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OHIO.

Date of enactment. June 15, 1911; in effect January 1, 1912; amended March 14, 1913.

Injuries compensated. All injuries not self-inflicted received in the course of employment causing disability beyond one week, or death.

Industries covered. All industries employing 5 or more persons regularly in the same business; also establishments with less than 5 workmen if the employer elects to pay the premiums provided by this act.

Persons compensated. Private employment: All employees excluding casual workers, but including aliens and minors lawfully employed. Public employment: Persons in the service of the State, or its political subdivisions, excepting the officials of the State or municipal governments, and policemen and firemen in cities where pension funds are established and maintained by municipal authority.

Burden of payment. Entire cost rests upon the employer.

Compensation for death,
(a) Burial expenses not to exceed $150.

(6) To persons wholly dependent, 66§ per cent of the average weekly earnings of the deceased workman for six years after the date of the injury, not less than $1,500 nor more than $3,750.

(c) If only partial dependents survive; a proportionate sum to continue for all or such portion of the period of six years as the State liability board may determine in each case, not exceeding a maximum of $3,750.

(rf) If no dependents, medical and hospital services not exceeding $200 in value, and burial expenses as above. Compensation for disability.

(a) Medical, hospital, etc., services, not to exceed $200.

(6) For total temporary disability, a weekly payment of 66} per cent of average weekly wages, during disability, not less than $5 nor more than $12 per week, but not for longer than six years, nor exceeding $3,750.

(c) For total permanent disability, a weekly payment as above continuing until

death.

(d) For partial disability, 66§ per cent of loss of earning capacity during the con

tinuance thereof, but not exceeding $12 per week or a total of $3,750.

(e) In certain specified injuries (mutilations, etc.), compensation of 66} percent

of wages for fixed periods, with the same maximum and minimum limitations noted above.

In all cases if wages are less than prescribed minimum, then total wages are paid as compensation; an expected increase in wages may be given consideration.

Revision of benefits. The State liability board may from time to time make such modification or change in its former findings of fact as it deems necessary.

Insurance. The law creates a State insurance fund, under control of a State liability board. Other schemes are permitted, provided benefits equal to those provided by the State insurance fund are guaranteed employees at the employer's cost.

Security of payments. Insurance is under State control. Claims for compensation under this law have the same preference against the assets of the employer as are or may be allowed by law onjudgmenta rendered for claims for taxes.

Settlement of disputes. The board hears and determines all cases within its jurisdiction, limited right of appeal to the civil courts being reserved to the claimant.

30597°—Bull. 126—14 5

OREGON.

Date of enactment. February 25, 1913; in effect 90 days after adjournment of the legislature. (July 1, 1913.)

Injuries compensated. Injuries by accident arising out of and in the course of employment, except those brought about intentionally.

Industries covered. All hazardous occupations, including factories, mills, and workshops employing machinery; mines, quarries, wharves and docks, dredges, engineering works; building trades; telegraph, telephone, electric light and power plants or lines, steamboats, tugs and ferries; all in absence of contrary election. Otner employers may accept the law by affirmative election.

Persons compensated. Private employment: Any workman employed as above in absence of contrary election. Nonresident alien beneficiaries other than parent, spouse or child are not included unless otherwise provided by treaty. Public employment: Not included.

Burden of payment. The employer deducts five-tenths of one per cent of employee's monthly earnings, not less, however, than 25 cents per month, and himself contributes six times this amount. The State gives a subsidy.

Compensation for death.

(a) Burial expenses not to exceed $100.

(b) To widow or invalid widower, a monthly payment of $30, and to each child

under 16 (daughters 18), $6 a month, the total monthly not to exceed $50.

(c) To orphans under 16 years of age (daughters 18), a monthly payment of $15

each; the total not to exceed $50.

(d) To other dependents, there being none of the foregoing, a monthly payment

to each of 60 per cent of the average support received during the preceding

year, but not to exceed $30 a month in all. (<) To parents of an unmarried minor, a monthly payment of $25, until such time

as he would have been 21, after which time compensation shall be paid

according to (d) above. Payments to widow or widower continue until death or remarriage. On

remarriage of widow she receives a lump sum of $300. Payments to a male

child cease at 16 and to a female at 18, unless the child is an invalid. Compensation for disability, (a) Transportation, medical, surgical, and hospital expenses not exceeding $250

in value.

(6) For permanent total disability, monthly payments as follows: (I) If unmarried at the time of the injury, $30; (2) if with wife or invalid husband, but no child under 16 yeais, $35; if the husband is not an invalid, the sum is $30; (3) if married or a widow or widower with a child or children under 16 years, $6 additional to the provision under (2) above, for each child until 16 years of age; the total monthly payments not to exceed $50. (c) For temporary total disability, the above payments apply during disability, increased 50 per cent for first 6 months, but in no case to exceed 60 per cent of monthly wages, (rf) For partial, temporary disability, a proportionate amount, corresponding to

loss of earning power for not exceeding 2 years. («) For certain specified injuries (mutilations, etc.), monthly payment of $25 per month payable for fixed periods. A lump sum at the option of the injured person is provided in some cases. Partial lump sum payments to any beneficiary may be substituted at the discretion of the commission. Revision of benefits. The rate of compensation may be readjusted cither upon the application of the beneficiary or by the State Industrial Accident Commission upon its own initiative.

Insurance. Insurance is effected through the State Industrial Accident Fund, under supervision of the State Industrial Accident Commission. Security of payments. Insurance under State control.

Settlement of disputes. Any decision of the commission is subject to review by the circuit court, and appeals lie from the circuit court as in other civil cases.

RHODE ISLAND.

»

Date of enactment. April 29, 1912; in effect October 1, 1912; amended by act of April 29, 1913.

Injuries compensated. Personal injuries by accidents arising out of and in the course of employment causing incapacity for earning full wages for a period of more than 2 weeks, or death, except where the injury resulted from the willful intention of the injured person to injure himself or .another, or from intoxication.

Industries covered. All industries except domestic service and agriculture if the employer elects. Defenses in suits for damages are not abrogated unless more than 5 persons are employed.

Persons compensated. Private employment: All employees in establishments covered by this act in absence of contrary election, casual employees and those earning above $lj800 a year excepted. Public employment: Not mentioned. Burden of payment. Entire cost rests upon the employer. Compensation for death, (a) To persons wholly dependent, a weekly payment equal to one-half the average weekly earnings of the deceased employee, but not less than $4 nor more than $10 per week, for a period of 300 weeks. (6) If only partial dependents survive, a sum proportionate to the amount which the annual contributions bore to the annual earnings of the deceased, for not exceeding 300 weeks, (c) If no dependents, the expense of the last sickness and burial of the deceased employee, not exceeding $200. Payments to children cease on their reaching the age of 18 years unless they are physically or mentally incapacitated. Compensation for disability, (a) The necessary medical and surgical care and hospital services for the first 2

weeks after the injury. (6) For total incapacity, a weekly payment equal to one-half the wages, but not less than $4 nor more than $10 per week, during such incapacity, but not for a longer period than 500 weeks, (c) For partial incapacity, a weekly payment equal to one-half the loss of earning power, but not exceeding $10 per week, during such incapacity, and not tor a longer period than 300 weeks, (rf) For certain specified injuries (mutilations, etc.), in addition to the above, onehalf the wages, weekly payments to be not less than $4 nor more than $10 per week, for fixed periods. Lump sum payments may be substituted by order of the superior court after compensation has been paid for six months for either death or injury. Revision of benefits. Amount payable may be reviewed and modified by the superior court at any time within 2 years, if the time for payments has not expired.

Insurance. Approved schemes or insurance plans may be substituted, but the employer must meet all cost unless added benefits are provided corresponding to any contributions made by employees.

Security of payments. Claims for compensation under this act, and under any substitute scheme, shall be entitled to a preference over the unsecured debts of the employer hereafter contracted to the same amount as the wages of labor are now preferred Settlement of disputes. Disputes are settled by the superior court on a petition in the nature of a petition in equity, filed by any party in interest. Appeals may be carried to the supreme court by any aggrieved person.

TEXAS.

Date of enactment. April 16, 1913j in effect September 1, 1913. Injuries compensated. Personal injury sustained in the course of employment causing incapacity to earn full wages for at least one week, or death.

Industries covered. Excluded from the act are domestic and farm labor, railways operated as common carriers, and cotton ginning; also establishments in which not more than 5 persons are employed. Applies to other industries if the employer subscribes to the State insurance fund.

Persons compensated. Private employment: All employees in industries included, except casual. Public employment: No provision. Burden of payment. The entire cost rests upon the employer. Compensation for death. (a) To the legal beneficiary of the deceased employee, a weekly payment equal to 60 per cent of his wages, not less than $5 nor more than $15 for a period of 360 weeks, distributed according to law governing property distribution. (6) If no beneficiaries or creditors are left, the expenses of the last sickness and

in addition a funeral benefit not to exceed $100. (c) If the deceased leaves no beneficiaries but leaves creditors, the insurance association is liable to the creditors for such debts in an amount not exceeding that which would be due beneficiaries. Compensatwn for disability.

(a) Medical and hospital care for the first week.

(b) For total incapacity, a compensation equal to 60 per cent of the average

weekly wages of the injured person, but not less than $5 nor more than $15 per week during such disability, but not exceeding a period of 400 weeks.

(c) For partial incapacity, a compensation equal to 60 per cent of the loss of earn

ing power during such disability, but not exceeding 300 weeks, in no case to exceed $15 per week. (</) For certain specified injuries (mutilations, etc.), an additional compensation equal to 60 per cent of the average weekly wages of the injured person for fixed periods, not less than $5 nor more than $15 per week. A lump sum payment may be substituted for weekly payments in cases of death or total permanent disability, subject to the approval of the industrial accident board.

Revision of benefits. The industrial accident board may call for medical examination as often as may be reasonably ordered.

Insurance. Insurance may be effected through the Texas Employers' Insurance Association, under State control, or in any company admitted to do business in the State.

Security of payments. Association is under State control.

Settlement of disputes. Disputes are referable to the industrial accident board, whose decisions are subject to appeal to any court of competent jurisdiction.

WASHINGTON.

Date of enactment. March 14,1911; in effect October 1, 1911; amended, 1913.

Injuries compensated. Injuries causing disability of 5 per cent, or death, to a person whether received upon the premises or at the plant or in the course of employment while away from the establishment, except injuries brought about intentionally.

Industries covered. All extrahazardous employment, including mills, factories and workshops where machinery is used; blast furnaces, mines, quarries, and wharves; engineering works; logging, lumbering, and shipbuilding; building trades; telegraph, telephone, electric light or power plants or lines; steamboats, tugs, and ferries; railroads except as governed by Federal statute; State, county, and municipal undertakings involving extrahazardous work in wliich persons are employed for wages.

Persons compensated. Private employment: All employees in industries covered by the act; any working employer or salaried employee on the pay roll at a rate not greater than die average named in such pay roll. Public employment: All employees in industries covered by the act.

Burden of payment. The entire burden rests upon tho employer.

Compensation for death.
(a) Expenses of burial not exceeding $75.

(6) To widow or invalid widower, a monthly payment of $20; to each child under

16, $5 per month, the total not to exceed $35. (c) If no parent survives, a monthly payment of $10 to each child under 16 years

of age, the total not to exceed $35. (rf) To other dependents, if none of the above survive, a monthly payment to

each equal to 50 per cent of the average amount previously contributed to

tho dependent, the total not to exceed $20. (e) To the parent or parents of an unmarried minor a monthly payment of $20

until the time he would have been 21. In case of dependence, payments

to parents of minors are governed by (d). Payments to a widow or widower continue until death or remarriage, and to a

child until reaching the ago of 16 years. If a widow remarries she receives

a lump sum of $240. Compensation for disability, (a) For permanent total disability, payments as follows: (1) If unmarried at time

of the acciden t, $20 per month; (2) if with a wife or invalid husband, but no

child under 16 years of age, $25 a month; if the husband is not an invalid,

$15 per month; (3) if married, or a widow or widower with a child or children

under 16 years, $5 a month additional for each child, the total not to exceed

$35.

(6) For total temporary disability, payments as for permanent total disability during disability, increased, by 50 per cent for first six months, but in no case to exceed 60 per cent of monthly wages.

(c) For temporary partial disability, the payment as for total disability continues

in proportion to the loss of earning power, provided this shall exceed 5 per cent.

(d) For permanent partial disability, a lump sum not to exceed $1,500; if the

injured person is a minor, the parents receive an additional sum, equal to 10 per cent of the award to tho injured person. Monthly payments may be converted into lump sum payments in case of death or permanent total disability. Revision of benefits. Revision may be had upon application of the beneficiary or upon the motion of the department. Insurance. Insurance is required in a State accident fund. Security of payments. Accident fund under State control.

Settlement of disputes. By industrial insurance department whose decisions are subject to review by the superior court, from which appeal lies as in other civil cases.

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