fifty (50) per centum of the average wages, whether semimonthly, weekly, or daily, being earned by such workman during the time he was at work for his employer before and at the time of the accident.
2. In case (1) the accident does not wholly incapacitate the work- for partial <ii man from the same or other gainful employment; or (2) in case the al'ilitJ': workman, being at first wholly incapacitated, thereafter recovers so
as to be able to engage at labor in the same or other gainful employment, thereby earning wages, then in each case the amount of tho semimonthly payment shall be one-half of the difference between tho average earnings of the workman at tho time of the accident determined as above provided, and tho average amount he is earning or is capable of earning, thereafter, semimonthly in the same or other employment—it being the intent and purpose of this chapter, that the semimonthly payment shall not exceed, but equal, from time to time one-half the difference between the amount of average earnings ascertained as aforesaid at the time of the accident, and the average amount which the workman is earning, or is capable of earning, in the same or other employment or otherwise, after the accident, and at the time of such semimonthly payment. Such payments shall cease upon the workman recovering and earning, or being capable of earning, in tho same or other gainful employment or otherwise, wages equal to the amount being earned at the time of the accident.
Provided, however, That the payments shall continue to be made as herein' determined to the workman so long as incapacity to earn wages in the same or other employment continues, but in no case shell the total amount of such payments as provided in subsections 1 and 2 of this section exceed four thousand ($4,000) dollars.
3. When the death of the workman results from the accident within For death, six months thereafter, and the workman, at the time of his death,
leaves a widow, and a monor [minor] child, or children dependent on such workman's earnings for support and education, then the employer shall pav to the personal representative of the deceased workman for the exclusive benefit of such widow and child, or children, a sum equal to twenty-four hundred times one-half the daily wages or earnings of the decedent, determined as aforesaid, but in no event more than the sum of four thousand dollars ($4,000). Such sum shall be paid in lump and held in trust by such representative for such widow and children and applied by him to the support of the widow while she remains unmarried, and to the support and education of the children so long as necessary, and until eighteen (18) years of age, in such waxend manner as to him shall seem best and just, under and in accordance with the directions of the court having jurisdiction of the estate of the decedent; any balance remaining unapplied at the closing of the estate of the decedent shall be distributed to the decedent's widow (if still his widow), and the children or next of kin, as provided by the law of descents. The personal representative may pay out of said fund the reasonable and necessary expenses of medical attendance and burial of the decedent. If the workman leaves no widow or child, or children, but a father or mother or sister dependent on him for support, then said sum shall be for their benefit to be applied as above provided. If the deceased workman leaves no widow, children, or other dependents, then the employer shall pay the reasonable expenses of medical attendance upon the decedent and also provide and secure his burial in a proper cemetery, which may be chosen by the friends of the decedent.
Medical exam- gEC, 73, A.ny workman claiming compensation under the provisions of ons. this chapter shall, if requested by the employer, or upon written notice
by him given to the employer, submit himself for bodily examination by some competent licensed medical practitioner or surgeon of the county in which the workman then resides, to ascertain and determine the nature, character, extent, and effect of the injury to such workman at the time of such examination for the purpose of ascertaining the semimonthly compensation then and thereafter to be made. The employer or the workman not having requested the examination may have present at the examination a medical representative, by him chosen. Each party shall pay his chosen representative the expenses of such examination. The said notice shall be given at least ten (10) days before the date fixed for the examination, and the place shall be convenient for the workman to be examined. In case the employer is a corporation, the notice may be served on any officer or agent thereof in the said county, and if none there, then elsewhere in the State. The examiner shall make a verified report in writing in duplicate within ten (10) days after the examination and furnish one copy to the employer and one to the workman. If any workman neglects or refuses to submit to an examination, his right to compensation, if any, shall be suspended until he notifies the employer in writing of his readiness to submit thereto. No persons other than the physicians and surgeons aforesaid shall attend any examination except by agreement of the parties. If the employer and the workman each have an examiner, and they shall agree upon and join in a report, the same shall be conclusive so long as it remains in force. If either the employer or the employee, having opportunity, fails to provide an examiner, then the report of the examiner making such examination shall likewise be conclusive so long as the same remains in force. If the workman and the employer each have an examiner present, and they disagree as to the nature, character, extent, or effect of the injury, and the degree of incapacity, if any, for labor on the part of the workman at the time of such examination, then they shall join in a written report stating the matters in which they agree, and in which they disagree, and mutually select some disinterested medical practitioner or surgeon of the county, to whom the same shall be referred, and who shall proceed promptly to make an examination of the workman as to the matters in disagreement, and the same shall be conclusive so long as such report remains in force, which report shall be made by such disinterested examiner and verified, and a copy thereof furnished to the employer and the workman. For making such examination, such examiner shall be entitled to a fee of ten dollars ($10), to be paid one-half by the employer and one-half by the workman at the time of such examination. Such examination may be required by the workman or the employer at periods not shorter than three months from the date of the last examination. The report of any examination shall supersede all previous reports. When there is disagreement between the examiners aforesaid, and they can not agree upon a third person as above provided, then it shall be the duty of the chairman of trie board of supervisors of the county, on written notice of either the workman or employer, to appoint some licensed medical practitioner or surgeon, who shall be a resident ot the county, to make such examination, and said appointee shall be entitled to the same compensation.
Notice. Sec. 74. Every workman seeking compensation under the provisions
of thus chapter, where the same is not fatal or does not render him incompetent to give the notice, shall, within two weeks after the day of the accident, give notice in writing to the employer, or his representative employing such workrrian, or to the foreman or other employee of the employer under whom he was working at the time ot the accident, and before the workman has voluntarily left the service of the employer and during his disability. The notice snail state (1) the name and address oi such workman, (2) the date and place of the accident, (3) and state in simple words the cause thereof, (4) the nature and degree of the injury sustained, (5) and that compensation is claimed under this chapter. The notice may be written and served personally by the workman or by